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Publication numberUS3614771 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 19, 1971
Filing dateSep 18, 1969
Priority dateSep 18, 1969
Also published asDE2045970A1
Publication numberUS 3614771 A, US 3614771A, US-A-3614771, US3614771 A, US3614771A
InventorsBand Ian T, Borden Howard C
Original AssigneeHewlett Packard Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Display apparatus
US 3614771 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

DIGIT 1 DATA stoma:

COLUMN SCANNER DIGIT 2 DATA STORAGE TRANSFER GATES [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,209,229 9/1965 Cox, Jr. 340/324 3,460,092 8/1969 Davidson et a1.. 340/166 Primary Examiner-John W. Caldwell Assistant ExaminerMarshall M. Curtis Attorney-A. C. Smith ABSTRACT: A multipleplace alphanumeric character display includes for each place character to be displayed a plurality of discrete light sources arranged at selected interstices in a matrix array. The characters are formed and displayed more rapidly than in conventional techniques by sequentially scanning symmetrical halves of the digits that form the display.

CHARACTER GENERATOR LINE ADDRESS (COLUMN AOR B) DlGlT ADDRESS (DICITS 1.2.5 0R 4) 34 00020 mans M611 3 DATA STORAGE DATA STORAGE llItllSlPlLAY APlPAlltA'lllUfi SUM MARY OF THE INVENTION Alphanumeric display characters are formed using electroluminescent diode light sources or other suitable output indicators disposed in a 4by 7matrix array. The light sources are selectively activated by energizing the electrodes to selected light sources arranged in symmetrical left-side and right-side groups Multiple-place arrangements of such display characters are formed by sequentially scanning the light sources in the two symmetrical groups per character at a sufficiently rapid rate that the resulting output indication appears to be continuous. The rate at which the display characters can be formed is increased by combining the light sources, or other output indicator, which are physically arranged in the 4by 7ar ray pcr display character to form an electrical matrix per display character having only two matrix electrodes which need by scanned.

DESCRlPTlON OF THE DRAWING AND PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The drawing is a schematic diagram of the display apparatus showing the layout of light sources and associated scanning circuitry.

Referring to the drawing, there is shown a counter 10 including a plurality of cascaded decade counting units (DCU) 9 arranged to receive an input frequency through gate 11 for counting the same during a gate period determined by timer 13. The outputs of the decade counting units 9 are disposed to be transferred through transfer gates l at the end of a gate period (controlled by timer T3) to the digit data storage units 2K, 22, 23 and Z l for providing a multiple-place digital output presentation. Counters of this type are described in the literature (see, for example, Hewlett-Packard Journal; May, 1961; Vol. l2,No. 9). in counters of this type, the digit data in each of units 21-24 is typically decoded into lO-line decimal or other suitable code for convenient control of selected light sources that are required to produce the digits Othrough 9per digit place.

ln accordance with the present invention, sources of digit data such as the data storage units 21-2 l of a counter are all scanned sequentially by common circuitry and are displayed sequentially in rapid succession in a matrix array of light sources or other output indicators per digit place. Thus, the output lines 254% of the data storage units are all connected in common to character generator 117 and the units are actuated sequentially by the column scanner 19 to apply their outputs in turn to the character generator 17. The column scanner l9 may be a shift register which operates at a scanning rate determined by the timing pulses which are received from the display clock 36 and which recur at a sufficiently fast rate to prevent perceivable flicker in the displayed characters.

in its operation, column scanner l9 sequentially actuates each of the data storage units 21-24 for a selected display period by applying signals in sequence to control inputs 31PM. The character generator 17 thus receives the digit data from unit 2T during the first display period, the digit data from unit 22 during the second display period, and so on through the sequence for all units to the start of the next sequence. Also, during each display cycle, column scanner l9 first energizes the left-side electrode, say MA, of the associated display digit 5H and then energizes the right-side electrode MB. Thereafter, the scanner l9 actuates the next storage unit 22 in response to a signal on line 32 and, during the display period for the digit stored in unit 22, first energizes the leftside electrode MA and then the right-side electrode 428, and so on through repetitive sequences. in addition, the scanner 119 also applies signals to the character generator l7 via line 35 during the display period for each digit to indicate whether the A- clcctrode or the B-electr0de is being energized.

