Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3616007 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 26, 1971
Filing dateFeb 28, 1969
Priority dateFeb 28, 1969
Also published asDE2010437A1
Publication numberUS 3616007 A, US 3616007A, US-A-3616007, US3616007 A, US3616007A
InventorsAnderson Dean K
Original AssigneeKimberly Clark Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method for controlling and transferring crosslaid sheets
US 3616007 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [72] Inventor Dean K. Anderson Neenah, Wis. [21] Appl. No. 803,245 [22] Filed Feb. 28, 1969 [45] Patented Oct. 26, 1971 [73] Assignee Kimberly-Clark Corporation Neenah, Wis.

[54] METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AND TRANSFERRING CROSSLAID SHEETS 10 Claims, 2 Drawing Figs.

[52] U.S. Cl 156/190, 156/193, 156/431, 242/56 R [51] Int. Cl 1365b 81/04 [50] Field ofSearch 156/191, 431, 193, 195, 185, 187, 188, [90;242/56 R, 56 A, 67.3 R; 93/80, 94

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 7 2,841,202 7/1958 Hirschy 93/80 X Elam Primary Examiner-Carl D. Quarforth Assistant Examiner-Gary G. Solyst Attorney-Wolfe, Hubbard, Leydig, Voit & Osann, Ltd.

ABSTRACT: A method and apparatus for making multiply, crosslaid material is disclosed. The ply of material to be crosslaid is deposited by a rotatable carrier disposed about a mandrel on which a continuous carrier belt is helically wound. Another ply of material is helically wound on top of the crosslaid ply in advance of a slitter and, after slitting, the plies are separated from the carrier belt with the aid of a vacuum roll and directed into the nip of a pair of combining rolls. in its preferred embodiment, an upper holddown belt is also helically wound on the last turn of the mandrel.

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AND TRANSFERRING CROSSLAID SHEETS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates generally to cross laying methods and apparatus and more particularly concerns apparatus for fonning a two-ply web in which the long dimension of one web extends transversely across the other web.

It has previously been proposed, for example in I-Iirschy U.S. Pat. No. 2,841,202 and in an application of William H. Burger, Ser. No. 604,705, filed Dec. 27, 1966, now U.S. Pat. No. 3,492,185 to provide an apparatus of this general type in which a belt is spirally traveled around a mandrel, with a carrier for one or more satellite rolls of sheet material being disposed to rotate about the mandrel. The mandrel preferably is provided with openings through it, and air under pressure is supplied to the interior of the mandrel for floating the belt on the mandrel. A first web of sheet material travels longitudinally with the belt as the belt travels about the mandrel, and a second web of sheet material from a satellite roll is wound onto the first web carried by the belt as the carrier rotates about the mandrel so as to position the material of the second web transversely of the first web carried by the belt.

As further disclosed in the above-mentioned application, the carrier preferably carries a pair of satellite rolls of web material on opposite sides of the carrier axis for helically winding the web material from the satellite rolls onto the first web. A guide bar is provided for the web from each of the satellite rolls, and one of the guide bars is adjustable so that the positioning of one of the webs from one of the satellite rolls may be changed with respect to the other web from the other satellite roll to control the overlap of the web from the two satellite rolls. A cutter is disposed along the edge of the first web so as to sever the webs from the satellite rolls into segments of transversely extending web material lying on the outer surface of the first web supported by the belt. To prevent disturbance due to windage, a plurality of movable spaced belts have passes of them in substantial contact with the upper surface of the web material after it leaves the cutter for holding the segments of webs from the satellite rolls in place on the first web as it leaves the belt and is fed into the nip of a heated calender.

In such an apparatus, the overlapping of adjacent segments of the transversely extending web material places the leading edge of each segment over the trailing edge of the next preceding segment. In other words, the transverse segments are laid down, in a somewhat shingled fashion. As a result, there is a tendency of the leading edges of the transverse web segments to fold back as the composite web is fed into the nip of the calender rolls. This is undesirable since it results in irregular doubled over seams or laps in the finished product.

