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Publication numberUS3612285 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 12, 1971
Filing dateFeb 16, 1970
Priority dateFeb 16, 1970
Publication numberUS 3612285 A, US 3612285A, US-A-3612285, US3612285 A, US3612285A
InventorsMason Anthony
Original AssigneeWhirlpool Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dishwasher dishrack
US 3612285 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [72] Inventor Anthony Mason St. Joseph, Mich. {211 Appl.No. 11,480 [22] Filed Feb. 16,1970 [45] Patented Oct. 12,1971 [73] Assignee Whirlpool Corporation [54] DISHWASHER DISHRACK 7 Claims, 6 Drawing Figs.

[52] 11.8.0 211/41 [51] Int.C1 ...A47g19/08 [50] lFieldofSearch 211/41, 126,132

[5 6] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,516,088 7/1950 Einhom 211/41 2,841,288 7/1958 Field 211/41 3,289,854 12/1966 Kauffman 211/41 3,321,262 5/1967 Mogler.... 2l1/126X 3,464,566 9/1969 Gilson 211/41X Primary ExaminerNile C. Byers, Jr.

Att0meysJames S. Nettleton, Thomas E. Turcotte, Burton H. Baker, Gene A. Heth, Franklin C. Harter, Anthony Niewyk, Robert L. Judd and Hofgren, Wegner, Allen, Stellman & McCord ABSTRACT: A dishwasher dishrack for holding articles during the washing operation which is of open construction to receive upwardly projected sprays of washing liquid in which the dishrack comprises an article-holding basket and a pivotally mounted retainer therein having spaced-apart sides and a crossbar connecting these sides at their outer ends, the crossbar comprising a succession of recessed sections such as successive scallops so that the retainer under the force of gravity acting thereon embraces inverted stemware in the basket to hold the stemware against the force of the upward projected liquid to prevent breakage and also to rest on top of articles such as plastic cups, glasses and the like to prevent their being displaced by the force of the upwardly projected liquid.

PATENTEUDBT'IZIWI 3.612.285

FIG! [l2 w n F|G5 a, H 535 2| H66 INVENTOR ANTHONY MASON mama.

ATTORNEYS DISHWASHER DISI'IRACIK BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION As is well known, automatic dishwashers operate by providing open baskets in which the articles being washed are held in inverted position so as to be subjected to upwardly projected sprays of liquid as from a rotatable spray arm with the liquid exerting considerable upward force on the articles because of the pressure of the sprays. A problem in this type of article holder or basket is that the upward force of the sprays frequently displaced the articles and this can cause breakage particularly where the article is a piece of fragile stemware. In addition, if the article is extremely lightweight, as is true of plastic cups, plastic glasses and similar lightweight articles the force of the upward sprays of liquid can often easily shift the articles around in the basket. The dishrack of this invention includes a retainer means for preventing this shifting of the articles and resulting damage or at least improper washing action.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION One of the features of this invention is to provide a dishwasher dishrack for holding articles being washed by upwardly projected sprays of liquid and including a retainer for engaging the articles and preventing displacement thereof by the washing liquid so as to avoid damage of the articles and in certain cases inefficient washing of the articles.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a fragmentary plan view of a dishwasher dishrack embodying the invention.

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary side elevation thereof with the basket containing representative articles during the washing operation.

FIG. 3 is a view similar to FIG. 2 but illustrating the basket when it is empty of articles.

FIGS. 4, 5 and 6 are fragmentary side elevational views showing three embodiments of means for attaching article retainers of the invention to the basket.

DESCRIPTION OF THE ILLUSTRATED EMBODIMENT In the embodiment of FIGS. 1-3 the dishwasher dishrack comprises an article holding basket 10 comprising a latticework of spaced and crossing wires 11 transversely spaced and extending from side to side of the basket to form the bottom thereof. The wires also include side 12 and end 13 wires forming the corresponding sides and ends of the basket.

Pivotally mounted in the basket are a plurality of article retainers M with each having spaced-apart parallel sides 15 that are inwardly of but adjacent the side wires 12 of the basket and a crossbar 16 extending across the basket between the opposite sides 12 and located at the ends of the retainer sides 15. Thus the sides 15 and crossbar 16 of the retainer are arranged in a generally inverted U-shape when the retainer is in its elevated position as shown in FIG. 2.

The ends of the retainer sides opposite the crossbar 16 are pivotally connected to the ends of a cross wire 11 at the bottom of the basket and this connection is provided in the embodiment of FIGS. 1-3 by circular loops 17 at these ends loosely embracing a bottom wire 11 as illustrated.

The crossbar 16 of the retainer 14 is provided with a succession of recessed sections 18 here shown as V-shaped scallops arranged successively in order along slightly less than the full length of the crossbar wire 16.