The output display devices Elk-5d are each comprised of a plurality of output indicators physically arranged in left and right columns and along upper, lower and intermediate transverse rows ofa 4 by 7 matrix array where the output indicators may be spot heaters for thermographic recording paper or light sources such as gas-discharge glow lamps or incan descent lamps. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention the output indicators are solid-state injection electroluminescent diodes which are arranged in substantially symmetrical left-side and right-side portions with each side portion disposed to be selectively illuminated in response to a column electrode A or B therefore being energized by the column scanner 19. The additional electrode for each light source per digit 51-54 is provided by the: rows of electrodes 57 that are energized by the character generator 117. This generator 117 may be a conventional diode matrix which translates 4 line coded signals received from the storage units 2ll-24l into signals (or conditions of conductivity) appearing at selected Ones of the row electrodes 57. It should be noted that the light sources which are physically arranged in upper, lower and intermediate transverse rows per digit are energized from the character generator 17 through electrodes 57 along with the light sources that are arranged in the generally vertical columns. The effect of this is that the physical arrangement of light sources in a matrix array of M columns and N rows (eg 4 by 7) is scanned electrically as a matrix array of P columns and Q rows (e.g. 2 by 10). This has the advantage that the average light intensity from each digit is increased over conventional column-by-eolumn scanning for a given drive current per light source since each column may remain illuminated for a larger fraction of the total digit display period. In the described embodiment the average light intensity is double the intensity obtained by scanning the 4 by 7 matrix array column by column during the same display period. Also, for multiple-place digit displays, the number of drive lines required to energize the light sources in a digit matrix is greatly reduced. Further, the present invention permits sub stantial simplifications of the scanning circuitry due to the reduction in the number of possible signal combinations involved (i.e. number of rows xnumber of columns xnumber of digit places) with concomitant reduction in complexity and expense Additional simplifications may be accomplished in the illustrated embodiment of a 2-column electrical driving system since display characters such as 0, 8, A, etc. having right-left symmetry may be formed using only one set of signals on the Q number of row electrodes 57 while scanning both half sections of the display character. For unsymmetrical display characters such as 2, 3, E, etc. which have no left-right symmetry, the set of signals on the Q number of row electrodes 57 must be changed in response to signal on line 35 simultaneously with the change in energization of one ofthe P number of column electrodes (say, A) to another of the P number'of column electrodes (i.e. B).

In a multiple-place digit display according to the present invention, the average light intensity per digit decreases for a given drive current to each light source in the digits as the number of digit places operated in the same scanning cycle increases. This is due to the reduction per extra digit in the period of time that a column electrode is energized compared with the total period of time required to complete a scanning cycle. This reduction in light intensity may be compensated for by increasing the drive current to the light sources as the number of display digit places increases. However, for a large number of display digits of the order of ti-llZ digits, drive current levels may have to be increased above safe limits for the light sources and, in that case, it is convenient to separate the total digit display into two or more groups of display digits, each group operating through its own scan cycle of a few digits, as previously described.

We claim:

ll. Apparatus for producing visual output manifestations of signals from a source of logic information, the apparatus comprising:

a set of a plural number of output indicators disposed at selected interstices of M number of column axes and N number of intersecting row axes where M and N are integers not less than 4and 5,respectively, and each of the output indicators providing a visual output manifestation in response to electrical signal applied thereto, the set having: first and second electrical connections to each of said output indicators for applying electrical signal thereto, the first electrical connections for the plurality of output indicators being grouped into P number of column connections where P is an integer less than M but not less than 2, and in one row of more than a pair of output indicators, the second connections for at least a selected pair of such output indicators which have first connections connected to different P column connections are connected to a common one of Q row connections, and the second connections for remaining ones of said plural number of output indicators are connected to other row connections where Q in an integer greater than N; translator means having Q number of output terminals connected to said O number of row connections and being responsive to logic information supplied thereto from a source for producing electrical signal conditions on selected ones of the Q number of row connections indicative of said logic information; and scanning means having P number of output terminals connected to said P number of column connections and producing electrical signal conditions on each of said P number of output terminals in sequence where one of the translator means and scanning means supplies electrical signal as said signal condition; whereby selected output indicators respond to electrical signals applied thereto along P column and Q row connections and provide visual output manifestations in combinations alongM and N axes which are representative of logic information from a source. 2. Apparatus as in claim 1 comprising: a plural number S of said sets disposed in spaced relationship: means connecting the second connections for the plurality of output indicators in all sets into a common Q number of row connections said translator means having the Q number of output terminals connected to the common Q number of row connections for all sets; and said scanning means includes P X s number of output terminals connected to the column connections of all of said sets and producing electrical signal conditions on each of said P X S number of output terminals in sequence. 3. Apparatus as claim 1 wherein:

