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Publication numberUS3617006 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 2, 1971
Filing dateApr 28, 1970
Priority dateApr 28, 1970
Also published asCA929392A, CA929392A1
Publication numberUS 3617006 A, US 3617006A, US-A-3617006, US3617006 A, US3617006A
InventorsHoward W H Jones
Original AssigneeCons Paper Bahamas Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Refiner control
US 3617006 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent lnventor Howard W. H. Jones Grand Mere, Quebec, Canada Appl. No. 32.606 Filed Apr. 28, 1970 Patented Nov. 2, 1971 Assignee Consolidated Paper (Bahamas) Limited Nassau. Bahamas REFINER CONTROL 9 Claims, 1 Drawing Fig.

US. Cl. 241/21, 241/28 241/34 Int. Cl. B02c 7/00 FieldofSearch.... 241/21 28,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2 l56320 5/l939 Sutherland. Jr 241/28 256L043 7/1951 Ayers 241/28 X Primary Examincr Granville Y. Custer. Jr. Attorney-Alan Swabey hydraulic cylinder PATEN-TEnuuv 2 l97| sen'sor hydraulic cylinder wa ter I ine control INVENTUR Howard ".H. JONES ATTORNEY REFINER CONTROL BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a refiner control. More specifically, the invention relates to a refiner control for highenergy high-consistency operations.

2. Description of Prior Art One of the major expenses in the operation of refiners is the wear and replacement costs on refiner plates. During refining, it has been found that even when care is taken to ensure a uniform rate of feed of raw material to the refiner and particularly with large refiners operating at high working pressures, occasional disc clashing occurs. This disc clashing results in a high wear factor for the disc, thereby increasing the cost of operation of the equipment. It is believed that this clashing between the discs may be caused by a relatively small change in pressure between the discs relative to the working pressure applied to the movable discs.

Many attempts have heretofore been made to control the relative positions of the disc by servo adjustment of the hydraulic mechanism applying the working pressure to the disc. Examples of such devices are shown, e.g. in U.S. Pat. Nos. 2,642,781 issued June 23, 1953 to Croake et al. 2,947,485 issued Aug. 2, 1960 to Woodruffet al. 2,971,704 issued Feb. l4, l96l to Johansson, and 3,212,721 issued Oct. I9, 1965 to Asplund et al. While the controls disclosed in, these patents may be adequate for the purpose intended, they are generally not successful in application to larger refiners operating at high loadings to control the positions of the discs and prevent clashing thereof.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION E The present invention is primarily based on the discovery 'that during refining of chips or pulp under high-consistency ;conditions and high loading, steam is generated between the idiscs and that this generated steam develops a counterthrust or back pressure between the discs tending to resist the work- ;ing pressure applied to the refiner and that this generated ,steam pressure may be varied by changing the amount of f water introduced with the raw material, i.e., adjusting the consistency of the material introduced. I Broadly, the present invention relates to an apparatus and method wherein the relative location of a pair of opposed refiner discs is sensed and the amount of water introduced between the discs is adjusted accordingly, preferably by isensing the working pressure applied to the discs, sensing the back pressure generated between the discs, comparing the two {pressures and controlling the amount of dilution water added I at the inlet to the refiner.

Further features, objects and advantages will be evident :from the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment of the present invention taken in conjunction with the Iaccompartying drawing: The drawing is a partial section schematically illustrating I one form of the invention.

DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS As shown, the refiner 10 may be any conventional type of refiner having at least a pair of relatively rotating discs. In the ,illustrated arrangement, there is a fixed disc l2 which is formed by part of the refiner housing and a rotatable disc 14 each of which carries conventional refining plates 16. The rotating disc 14 is driven in the illustrated arrangement by means of a motor 18 and the working pressure is applied to the disc 14 by means of a hydraulic system 20 that operates in a conventional manner on the shaft 22 which may be splined to the armature of the electric motor 18 to permit relative movement, to adjust the position and pressure applied to the refiner disc 11. Any other system of controllably locating the disc 14 relative to disc 12 or vice versa, applying pressure to the refiner and driving the refiner may be used.

Raw material to be treated is introduced to the refiner by the inlet schematically illustrated at 36. Obviously, with highconsistency stock, normally a screw-type conveyor or other suitable conveying means will be used to introduce the material into the refiner. Additional diluting water is also introduced, preferably via waterline 26 which is connected to suitable nozzle means or the like located closely adjacent the working area of the refiner.

The present invention provides a sensor 28 to sense the pressure between the discs 12 and 14. This sensor 28 is coupled to a sensing element 30 which has been schematically illustrated in the drawing and is adapted to directly sense the pressure between the two discs 12 and 14. One form ofsensing element 30 that is contemplated is a small pipe leading air into the refining zone to sense the pressure in the same manner as a bubble tube in a liquid level-sensing instrument.