Accordingly, it is the primary aim of the present invention to provide an improved cross laying method and apparatus which precludes the formation of folded back edges on the cross laid sheets.

It is also an object to provide a cross layer of the above type with an improved web control belt arrangement and with means for separating the composite web from both the carrier belt and the control belt.

It is a more specific object to provide such a cross layer with an air permeable web control belt and to utilize a vacuum roll for assisting the separation of the composite web from the carrier and control belts.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION According to the method and apparatus of the present invention a flexible endless belt is moved around a stationary mandrel through a plurality of helical turns. A carrier rotatable about the mandrel and journaling a pair of supply rolls of web material helically wraps the web material around the mandrel and onto the belt as the belt moves around one of the turns of the mandrel. This web material is applied to the belt at a substantial angle to the longitudinal dimension of the belt. A

second web of material is introduced in registry with the belt as it moves around a subsequent helical turn on the mandrel to imprison the first web between the belt and the second web. A slitter disposed along the edge of the belt then cuts the imprisoned first web into transverse web segments and the composite web is carried ofi' the mandrel by and separated from the belt with the aid of a vacuum roll. After separation from the belt the composite web is directed around a heated calender roll and into the nip formed by a cooperating pressure roll.

Due to the sequence in which the webs are helically wrapped on the mandrel the transversely extending web segments are arranged with their leading edges sandwiched between the trailing edge of the preceding web segment and the continuous upper web. This insures that the overlapping edges of the transverse web segments are not folded back causing doubled over laps as the composite web is fed around the calender roll and into the pressure nip.

The invention also contemplates the use of an upper holding belt introduced over and in registry with the second web to travel around the last helical turn on the mandrel. In the preferred embodiment the holding belt is air permeable and also passes around the vacuum roll which separates the composite web from both the main carrier belt and the holding belt.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS These and other objects and advantages of the invention will become more readily apparent upon reading the following detailed description and upon reference to the drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the cross laying apparatus of the present invention with an alternate adhesive system indicated in phantom; and,

FIG. 2 is an enlarged and somewhat exaggerated schematic view of the belt separating and web combining arrangement of the apparatus shown in FIG. 1, with an additional belt separating roll indicated in phantom.

While the invention will be described in connection with certain preferred embodiments and procedures, there is no intention to limit the invention to the specific embodiments and procedures described and illustrated. On the contrary, it is intended to cover all alternatives, modifications and equivalents as may be included within the spirit and scope of the invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now to the drawings, the illustrated cross laying apparatus includes a generally cylindrical mandrel 10 around which an endless belt 11 is helically wound through a plurality of turns. A spider or carrier 12 is rotatably disposed about the mandrel l0 and carries a pair of satellite rolls l3 and 14 of elongated web material. The mandrel I0 is preferably in the form of a hollow cylindrical shell having a plurality of air discharge openings therein and the interior of the mandrel is supplied with air under pressure in order to floating support the belt 11 on the surface of the mandrel. Further details of the mandrel l0 and the carrier 12 and its satellite rolls [3, 14 are disclosed in the above-mentioned Burger application Ser. No. 604,705 to which reference may be made. However, in keeping with the present invention, the mandrel 10 is provided with an additional helical turn for the belt 11 and the web material from satellite rolls l3 and i4 is helically wound on the surface of the belt 11 rather than on a web of material traveling with the belt as disclosed in application Ser. No. 604,705.

Pursuant to the present invention, and as shown schematically in FIGURE 1, the belt 11 makes three turns or wraps of the mandrel 10. The belt 11 is also supportedby a plurality of rolls and guide bars 2126 mounted in a suitable frame (not shown). The location and disposition of the roller 21 relative to the mandrel 10 determines the approach angle of the belt 11 to the mandrel and thus the angle of the helical turns.

Roller 22 supports the belt It as it is moved off the mandrel and may also be a drive roll. Rollers 23-and 26 and turning bars 24 and 25, which may be of the air floating type, define the return path of the belt 11.

