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Publication numberUS3610361 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 5, 1971
Filing dateFeb 7, 1969
Priority dateFeb 7, 1969
Also published asDE2005608A1
Publication numberUS 3610361 A, US 3610361A, US-A-3610361, US3610361 A, US3610361A
InventorsPringle William L
Original AssigneeRobbins Seat Belt Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electrically operated seat belt retractor
US 3610361 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Inventor William L. Pringle Grosse Pointe, Mich.

Appl. No. 797,429

Filed Feb. 7, 1969 Patented Oct. 5, 1971 Assignee Jim Robbins Seat Belt Company Mount Clemens, Mich.

ELECTRICALLY OPERATED SEAT BELT RETRACTOR 7 Claims, 12 Drawing Figs.

US. Cl 180/82, 280/150 SB, 297/388 Int. Cl Br 21/10 Field of Search 280/ SB; /82; 297/385, 380; 242/107 SB [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,705,529 4/1955 Bullet a1 297/386 X 2,883,123 4/1959 Finnigan. 280/150 X 3,240,510 3/1966 Spouge 180/82 3,294,339 12/1966 Fontaine 297/388 X 3,308,902 3/1967 Carter 180/82 3,486,792 12/1969 Stoffel 280/150 Primary Examiner-Kenneth H. Betts AtlorneysMarvin Bressler and Jonathan Plaut ABSTRACT: An emergency-locking seatbelt retractor having a solenoid-operated, spring-biased lock connected to the vehicle's electrical system to automatically unlock the retractor when the ignition circuit is energized, and to automatically lock the retractor in response to various abnormal vehicle operating conditions.

PATENTEDUBHSBH 3.610.361

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INVENTOR WILLIAM L. PRINGLE PATENTED 001 1 5 |97| SHEET 8 0F 4 INVENTOR I WILLIAM L. PRINGLE ELECTRICALLY OPERATED SEAT BELT RETRACTOR BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to safety seatbelt systems, and more particularly to a retractor system having electrical means for automatically unlocking a seatbelt retractor to allow the belt to be freely extended by the occupant during normal vehicle operating conditions, but which automatically locks the retractor to prevent belt extension in response to certain abnormal vehicle conditions.

Emergency locking vehicle seatbelt systems of the prior art allow an occupant of the belt to perform normal body motions within the vehicle in a relatively unrestrained manner because the seatbelt can be freely extended and retracted to accommodate his motions. A retractor locking mechanism, or some other means operable to prevent belt extension, is provided for automatically preventing belt extension in response to an abnonnal vehicular condition, such as a sudden acceleration, or deceleration, or an abnormal vehicle orientation. These conditions are normally associated with an accident in which it is desirable to restrain the vehicles occupant against a sudden change in position within the passenger compartment of the vehicle.

Usually prior art automatic locking mechanisms employ some form of mechanical device for automatically locking or unlocking the retractor in response to a predetennined change in motion of either the vehicle or of the belt. A few automatic locking retractors of the prior art employ an electrical actuator such as a solenoid for locking or unlocking the retractor but not in response to an emergency situation. The problem is that it is necessary for the locking mechanism to be locked in response to an abnormal condition. This abnormal condition could occur simultaneously with a failure of the vehicles electrical system which would deenergize the solenoid.

Two systems utilizing solenoids have been disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,308,902 to A. G. Carter, and in Pat. No. 3,294,339 to J. G. Fontaine. In each system, the retractor is normally locked to prevent belt extension. In the Carter patent, the solenoid unlocks the retractor when the ignition circuit is energized to allow the user to adjust the length of the belt. The solenoid then locks the retractor in response to coupling of the belt buckle components. In the Fontaine patent, the solenoid provides means for deliberately unlocking the retractor for a predetermined time interval to allow the user to either adjust the length of the belt about his body, or to perform a few unrestrained movements.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The broad purpose of the present invention is to provide an emergency-locking seatbelt retractor having an electrically actuated lock that is automatically unlocked as the vehicles ignition circuit is energized, and automatically locked in response to certain predetermined vehicular conditions. Two embodiments of the invention are disclosed. One is in the form of a rotary retractor that is suited for mounting on the vehicles floor. The other is in the form of a novel linear retractor that is adapted for mounting in other portions of the vehicle, as in the seat back where only a relatively fiat storage space is available.

