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Publication numberUS3617267 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 2, 1971
Filing dateApr 24, 1969
Priority dateApr 24, 1969
Publication numberUS 3617267 A, US 3617267A, US-A-3617267, US3617267 A, US3617267A
InventorsWilliam C Kinney
Original AssigneeItek Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Process for forming a series of masters in register
US 3617267 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

I United States Patent 5/1968 Gold [72] Inventor William C. Kinney 3,382,068 96/27 Littleton, Mass. 3,429,706 2/1967 Shepard et al. 96/1 X [21] P 8l9075 Primary Examiner-George F. Lesmes [22] 5116111 d gp Assistant ExaminerM. B. Wittenberg [45 1 inflame Attorneys-Homer 0. Blair, Robert L. Nathans, W. Gary [73] Assignee ltek Corporation Goodson and David E Brook Lexington, Mass. -1 w.

[54] PROCESS FOR FORMING ASER'IES OF M ASTERS ABSTRACT: A process is disclosed for forming a series of IN REGISTER masters which reproduce in register selected portions of an 16 Claims, 3 Drawing Figs original by using a plurality of photosensitive scrlbable copy media which can be updated. A visible image of the original is U-S. formed on each piece of photosensitive cribable copy medi. 96/27, 96/1.5, 101/45 um and then an area of the scribable coating is scribed on one [51] Int. Cl G038 5/00, f th medi co responding to 3 elected portion of the G039 5/04 original for which a separate master is to be formed. A visible Field Of Search l 44, ima ofthe io ly ribed area is then formed on another 1 1 copy medium thereby updating said copy medium. If more References Cited than two masters are to be formed, the scribing and updating steps are repeated for each additional portion of the original UNITED STATES PATENTS for which a separate master is to be formed, except for the last 2,814,565 11/1957 Long 96/12 of these portions. For the last portion, only the scribing step is 3,157,499 11/1964 Trusheim 96/67 repeated.

H10 705593117115 filmfosf/vslrlvi M10705: A s/ r w emu: safe/54515 SCH/EA 5L5 COPY MED/UM 9 DFnSiNAL PROCESS FOR FORMING A SERIES OF MASTERS IN REGISTER BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the'lnvention This invention relates to a process for using scribable copy media and more particularly to a process for using photosensitive scribable copy media capable of being updated to produce a series of masters which reproduce in register selected portions of an original.

2. Description of the Prior Art Heretofore, there have been two methods for using photosensitive scribable copy media. In the first, the medium is scribed at selected areas and then used as a template. See Beeber et'al., US. Pat. No. 2,999,016. In the second, the medium is selectively scribed down to a second intermediate photosensitive layer positioned between the base and scribable coating, exposed, and then color developed so that the scribed medium itself can be used as a master. See Trusheim,

US. Pat. No. 3,157,499.

Neither of these previously known methods for using photosensitive scribable copy media are suitable for forming a series of masters which reproduce selected portions of an original so that the reproduced portions are in perfect register with each other.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The invention is a process for forming a series of masters which reproduce in register selected portions of an original. A plurality of photosensitive scribable copy media capable of being updated are used in this process.

A visible image of the original is formed on each of the plurality of photosensitive scribable copy media. One of the media is then scribed at areas corresponding to a selected portion of the original for which a separate master is to be formed.

Another piece of the photosensitive scribable copy medium having a visible image of the original thereon is updated by'the addition of a visible image of all previously scribed areas. Thus, anyerr'or in the previous scribings can be compensated for or any subsequent scribing errors can be prevented when the updated copy medium is scribed so that perfect register between the various portions of the original will be preserved in reproductions because of the corrected masters.

The steps of scribing andupda'ting the next copy medium to be scribed are repeated for each additional portion of the original for which a separate master is to be formed with the exception of the last portion. Only the scribingstcp is repeated for the last portion of the original for which a master is to be formed.

Masters can be formed from each scribed copy medium anytime subsequent to the scribing.

Although this process has many applications, it is particularly adapted to the field of colored mapmaking. In making copies of colored maps, it is customary to use a series of color separation printing plates to reproduce selected portions of the map. For example, one plate might reproduce the primary roads of a specific local which are to be red on the map, and another plate might reproduce the secondary roads of the same local which are to be blue on the map. Obviously each of the reproduced portions has to be in register with the other portions for mapmaking applications.

The claimed process allows the scriber to obtain perfect register between the reproduced portions even though one of the scribable copy media has been scribed out of registration. In other words, the claimed process allows the scriber to compensate for a registration error in scribing a prior copy medium because he can update all subsequent copy media before he actually scribes them. The updated copy media will show any errors in register due to the previous scribings, and the scriber simply takes these into account when he scribes the updated copy medium. Since the masters are formed from copy media which have been updated prior to being scribed,

the masters will reproduce each selected portion of the original with perfect register.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS F 16. l is a front view of an original'which consists of a triangle, circle and square.

