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Publication numberUS3616584 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 2, 1971
Filing dateJan 6, 1970
Priority dateJan 6, 1970
Also published asCA946578A1
Publication numberUS 3616584 A, US 3616584A, US-A-3616584, US3616584 A, US3616584A
InventorsR Gerald Sartori, Eugene L Swensen
Original AssigneeLiskey Aluminum
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Elevated floor assembly
US 3616584 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

R. G. SARTORI Er AL Nov. 2, 1971 ELEVATED FLOOR ASSEMBLY 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Jan. 6, 1970 Fla? FIG. 8

INVENTORS R. GERALD SARTORI EUGENE L. SWENSEN my 07 W l,

M I onmavs NOV. 2, 1971 SARTQRI ETAL 3,616,584

ELEVATED FLOOR ASSEMBLY 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 6, 1970 FIG. 2

FIG. 3

INVENTORS R. GERALD SARTORI EUGENE L. SWENSEN 5 l-IYS United States Patent Oifice 3,616,584 Patented Nov. 2, 1971 U.S. Cl. 52-126 7 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An elevated floor structure of panels is supportable on pedestals with or without stringers, bridging the pedestals. The pedestals include a base with an upstanding hollow tube and a cap having a depending threaded shaft that slides within the tube. A stop nut with an encapsulating member keyed to the shaft holds the cap and shaft at the desired height while permitting the cap to rotate relative to the base. The cap is cruciform in plan view with four laterally extending arms which support the corners of the panels. The arms each have raised ribs at their longitudinal peripheries with an aperture between the peripheries to receive an insertion. Depending on whether or not stringers are used, the insertion can be fastening, securing or spacer devices that correctly position the pedestals with respect to one another. The raised ribs of the cap interfit with panel or stringer rims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the pedestal;

FIG. 2 is a plan view of a stringer;

FIG. 3 is a side elevation of the stringer of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a section of the stringer of FIG. 2;

FIG. 5 is a plan view of the nut encapsulating member;

FIG. 6 is a section view of the member of FIG. 5;

FIG. 7 is a side elevation of a pin used to secure a stringer to a pedestal;

FIG. 8 is a side elevation of a stud used to correctly space panels from one another; and

FIG. 9 is a section view of a stringerless assembly showing the panels in place.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS In FIG. 1, the pedestal 1 includes a base plate 3 with upturned edges 5 and a hollow tube 7 welded or otherwise affixed to plate 3. The cap 9 has four arms 11 which are 90 apart and extend laterally to resemble a cross in plan view. A downwardly depending threaded shaft 21 is secured to the underside of cap 9. The shaft 21 is keyed at 24 and slides within tube 7 until stop nut 23 abuts the upper rim of tube 7. By screwing or unscrewing the nut on threaded shaft 21 the cap is raised or lowered as desired. An encapsulating member 25 for stop nut 23 is keyed to shaft 21 and forms a locking device that secures the nut in place and prevents same from turning during use.

Each arm 11 has peripheral raised ribs 13 about its longitudinal sides and an aperture 15 located substantially centrally relative to the ribs. The aperture 15 is preferably a conical, female dimple which receives an insertion that fastens or secures a stringer. Alternatively, the aperture 15 can receive a spacer stud for the panels if no stringers are used. In any event, the aperture 15 in cooperation with the insertion serves to properly position the pedestals relative to one another.

A stringer 31 is a U-shaped channel beam having an opening 33 at each end. A pedestal with stringer is shown in phantom in FIG. 1. The openings 33 are actually conical dimples which interfit with apertures 15 and thus serve to accurately space the pedestals relative to one another. When fastened to pedestal arms by countersunk machine screws 30, a sturdy, rigid gri dwork is formed.

Each stringer has a top 35 and two sides 37 that are angled away from the vertical (FIG. 4) to terminate in side flanges 38 that can be beaded. The ends of the stringer shown in FIG. 2 are pointed and the sides 37 are out away at their edges 39 to slant away from the stringer ends. As seen in section (FIG. 4), the top 35 has raised rims 41 that interfit over ribs 13 of cap 9. Preferably, an insulating gasket 43 is adhered to top 35 along the length of stringer 31 to deaden metal-tometal sounds during use.

Preferably, the supporting parts of the understructure are of metal, such as steel, in the interests of low manufacturing cost and high strength. For example, the parts can be drawn or fabricated to the desired configurations using thicknesses of 0.09" for the cap 9, 0.125" for the base plate 3, 1.05" for the outside diameter of tube 7 with 0.065" wall thickness. The shaft 21 is solid and can be 0.622 in diameter. The stringers 31 can be 0.039" thick. Obviously, the above dimensions and sizes are illustrative of only one embodiment and variations thereof can be made depending on the intended use of the understructure.

Encapsulating member 25 has an inner protrusion 26 and slides along shaft 21 without turning when protrusion 26 is fitted to key in groove 24. Thus, when stop nut 24 is encapsulated by member 25 as seen in FIG. 1, the shaft 21 and cap 9 can be turned relative to base 3 and tube 7 without changing the supporting height of the pedestal 1 since the bottom of the stop nut 23 merely turns on the rim of tube 7. Sliding member 25 out of engagement with nut 23 enables same to be screwed or unscrewed on shaft 21.