Either embodiment can be operated by the preferred electrical circuit which includes a solenoid and a movable retractor locking member. The locking member is spring biased toward its locking position. The solenoid is connected to the locking member such that, upon being electrically energized, it moves the locking member toward its release position. The solenoid is energized concurrently with energization of the vehicle's electrical circuit to allow the user to connect the belt about his body and perform body motions in a relatively unrestrained manner while the vehicle is being operated.

The circuit includes various sensing devices for detecting an abnormal vehicle condition to automatically deenergize the solenoid. When the solenoid is deenergized, the locking member snaps into its locking position to prevent belt extension. When the vehicle resumes its nonnal motion or orientation, the solenoid is again automatically energized after a predetermined time period to unlock the retractor.

Devices for deenergizing the solenoid include a'mercury switch which is responsive to either a sudden change in vehicle momentum as an abrupt acceleration or deceleration, or an abnormal vehicle orientation as when the vehicle is being tipped over or is climbing up a steep incline. Another device for deenergizing the solenoid comprises a connection between the solenoids circuit and the vehicles braking system. The connection includes a switch that is automatically opened in response to a predetermined hydraulic pressure associated with the vehicle being suddenly braked.

Still further objects and advantages of the present invention will become readily apparent to those skilled in the art to which the invention pertains upon reference to the following detailed description.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The description refers to the accompanying drawings in which like reference characters refer to like parts throughout the several views and in which:

FIG. lis a view of a vehicle incorporating a preferred emergency-locking linear retractor mounted in the overhead portion of the vehicle-s passenger compartment;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the preferred retractor upside down with respect to its normal mounting position on the vehicles ceiling, and with a portion of the housing removed to show its internal components;

FIG. 2A is a view showing the manner in which the belt is anchored to the retractor;

FIG. 3 is an exploded view of the retractors carriage and locking components;

FIG. 4 is a view showing the locking member in its unlocked and locked position in solid and dotted lines respectively;

FIG. 5 is a view of the locking member in its release position;

FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the preferred electrical circuit;

FIG. 7 is a perspective view of the invention embodied in a rotary retractor;

FIG. 8. is an exploded view of the rotary retractor of FIG. 7;

FIG. 9 is a schematic view showing the motion of the locking member ofv the rotary retractor between its locking and its release positions;

FIG. 10 is a plan view of a preferred mercury switch; and

FIG. 11 is a sectional view of the mercury switch of FIG. I0.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Now referring to the drawings, FIG. I illustrates a vehicle 10 having a conventional seat assembly 12 in the vehicles passenger compartment. A safety seatbelt system, generally indicated at 14, is mounted adjacent the seat assembly 12 and includes a lap belt 16 connected to a floor mounted retractor 18, and a shoulder belt 20 connected to an overhead mounted linear retractor 22. The lap belt 16 and shoulder belt 20 form part of a restraining system for an occupant 25 of the seat assembly 12. The seatbelt system 14 allows the occupant 25 to perform various body motions within the passenger compartment of the vehicle at such times as the vehicle is in an operating condition, but in response to various abnormal vehicle conditions, the system 14 restrains the occupant 25 from suddenly being displaced from his seated position.

The mechanical components of the preferred retractor 22 are illustrated in FIGS. 1-5, and a preferred electrical circuitry for locking and unlocking the retractor is illustrated in FIG. 6. The retractor 22 includes an elongated metal housing 24 which is fixedly attached to an overhead portion of the vehicle 10, however it could be mounted in other positions within the vehicle such as in the back supporting portion of the seat assembly 12. The housing 24 is formed of a metal stamping with a generally channel-shaped cross section which includes a base 26 and a pair of upturned sides 28 and 30.

Fastener means 32 attach the base of the housing to the vehicle's ceiling.

As best illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 2A, one end of the housing has an opening 34 for receiving the shoulder belt 20 toward a retracted position within the housing. The housing 24 also has an integrally formed anchor section 38 adjacent the opening 34. The inner end of the shoulder belt 20 is looped about the anchor member 38 and then stitched to itself to form a permanent connection. A bar 40, adjacent opening 34, provides means for guiding the belt as it is moved into and out of the housing.

A generally channel-shaped carriage 42 is slidably mounted between the sides 28 and 30 of the housing along a longitudinal path extending between opposite ends of the housing. An elongated retracting spring 44 has one end connected to the carriage 42 and its other end connected to a tab 46 that is adjacent the opening 34. A pulley 48 is rotatably mounted by a pin 50 to the housing so as to guide the spring between the end of the housing and its connection to the carriage 42. The bias of the spring urges the carriage 42 toward a fully retracted position in which it is adjacent the pulley 48.