The carrier 12 is rotated about the mandrel 10 in the direction of the arrow 27 and in timed relation to the helical movement of the belt 11 on the mandrel. As the carrier 12 rotates, webs a and b of the elongated web material from supply rolls 13 and 14, respectively, are helically wound about the mandrel 10 and onto the surface of the belt 11. The width of the satellite rolls l3 and 14 and of the webs a and b and the other parameters of the system are such that the complete outer surface of the belt 1 l is covered by the webs a and b; and the webs a and b overlap slightly (see FIG. 2) and have their longitudinal dimensions extending at an angle, such as 90", with respect to the longitudinal dimension of the belt 11. In other words the webs a and b are helically wound, in a generally shingled fashion, substantially transverse to the belt Following the helical wrapping of webs a and b on the belt, and in further keeping with the present invention, another web 1: is introduced in registry with the belt 11 and wound about the mandrel in a subsequent helical turn. The web is drawn from a supply roll 30 and is trained over rolls 3134 which guide the web to the mandrel in registry with the belt 11 as it travels about the mandrel 10. The web c thus overlies the surface of webs a and b and imprisons webs a and b between web 0 and the belt I].

The web c preferably makes at least one complete helical turn on the mandrel and a slitter 40 is disposed to cut the webs a and b into transverse segments along the edges of the web c and belt I1. Following the slitting operation, the belt 11 and composite web a--c move off the mandrel in the direction of support roller 22.

In keeping with another aspect of the invention, vacuum means 50 are provided for separating the composite web a-c from the belt 11. The vacuum means includes a vacuum roll 51 having an outer rotatable shell in which a plurality of circumferentially spaced apertures are located and a stationary inner vane structure which limits the effective area through which the vacuum is drawn to only a portion of the circle through which the shell rotates. As the composite web travels around the vacuum roll 51, the vacuum draws the composite web ac toward the surface of the vacuum roll and away from the belt 1 l.

After separation of the composite web ac from the belt 11, the web a-c is directed around a heated calender roll 55 and into a nip formed between the heated calender roll 55 and a pressure roll 56. The web a-c desirably then is directed over a series of steam drums or the like 57-59 and into the nip of a finishing calender formed by drum 59 and a pressure roll 60. Thereafter, the web ac passes over a guide roll 61 and a series of cooling drums 62 and 63 before being wound on a takeup roll 64.

it is an important aspect of the invention that the web 0 overlies the transverse segments of webs a and b as the composite web ar: leaves the mandrel 10. Then as the composite web ac is separated from the carrier belt 11 by the vacuum roll 51 and directed around the heated calender roll 55 this places the segments a and b against the surface of the heated roll and imprisoned under web c. More importantly, and as shown in somewhat exaggerated fashion in FIG. 2, this arrangement places the leading edge of each transverse segment a and b between the trailing edge of the next preceding segment a or b and the web c. In other words, since only the trailing edges of the web segments a and b are exposed, there is no danger of the leading edges of the web segments a and b being folded back as they travel around heated calender roll 55 and into the nip formed with pressure roll 56.

The webs a, b and c may be formed of a variety of materials such as cellulosic tissue, self-sustaining webs of drafted fibers, thread reinforced films or some combination of these, for example. One particularly advantageous web material is a tissue fiber laminate such as disclosed in Sokolowski US. Pat. No. 3,327,708 wherein a layer of highly drafted, staple length fibers extended to substantially their full length and disposed in parallel condition are bonded by a spaced pattern of flexible adhesive to at least one layer of lightweight cellulosic tissue.

It has further been found, for example as disclosed in copending Sokolowski et al. application Ser. No. 546,067, filed Apr. 28, I968, now U.S. Pat. No. 3,484,330 that two webs of material of the type described and claimed in the above-mentioned Sokolowski patent can be crosslaid and bonded together without the use of additional adhesive to produce a composite material having greatly improved longitudinal and cross direction tensile strengths than would be expected by simply combining the two base webs. In producing such a material on the crom laying apparatus of the present invention, the adhesive in each web of material is softened and reactivated by the application of heat and the fibers in the two adjacent fiber layers are partially embedded and held by the adhesive of each patterned layer of adhesive.

