|Publication number||US3614422 A|
|Publication date||Oct 19, 1971|
|Filing date||Jul 28, 1970|
|Priority date||Aug 1, 1969|
|Publication number||US 3614422 A, US 3614422A, US-A-3614422, US3614422 A, US3614422A|
|Inventors||Katagiri Shinjiro, Matsui Isao, Minamikawa Yoshihisa|
|Original Assignee||Hitachi Ltd|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (3), Classifications (17)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1 ite States Patent lnventors Appl. No. Filed Patented Assignee Priority lsao Matsui Katsuta;
Yoshihisa Minamikawa, Katsuta; Shinjiro Katagiri, Hachioji, all of Japan 58,840
July 28, 1970 Oct. 19, 1971 Hitachi, Ltd.
Tokyo, Japan Aug. 1, 1969, Nov. 10, 1969 Japan 44/72604 and 44/ 105851 SURGE REDUCTION RESISTORS BETWEEN A HIGH-VOLTAGE SOURCE AND AN ELECTRON MICROSCOPE ELECTRON GUN 3 Claims, 3 Drawing Figs.
 1nt.C1 H0lj 37/26  Field of Search 250/495 R, 49.5 A; 307/93; 315/291; 317/615; 328/259; 338/21, 216
[5 6] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,424,791 7/1947 Bachman et a1, 250/495 3,227,983 1/1966 Braun 338/21 Primary ExaminerWilliam F. Lindquist Att0rneyCraig, Antonelli & Hill ABSTRACT: A resistance for adjusting the bias voltage is provided in a high voltage source, a high DC voltage being applied to the resistance, and the high DC voltage and bias voltage are applied to the filament and Wehnelt electrode, respectively, of an electron gun in an electron microscope through a high-voltage cable including two core lines whose resistance value is high enough to reduce surge voltage.
SURGE REDUCTION RESISTORS BETWEEN A HIGH- VOLTAGE SOURCE AND AN ELECTRON MICROSCOPE ELECTRON GUN BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to improvements in the structure of apparatus for supplying a high DC voltage and a bias voltage to an electron gun in an electron microscope and the like.
2. Description of the Prior Art As is commonly known, the accelerating voltage in modern electron microscopes is generally higher than 1 million volts, and thus it is common practice to dispose the high-voltage source and the electron microscope independently of each other and to connect them by means of a high-voltage cable in view of the desired simplicity of manipulation, the problem of disturbance with respect to the electron beam, the simplification of the structure and other problems.
Heretofore, a bias resistance has been disposed in the vicinity of the electron gun in electron microscopes in order to adjust the bias voltage applied to the Wehnelt electrode of the electron gun. The prior art arrangement described above has involved the danger that the bias resistance may be damaged by a surge voltage generated as a result of a discharge occurring in the electron gun. Further, the disposition of such a part in the vicinity of the electron gun has been undesirable in that the structure of the apparatus becomes complex resulting in handling difficulties.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is therefore an object of the present invention to prevent the bias resistance from being destroyed by the surge voltage.
Another object of the present invention is to prevent the undesirable destruction of the bias resistance by employing a high-voltage cable including a plurality of core lines whose resistance value is high enough to quickly reduce the surge voltage.
A further object of the present invention is to provide a high-voltage cable of the kind described above which has a distributed capacitance so as to give the high-voltage cable an additional function of eliminating the ripple component in the high DC voltage supplied from a high-voltage source.
In accordance with the present invention which attains the above objects, there is provided an apparatus for supplying high voltage from a high-voltage source to an electron gun in an electron microscope and the like which comprises a highvoltage source having a high DC-voltage-producing means and a variable bias resistance connected to said high DC-voltage-producing means for producing an adjustable bias voltage; a high-voltage cable including at least two core lines therein, the impedance of each said core line being larger than the surge impedance; and an electron beam device having an electron gun composed of a filament, a Wehnelt electrode and an anode, said filament being connected to said'high DC-voltageproducing means through one of said two core lines and said Wehnelt electrode being connected to said bias resistance through the other of said two core lines.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring to FIG. I, a high DC voltage source 1 includes a high-voltage transformer 8, a diode D, a condenser C, an AC power source AC and a variable bias resistance 11. A high DC voltage generated by the high DC voltage source 1 appears at a terminal 0,. A columTi io fan electron microscope contains therein an electron gun 3 which comprises a filament 5, a Wehnelt electrode 4 and an anode 6. The high DC voltage is applied to the variable bias resistance 11 so that a desired bias voltage appears at a terminal 0 by suitably adjusting the bias resistance 1 1.