A retractor bar 52 is carried at one end of the carriage 42. The shoulder belt 20 is looped around the retractor bar in such a manner that as the carriage 42 is moved toward the pulley 48 by the spring 44, the belt is retracted into the housing, and as the belt 20 is extended from the housing through the opening 34, it moves the carriage toward the opening 34 against the bias of the spring 44. In its fully retracted position, the belt is disposed in a pair of overlying linear folds within the housing. As the belt is extended through the opening 34, the carriage moves toward the opening to unfold the belt to accommodate belt extension.

The sides 28 and 30 of the housing have elongated slots 54 and 56, respectively, which extend substantially the major length of the housing. The ends of the retractor bar 52 extend through the slots 54 and 56 to guide the carriage along the housing.

. A U-shaped member 58 is pivotally mounted at the other end of the carriage by a pair of pins 60 and 62 so that its midsection can be moved either toward or away from the base. A locking bar 64 is supported between the legs of the member 58 with its ends extending into the slots 54 and 56. The bar 64 is operable to function as a stop member to prevent belt extension. A spring 66 is mounted on the pin 62 and has one leg connected to the retractor bar 52 and its other leg connected to the locking bar 64 to bias the locking bar toward the base 26 and a locking position.

Each of the two slots 54 and 56 has a series of abutrnents 68 formed adjacent the base 26 which extend parallel to the path of motion of the carriage 42 between its fully retracted and fully extended positions. When the carriage 42 is in an intermediate position associated with a partially retracted position of the belt 20, the opposite ends of the locking bar 64 are engageable with the abutrnents 68 to lock the carriage against further motion toward its fully extended position. The spring 66 is operable to snap the locking bar into its locking position to engage it with the abutrnents.

Referring to FIGS. 3. 4 and an electrical solenoid 70, carried on the carriage 42, has a plunger 72 which is extended at such times as the solenoid is electrically energized, and retracted when the solenoid is deenergized. The plunger 72 has a cammed surface 74 engaged with the locking bar 64 in such a manner that when the plunger is extended, it biases the locking bar 64 toward its release position in which it is separated from the abutrnents 68. When the plunger is retracted, it allows the locking bar 64 to be moved from its release position toward its locking position by the spring 66.

Three plastic pads 76 (only two shown) mounted on the base of the carriage slidably support the carriage on the base 26 of the housing. A plastic tubular housing 78 also mounted on the base of the carriage 42, supports a copper connector 80 that extends beyond one end of the housing 78, and a copper brush 82 that is mounted adjacent the opposite end of housing Thus it is to be understood that l have described the mechanical components of a novel linear seatbelt retractor having a carriage 42 movably disposed in the housing 24 between fully retracted and fully extended positions, and connected to the belt 20 to retract it toward the housing, or to allow t to be extended from the housing. The solenoid 70, when energized, retains the locking bar 64 in its release position so that the belt can be freely extended by the user. However, at such times as the solenoid is deenergized, the spring 66 biases the locking bar toward engagement with the abutrnents 68 to lock the retractor to prevent further belt extension.

Now referring to FIG. 6, the preferred circuitry 86 for energizing and deenergizing the solenoid 70 is illustrated. The circuitry 86 is connected in a conventional manner to the vehicle's ignition circuit 90 which is energized by the ignition switch 92 when the vehicle's operator intends to operate the vehicle. The circuitry 86 also includes a switch 94 that is connected to the vehicle's hydraulic braking system 96 in such a manner as to be opened to deenergize the solenoid 70 whenever the pressure in the circuit is increased to a predetermined level by the operator suddenly braking the vehicle in order to bring it to a sudden stop. A conventional time-delay switch 98 is also connected between the battery 88 and the solenoid 70 so that whenever the solenoid is deenergized, a predetermined time interval must pass before the solenoid can be reenergized. This is to avoid the possibility of a transient normal condition causing the retractor to be unlocked.

A mercury switch 100 is also connected between the battery 88 and the solenoid 70. The switch 100 is normally closed whenever the ignition switch is closed, but opens in response to the vehicle experiencing a sudden change in velocity, or assuming an abnormal orientation. Such an orientation can be produced by the vehicle being laterally tipped on its side, or being inclined at a fairly substantial angle as it climbs a grade. The mercury switch 100 is illustrated in detail in FIGS. 10 and l 1.

