|Publication number||US3617958 A|
|Publication date||Nov 2, 1971|
|Filing date||Sep 26, 1969|
|Priority date||Sep 26, 1969|
|Also published as||US3724834|
|Publication number||US 3617958 A, US 3617958A, US-A-3617958, US3617958 A, US3617958A|
|Inventors||Rolland R Roup, Ferdinand W Schor|
|Original Assignee||Ferdinand W Schor, Rolland R Roup|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (6), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
States Patent  Inventors Ferdinand W. Schor 3415 Rubin Crest Drive, Altadena, Calif. 91101; Rolland R. Roup, 906 Story Place, Alhambra, Calif. 91801  Appl. No. 861,299  Filed Sept. 26, 1969  Patented Nov. 2, 1971  CONTACT SPRING 3 Claims, 7 Drawing Figs. . ILLS. Cl 333/79, 339/256  lint. Cl l-l03h 7/14  Field of Search 333/76, 79; 339/256, 64, 219  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,200,355 8/1965 Dablen 333/79 3,275,954 9/1966 Coda et al.. 333/79 3,447,104 5/1969 Schor 333/79 3,329,911 7/1967 Schlicke et a1 333/79 ABSTRACT: A filter connector assembly is disclosed which featuresan electrically conductive contact spring composed of beryllium copper or the like material and having a thin, elongated, and curved central portion of uniform cross section together with latching tabs or lugs at each end of the central portion. These latching tabs are integral with the central portion of the spring and assume a bent-up position so as to be substantially perpendicular to the plane of the corresponding end part. The connector assembly includes a tubular-shaped filter mounted in the assembly; a connector contact pin which is inserted in and may be removed from the central bore of the tubular filter and which may have an external lead connected thereto in any desired manner; and the aforementioned contact spring permanently retained or captivated within the tubular filter after its initial insertion therein. The filter itself takes the form of an inner ferrite tube and an outer ceramic tube closely surrounding the ferrite tube, with appropriately located conductive coatings applied to the surfaces of both tubes. The filter may be of any desired type to give whatever filtering effect is required in a particular application, such as blocking interference signals, modifying pulse waveforms, establishing or changing passbands for applied signals, etc. The contact spring disclosed herein serves the dual functions of (a) making a stable and constant electrical contact between the conductive coating on the inner wall ofthe ferrite tube and the contact pin and (b) mechanically holding or securing the contact pin within the central bore of the ferrite tube. Another feature is that the latching tabs or lugs are so shaped and dimensioned as to fit within the ferrite tube bore with a clearance just sufficient to permit initial insertion of the contact spring, the latching tabs then serving to permanently retain the contact spring captive within the filter.
PATENTEB NUVZ I571 3 617 95 CONTACT srnmc BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION With the increasing use of electronic equipment combined with miniaturization of components and assemblies, the tendency is to crowd considerably more equipment in a limited space than ever before. This condition results in increased electrical interference between equipments to the point where the performance of some of the units is greatly degraded or even rendered useless. Interference between equipments may sometimes be reduced by careful shielding of components and connecting leads. Frequently, it is not practical to shield all of the connecting leads. Also the interfering field may be so great that shielding the leads does not reduce the interference sufficiently. In such cases, it is desirable to provide filters, usually of the low-pass type, at the point where the leads enter the equipment.
One of the most efficient and least expensive ways of providing such filtering is to assemble the filters into the connector receptacle attached to the equipment. In this way, the interfering currents are bypassed to the receptacle shell and return to ground via the outer surface of the equipment chassis. Thus, they are essentially prevented from entering the equipment and causing undesirable interference.
Until recently, the connector filter assembly was constructed with the filter assembled to each contact pin. In addition, the earlier filter connectors were assembled with the filter contact pins locked in place, thus requiring the leads to be soldered to the contacts. With the introduction of multipin connectors carrying hundreds of contacts, it proved more economical to assemble leads to the contact pins using automatic crimping machines and providing a connector construction which allows the contact pin to be pushed into position and locked in place with an internal retention spring. Present filter connectors provide this feature with lock-in type filter pins in which the filters are permanently assembled to the contact pin. While these give satisfactory performance, the filter pins are quite expensive and their loss or breakage during lead assembly greatly increases the cost of this operation.
By providing a connector construction in which the filter remains captivated within the connector and only the contact pin is removed, losses due to damaged contact pins during the operation of lead attachment can be greatly minimized. The manner in which this invention permits the use of such a filter connector construction will be described subsequently.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to a novel contact spring for use in filter-type connectors.
An object of this invention is to provide a means for ensuring constant electrical contact, under conditions of vibration and temperature variations, between the inner contact surface of a filter and a connector contact pin.
Another object is to provide a contact spring which can be inserted into the filter and remain captivated to the filter despite repeated insertions and removals of the contact pin.
A further object is to provide surface contact between the spring and the connector contact pin on one side, and line contact between the inner contact surface of the filter and the opposite side of the contact pin, thus providing a low radio frequency impedance between the contact pin and filter, a condition necessary for obtaining the desired filtering action at high radio frequencies.
A still further object is to permit the use of a captivated filter in a filter connector, thus permitting the filter to remain within the connector while the contact pin may be removed and reinserted to permit the attachment of leads by crimping, soldering or other means.
A salient feature of the invention is that the contact spring, when once inserted into the filter, remains locked within the filter unit while permitting the filter unit to be removed from the connector or the contact pin to be repeatedly inserted and removed without affecting the properties of the contact spring. Due to its novel form, construction and spring qualities, the contact spring can be removed from the filter only with difficulty after once being inserted.