A high-voltage cable 10 includes two core lines R, and R whose resistance value is high enough to reduce the surge voltage. The core line R, connects the output terminal 0 of the bias resistance 11 with the Wehnelt electrode 4, while the core line R connects the terminal 0 with the neutral point n of a bushing transformer 7. The bushing transformer 7 is built in the high-voltage cable 10 in the vicinity of the electron gun 3. A power source 12 supplies heating power to the filament 5 through the bushing transformer 7 to cause emission of an electron beam from the filament 5. The electron beam I3 emitted from the filament 5 varies depending on the bias voltage applied to the Wehnelt electrode 4 and can therefore be controlled by adjusting the bias resistance 11. The core lines R, and R have a resistance value which is about 10 times the surge impedance of the order of 50 to ohms. However, due to the fact that the bias resistance 11 has a resistance value of the order of several l0 megohms, the resistance value of the core line R, does not adversely affect the adjustment of the bias voltage.
It will be readily seen that the above arrangement provides many advantages. One advantage of the above arrangement is that the bias resistance 11 and other parts in the high-voltage source 1 are prevented from being damaged by the surge voltage generated due to discharge within the electron gun because the surge voltage is quickly reduced by the core lines R, and R Another advantage resides in the fact that, since the bias resistance and other parts are not disposed in the vicinity of the electron gun 3, the high-voltage cable I0 and the electrodes in the electron gun 3 can be integrally combined to provide an apparatus which is very compact in construction and can be easily handled.
Another embodiment of the present invention shown in FIG. 2 is generally similar to that shown in FIG. 1 except that it employs a coaxial high-voltage cable as shown in FIG. 3. Referring to FIGS. 2 and 3, coaxial core lines R, and R, serve the same purpose as that served by the core lines R, and R shown in FIG. 1. A conductive member 14 surrounds the coaxial core lines R, and R and a uniform capacitance Cs is distributed between the conductive member 14 and the coaxial core lines R, and R Reference numerals l5 and 16 designate layers of electrically insulating material. The conductive member 14 is grounded, and the capacitance Cs has a value of the order of 200 to 1,000 pf.
With an arrangement as shown in FIG. 2, it is also possible to quickly reduce the surge voltage generated due to discharge in the electron gun. According to this embodiment, a low-pass filter is formed by the resistance of the coaxial core lines and the distributed capacitance Cs so that the ripple component contained in the high DC voltage delivered from the high-voltage source 1 can be naturally removed. Therefore, the filter frequently employed heretofore is unnecessary.
1. Apparatus for supplying high voltage from a high-voltage source to an electron gun in an electron microscope and the like comprising a high-voltage source having high DC-voltageproducing means and a variable bias resistance connected to said high DC-voltage-producing means for producing an adjustable bias voltage; a high-voltage cable including at least two core lines therein, the impedance of each said core line being larger than the surge impedance; and an electron beam device having an electron gun composed of a filament, a Wehnelt electrode and an anode, said filament being connected to said high DC-voltage-producing means through one of said two core lines and said Wehnelt electrode being connected to said bias resistance through the other of said two core lines.
2. Apparatus according to claim I, wherein said high-voltage cable comprises at least two coaxial core lines.
3. Appaiatusjfieordmg racism 2, wherein said coaxial core lines are covered by a conductive member.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2424791 *||Jan 26, 1944||Jul 29, 1947||Gen Electric||Electron microscope apparatus|
|US3227983 *||Aug 7, 1963||Jan 4, 1966||Air Reduction||Stacked resistor|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3742247 *||Nov 27, 1970||Jun 26, 1973||Sunstein D||High voltage interconnection system for cathode-ray tubes and the like|
|US4288743 *||Oct 10, 1978||Sep 8, 1981||Schweitzer Edmund O||Fault indicator operable from a remote excitation source through a uniformly distributed impedance cable|
|US6492647 *||May 7, 1999||Dec 10, 2002||Agere Systems, Inc.||Electron guns for lithography tools|
|U.S. Classification||315/382, 327/545, 361/118, 307/327, 361/126, 338/21|
|International Classification||H01J37/24, H01J37/248, H01B11/20, H01J37/02, H01B11/18|
|Cooperative Classification||H01B11/206, H01J37/248, H01J37/243|
|European Classification||H01J37/24F, H01J37/248, H01B11/20D|