FIG. 11 is a perspective view of a photosensitive scribable copy medium capable of being updated.

FIG. 111 is a schematic diagram of a process for producing three masters which will reproduce the triangle, circle and square of the original in register.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS The process of this invention is used to produce a series of masters, which will reproduce in register'se lected portions of an original. A composite reproduction of the original can be made by using each master in the series to reproduce its selected portion of the original.

For exactreproduction of the original, it is imperative that each reproduced portion be in register with all of the other reproduced portions. By "in register is meant that the true alignment of portions of the original is maintained between those portions reproduced by the masters of this invention.

A plurality of photosensitive scribable copy media are used in -the process of this invention. The specific number depends, of course, upon the number of selected portions of the original which are to be placed upon separate masters.

To be suitable for use with this invention, the photosensitive scribable copy media have to possess the capability to'be updated. By updating" is meant the addition of further data'to a delineated area of a copy medium already carrying data. More specifically for purposes of this invention, updating can be considered to be the addition of a visible image upon another visible image previously placed on a copy medium. Usually, updating invo'lvesthe desensitization of photosensitive materialcontainingone visible image and the exposing and develop ing to form a second visible image on the photosensitive material. One such procedure suitable for updating copy media useful for this invention is described in more detail in Pfluke, U.S. Ser. No. 803,152, filed Feb. 2, 1969.

One copymedium having the capability of being updated is illustrated in FIG. 11. A base 7 has a scribable coating 6 and a photosensitive 'photoconductor 5 which is capable of being reversibly activated by activating radiation. Preferred photoconducto'rs for use in this copy medium are compounds of a metal with a nonmetallic element of Group VlA of the periodic chart such as titanium dioxide. That titanium dioxide which has an average particle size of below about 250 millimicro'ns and which has been pretreated by maintaining it at a temperature of at least about 200 C. for a period of at least about one-half hour in the presence of an oxidizing atmos'phere is particularly preferred because of the excellent results obtained with such titanium dioxide. A more detailed description of this photosensitive scribable copy medium capable of being updated is presented in 'Berman, U.S. Ser. No. 812,19l,fi1ed Apr. 1, 1969.

Referring now to FIG. 1, an original 1 is illustrated which consists of a square 2, circle 3 and triangle 4. Assume for purposes of this illustration that it is desired to produce separate masters for the square, circle and triangle which can be used to reproduce these portions of the original in register.

Three photosensitive scribable copy media, 8, 9 and 10 are used. Of course, a lesser or greater number could be used in other cases. If the copy media are of the type illustrated in F 1G. 11, they are desensitized by storage in the dark, exposure to infrared light or hydrogen peroxide, or by any equivalent desensitization techniques prior to use. After such desensitization, the photoconductor should not be exposed to radiation corresponding to its spectral sensitivity prior to use.

Initially, a visible image of the original is formed on the copy media 8, 9 and 10. Visible images are formed by ordinary ex posure and development procedures. Techniques forexposing the photoconductor to an image and developing a visible image are well known by those skilled in the art. Examples of suitable techniques are described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,152,903 3,380,823 and 3,382,068. The visible image of the original is represented in FIG. ill by the light lines shown on each of the photosensitive scribable copy media 9 and 10.

The scribable coating on one of the scribable copy media is scribed at areas corresponding to a selected portion of the original for which a separate master is to be formed. As shown by the dark solid line 12, an area corresponding to the square 2 is scribed on photosensitive scribable copy medium 8. Scribing can be accomplished by any standard means including heat, chemicals or the use of an instrument such as scribing tool commonly used by draftsmen.

Subsequently, a master 58 is formed using the scribed copy medium 8 which will reproduce the square 2.

The term master is used to mean any article which can be fonned from the scribed copy medium and which will reproduce one or more copies of a selected portion of the original. lt includes but is not limited to printing plates such as lithographic printing plates which have an oleophilic-hydrophilic differentiation and a printing plate containing diazo materials. The masters of this invention are formed by techniques well known to those skilled in the art and they can be formed immediately after each copy medium is scribed as illustrated in FIG. lll or at any later time.

A visible image of each of the previously scribed areas of the photosensitive scribable copy media are now formed on another of the copy media. This updates the visible image of the original initially placed on the photosensitive scribable copy medium because the scriber can now see any misregistration caused by scribing the various areas on preceding copy media. If a registration error has been made, the scriber can compensate for the error when he scribes the next area so that perfect relative alignment will be maintained in the reproductrons.