In the present instance the initial calender roll 55 beats and softens the adhesive in the webs a, b and c at least enough so that, with the pressure applied by roll 56 the composite web a-c is self-sustaining as it leaves the nip of rolls S5 and 56. Additional heat may then be supplied, as in the illustrated apparatus, by passing the composite web ac around steam drums 5759 before directing it into the nip of the finishing calender formed by rolls 59 and 60. Preferably, such material is then cooled by passing it over cooling drums 62 and 63 or the like before it is wound on the takeup roll 64 for storage.

It should be appreciated, of course, that the present invention is not limited to cross-laying material of the type just described or the particular sequence or arrangement of the heating, calendering and cooling means illustrated in the drawings. Thus, the webs a, b and c or some of them can include thermoplastic fibers, or films which when heated, form the bonding agent in the composite web a-c. Also, fresh adhesive can be applied to one or more of the webs, such as web c for example, by an adhesive printer or the like as is indicated generally and in phantom at 65 in FIG. 1. Moreover, the mandrel may be heated, if desired, or the composite web may pass through a heating tunnel or the like (not shown) to heat and soften the thermoplastic adhesive somewhat even before directing the web around the heated calender roll 55.

The material of the web 0, at least, should be air permeable in view of the fact that the composite web 0-0 is separated from the belt 11 with aid of the suction means 50 in the preferred apparatus. However, it will also be appreciated that due to the manner in which the leading edge of each transverse web segment a and b is sandwiched between the trailing edge of the preceding segment and the top web c, these transverse segments a and b tend to automatically follow around the calender roll 55; provided, of course, that the tangent distance between rolls 51 and 55 does not exceed the distance between the leading and trailing edges of the transverse web segments a and b.

The method and apparatus of the present invention also contemplates cross-laying webs which have very low inherent strength characteristics. Thus, the webs a, b and 0 may be of the type disclosed in copending Saunders et al. application Ser. No. 498,929, filed Oct. 20, 1965, wherein an extremely lightweight web of highly drafted and aligned fibers in substantially fully extended and aligned configuration is bonded and sustained by an open pattern of flexible adhesive. To handle webs of this type, the cross-laying apparatus of the present invention is provided with an upper web holding and control belt 71 which is disposed to travel around the mandrel 10 in registry with the web 0 and with the belt 11 as it makes its third helical turn on the mandrel.

As shown in FIG. 1, the belt 71 is guided onto the mandrel 10 by roller 34 which also guides the web c. In the preferred embodiment, the belt 71 is made of an air permeable material such as heavy cloth, canvas or the like and is trained about the vacuum roll 51 on the exit side of the mandrel 10. The belt then passes between the vacuum roll 51 and the heated calender roll 55 and over guide elements 72-75 of which 73 and 74 are preferably turning bars of the air float type and 72 and 75 are guide rolls. Alternatively, and as shown in phantom in FIG. 2, if the belt 71 is made of a nonpermeable material it is directed over a return roll 76 in advance of the vacuum separating roll 55. In either case the belt is driven by suitable means (not shown) in timed relation with the belt 11 so that the tension otherwise necessary on web c to carry it helically around the mandrel is substantially reduced.

From the foregoing description the method of operation of the cross-laying apparatus of the present invention should be clear to one skilled in the art. Nevertheless, the following resume may be helpful.

As the belt 11 is helically moved around the mandrel 10, the carrier 12 helically wraps webs a and b from supply rolls l3 and 14 on the surface of the belt and at a substantial angle, such as 90 to the longitudinal dimension of the belt. Web c is then introduced in registry with the belt 11 as it makes another helical turn on the mandrel l0 and imprisons the webs a and b between web c and the belt. lf web c is made of material having very low inherent strength an upper holding belt 71 is also introduced to the mandrel in registry with the belt 11 as it makes the last helical turn on the mandrel. A slitter disposed along the edges of belts 11 and 71 and web c cuts webs a and b into transverse web segments held between the web 0 and the belts.