As can be seen most clearly in FIGS. 1-3 certain of the bottom wires 19 are arranged close together and have upwardly slanted sections 20 extending from the bottom to the top of the basket and basket bottom sections 21 sloped with respect to wires 12 as illustrated. Thus certain ones of the successive angled bottom sections 21. provide an article-retaining area angled toward a corresponding article retainer 14. This provides a support for the inverted articles during the washing operation as illustrated by the inverted stemmed glass 22 and the inverted tumbler 3d both shown in FIG. 2.

When the basket 10 is free of articles as illustrated in FIG. 3 each retainer 141 under the force of gravity rests against the bottom of the basket as illustrated in FIG. 3. When, however, each retainer 14 is elevated as shown in FIG. 2 the recessed sections 19 can either be used to engage the opposite sides of a stem 24 of the stemmed glass 22 or other stemware or can rest by its own weight against the bottom 25 of a tumbler 23. In either instance, the engagement of the retainer 14 with the sides of the stem 24 or with the bottom 25 supports the article during the washing operation against the pressure force of the upwardly projected stream of washing liquid as illustrated by the arrows 26 in FIG. 2.

The manner of connecting the retainer side wires 15 to the cross bottom wire 11 is illustrated in various embodiments in FIGS. 4, 5 and 6. FIG. 4 illustrates the partial circular loop 17 embracing the bottom wire 11 as discussed earlier in connection with the FIGS. 1-3 embodiment.

In the embodiment of FIG. 5 the attaching portion 26 on the lower end of each side wire 1115 of this embodiment is elongated and angular to provide a loose connection to wire 11 that permits the retainer having a greater adaption to the dimensions and angular arrangement of the article being washed.

In the embodiment of FIG. 6 the sides 215 of the article retainer are each provided with an attaching portion 27 that is not only loose but that is elongated to a substantial degree which permits even a greater adaption to the characteristics of the articles held by the retainer.

As can be seen from the above description the dishrack basket of this invention provides engagement of the articles being washed and this support is provided by the weight of the retainer itself with no requirement for additional spring or other resilient biasing means to hold the article securely. However, such auxiliary means as a spring or resilient member may be added if desired.

Having described my invention as related to the embodiments shown in the accompanying drawings, it is my intention that the invention be not iia'nited by any of the details of description, unless otherwise specified, but rather be construed broadly within its spirit and scope as set out in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A dishwasher dishrack, comprising: an article-holding basket permeable to liquid and having a bottom; a retainer in said basket holding both stemware and lightweight articles against the force of upwardly projected washing liquid, said retainer having spaced-apart sides pivotally connected to said basket for selective arrangement of said retainer adjacent said bottom and in elevated position, and a crossmember connecting said sides having a succession of recessed sections, said retainer under the force of gravity being adapted when elevated to support stems of inverted articles and to rest on top of articles as desired during washing to retain them against said force of said upwardly projected liquid.

2. The dishrack of claim 1 wherein said crossmember comprises a bar and said succession of recessed sections comprises successive scallops in said crossbar.

3. The dishrack of claim 1 wherein said crossmember and said sides are arranged in a generally inverted U with said sides being substantially parallel to each other.

4. The dishrack of claim 2 wherein said retainer spans said rack from side to side with the spaced-apart sides of the rack being spaced inwardly of the adjacent sides of the basket.

5. The dishrack of claim 1 wherein said retainer sides are pivotally connected at their ends that are opposite the crossmember to a cross wire of the basket, said basket comprising a latticework of spaced and crossing wires.

6. The dishrack of claim 1 wherein said retainer sides comprise means loosely connecting the retainer to the basket to permit transverse shifting as well as arcuate movement of said retainer.