In operation, the circuitry 86 connecting the solenoid to the battery 88 is normally open whenever the vehicle is not being operated to avoid running down the battery 88. The switches 94 and 100 are normally closed. Switch 98 is opened whenever the circuit is deenergized. When the ignition switch 92 is open, the solenoid is deenergized. When the operator closes the ignition switch 92 in order to operate the vehicle, the time delay switch 98 is automatically closed after a predetermined interval to energize the solenoid 70 and move the locking bar 64 to its release position. This allows the belt 20 to be freely extended by the occupant 24. The belt remains free for extension to allow the occupant to move forwardly in the seat assembly 12. As he moves rearwardly, the spring 44 takes up any slack in the belt by moving the carriage 42 toward its fully retracted position.

In the event of an emergency, as reflected in either the braking system or in the mercury switch, the solenoid is automatically deenergized to retract the plunger 72 and allow the spring 66 to snap the locking bar into a pair of the abutrnents 68 to lock the carriage and the shoulder belt against further extension. The belt 20 is then operative to cooperate with the other belt components to provide a restraint on the occupant 24. If the vehicle resumes its nonnal operative condition, the solenoid is automatically reenergized to unlock the retractor until a subsequent abnormal condition occurs or the ignition circuit is deenergized.

Referring to FIGS. 10 and 11, the preferred mercury switch comprises a closed, plastic housing 102 which is fixedly mounted on the vehicle. The base 104 of the housing has a dish-shaped configuration. A quantity of mercury 106 in the housing normally assumes a position of equilibrium in the center of the base 104. However if the vehicle is tilted or inclined at an angle, the housing 102 also assumes the same angle, thereby causing the mercury 106 to be moved toward a position such as at A and in which it is spaced from the center of the housing. The mercury 106 is also moved toward the edge of the base 104 if the vehicle experiences a sudden change in momentum.

A pair of posts 108 and 110 are mounted adjacent the center of the base 104. The posts 108 and 110 are spaced from one another and are formed of an electrically conductive material to form a pair of switch elements. The post 108 is connected to a suitable lead 1 l2 and the post 110 is connected to a lead 114. The two leads are connected to a coupling 116 for electrically connecting the mercury switch 100 to the circuit 86 of the solenoid.

The post 108 has an upper end 118 which is bent in a circular configuration to substantially encircle the post 110. Thus the mercury 106, in its position of equilibrium, contacts both of the posts 108 and 110 to make an electrical connection in the circuit. However when displaced from the center of the base 104 as toward the position A"-in response to either an abnormal change in vehicle momentum or an abnormal vehicle orientation, in which the mercury becomes separated from either one or both of the posts, the electrical connection in the circuitry 86 is broken to deenergize the solenoid. If the vehicle resumes its normal orientation, or a normal vehicle motion, the mercury 106 returns toward its center position to make an electrical connection between the two posts.

FIGS. 7 to 10 illustrate another form of retractor 200 having a locking member that is connected to the circuitry 86 to automatically lock or unlock the retractor in response to predetermined vehicle conditions. The retractor 200 comprises a metal support 202 adapted to be mounted adjacent the floor of the vehicle. The support has a pair of spaced walls 204 and 206 rotatably joumaling a windup shaft 208 which spans the two walls. A spiral windup spring 210 has one end connected to a slot 212 of the shaft 208, and its other end connected to a slot 214 of a housing 216 that is carried on the wall 204. The spring 210 biases the shaft 208 in the windup direction to retract a belt connected to the shaft, but allows it to be rotated in the opposite, unwind direction to accommodate belt exten- SlOn.

A pair of circular ratchets 218 and 220 are fixedly carried on the shaft 208 and support a reel 222. A belt 224 is mounted on the reel 222 with its inner end passed through a slot 226 of the reel, wrapped around the shaft 208 and then sewn to itself to form a permanent loop and connection to the shaft. As the reel 222 is rotated with the shaft 208 in the winding direction, the belt is retracted and wound into a roll about the reel. The spring 210 functions to take up any slack in the belt 224 by urging the shaft toward its windup direction.

A conventional tongue 228 carried on the outer end of the belt 224 is engageable with a conventional seatbelt buckle (not shown) to form a continuous restraining element about the user in the conventional manner.