The updating feature can be further illustrated by use of FIG. lll. Before or after the master 58 has been formed, the scribed area 12 of copy medium 8 is used to form a visible image of the scribed area 12 on the medium 9. The updating is indicated by the broken line 32 in the shape of a square on copy medium 9. if an error had been made in scribing the square 12, the updated square 32 would not coincide perfectly with the square portion of the visible image of the original initially placed upon photosensitive scribable copy medium 9. For example, if the area 12 had been scribed slightly to the left of its proper location, the updated square 32 would appear slightly to the left of the square portion of the original initially placed on the copy medium 9 and the scriber could take this into account by scribing the area 13 slightly to the left thereby preserving the relative alignment between the square and circle in reproductions made from masters 58 and 59.

Masters can be formed by passing activating radiation through the scribed areas of the photosensitive scribable copy media onto master material to form a latent image of the scribed areas and thereafter using standard master preparation techniques which are known to those skilled in the art. The term activating radiation includes visible light, electron beams and other forms of electromagnetic radiation capable of activating a photosensitive material. Contact printing or other similar techniques known to those skilled in the art can be used to update subsequent copy media with previously scribed areas.

Thereafter, the scribing and updating steps are performed for each remaining portion of the original for which a separate master is to be formed except the last portion. In FIG. I", the area 13 is scribed on the photosensitive scribable copy medium 9, the master 59 is formed to reproduce the circle 23 which corresponds to the scribed area 13, and the next photosensitive scribable copy medium 10 is updated by forming visible images of both the scribed area 12 and the scribed area 13 on the photosensitive scribable copy medium 10. The updating is indicated by the broken lines 33 and 42.

For the last portion of the original 1 for which a separate master is to be formed, the scribing step is repeated. As shown, the area 14 is scribed in the copy medium 10 and the master 60 is formed to reproduce the triangle 24 which corresponds to the scribed area 14 and the original tangle 4.

By this process, a series of masters 58, 59 and 60 are produced which each reproduce a predetermined portion of the original 1. Since the scriber is able to compensate for errors made in scribing any previous areas and to prevent errors in subsequently scribed areas the masters will reproduce the original in register.

If it is desired to reproduce the original so that each portion has a different color, this can be easily accomplished with the masters formed by this process. Assume, for example, that it is desired to reproduce the original 1 so that the square is red, the circle is blue and the triangle is green. All that is required is to ink the master 58 with red link, the master 59 with blue ink and the master 60 with green ink. These masters will then reproduce copies of the original with a red square, a blue circle and a green triangle, and the relative alignment between each portion of the original will be maintained in the reproductions regardless of errors made in scribing the areas 2 or 13 because such errors are compensated for in scribing subsequent portions.

As is apparent from the above description, the process of this invention is useful for forming masters from which reproductions can be made. This process is particularly useful for any application in which it is desired to selectively place portions of an original on separate masters. It is especially applicable where each portion of the original is to be reproduced in a different color and where it is important to maintain the alignment of the portions, as for example, in the art of mapmaking.

The following example illustrates the invention. All parts and percentages are by weight unless otherwise specified.

EXAMPLE 1 Six pounds of a homogenous dispersion of titanium dioxide in polyvinyl alcohol per 3,300 square feet are coated onto the surface of Keuffel and Esser scribable material, stock No. 44-3227, white with a red undercoat, and cured for 2% minutes at 350 F. The pigment/binder ratio in the dispersion is 1:1 and the titanium dioxide has an average particle size of less than 250 millimicrons.

The coated scribable copy medium is then exposed once at an instrument setting of 10 seconds using an EG&G Mark Vl Sensitometer.

After exposure, the photosensitive scribable copy medium is placed in a beaker of 2.5N silver nitrate at 70 F. for 30 seconds with gentle agitation. Excess silver nitrate solution is removed with an air knife and the scribable copy medium is dried with hot air.

A developer solution having a pH of 3.5 and having the following ingredients is used:

Metol 34.0 Diethylaminoethunethiol HCl L0 Sodium Thioglycolate 0.25 g. Potassium hydrogen phthalate 20.0 g. Citric acid 3.0 g.

water to [.0 liter.

The exposed and sensitized photosensitive scribable copy medium is placed in a covered container of the developer solution at 70 F., and after waiting 5 seconds, the container is rapidly shaken for 25 seconds. After removal from the developer solution, the material is washed with water at 70 F. for 3 minutes and dried with hot air.

A visible image having excellent overall quality is formed on the surface of the scribable material.

The same medium is updated by twice exposing it to an image pattern of activating radiation with the EG&.G Mark Vl Sensitometer set at 2X10 seconds and processing it in the same manner as following initial exposure. Following this, the medium is immersed in Kodax F-5 fixing solution for 30 seconds at 70 F., washed with water, and dried with hot air. A second visible image having excellent overall quality now appears superimposed on the first image.

Further updating can be accomplished prior to fixing if desired.