As mentioned above, a countersunk machine screw 30 can be used to fasten the stringers to the pedestal arms 9 and the matching dimpled apertures 15 and openings 33 insure that the connections are immovable in any direction.

In FIG. 7, a locater pin 51 is shown, the lower portion 53 of which is plastic that can be snap-inserted in aperture 15 to remain in place. The upper portion 55 of pin 51 is preferably a metal pin that loosely fits within opening 33. Thus, instead of rigidly fastening the stringers to the pedestals, the stringers are secured to the pedestals laterally and the stringers can be readily separated from their respective pedestal arms by simply lifting the former.

Alternatively, the stringers can be eliminated in those elevated floors destined to sustain relatively light loads and a spacer stud 61 (FIG. 8) can be threaded at 63 in the apertures 15. The entire stud 61 is preferably metal such as steel and the upper portion 65 is tapered so that it closely abuts the sides of adjoining panels.

IIn FIG. 9, the abutting sides 22 of panels 20 form slanting flanges that fit closely against the sides of stud 61 which serves as a spacer. In a similar fashion, the strips 64 of the panel disclosed in US. Pat. 3,420,012 fit snugly against the tapered sides of stud 61, the latter terminating just below the bent portion 66 and the bottom rims of the patented panel fit within raised ribs 13. The stud 61 prevents shifting of panels particularly when one of the,

panels has been removed for access to the sub-floor. Also, stud 61 serves to fix the pedestals in place by reason of the snug fit between the stud and the sides of the panels. The pedestals can be initially properly spaced by matching the apertures 15 with openings 33 and then removing the stringer 31.

What is claimed is:

1. An elevated structure comprising a plurality of separate modular panels for forming a floor assembly above a sub-floor, an understructure of pedestals for supporting at least the corners of said panels at their junctures, said pedestals each having a removable cap with a threaded shaft depending from the underside of said cap, a base with an upstanding hollow tube to receive said shaft and a stop nut for threading. on said shaft to regulate the degree that said shaft extends in said tube, locking means associated with said nut to fix same and position said cap at the desired height above the sub-floor, said cap being cruciform in plan view with four outwardly extending arms, each of said arms having raised ribs about its outer longitudinal peripheries and an aperture located in each arm between said peripheries, insection means for fitting in the apertures of said arms to retain said pedestals in relative position to one another when said floor structure is assembled, stringers attached to each cruciform arm to bridge neighboring pedestal caps, each stringer comprising an inverted U-shaped channel beam with openings adjacent each end to receive said insertion means, the upper portion of said beam having raised rims which interfit over the ribs of the pedestal caps.

2. The structure of claim 1, wherein the apertures of said arms and the openings of said beams are dimpled to closely interfit one another.

3. The structure of claim 2 wherein the apertures of said arms and the openings of said beams are fastened to one another by countersunk screw means.

4. The structure of claim 2 wherein the apertures of said arms and the openings of said beams are longitudinally secured to one another by a pin.

5. The structure of claim 1 wherein said locking means comprises an encapsulating member for said nut, said shaft being keyed along its length and said member having projection means to slideably fit within the keyed portion of said shaft whereby said nut can be retained in place while said cap is turnable relative to said base.

6. An elevated structure comprising a plurality of separate modular panels for forming a floor assembly above a sub-floor, an understructure of pedestals for supporting at least the corners of said panels at their junctures, said pedestals each having a removable cap with a threaded shaft depending from the underside of said cap, a base with an upstanding hollow tube to receive said shaft and a stop nut for threading on said shaft to regulate the degree that said shaft extends in said tube, locking means associated with said nut to fix same and position said cap at the desired height above the sub-floor, said cap being cruciform in plan view with four outwardly extending arms, each of said arms having raised ribs about its outer longitudinal peripheries and an aperture located in each arm between said peripheries, insection means for fitting in the apertures of said arms to retain said pedestals in relative position to one another when said floor structure is assembled, said insertion means comprising spacer studs secured in the apertures to, fit between adjacent panels.

