|Publication number||US3613682 A|
|Publication date||Oct 19, 1971|
|Filing date||Feb 5, 1970|
|Priority date||Feb 5, 1970|
|Publication number||US 3613682 A, US 3613682A, US-A-3613682, US3613682 A, US3613682A|
|Inventors||Naylor Richard Norman|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (61), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent  Inventor Richard Norman Naylor Clearwater, Fla.
 Appl. No. 8,878
 Filed Feb. 5, 1970  Patented Oct. 19, 1971  Assignee Concept, Inc.
St. Petersburg, Fla.
 DISPOSABLE CAUTERIES 6 Claims, 5 Drawing Figs.
 U.S. Cl 128/303.1, 128/405  Int. Cl A6ln 3/00  Field of Search 128/303. 1 303.13, 303.18, 303.19, 355, 405, 406
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Roovers et al. 128/406 X I Ik-r 8/1961 Lemos l28/303.l8 3,152,590 10/1964 Zurdo et al.. 128/303.18 3,234,356 2/1966 Babb l28/303.1 3,424,165 1/1969 Moss 128/405 Primary ExaminerChanning L. Pace Attorney-Arthur H. Van Horn ABSTRACT: A disposable hand-held portable cautery powered by self-contained energizers or batteries for energizing an electrode heating tip which is mounted in an insulating tube provided with a removable protective cap or cover encompassing the heating tip and the upper end of the tube, and the tube is further provided with a simple depressiblc latching or locking switch button on the tube, so that a portion of the button will frictionally overlie the adjacent end portion of the cap assembled thereon to thus prevent energization of the heating tip while the tube and cap are assembled.
PATENTEBum 19 I97I Fig.5
I I fifl II I! El I: Ii iilltilill II I I! I l nlllllllll AITORNEY DISPOSABLE CAUTERIES NATURE AND OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION This invention resides in a disposable, cordless cautery of the hot wire type particularly designed for single surgical use. The cautery is a self-contained battery or energizer-operated unit and is provided with an actuator button of unique construction which, in cooperation with an overcap or cover for the heating element, locks the cautery in off position to insure safety and to prevent accidental startup and also provides by its response to delicate touch immediate start and stop control by the physician handling the cautery.
The cautery shown here is a multiple cell battery type and is equipped with a hot wire tip on a shank length suitable for low or regular temperature use as in eye surgery. However, longershanks and tips suitable for higher temperature use may be substituted for use in reaching beneath the skin surface.
DRAWINGS In the drawings:
FIG. 1 shows the cautery with the protective cap in place on the tube and cooperating with the switch button on the shell to lock the same in off position.
FIG. 2 is a vertical section of the cautery unit.
FIG. 3 is a similar section through the protective cap or cover.
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary view of that portion of the shell receiving the switch button as shown in the direction of line 44, with the button removed.
FIG. 5 is a bottom perspective view of the actuator button.
DESCRIPTION The cautery illustrated herein as an embodiment of the invention includes a rigid tube 1, preferably formed of a tough polyvinyl or similar substance to provide a container for one or more batteries or energizers 2, a compression means 3 for supporting the energizers in series electrical contact, a resilient conductor 4, a terminal-electrode-carrying plug 5, a heater tip 6, an activator switch button 7 and a protective cap or cover 8 telescopically and removably fitted over the plug upper end of the unit container to engage and lock the activator button in off position and to encompass the electrode plug 5 and its heater tip 6. It is contemplated that the energiz'ers may also be employed in parallel or series-parallel relation.
More specifically, the container tube, which is a tough plastic, lightweight material, is closedat the bottom end by forming, as by rolling, an inturned annular flange la and inserting a closure disc 1b in the tube to rest upon the tube flanged open end.
The compression spring 3 is supported on the closure disc and exerts its force of compression upwardly against the lower inturned end 4a of the resilient conductor 4 which is in electrical contact with one of the terminals 2a of the lowermost energizer 2. Where a single energizer or even a multiple energizer is employed in series, as shown, the opposite uppermost energizer terminal is in electrical contact with an electrode 9 carried in the plug 5 which of course is formed of electrical insulating material. A second electrode 10 is also carried in the plug and electrically insulated from the electrode 9 by dielectric material of the plug. The outer terminal ends of the electrodes 9 and 10 extend upwardly beyond the plug and carry the wire heater tip 6 which is secured at its ends by staking, microwelding, or the like, to the respective terminal ends of the electrodes.