At the same time as the pressure between the discs 12 and 1 I4 is being sensed, the pressure applied to the rotatable and movable disc 14 is also sensed. For example. by means of a sensor schematically illustrated at 32 connected to the mechanism is operative to adjust toe valve 38 in the water line 26 and thereby control the amount of dilution water supplied to the refiner. This control need not be applied to the total dilution water added to the refiner, but may simply be used to control an auxiliary line which adds a portion of the dilution water required.

If the pressure on the disc 14, i.e., in the hydraulic system 20 is constant there would be no need for sensing and comparing the pressure with the pressure between the discs, but instead the sensor 28 could directly control the valve 38.

The control is operated in the following manner. When the pressure applied to the discs as sensed by the sensor 32 is not properly balanced with the pressure as sensed by the sensing means 28 the controller 34 will either reduce or increase the 5 amount of dilution water introduced. When the pressure sensed by sensing means 28 is too low the controller 34 reduces the amount of dilution water introduced, thereby increasing the amount of steam that will be formed and increas ing the back pressure between the discs, thereby tending to rebalance the working pressure applied by the hydraulic system 20 to the disc 14 with the pressure generated between the discs and thus maintain the desired clearance. On the other hand, if the pressure sensed by sensing means 28 is too high relative to the pressure sensed by sensor 32, the amount of dilution water'is increased to decrease the back pressure generated between the discs and again balance the system.

The control of the present invention may only be operative under certain operating conditions. It is necessary, if the present invention is to be used, that the refining conditions be such that steam is generated between the discs in sufficient quantities to develop a significant counterthrust. Generally this will require that the consistency of the raw material be relatively high, e.g. with chips it is doubtful that the system could be operated much below about 8 percent consistency and preferably the operation will be above about 20 percent and will not exceed about 30 percent. With pulp, the consistency should not be much less than about 10 percent. Again, the consistency changes will not operate under all conditions, it being necessary to have a relatively high energy dissipation between the discs before steam in the required quantities will be generated.

The following table of calculated amounts of steam that would be generated between plates under different operating conditions provides an indication of operating conditions under which the present invention may be applied.

TABLE I Plate area, Energy intensity, Con- Area, lb. steam/ in. HP/in. sistency in. /lb./sec. Motor between Steam, HP Chip Pulp Chip Pulp plates lb./sec. Chip Pulp 24 2. l 272 420 17 1.8 318 401 4,000 572 883 7.0 4.5 11 1.0 358 552 1.4 409 031 7 0.9 636 981 3 it a: 3,000 418 118 a. 8 a. 8 17 0:9 798 1,000 4s? 481 2.1 2.1

It is evident from the above table that with different energy operating conditions, i.e., to select the consistency of operaapplications for both chips and pulp, the consistency may be tion to obtain the desired fiber length with the pressure sensor varied considerably and the present invention still applied. It is 28 operating to make the instantaneous adjustments necessary doubtful, however, with a low-energy application as above-into control the position of the movable disc 14. dicated at 2.8 hp./in. even with a consistency of 26 percent, Modifications may be made without departing from the that the present invention would be operable due to the large spirit of the invention as defined in the appended claims. area required to produce a pound of steam, i.e., due to the 20 Iclaim: small amount of steam generated between the discs. It is bet A method of "efihlng P" feedlng Yaw fnatellal lieved that the energy application should, in all cases, exceed Into a refintng Zone applylng e f y to sald f g n about 35 hpfine and p f bl be in the range f 4 to 10 underaworkmg pressure, coordinating the consistency of said hp./in. Even at 9 percent consistency and an energy input of raw Sald energy t0 generate Steam in 531d Zone 4.5 hp./in. for pulp, it is borderline for operability as is the 7 f to Provlde a eohntetthrust sufhelent to balhnce said kpercgm consistency and 7 hpfinz operation on chips rng pressure, controlling the consistency of said raw material In considering the above table, it must be noted that the t Zone y eontl'olhng e n t Ofdllutlon Water added values given are calculated and are not actual measured values to sald Zone, thereby to mettntalh 531d balance between said and, therefore, in practice the ranges may vary. counterthrust and stud wortflng pf I In the above description one f f sensing element 30 2. A method as defined in claim 1, where|n said amount of has been described. The location of the sensing element 30 dnhtton water eontl'ohed y Sensing t e Pressure n Said radially with respect to the plates will change the value of the Zone and eontrolhhg the amount of dnutlon Water in pressure sensed. This change in value will be appreciable and, cordance wlth the P e e therefore, the sensor 28 and comparing and control means 34 A method as dehned ln ela'm further eomPnsing must be Calibrated accordingly paring the pressure in said zone with said working pressure AS described above, the control is Operated by directly and controlling the amount of water added In accordance with sensing the pressure between the discs 12 and 14, however, the ratlo ofsald worklng P e e to Said P e e in 531d Zone- ;other suitable means for sensing the pressure between the I A method as defined 1n Clam 3'where1n 531d consistency discs may be used. For example, the relative positions of the the range ofs to 30 P F I ;discs 12 and 14 may be directly sensed and used to control 40 nlethod as defined In clam whereln said energy is (the position of the discs will in part determine the coun- Pl the amunt0fat1ea5t4 P- .terthrust between the two discs). Also, if suitable means are A method as defined clann wherelntsaid Fonsisteney ,available, the temperature on the working surface of the disc range of 8 to 30 Percent and wherein 531d energy is may also be used as a control. However, generally tempera- PP thetamount fatlea5t4 P- ture-sensing devices do not have a sufficiently rapid response A refining apPal'atus emnpnelng a P?" of relatively and, therefore, care would have to be taken in selecting such a rotatable refinlng dlsesv means for Introducing fibers of raw controllen material between said discs, means for applying a working It has also been found that the fiber length of the material p e h' to at least one ofsaid e v means for rotating one of t d by the fi i operation is dependent on the com said discs, sensing means for sens ng the pressure between said sistency of the material introduced. This is particularly true dlsesv means forlntmduelnfi dilution Water between Said discs. under high-loading conditions as outlined hereinabove. For control means e eontmlhng n of dllution Water this reason, it is preferred to operate particularly when chips added, Sald Sensing means oPel'atlng Said control means to are processed at consistencies above those heretofore conregulate the amount of dllutlon water added in aceofdance sidered practical. Preferably, the operating consistency will be the Pressure 5en$ed- I i above about 23 percent, say somewhere between 23 and 27 An h t defined Claim wherein Said pressul'e percent. Also, in view of the fact that it has been discovered between h discs 15 sensed by senslng element Sensing Said thatfiber len gtlTehanges with consistency and consistency va- Pressure yries the back pressure or counterthrust between the discs, if An PP t defined Clan" 7, further eompnsfng suitable equipment for continuously and quickly sensing the means fonsenslng 531d wcfrklngPre-sshrei means for np n g fiber length where available control of the dilution water Sad worklng P with 531d Pressure. between Sald dlSCS could be effected by sensing the fiber length of the material n PPeratlng Sald control means to adjust Said amount of produced dilution water added.