From the mandrel the composite web a-c passes over a vacuum roll 51 which separates the web from the belt 11, and also from belt 71 in the preferred embodiment. Alternatively, if a nonperrneable hold down belt is used it is separated from the composite web a-c by a separating roll 76 in advance of the vacuum roll 51. After separation from the belt 11, the composite web is directed around a heated calender roll 55 and into the nip formed with a cooperating pressure roll 56. As previously explained, the shingled relation of the overlapping edges of the transverse web segments essentially precludes doubling back of the edges as they pass around the calender roll 55 and into the nip it forms with the pressure roll 56.

I claim as my invention:

1. The method of forming a composite multi-ply web material comprising:

moving a support belt around a mandrel through a plurality of helical turns;

helically wrapping a first web of material around the mandrel and onto the belt as the belt moves around one of said turns such that the material extends at a substantial angle to the longitudinal dimension of the belt;

helically wrapping a second web of material onto said first web in substantial registry with the longitudinal dimension of the belt as the belt moves around a subsequent one of said turns to imprison the first web between the belt and the second web;

slitting the first web of material along the edge of the second web; and

bonding the first and second webs together to form a selfsustaining web.

2. The method defined in claim 1 wherein bonding is initiated prior to slitting.

3. The method defined in claim 1 wherein the composite web fonned by the first and second webs is separated from the belt after slitting the first web.

4. The method defined in claim 3 wherein the first and second webs are separated from the belt by drawing a vacuum through the second web.

5. The method defined in claim 3 wherein the bonding step includes directing the composite web partially around a heated calender roll.

6. The method defined in claim 5 wherein the cut segments of the first web are held against the surface of the heated calender roll by the second web.

7. The method defined in claim 5 wherein the composite web is pressed against the surface of the heated calender roll.

8. The method defined in claim 1 including the steps of applying adhesive to one of the webs prior to helically wrapping the second web, separating the composite web formed by the first and second webs from the belt and directing said composite web around a heated calender roll to heat the adhesive and bond the first and second webs, with the second web material holding the cut segments of the first web against the surface of the calender roll.

9. The method defined in claim 1 including the intermediate step of introducing a holding belt over the second web as it moves around said subsequent turn and then separating the composite web formed by the first and second webs from the holding belt following the separation of the composite web from the first belt and directing the composite web partially around a heated calender roll with the second web material holding the cut segments of the first web against the surface of the calender roll.

10. The method defined in claim 9 wherein the steps of separating the composite webs from both belts includes drawing a vacuum through a vacuum roller around which the holding belt and the composite web formed by the first and second webs are partially wound terminating the vacuum along an axially extending line on the periphery of the vacuum roller substantially tangent with the agress path of the holding belt from the vacuum roller.

i II I! I

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3903575 *Jul 5, 1972Sep 9, 1975Plaskett Clyde AMethod and apparatus for making reoriented reinforcing layer for multi-ply products
US4648928 *Feb 27, 1986Mar 10, 1987Kimberly-Clark CorporationMethod and apparatus for applying discrete strips of material to a longitudinally extending web
US5223066 *Jun 5, 1992Jun 29, 1993T C Manufacturing Co., Inc.Tape wrapping offset device
US7951258 *Sep 29, 2004May 31, 2011Lamera AbArrangement and methods for the manufacture of composite layer structures
US20050126676 *Sep 29, 2004Jun 16, 2005Hssa Sweden AbArrangement and methods for the manufacture of composite layer structures
EP1367165A1 *May 20, 2003Dec 3, 2003AsselinSuction roller for processing a sheet of textile fibres or an equivalent product
Classifications
U.S. Classification156/190, 242/530.2, 156/431, 156/193, 242/525
International ClassificationB65H39/16, D04H3/02, D04H1/74, B65H39/00, D04H1/70, D04H3/04
Cooperative ClassificationB65H39/16, D04H1/74, D04H3/04
European ClassificationB65H39/16, D04H1/74, D04H3/04