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Publication numberUS3610484 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 5, 1971
Filing dateAug 4, 1969
Priority dateAug 8, 1968
Also published asCA932280A, CA932280A1, DE1940102A1, DE1940102B2
Publication numberUS 3610484 A, US 3610484A, US-A-3610484, US3610484 A, US3610484A
InventorsMatzka Johann
Original AssigneeMatzka Johann
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Frangible container closure made of elastomeric plastics material
US 3610484 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Johann Matzka [72] inventor Gumpendorterstr. 15, Wein VI, Austria [21] Appl. No. 847,084 [22] Filed Aug. 4, 1969 [45] Patented Oct. 5, 1971 [32] Priority Aug. 8, I968 [33] Austria [31] A 7767/68 [54] FRANGIBLE CONTAINER CLOSURE MADE OF ELASTOMERIC PLASTICS MATERIAL 7 Claims, 6 Drawing Figs.

[52] US. Cl 222/479, 222/541, 222/547 [51] Int. Cl B65d 47/10 [50] Field of Search 222/547, 541, 479, 85; 220/27 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,031,111 4/1962 Stull 222/541 Primary ExaminerRobert B. Reeves Assistant Examiner-Thomas E. Kocovsky Attorney- Karl F. Ross ABSTRACT: A container mouth is plugged by an open-ended tubular shell, closable at the top by a hinged cap, whose interior is spanned by a membrane which is weakened along two closed lines defining two separate detachable wall portions. The larger of the two wall portions is rigid with the extremities of a ring-segmental tab which spacedly overlies the membrane within the shell and whose midpoint is integrally joined to the smaller wall portion whereby an upward pull upon the two halves of the tab simultaneously removes both wall portions to form a pouring aperture and an air inlet.

' ove.

IIIIIII Our present invention relates to a closure for a bottle or other open-topped container whose contents, with the closure in place, can be removed only after a frangible seal in the closure has been broken.

The object of this invention is to provide an improved closure of this type, made preferably of elastomeric plastic material, in which two openings ,(respectively serving as a pouring outlet and as an air intake) can be formed by a single pull on a tab rising from the frangible seal.

This object is realized, pursuant to our invention, by the provision of a rupturable membrane spanning a tubular upright shell between its ends, the membrane being weakened along two closed lines defining two detachable wall portions of different size. The larger wall portion is connected with the ends of a loop-shaped tab spacedly overlying the membrane, the midpoint of the loop being similarly secured to the smaller wall portion whereby both portions can be torn out simultaneously by an upward pull on the two halves of the loop. The shell may be closed at the top by a hinged, cap shaped lid overlying the tab prior to its removal.

Two embodiments of the invention are shown by way of example on the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIG. I is an axial sectional view showing a container, and a closure according to the invention inserted into the container mouth, its cap being shown in closed position;

FIG. 2 is an axial sectional view of the closure alone, shown in open position;

FIG. 3 is a top plan view showing the closure in the position of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is an axial sectional view taken through a bottle which has a closure according to the invention fitted to its neck;

FIG. 5 is a sectional view which is similar to FIG. 1 but with an outlet and an air inlet formed therein; and

FIG. 6 is a sectional view which is similar to FIG. 4 and shows the outlet and air-inlet openings formed therein.

The closure shown in FIGS. I-3 and 5 comprises a shell I, a transverse membrane 2 and a closure cap 3 of plastic material connected by an articulated joint 4 with the shell 1. The cap 3 is provided with a depending skirt 5, formed with sealing ribs 6 to engage the inner shell surface, and with an opening lug 7. The shell 1 has on top a sharp edge 8 which ensures the cutoff of the outflowing liquid and avoids undesirable leakage and dripping on the outside wall.

Along a sectorlike, closed line 9, where arcuate portion is curved about the closure axis 27, and along an eccentric circular line 10, the membrane 2 is formed with grooves 11 which weaken the membrane to facilitate the tearing off of the wall portions 15, 16 defined by these grooves so that an outlet opening for discharging the contents of the container 28 and an air-intake opening can be formed. The vertex of the larger, sectoral wall portion 15 points to the smaller, circular wall portion 16.

For a convenient detachment of the wall portions 15 and 16, an open tearing ring 17 is provided which isspaced from the membrane 2 and disposed inside the shell 1. The ring-segmental body of this tab 17 is firmly connected to the two wall portions 15, 16 by webs l8 and 19 which may be made integral with these portions. To facilitate the removal of the wall portions 15, 16, the webs l8, 19 are connected thereto in the vicinity of the grooves 11. More particularly, the webs 18 form the downwardly bent extremities of the tab whereas the web 19 extends from the midpoint of the ring segment. When a finger is slipped under the tearing ring 17 and the latter is suddenly pulled upward, the two wall portions l5, 16 are entirely torn off along the parting lines 9, 10 in the grooves 111 so that the outlet opening and the air inlet appear in their stead. This is shown in FIGS. 5 and 6. Beneath the vent opening, the membrane 2 is provided with a pipe 20 descending into the container 28; so that the closure can be used as a dispenser when the wall portions l5, 16 have been removed. This i e 20 IS of great importance for a calm flow of the contents oPtlie container.

It will be understood that a unilateral pull can be applied to the tearing ring so that only one wall portion 15 or 16 is removed from the membrane.

The closure which consists preferably of elastic material has on the outer surface of its shell 1 a peripheral groove 21 which is used for a snap engagement with the rim 29 of the container mouth. A conical pilot surface 22 below the groove 21 facilitates the insertion of the closure into the rim 29 of the container 28.