7. An elevated structure comprising a plurality of separate modular panels for forming a floor assembly above a sub-floor, an understructure of pedestals for supporting at least the corners of said panels at their junctures, said pedestals each having a removable cap with a threaded shaft depending from the underside of said cap, a base with an upstanding hollow tube to receive said shaft and a stop nut for threading on said shaft to regulate the degree that said shaft extends in said tube, locking means associated with said nut to fix same and position said cap at the desired height above the sub-floor, said cap being cruciform in plan view with four outwardly extending arms, each of said arms having raised ribs about its outer longitudinal peripheries and an aperture located in each arm between said peripheries, a plurality of different insertion elements that can be optionally and interchangeably fitted in the apertures of said arms to retain said panels in relative position to one another when said floor structure is assembled.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,311,727 7/1919 Thomas 1513 1,338,862 5/1920 Gorr 15l29 3,150,748 9/1964 Liskey 52r126 X 3,318,057 5/1967 Norsworthy 52-126 3,420,012 1/1969 Liskey et a1. 52-126 3,425,179 2 /1969 Haroldson 52126 X 3,470,663 10/1969 Tate 52-126 PRICE C. FAW, JR., Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3900995 *Aug 29, 1973Aug 26, 1975Kurt EhrenbergAdjustable substructure for installing sheet roof
US3943674 *Jun 5, 1974Mar 16, 1976Liskey Aluminum Inc.Elevated floor assembly with releasable tie means connecting the panel sides
US4016694 *Jun 12, 1975Apr 12, 1977Helmut MauellSnap-connectable lattice assembly for electrical-circuit tiles
US4035967 *Dec 19, 1973Jul 19, 1977A. R. I. Propaflor LimitedRaised floor panels
US4074488 *Dec 19, 1975Feb 21, 1978Liskey Archectural Mfg. Inc.Elevated floor assembly
US4085557 *Jun 1, 1976Apr 25, 1978James A. TharpRaised access floor system
US4154038 *Jun 6, 1977May 15, 1979Bethlehem Steel CorporationPedestal head for floor-supporting post
US4277923 *Oct 18, 1979Jul 14, 1981Unistrut CorporationSupport pedestal assembly for a raised floor system
US4279109 *May 25, 1979Jul 21, 1981Madl Jr JosephAccess floor mounting assembly
US4438610 *Apr 14, 1982Mar 27, 1984Fifer James TClamped access floor panel assembly
US4546581 *Aug 10, 1984Oct 15, 1985Gustafson Harold LBuilding structure support system
US4835924 *Dec 17, 1986Jun 6, 1989Tate Acess FloorsSelf-gridding flooring system
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US5828001 *Sep 19, 1996Oct 27, 1998Guilford (Delaware), Inc.For use with a false flooring system
US6637161Nov 28, 2000Oct 28, 2003Steelcase Development CorporationFloor system
US7509782 *Apr 14, 2004Mar 31, 2009Tate Asp Access Floors, Inc.Metal framed floor panel having flange outward of rib with u-shaped portion of gasket over top of rib, portion of gasket between rib and flange, and convex sealing portion of gasket below flange and outward of rib
US7650726 *May 26, 2005Jan 26, 2010Haworth, Ltd.Raised access floor system
US8112947 *Feb 8, 2006Feb 14, 2012Kingspan Holdings (Irl) LimitedPedestal head
US8365475Apr 16, 2010Feb 5, 2013Petar ZlatarReadily adjustable and lockable pedestal for an access floor assembly
US8528274Apr 16, 2010Sep 10, 2013Petar ZlatarNoise attenuating and vibration dampening pedestal for an access floor assembly
US8555579 *Aug 4, 2008Oct 15, 2013Peter ZlatarAir tight access floor assembly
US8667747 *Feb 23, 2011Mar 11, 2014John RepaskyStabilizing system for deck pedestals
US8671635 *Jan 4, 2011Mar 18, 2014Nigel JonesPerimeter pedestals
US20100205874 *Aug 4, 2008Aug 19, 2010Petar ZlatarAir tight access floor assembly
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US20120168592 *Jan 4, 2011Jul 5, 2012Applan Way Sales Inc.Perimeter Pedestals
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USRE39097Oct 14, 1999May 23, 2006Guildford (Delaware), Inc.Metal support framework for low profile raised panel flooring
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WO1985004685A1 *Apr 3, 1985Oct 24, 1985Beco ProduktutvecklingMethod and means to provide elevated floors with an improved electrical screening
WO1996006247A1 *Aug 22, 1995Feb 29, 1996Guilford Delaware IncMetal support framework for low profile raised panel flooring
WO2005071185A1 *Jan 25, 2005Aug 4, 2005Gomez Gonzalez JaimeModular cladding for paving
WO2010118467A1 *Apr 16, 2010Oct 21, 2010Petar ZlatarA readily adjustable and lockable pedestal for an access floor assembly
WO2010118468A1 *Apr 16, 2010Oct 21, 2010Petar ZlatarA noise attenuating and vibration dampening pedestal for an access floor assembly
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/126.6, 411/927, 411/197, 248/354.3
International ClassificationE04F15/024
Cooperative ClassificationY10S411/927, E04F15/0247, E04F15/02452
European ClassificationE04F15/024D2, E04F15/024D6B
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Aug 23, 1982AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: DONN INCORPORATED 1000 CROCKER RD WESTLAKE,OH.4414
Effective date: 19820819
Owner name: LISKEY ARCHITECTURAL MFG.INC.
Aug 23, 1982ASAssignment
Owner name: DONN INCORPORATED 1000 CROCKER RD WESTLAKE,OH.4414
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:LISKEY ARCHITECTURAL MFG.INC.;REEL/FRAME:004034/0588
Effective date: 19820819