Resilient conductor 4 consists of a strip of resilient metal having an inturned lower end 4a, one or more depressed areas 4b abutting the insulated energizer wall and terminating at its upper end in a stressed contact portion 40 and an inturned arm 4d movable in a path toward and away from contact with the lower end of the electrode projecting below the base of the plug 5. Being under stresses normally urging the arm 4d out of contact with electrode 10, the arm is normally in the off position and, in order to move the arm to its opposite or on" position, there is provided a unique actuator button The tube 1, as shown in FIG. 4, is provided with a substantially triangular opening 11 for receiving and supporting the button 7 at a location opposite the arm of the electrode 10, as illustrated in FIGS. 2, 4 and 5.
' In FIG. 5, the button 7, per se, is shown as formed ofa suitable dielectric material and is substantially triangular in shape, having a slot 12 formed inwardly from the apex end, thus bifurcating the button into a lower portion 13 engageable with the upper stressed end of the conductor 4 to move the arm 4d into electrical contact with the electrode I0 when the cap 8 is removed from the tube or withdrawn out of the path of movement of the button, and the button is manually depressed by applying pressure to the upper finger press portion 14.
The slot 12 is of slightly greater-width than the thickness of the cap wall by a sufficient margin to allow the cap lower edge portion to enter the slot when the cap is telescoped over the upper end of the tube as shown in FIG. 1, thus preventing depression of the button out of its off" position and at the same time encompassing and protecting the electrodes and the wire heating tip secured thereto.
The heel 15 of the button at the base thereof overlies the tube wall 1 at the base of the triangular opening I] and is removably held in the opening by the heel 15 which acts as a fulcrum when the button is depressed. The button may be removed from the opening when the covering is off by a slight forward pressure on the heel and a downward pressure at the apex of the button against the upper end portion of the resilient conductor 4.
With the invention disclosed and described herein, it will be observed that this construction provides a unit which can be presterilized, is light in weight, sturdy andcomprises a selfcontained battery or energizer-operated hot wire heating element designed for simple surgery use. The increasing costs of presterilization and the incidence of cross infection are thereby eliminated. The unit also provides greater ease of handling and at the same time precludes damage to the hot wire tip when the cap is assembled on the tube by locking the button in off position, and thus prevents accidental startup or activation of the wire tip. With the cover removed, a gentle manual pressure on the button will activate the heating wire or deactivate it when pressure is released.
1. The combination with a disposable, self-contained cautery comprising a tubular housing, a source of electrical energy contained within the housing, a wire tip mounted in the housing and projecting from one end thereof, and an on-off switch activator carried by the housing for operating electrical connections between the energy source and said wire heater tip, of a removable tip-protective cover telescopically receivable over said housing one end engageable with said switch activator when the cover is in telescoped position on the housing end to thereby block the switch activator in ofF position.
2. The invention defined claim I, in which said switch activator is movable into on" position under light finger pressure against the switch when the cover is removed from the housing.
3. The invention defined in claim I in which the on-off switch includes a control button mounted in an opening in a wall of the housing and adapted to be depressed under light finger pressure when the cover is removed from the housing.
4. The invention defined in claim 3 in which the control button is formed with a slot to receive the peripheral end portion of the cover when the cover is in telescoped position on the housing.
5. The invention defined in claim 2 in which the control button is provided with a heel portion opposite its slotted end, about which the button is fulcrumed under light finger pressure applied thereto to move to on position.