The closure shown in FIGS. 4 and 6 is similarly designed but adapted to be mounted on a bottleneck 30. This closure has an inner annular retaining rib 23 for engaging the underside of a bead 24 on the outside of the bottle. The bead 24 may spacedly overlie a further bead 25 which obstructs the access to an annular lip 26 of the shell la so that an unauthorized removal of the closure is rendered more difficult. Instead of one retaining rib 23, a plurality of such ribs may be provided next to one another.

For use as a dispenser, the closure may be provided with a spout 27, which is particularly advantageous when the dispenser is spaced from the rim of the container, e.g. mounted at the center thereof. This spout may be of any suitable shape.

FIG. 6 shows an embodiment of the closure in a position which enables an immediate decanting of the contents of the bottle. In the position shown in FIG. 5, the closure cap 3 must be moved first to the position shown in FIG. 2 to permit emptying the container 28.

What is claimed is:

l. A closure for a container having an open mouth, comprismg:

an open-ended tubular shell centered on a substantially vertical axis and provided at its lower end with a formation engageable with the container mouth;

a rupturable membrane spanning the interior of said shell and forming a frangible seal, said membrane being provided along two closed lines with weakened zones defining two spaced-apart wall portions detachable from the remainder of the membrane; and

a tab member with a loop-shaped body spacedly overlying said membrane within said shell, said body being connected at the extremities of the loop with one of said wall portions and at the midpoint of the loop with the other of said wall portions for simultaneous detachment thereof upon an upward pull on both halves of said body.

2. A closure as defined in claim 1 wherein said one of said wall portions is substantially larger than said other of said wall portions.

3. A closure as defined in claim 2 wherein said loop is a segment of a ring centered on said axis, said one of said wall portions being substantially sector shaped with an arcuate boundary centered on said axis and with a vertex pointing toward said other of said portions.

4. A closure as defined in claim 3 wherein said other of said portions is circular.

5. A closure as defined in claim 1, further comprising a hinged cap normally closing the top of said shell and encasing said tab member.

6. A closure as defined in claim 5 wherein said cap is provided with a depending skirt fitting into the top of said shell above said membrane.

7. A closure as defined in claim 1 wherein said shell and said membrane consist of elastomeric plastic material.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4356939 *Feb 8, 1980Nov 2, 1982Rical S.A.Distributing or pouring caps, particularly for bottles or other containers
US4651885 *Aug 13, 1984Mar 24, 1987Sunbeam Plastics Corp.Tamper indicating dispensing closure (for edible oils)
US4948015 *Sep 21, 1988Aug 14, 1990Dai Nippon Insatsu Kabushiki KaishaCarton equipped with liquid pouring-out device
US5002209 *Nov 28, 1988Mar 26, 1991Goodall Donald TPouring device having a tubular body and a plurality of flexibly mounted breather/vent tubes
US5199613 *Nov 21, 1991Apr 6, 1993Joseph M. MagrathSmooth flow pour spout
US5755360 *Jul 11, 1996May 26, 1998Aptargroup, Inc.Multi-material, multi-shot, injection molded dispensing closure having a removable seal
US5769277 *Jul 11, 1996Jun 23, 1998Aptargroup, Inc.Dispensing closure having a force-directing removable seal
US5839627 *Feb 3, 1997Nov 24, 1998Hicks; William D.Container having improved reclosable pour spout mounted thereon and process therefor
US5853109 *Apr 29, 1998Dec 29, 1998Aptargroup, Inc.Dispensing structure with displaceable penetrator and bistable cover actuator
US5927549 *Mar 20, 1998Jul 27, 1999Aptargroup, Inc.Dispensing structure with frangible membrane for separating two products
US5992668 *Dec 30, 1997Nov 30, 1999Aptargroup, Inc.Sealed dispensing closure with a sealed penetrator
US6003728 *Oct 22, 1998Dec 21, 1999Aptargroup, Inc.Dispensing structure with an openable member for separating two products
US6045004 *Mar 20, 1998Apr 4, 2000Aptargroup, Inc.Dispensing structure with dispensing valve and barrier penetrator
US6056142 *Aug 2, 1999May 2, 2000Aptargroup, Inc.Sealed dispensing closure with a seal penetrator
US6550646 *May 31, 2000Apr 22, 2003Yoshino Kogyosho Co., Ltd.Synthetic resin-made tubular container
US6591999Nov 1, 2000Jul 15, 2003Tetra Laval Holdings & Finance S.A.Opening device for packages of pourable food products
US9272824 *Jan 31, 2014Mar 1, 2016Gateway Plastics, Inc.Flex hinge closure with drain-back channel
US20040217083 *Jan 23, 2004Nov 4, 2004Gerry MavinClosures and containers in combination therewith
US20090159607 *Dec 18, 2008Jun 25, 2009Oliver Clemens Robert KratzerPouring and sealing attachment
US20150217910 *Jan 31, 2014Aug 6, 2015Gateway Plastics, Inc.Flex hinge closure with drain-back channel
EP1110873A1 *Dec 14, 1999Jun 27, 2001Tetra Laval Holdings & Finance S.A.Opening device for packages of pourable food products
EP2939947A1 *Apr 29, 2014Nov 4, 2015Tetra Laval Holdings & Finance S.A.An opening device for a container and a method for producing an opening device
U.S. Classification222/479, 222/547, 222/54, 222/541.9
International ClassificationB65D47/10, B65D47/06
Cooperative ClassificationB65D47/103
European ClassificationB65D47/10A