An elongated metal locking pawl 230 is pivotally supported between the walls 218 and 220, and has a pair of teeth 232 and 234 that are engageable with the teeth of the ratchets 218 and 220 to lock the reel against rotation in the unwind direction. A lever 236, carried on the outer end of the pawl 230, has a tab 238 which extends normal to the axis of the pawl's rotation. A solenoid 240, suited for electrical connection to the circuitry 86, is mounted on the wall 206 in such a manner that when electrically energized, a solenoid plunger 242 which is in abutment with the tab 238 is extended to rotate the locking pawl 230 toward its release position. In the pawl's release position. the teeth 232 and 234 are separated from the ratchets 218 and 200 and allow the reel 222 to be freely rotated in either its wind or unwind directions. When the solenoid 240 is electrically deenergized, the plunger 242 is retracted to allow a spring 244, mounted on the outer end of the locking pawl 230 to snap the pawl 230 toward its locking position in which the teeth 232 and 234 of the pawl engage ratchets 218 and 220, respectively, to prevent further belt extension.

Thus it is to be understood that l have described in detail two embodiments of a novel seatbelt system in which the belt retractor is automatically, electrically unlocked at such times as the vehicles ignition circuit is energized, automatically locked in response to various abnormal vehicle conditions to prevent belt extension as long as the condition exists, and then automatically unlocked a predetermined time interval after the abnormal condition has passed.

Having described my invention, 1 claim:

1. in a vehicle having an ignition circuit connected to a source of electrical power, a seatbelt system, comprising:

a. a support;

b. a retractor member movable on the support in either a belt-extending direction, or a belt-retracting direction;

c. bias means for urging the retractor member in the beltretracting direction;

d. a safety seatbelt connected to the retractor member so as to be retracted as the retractor member is moved in its belt-retracting direction, and to be extended as the retractor member is moved in its belt-extending direction;

e. a stop member mounted on the support for motion between a stop position in which it is operable to prevent belt extension, and a release position in which it is inoperable to prevent belt extension;

f. a bias member operable to urge the stop member toward its stop position;

g. an actuator connected to the stop member, and operable upon being electrically energized to move the stop member toward its release position, the actuator being inoperable when deenergized to'prcvent movement of the stop member; and

h. circuitry means connected to the source of electrical power and to the actuator for energizing the actuator to allow belt extension, and for automatically deenergizing the actuator in response to a predetermined change in vehicle motion to prevent belt extension.

2. The seatbelt system as defined in claim 1, in which the circuitry means is operable to automatically deenergize the actuator in response to deenergization of the ignition circuit.

3. The seatbelt system as defined in claim 1, in which the retractor member is rotatably mounted on the support for motion in opposite belt-extending and belt-retracting directions.

4. In a vehicle having an ignition circuit, and a safety seatbelt system including a retractor member movable in either a belt-retracting direction, or a belt-extending direction, a first bias member operable to urge the retractor member movable in either a belt-retracting direction, or a belt-extending direction, a first bias member operable to urge the retractor member in its belt-retracting direction, and a stop member movable between a stop position in which it is operable to prevent motion of the retractor member in its belt-extending direction, and a release position in which it is inoperable to prevent motion of the retractor member, the combination comprising: a solenoid, connected to the stop member; a circuitry means connected to said solenoid and to a source of electrical power, so that said solenoid is energized when said ignition circuit is energized, said circuitry means including a container, fixed with respect to the vehicle, a quantity of mercury disposed in the container so as to be moved from a position of equilibrium toward a second position in response to a predetermined state of vehicular motion, and a pair of spaced contacts connected in the electrical circuit in series with the solenoid and the source of electrical power and disposed so as to be in contact with the mercury in its second position to energize the solenoid whereby the solenoid moves the stop member towards its release position; and a bias member operable to automatically move the stop member toward its stop position when the mercury is separated from its position of equilibrium to deenergize the solenoid.

5. In a vehicle having an ignition circuit connected to a source of electrical power, a seatbelt system, comprising:

a. a support; b. a retractor member movable on the support in either a v belt-extending direction, or a belt-retracting direction;

c. bias means for urging the retractor member in the beltretracting direction;

d. a safety seatbelt connected to the retractor member so as to be retracted as the retractor member is moved in its belt-retracting direction, and to be extended as the retractor member is moved in its belt-extending direction;

e. a stop member mounted on the support for motion between a stop position in which it is operable to prevent belt extension, and a release position in which it is inoperable to prevent belt extension;

f. a bias member operable to urge the stop member toward its stop position;

g. an actuator connected to the stop member, and operable upon being electrically energized to move the stop member toward its release position, the actuator being inoperable when deenergized to prevent movement of the stop member; and

h. circuitry means, operable to respond to a predetermined vehicle orientation for deenergizing the actuator, connected to the source of electrical power and to the actuator for energizing the actuator in response to a first predetennined condition of the vehicle to allow belt extension, and for automatically deenergizing the actuator in response to a second predetennined condition of the vehicle to prevent belt extension.