What is claimed is:

l. A process for forming a series of masters which reproduce in register selected portions of an original using a plurality of photoconductive photosensitive scribable copy media which can be updated, comprising:

a. forming a visible image of the original on the plurality of photoconductive photosensitive scribable copy media;

b. scribing a first area of the visible image of the original on one of said media to form a first scribed area on the copy medium corresponding to a selected portion of the original for which a master is to be formed;

c. forming a visible image of the first area of said photoconductive photosensitive scribable copy medium scribed in step (b) upon another of the copy media which already has thereon a visible image of original whereby an error made in scribing said first area can be noted and compensated for in the scribing of a second area corresponding to another selected portion of the original on a second copy medium; and;

d. scribing said second area of the visible image of the original on said second copy medium.

2. A process of claim 1 wherein each of said photosensitive scribable copy media comprises a base with a scribable coating and a photosensitive photoconductor thereon, said photoconductor being reversibly activated when exposed to activating radiation.

3. A process of claim 2 wherein said photosensitive photoconductor comprises a compound of a metal with a nonmetallic element of Group VlA of the periodic chart of the elements.

4. A process of claim 3 wherein said photosensitive photoconductor comprises titanium dioxide.

5. A process of claim 4 wherein said titanium dioxide has an average particle size of below about 250 millimicrons.

6. A process of claim 5 wherein said titanium dioxide has been pretreated by maintaining it at a temperature of at least about 200 C. for a period of at least about one-half hour in the presence of an oxidizing atmosphere.

7. A process of claim 6 wherein step (c) is accomplished by contact printing a visible image of the scribed area onto another photosensitive scribable copy medium which already has thereon a visible image of the original.

8. A process for forming a series of masters which reproduce in register selected portions of an original using a plurality of photoconductive photosensitive scribable copy media which can be updated, comprising:

a. forming a visible image of the original on the plurality of photoconductive photosensitive scribable copy media;

b. scribing an area of the visible image of the original on one of said copy media to form a scribed area on the copy medium corresponding to a selected portion of the original for which a master is to be formed;

. forming a visible image of each area previously scribed in step (b) upon another of the copy media which already has thereon a visible image of the original whereby any errors made in scribing previous areas can be compensated for in scribing subsequent areas;

d. thereafter repeating steps (b) and (c) for all but the last of the remaining selected portions of the original for which a master is to be formed; and,

e. thereafter repeating only step (b) for the last selected portion of the original for which a master is to be formed.

9. A process of claim 8 wherein each of said photosensitive scribable copy media comprises a base with a scribable coating and a photosensitive photoconductor thereon, said photoconductor being reversibly activated when exposed to activating radiation.

10. A process of claim 9 wherein said photosensitive photoconductor is a compound of a metal with a nonmetallic element of Group VlA of the periodic chart of the elements.

11. A process of claim 10 wherein said photosensitive photoconductor comprises titanium dioxide.

12. A process of claim 11 wherein said titanium dioxide has an average particle size of below about 250 millimicrons.

13. A process of claim 12 wherein said titanium dioxide has been pretreated by maintaining it at a temperature of at least about 20 C. for a period of at least about one'half hour in the presence of an oxidizing atmosphere.

14. A process of claim 13 wherein step (c) is accomplished contact printing a visible image of the previously scribed areas onto another photosensitive scribable copy medium which already has thereon a visible image of the original.

15. A process of claim 3 including the additional step of 4 forming a separate master from each of said scribed copy media.

16. A process of claim 9 including the additional step of forming a separate master from each of said scribed copy media.

* s a: s

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2814565 *Dec 28, 1953Nov 26, 1957Dyco Color CorpProcess for producing photograpic multicolor images
US3157499 *Dec 28, 1959Nov 17, 1964Keuffel & Esser CoScribe coat on silver halide polyester film
US3382068 *Jun 22, 1966May 7, 1968Itek CorpPhotocopying method
US3429706 *Dec 29, 1965Feb 25, 1969Minnesota Mining & MfgRadiation-sensitive system
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3902901 *Sep 24, 1973Sep 2, 1975Harvey VogelPhotomechanical process
US3940273 *May 8, 1973Feb 24, 1976Woodham Loyd LSequential peeling for mask preparation for fabrication of microwave circuits
US4309813 *Dec 4, 1980Jan 12, 1982Harris CorporationMask alignment scheme for laterally and totally dielectrically isolated integrated circuits
US4423127 *Dec 16, 1981Dec 27, 1983Fujitsu LimitedMethod of manufacturing a semiconductor device
Classifications
U.S. Classification430/54, 430/22, 430/31, 430/136, 101/456
International ClassificationG03C1/705, G03F1/00, G03C1/95
Cooperative ClassificationG03C1/95, G03F1/68, G03C1/705
European ClassificationG03F1/68, G03C1/705, G03C1/95