7. The dishrack of claim I wherein said basket comprises at least one transverse bottom section angled toward said retainer for receiving the bottoms of the articles held by said retainer.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2516088 *Sep 3, 1947Jul 18, 1950George EinhornFolding dish-drying rack
US2841288 *Jun 10, 1954Jul 1, 1958Harry FieldDish trays
US3289854 *Nov 27, 1963Dec 6, 1966Gen ElectricArticle retaining device
US3321262 *Apr 29, 1966May 23, 1967Emil MoglerMoney till for bills
US3464566 *Dec 26, 1967Sep 2, 1969Colston Ltd CRacks for drying articles
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3752322 *Jul 8, 1971Aug 14, 1973Hobart Mfg CoRack system for a dishwashing machine
US3901728 *Nov 21, 1973Aug 26, 1975Opal Jacques EDishware hold down plate and method
US4238035 *Sep 15, 1978Dec 9, 1980Kassanchuk Jerry NBaby bottle rack
US4589556 *Jun 3, 1985May 20, 1986Peretz Steven IHolder assembly for stemmed glassware and like objects
US4748993 *Oct 9, 1987Jun 7, 1988Scott LlewellynRack for holding nipples in a dishwasher
US4832206 *Apr 18, 1988May 23, 1989Cunningham George DArticle holding device for dishwashers
US5158185 *Sep 27, 1991Oct 27, 1992Maytag CorporationDividers for dishwasher racking system
US5205419 *Jul 29, 1992Apr 27, 1993Maytag CorporationDishwasher racking system
US5497890 *Jan 7, 1994Mar 12, 1996White Consolidated Industries, Inc.Plasticware retainer for use in an automatic dishwasher
US5518126 *Jul 29, 1994May 21, 1996White Consolidated Industries, Inc.Plasticware retainer for use in an automatic dishwasher
US6394285Feb 29, 2000May 28, 2002Michelle Smith ArthursDishwasher accessory for securing and supporting stemware
US6571965 *Apr 12, 2000Jun 3, 2003Whirlpool CorporationDishwasher rack with pivotable fences
US6907998 *Jun 11, 2001Jun 21, 2005Bsh Bosch Und Siemens Hausgerate GmbhDish rack for accommodating dishes, and household dishwasher
US7231929 *Nov 20, 2003Jun 19, 2007Whirlpool CorporationDishwasher and adjustable rack
US7988107Sep 10, 2007Aug 2, 2011Whirlpool CorporationStemware holder for an automatic dishwasher
US8579121 *Dec 21, 2011Nov 12, 2013BSH Home Applications CorporationAccessory for dishwasher
US8714371Nov 26, 2009May 6, 2014Electrolux Home Products Corporation, N.V.Dishwasher basket with a cup support
US8783472Aug 14, 2013Jul 22, 2014Bsh Home Appliances CorporationAccessory for dishwasher
US9055860Apr 14, 2014Jun 16, 2015Bsh Home Appliances CorporationAccessory for dishwasher
US9265404Jul 25, 2012Feb 23, 2016Bsh Hausgeraete GmbhWashware carrier for accommodating washware in a variable manner
US20030193277 *May 20, 2003Oct 16, 2003Maytag CorporationDishwasher rack with removable handle
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US20050109378 *Nov 20, 2003May 26, 2005Landsiedel Jay C.Dishwasher and adjustable rack
US20080156750 *Dec 28, 2006Jul 3, 2008Richardson Margaret ADishwasher tine extender
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US20110233158 *Nov 26, 2009Sep 29, 2011Gerhard HaiderDishwasher basket with a cup support
US20120306333 *Dec 6, 2012Bsh Home Appliances CorporationAccessory for dishwasher
US20140021149 *Jul 17, 2012Jan 23, 2014Bsh Home Appliances CorporationStemware holder
USD739094 *Jul 23, 2013Sep 15, 2015Granuldisk AbLift device for dishwasher baskets
DE10204692A1 *Feb 6, 2002Aug 14, 2003Electrolux Home Prod CorpMethod for ensuring that the dish support bars in a dishwasher basket are held in position has the bars support rod formed to tension the dish support in use and non-use positions
DE10204692B4 *Feb 6, 2002Feb 26, 2004Electrolux Home Products Corporation N.V.Verschwenkbar im Geschirrkorb einer Geschirrspülmaschine angeordnetes Anlageelement
EP1005827A1 *Nov 18, 1999Jun 7, 2000Whirlpool CorporationRack with elements of double axis of rotation for dishwashers
EP1356761A2 *Apr 25, 2003Oct 29, 2003Electrolux Home Products Corporation N.V.Support for glasses constitued of a horizontal/vertical wave-shaped profile
EP1955641A2 *Apr 25, 2003Aug 13, 2008Electrolux Home Products Corporation N.V.Glass holder with alternating horizontal/vertical profile when in use
EP1955641A3 *Apr 25, 2003Aug 20, 2008Electrolux Home Products Corporation N.V.Glass holder with alternating horizontal/vertical profile when in use
EP2036482A1 *Sep 13, 2007Mar 18, 2009Vestel Beyaz Esya Sanayi Ve Ticaret A.S.Support for glasses for dishwasher baskets
EP2191764A1 *Nov 26, 2008Jun 2, 2010Electrolux Home Products Corporation N.V.Dishwasher basket with a cup support
WO1986007244A1 *Apr 21, 1986Dec 18, 1986Steven Ira PeretzHolder assembly for stemmed glassware and like articles
WO2007104430A1 *Feb 28, 2007Sep 20, 2007Miele & Cie. KgRack insert for dishwashers
WO2010060628A1 *Nov 26, 2009Jun 3, 2010Electrolux Home Products Corporation N.V.Dishwasher basket with a cup support
WO2013020809A1 *Jul 25, 2012Feb 14, 2013BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte GmbHWashware carrier for accommodating washware in a variable manner
Classifications
U.S. Classification211/41.8
International ClassificationA47L15/50
Cooperative ClassificationA47L15/505, A47L15/503
European ClassificationA47L15/50J, A47L15/50F