US 361241 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G. W'. RUGG.
, IIIHIHMlHIMlI Patented Apr. 12, 1887.
lllillllldlln E fm W UNITED STATES 'PATENT OFFICE.
GEORGE IV. BUGG, OF NEVARK, OHIO.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 361,241, dated April l2, 1887.
Application filed December 7, 1886. Serial No. 220,945. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, GEORGE W. RUGG, of Newark, in the county of Licking and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Oelery- Collars; and I do hereby declare the following to be afull, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it pertains to make and use it,/reference being had to the accompanying drawi ngs,which form part of this specification.
My invention relates to an'improvement in celery-collars; and it consists in, first, a wrapper which is formed from a piece of paper or other suitable material, and which is folded or -doubled at any suitable point between its two ends for the purpose of making the collar ex- Y from paper or any suitable flexible material,
and which is doubled or folded at any suitable point between its two ends, so that after the wrapper has been placed around the growing plant it can be extended from time to time, according to the growth of the plant, and thus be made'to always surround those portions of v the plant which are to be bleached.
Figure lis aside elevation of one of the wrappers applied to a growing plant. Fig. 2
is a vertical section of the same, the wrapper being shown extended by dotted lines. Fig. 3 is ahorizontal section taken on the line x w of Fig. 1.
In making wrappers the paper or-other material out of which the wrapper is to be made is folded or doubled,vas shown at A, and thenl the two edges of the paper are folded back upon the wrapper, so as to form the two folds or doubled portions B. These folds in the paper are made in the flatsheet out of which the wrapper is to be formed, and in applying the wrappers to the celery the sheets, folded as above described, are simply Wrapped or placed around the growing plants and then held in position by means of a rubber band, a string, or any other suitable fastening, a.- The edges of the piece or sheet of paper are not joined together, but are left free, so that the wrapper can expand more or less with the growth'of the plant.
Any suitable device or means may be employed for holding a wrapper around a plant, as this forms no particular part of myinvention.
The fold or doubled portion A will be made of any desirable width and at any suitable point 'between the two ends of the wrapper. This fold .is for the purpose of making the wrapper extensible when placed around the growing plant. e
When the wrapper is first laced around the plant, it is of j ust such a length as to surround all those portions of the plant which are to be bleached, leaving the tops of the plant to extend above the upper end of the wrapper. As the plant continues to grow this wrapper must be extended in length from time to time to correspond to the growth, and it is` for the purpose of enabling the wrapper to be made per to correspond to the increased growth ofthe plant is entirely avoided, and one wrapper is made to answer every p urpose for each plant,
`thus greatly decreasing not only the cost in the Wrappers themselves, but the amount of.
work which would be necessary to place additional wrappers in position.
Both of the ends of the wrapper are folded back upon the wrapper, as shown, for the purpose of increasing not only the extensibility of the wrapper itself, but of reenforcing the wrapper at these points and increasing their strength, so that when a strain is brought to bear upon the wrapper for the purpose of opening out the fold A the paper willnot tear, as otherwise might be the case. After the fold A has been opened out for the purpose of increasing the length of the tube, the ends can be unfolded,and thus increase the length of the tube from time to time according to the growth of the plant.
By means of the construction above de'A ICO scribed only a single wrapper is needed for' each plant, thereby enabling it to be bleached from its roots to the growing tops, and with much less labor than is necessary to be ex- 5 pended upon those wrappers which are made of only a. single length when placed upon the growing plant.
Having thus described my invention, I claiml. A wrapper for bleaching celery, which is formed from paper or other suitable material, und which is provided with n fold or bend between its two ends for the purpose of mel@ ing the wrapper extensible, substantially as 15 shown.
2. A wrapper for bleaching celery, which is formed from paper or other suitable materiel, and which is provided with a fold or bend between its two ends, and which has its ends turned or folded back upon itself, substun- 2o tially as set forth.
In testimony wllcrcof'l nflx iny signature in presence of two witnesses.
GEORGE V. RUGG.
A. S. PATTisoN, F. A. LEHMANN.