With the fiber length-sensing equipment presently available, the fiber length sensed can only be used to adjust the basic

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2156320 *Apr 1, 1936May 2, 1939Lionel M SutherlandFiber pulp refiner
US2561043 *Jul 12, 1946Jul 17, 1951Agrashell IncApparatus for grinding combustible materials
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4148439 *Jan 26, 1977Apr 10, 1979Defibrator AktiebolagMethod and device for controlling the energy consumption in a pulp refining system
US4280868 *Aug 23, 1979Jul 28, 1981Sunds Defibrator AktiebolagMethod for refining lignocellulose-containing material
US4357208 *Jan 18, 1979Nov 2, 1982Sca Development AktiebolagMethod of making pulp
US4943347 *Sep 20, 1989Jul 24, 1990Mats FlodenMethod of refining fibrous material by controlling the feed rate of material or the gap distance between discs
US5016824 *Jul 15, 1988May 21, 1991Pertti PietinenMethod and apparatus for controlling the production of thermomechanical pulp
US5673862 *Apr 9, 1996Oct 7, 1997New River Mills, L.L.C.Grain mill
US6502774 *Mar 8, 2000Jan 7, 2003J + L Fiber Services, Inc.Refiner disk sensor and sensor refiner disk
US6752165 *Mar 6, 2001Jun 22, 2004J & L Fiber Services, Inc.Refiner control method and system
US6778936Mar 20, 2001Aug 17, 2004J & L Fiber Services, Inc.Consistency determining method and system
US6892973Jan 7, 2003May 17, 2005J&L Fiber Services, Inc.Refiner disk sensor and sensor refiner disk
US6938843Jun 5, 2002Sep 6, 2005J & L Fiber Services, Inc.Refiner control method and system
US7104480Mar 23, 2004Sep 12, 2006J&L Fiber Services, Inc.Refiner sensor and coupling arrangement
US20050211809 *Mar 23, 2004Sep 29, 2005J&L Fiber Services, Inc.Refiner sensor and coupling arrangement
EP2424671A1 *Mar 30, 2010Mar 7, 2012Anders KarlströmProcedure for controlling process conditions in refiners
EP2424671A4 *Mar 30, 2010Jul 10, 2013Anders KarlstroemProcedure for controlling process conditions in refiners
WO1987001056A1 *Aug 14, 1986Feb 26, 1987Floden MatsMethod for refining fibrous material
WO2001067044A2 *Mar 7, 2001Sep 13, 2001J & L Fiber Services, Inc.Refiner disk sensor and sensor refiner disk
WO2001067044A3 *Mar 7, 2001Feb 28, 2002J & L Fiber Services IncRefiner disk sensor and sensor refiner disk
U.S. Classification241/21, 241/28, 241/34
International ClassificationD21D1/30
Cooperative ClassificationD21D1/30
European ClassificationD21D1/30