6. In a disposable, self-contained cautery, a tubular housing open at one end, a source of electrical energy within the housing, an electrode carrier plug formed of electrical insulating material in the open end of the housing, a pair of electrodes secured in the plug material-and extending at their ends in spaced relation beyond the respective upper and lower extremities of the plug, a wire heater tip connecting the said upwardly projecting electrode extremities, one of said lower electrode extremities having electrical contact with one side of said energy source, a removable cover cap for telescopically enclosing the electrode upper extremities and said tip, a spring-loaded conductor connected with the opposite side of the energy source and normally urged out of contact with said other electrode, said tubular housing having a substantially tri-
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US465949 *||Mar 13, 1891||Dec 29, 1891||Electric cane|
|US2994324 *||Mar 4, 1959||Aug 1, 1961||Lemos Albano||Electrolysis epilator|
|US3152590 *||Apr 27, 1961||Oct 13, 1964||Garcia Manuel Hoyos||Instrument for the depilation of superfluous hair|
|US3234356 *||May 7, 1963||Feb 8, 1966||Raymond F Babb||Electrically heated medical implement|
|US3424165 *||Sep 16, 1966||Jan 28, 1969||Relaxacizor Inc||Electronic muscle stimulator and electrodes therefor|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3739769 *||Oct 23, 1970||Jun 19, 1973||Mallory & Co Inc P R||Power handle|
|US3978312 *||Oct 17, 1974||Aug 31, 1976||Concept, Inc.||Variable temperature electric cautery assembly|
|US4108181 *||Jan 28, 1977||Aug 22, 1978||Unicare Systems, Inc.||Cautery device for ophthalmic or the like surgical application|
|US4563570 *||Sep 4, 1984||Jan 7, 1986||Suncoast Medical Manufacturing, Inc.||Battery powered cautery with improved protective cover arrangement|
|US5163937 *||Jan 25, 1990||Nov 17, 1992||Transtech Scientific, Inc.||Waterproof body for cautery devices|
|US5175953 *||Apr 25, 1991||Jan 5, 1993||Lesnock Richard J||Fishing rod with eyelet de-icing|
|US5242440 *||Jul 23, 1991||Sep 7, 1993||Shippert Ronald D||Finger controlled switching apparatus|
|US5415657 *||Oct 13, 1992||May 16, 1995||Taymor-Luria; Howard||Percutaneous vascular sealing method|
|US5507744 *||Apr 30, 1993||Apr 16, 1996||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Apparatus and method for sealing vascular punctures|
|US5688265 *||Aug 30, 1995||Nov 18, 1997||Aaron Medical Industries, Inc.||Battery powered cautery assembly|
|US5810810 *||Jun 6, 1995||Sep 22, 1998||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Apparatus and method for sealing vascular punctures|
|US6063085 *||Oct 22, 1993||May 16, 2000||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Apparatus and method for sealing vascular punctures|
|US6235027||Jan 21, 1999||May 22, 2001||Garrett D. Herzon||Thermal cautery surgical forceps|
|US6398782||May 15, 1995||Jun 4, 2002||Edwards Lifesciences Corporation||Bipolar vascular sealing apparatus and methods|
|US6533778||Apr 26, 2001||Mar 18, 2003||Garrett D. Herzon||Thermal cautery surgical forceps|
|US6626901||Aug 13, 1999||Sep 30, 2003||The Trustees Of Columbia University In The City Of New York||Electrothermal instrument for sealing and joining or cutting tissue|
|US6860880||Nov 12, 2002||Mar 1, 2005||The Trustees Of Columbia University In The City Of New York||Electrothermal instrument for sealing and joining or cutting tissue|
|US6908463||Apr 20, 2001||Jun 21, 2005||The Trustees Of Columbia University In The City Of New York||Electrothermal device for coagulating, sealing and cutting tissue during surgery|
|US7329257||Sep 3, 2003||Feb 12, 2008||Olympus Optical Co., Ltd.||Medical treatment instrument|
|US7485092||Jan 18, 2002||Feb 3, 2009||Maquet Cardiovascular Llc||Vessel harvesting apparatus and method|
|US7534243||Jun 6, 2003||May 19, 2009||Maquet Cardiovascular Llc||Dissection and welding of tissue|
|US7695470||Jun 23, 2003||Apr 13, 2010||Maquet Cardiovascular Llc||Integrated vessel ligator and transector|
|US7867163||Dec 12, 2008||Jan 11, 2011||Maquet Cardiovascular Llc||Instrument and method for remotely manipulating a tissue structure|