said plural number of output indicators in the set are disposed only along a pair of spaced column axes and along first and second spaced row axes and along a third row axis spaced intermediate said first and second row axes, the output indicators being disposed in substantially contiguous and lineal arrays along said first, second and third row axes; and

said one row of more than a pair of output indicators comprises one of said first, second and third rows 4. Apparatus as in claim 1 wherein said output indicators are discrete light sources disposed at said selected interstices.

5. Apparatus as in claim 3 wherein:

said first electrical connections for all the output indicators disposed along one of said pair of spaced column axes and for selected ones of said output indicators disposed along said first, second and third rows being connected to form a first column connection for said set; and

said first electrical connections for all the output indicators disposed along the other of said pair of spaced column axes and for selected remaining ones of said output indicators disposed along said first, second and third rows being connected to form a second column connection for said set.

6. Apparatus as in claim 5 wherein:

M is an even number; and the first and second column connections for said set are connected to the first electrical connections for said output indicators disposed in substantially symmetrical lefthalf and right-half sections of said set.

7. Apparatus as in claim 6 wherein:

M is 4;

N is 7;

P is 2;and

Q is 10.

8. Apparatus as in claim 2 comprising:

a source of logic information for each of said plurality of sets; and

circuit means coupled to said sources, said translator means and said scanning means for applying logic information to said translator means from a source during the period of time said scanning means produces electrical signal conditions in sequence on each of the P number of output terminals for the set of output indicators corresponding to such source, said translator means producing electrical signal conditions on selected ones of said O number of row connections during the period of time said scanning means produces an electrical signal condition on a column connection for such set.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3209229 *May 31, 1961Sep 28, 1965Westinghouse Electric CorpSystem for utilizing intelligence signals to perform control functions
US3460092 *Mar 31, 1965Aug 5, 1969Bell Telephone Labor IncSelector matrix check circuit
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3717867 *Jan 20, 1971Feb 20, 1973Rosenzweig WDisplay device
US3750139 *Jul 2, 1971Jul 31, 1973Scm CorpTime matrixing method of energizing selective segments of multi-cell liquid crystal displays
US3787834 *Dec 29, 1972Jan 22, 1974IbmLiquid crystal display system
US3815120 *Jul 7, 1972Jun 4, 1974Sperry Rand CorpGas discharge display apparatus having time multiplex operated anode and cathode driver circuits
US3824582 *Nov 24, 1971Jul 16, 1974Burroughs CorpGas panel display apparatus
US4110744 *Feb 3, 1976Aug 29, 1978Ebauches S.A.Passive electro-optic display cell
US4142182 *Feb 16, 1977Feb 27, 1979Bbc Brown, Boveri & Company, LimitedProcedure for addressing of visual display devices
US4266224 *Feb 26, 1979May 5, 1981Beckman Instruments, Inc.High performance information display panel
US4518959 *May 13, 1982May 21, 1985Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki KaishaElectronic analog display device
US4682163 *Feb 1, 1985Jul 21, 1987Itt CorporationMethod for writing characters on a liquid crystal display
US4740784 *Jul 14, 1986Apr 26, 1988Nixdorf Computer AgCharacter generator with address memory and data storage unit for controlling dot matrix output unit
EP0190850A2 *Jan 24, 1986Aug 13, 1986Idea Courier, Inc.Method for writing characters on a liquid crystal display
Classifications
U.S. Classification345/33, 178/30
International ClassificationH03K21/00, H03K21/08
Cooperative ClassificationH03K21/08
European ClassificationH03K21/08