6. In a vehicle having an ignition circuit connected to a source of electrical power, a seatbelt system, comprising:

a. support;

b. a retractor member movable on the support in either a belt-extending direction, or a belt-retracting direction;

c. bias means for urging the retractor member in the beltretracting direction;

d. a safety seatbelt connected to the retractor member so as to be retracted as the retractor member is moved in its belt-retracting direction, and to be extended as the retractor member is moved in its belt-extending direction;

e. a stop member mounted on the support for motion between a stop position in which it is operable to prevent belt extension, and a release position in which it is inoperable to prevent belt extension;

f. a bias member operable to urge the stop member toward its stop position;

g. an actuator connected to the stop member, and operable upon being electrically energized to move the stop member toward its release position, the actuator being inoperable when deenergized to prevent movement of the stop member;

h. a hydraulic braking circuit; and

. circuitry means, operable to deenergize the actuator in response to predetennined hydraulic pressures in said braking circuit, connected to the source of electrical power and to the actuator for energizing the actuator in response to a first predetermined condition of the vehicle to allow belt extension, and for automatically deenergizing the actuator in response to a second predetermined condition of the vehicle to prevent belt extension.

7. In a vehicle having an ignition circuit connected to a source of electrical power, a seatbelt system, comprising;

a. a support;

b. a retractor member movable on the support in either a belt-extending direction, or a belt-retracting direction;

c. bias means for urging the retractor member in the beltretracting direction;

d. a safety seatbelt connected to the retractor member so as to be retracted as the retractor member is moved in its belt-retracting direction, and to be extended as the retractor member is moved in its belt-extendin direction;

e. a stop member mounted on the support or motion between a stop position in which it is operable to prevent belt extension, and a release position in which it is inoperable to prevent belt extension;

f. a bias member operable to urge the stop member toward its stop position;

g. an actuator connected to the stop member, and operable upon being electrically energized to move the stop member toward its release position, the actuator being inoperable when deenergized to prevent movement of the stop member;

h. circuitry means connected to the source of electrical power and to the actuator for energizing the actuator in response to a first predetermined condition of the vehicle to allow belt extension, and for automatically deenergizing the actuator in response to a second predetennined condition of the vehicle to prevent belt extension; and

i. a time delay means, connected in said circuitry means, for delaying the energization of said actuator for at least a predetermined time interval after it has been deenergized.

2% UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3,610,361 Dated October S, 1971' Inventor(s) WILLIAM L- PRINGLE It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

IN THE SPECIFICATION Column 4, line 14, delete "t" and insert therefor i IN THE CLAIMS lines 4 to 7, delete "movable in either a beltretracting direction, or a belt-extending direction, a first bias member operable to urge the retractor member" which has been repeated.

Signed and sealed this 6th day of June 1972.

Claim 4,

(SEAL) Attest:

EDWARD M.FLETCHER, JR. Attesting Officer ROBERT GOTISCHALK Commissioner of Patents

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3771742 *May 30, 1972Nov 13, 1973Honda Motor Co LtdSelf-retracting type seat belt device
US3797603 *Jul 6, 1972Mar 19, 1974Allied ChemElectromagnetically controlled safety belt retractor
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US3871599 *Jun 13, 1973Mar 18, 1975Takata Kojyo CoAutomatic locking safety belt retraction reel
US3880448 *Nov 14, 1972Apr 29, 1975Des Brevets Neiman Soc D ExplSafety belts with deceleration release control
US3886374 *Sep 7, 1973May 27, 1975RenaultLockable slide fitting for a safety belt system
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US4116295 *Oct 26, 1976Sep 26, 1978Booth Frederick CElectrically operated seatbelt retractor
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US4200308 *Aug 25, 1978Apr 29, 1980General Motors CorporationLinear locking seat belt retractor
US4213652 *Jun 12, 1978Jul 22, 1980General Motors CorporationLinear locking seat belt retractor
US5201385 *Jul 26, 1990Apr 13, 1993General Motors CorporationSeat belt actuated by antilock brake system
US6550810Mar 19, 1998Apr 22, 2003Trw Vehicle Safety Systems Inc.Seat belt retractor
Classifications
U.S. Classification180/270, 242/384, 297/479, 280/806
International ClassificationB60R22/00, B60R22/48, B60R22/34, B64D25/00, B64D25/06, B60R22/343
Cooperative ClassificationB60R22/343, B60R22/3405
European ClassificationB60R22/34B, B60R22/343