|US7938842||Oct 5, 1999||May 10, 2011||Maquet Cardiovascular Llc||Tissue dissector apparatus|
|US7972265||Jul 21, 2004||Jul 5, 2011||Maquet Cardiovascular, Llc||Device and method for remote vessel ligation|
|US7981133||Dec 21, 2007||Jul 19, 2011||Maquet Cardiovascular, Llc||Tissue dissection method|
|US8016820||May 29, 2009||Sep 13, 2011||The Trustees Of Columbia University In The City Of New York||Electrothermal instrument for sealing and joining or cutting tissue|
|US8075559||Mar 24, 2010||Dec 13, 2011||Maquet Cardiovascular, Llc||Apparatus and method for integrated vessel ligator and transector|
|US8128623||Oct 12, 2009||Mar 6, 2012||Garrett D Herzon||Thermal cautery surgical forceps|
|US8241210||Jan 4, 2008||Aug 14, 2012||Maquet Cardiovascular Llc||Vessel retractor|
|US8328802||Mar 13, 2009||Dec 11, 2012||Covidien Ag||Cordless medical cauterization and cutting device|
|US8366706||Aug 15, 2008||Feb 5, 2013||Cardiodex, Ltd.||Systems and methods for puncture closure|
|US8372072||Nov 22, 2011||Feb 12, 2013||Cardiodex Ltd.||Methods and apparatus for hemostasis following arterial catheterization|
|US8377059||Mar 13, 2009||Feb 19, 2013||Covidien Ag||Cordless medical cauterization and cutting device|
|US8409199||Dec 29, 2011||Apr 2, 2013||Garrett D. Herzon||Thermal cautery surgical forceps|
|US8435236||Nov 21, 2005||May 7, 2013||Cardiodex, Ltd.||Techniques for heat-treating varicose veins|
|US8460331||Apr 22, 2011||Jun 11, 2013||Maquet Cardiovascular, Llc||Tissue dissector apparatus and method|
|US8491581||Mar 13, 2009||Jul 23, 2013||Covidien Ag||Method for powering a surgical instrument|
|US8758342||Nov 27, 2008||Jun 24, 2014||Covidien Ag||Cordless power-assisted medical cauterization and cutting device|
|US8986335||Jun 10, 2013||Mar 24, 2015||Maquet Cardiovascular Llc||Tissue dissector apparatus and method|
|US9050098||Nov 13, 2008||Jun 9, 2015||Covidien Ag||Cordless medical cauterization and cutting device|
|US9283023||Jun 13, 2011||Mar 15, 2016||Bovie Medical Corporation||Hand-held cautery device|
|US9532829||Feb 15, 2012||Jan 3, 2017||Covidien Ag||Cordless medical cauterization and cutting device|
|US9700398||Feb 20, 2015||Jul 11, 2017||Maquet Cardiovascular Llc||Vessel harvester|
|US9730782||Feb 20, 2015||Aug 15, 2017||Maquet Cardiovascular Llc||Vessel harvester|
|US9782217||Feb 14, 2014||Oct 10, 2017||Covidien Ag||Radio frequency generator and method for a cordless medical cauterization and cutting device|
|US20040078035 *||Sep 3, 2003||Apr 22, 2004||Olympus Optical Co., Ltd.||Medical treatment instrument|
|US20050059967 *||Jan 7, 2004||Mar 17, 2005||Breazeale Earl E.||Electrosurgical device|
|US20060293648 *||Aug 30, 2006||Dec 28, 2006||Herzon Garrett D||Thermal cautery surgical forceps|
|US20090138003 *||Nov 13, 2008||May 28, 2009||Derek Dee Deville||Cordless Medical Cauterization and Cutting Device|
|US20090234347 *||May 29, 2009||Sep 17, 2009||The Trustees Of Columbia University In The City Of New York||Electrothermal instrument for sealing and joining or cutting tissue|
|US20090240245 *||Mar 13, 2009||Sep 24, 2009||Derek Dee Deville||Method for Powering a Surgical Instrument|
|US20090240246 *||Mar 13, 2009||Sep 24, 2009||Derek Dee Deville||Cordless Medical Cauterization and Cutting Device|
|US20100030205 *||Oct 12, 2009||Feb 4, 2010||Herzon Garrett D||Thermal cautery surgical forceps|
|US20100234843 *||Mar 24, 2010||Sep 16, 2010||Maquet Cardiovascular Llc||Apparatus and method for integrated vessel ligator and transector|
|US20110137305 *||Dec 6, 2009||Jun 9, 2011||Gregorio Hernandez Zendejas||Thermal neuroablator|
|USD751707||Feb 10, 2015||Mar 15, 2016||Bovie Medical Corporation||Hand-held cautery device|
|USRE40863 *||Oct 22, 1993||Jul 21, 2009||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Apparatus and method for sealing vascular punctures|
|EP0153647A2 *||Feb 11, 1985||Sep 4, 1985||Dart Industries Inc.||An electrosurgical pencil|
|EP0153647A3 *||Feb 11, 1985||Aug 13, 1986||Dart Industries Inc.||An electrosurgical pencil|
|WO2017005891A1 *||Jul 7, 2016||Jan 12, 2017||Feeligreen||Iontophoretic applicator device comprising at least two movable applying means|
|U.S. Classification||606/30, 219/233, 219/240|
|Cooperative Classification||A61B18/10, A61B2018/00642|