Another feature of the invention is that by permitting the filter unit to remain captivated within the connector, only the contact pin is handled during the process of attaching leads, making up cables and assembling them to the connectors. This feature greatly reduces the possibility of breakage of filters which are composed mostly of brittle ceramic materials. It further greatly simplifies and reduces the cost of automatic lead attachment, a process in which the contact pins are carried on a tape and machine fed to a lead attachment tool.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side view of the contact spring of the invention, in a first embodiment thereof;
FIG. IA is an end view of the contact spring of FIG. 1, showing the outline of the latching tab at the right end of the contact spring as seen when viewed from line 1A--- 11A in FIG.
FIG. 2 is a side view similar to FIG. I, but of a second embodiment of the contact spring;
FIG. 2A is an end view similar to FIG. IA, and outline of a modified form 2A-2A in FIG. 2;
FIG. 3 is still another end view of the right-hand end of the contact spring in a third embodiment having another modified form of latching tab, this view corresponding to FIGS. IA and showing the of latching tab, viewed from line FIG. 4 is a longitudinal cross section of the filter and showing the contact spring of FIG. 2 captivated within the central bore of the filter, the connector contact pin being removed in this view; and
FIG. 5 is a longitudinal cross section comparable to FIG. 4, but showing the connector contact pin inserted in place within the filter, the contact spring then assuming the deflected position shown in this view.
DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now to FIGS. 1 and 1A, there is shown the filter contact spring 10 of the invention in its simplest form. The spring It) consists of an elongated, curved central portion ll of a uniform rectangular cross section provided with a pair of latching tabs or lugs 12, one at each end of the spring. Each of the tabs 12 is an integral extension of the central portion ll, bent up into position substantially perpendicular to the plane of the corresponding end part of central portion 11. The springs central portion II is made to have a substantial curvature when in its rest or nondeflected position as can be seen in FIG. 1. The central portion 111 follows a uniform radius of curvature which is quite large in comparison to any of the dimensions of the spring itself. The relative magnitude required for the radius of curvature will be specified later, in the description of FIG. 4. The contact spring may be made of any suitable electrically conductive material, such as beryllium copper, for example. The contact spring may be formed from flat wire stock, and heat treated either before or after forming. A suitable finish such as silver or nickel plating followed by gold plating may be provided in order to assure a high-quality electrical contact.
FIGS. 2 and 2A illustrate an alternate and preferred embodiment of the filter contact spring 10. It will be noted that in this version the bent-up latching tabs or lugs 12a aremade to be slightly wider than the central body portion 11 of the spring. The relative dimensions required for the end surfaces comprising tabs 12a will be considered subsequently.
FIG. 3 illustrates still another embodiment of the contact spring featuring a further modified shape for the latching tabs, designated as in this view. In this embodiment the tabs or lugs We have a substantially circular contour.
FIG. 4 shows a longitudinal cross section of the filter assembly with the contact spring Ill in place. The filter consists of a ferrite tube 21 disposed inside a ceramic tube 23. Both the inside and the outside surfaces of the ceramic tube 23 are covered with respective conductive coatings 25 and 26. These coatings which may, for example, be silver coatings are insulated from each other and therefore define a capacitor. It is customary but not always necessary to split the inner silver coating 25 as by the space 28 so as to form two capacitors. The inner conductive coating 25 is in intimate surface contact with a conductive coating 30 covering both the inner and outer walls of the ferrite tube 21.
When the contact spring 10 is inserted into the filter and locked into position as shown in FIG. 4, its radius of curvature is increased so that the center of portion 11 presses on the inside wall of the ferrite tube 21 at approximately the middle of the tube. This pressure is transmitted through the central portion 11 to the end tabs 12a which bear against the outer ends of the filter in the manner shown in FIG. 4. The tabs 12a, in this case, are given outside dimensions just large enough so that they barely fit into the center bore of the filter. This construction makes the contact spring 10 almost impossible to remove once it has been inserted in place and achieves a permanent retention of the spring within the filter. With the tabs 12a thus latching or locking the contact spring in place, no amount of vibration, temperature variations, etc., can cause these tabs to become disengaged from the end walls of the filter sufficiently to allow the spring to fall out of the filter. Other important features are that the tabs have a height such that they do not protrude beyond the outside diameter of the filter; and further that the contact spring does not block the opening at either end of the central bore in the filter and thus permits easy entrance of the contact pin.
In the case of the modified end tabs as shown in FIG. 3, the contour of the tabs and the chord subtended by the bend at each end of the contact spring must be dimensioned to barely fit within the central bore of the filter.
FIG. shows the filter and spring assembly with the contact pin 32 inserted into the filter. When this is done, the contact pin 32 engages and deflects the contact spring until it is practically straight and is exerting substantial pressure against the contact pin. The pressure is usually greatest at the middle of the segment of the contact pin 32 which is enclosed by the filter but is modified by irregularities of the inner wall 30 of the filter. The opposite side of the contact pin is pressed against the conducting inner wall 30 of the filter resulting in continuous electrical contact between these two members. Thus the radio frequency impedance between the contact pin 32 and the conducting inner wall 30 of the filter assembly 21, 23 is maintained at a very low value approaching zero. The pin-to-filter electrical contact requirements for the best possible filtering action are thus fulfilled.
The contact pin 32 can be removed whenever necessary, whereupon the contact spring 10 returns to the position shown in FIG. 4. Note that the assembly as shown in FIGS. 4 and 5 is symmetrical allowing the contact pin 32 to enter with equal facility from either end. This features permits the filter and spring assembly to be mounted within the connector using either end for the contact pin entry.
It is occasionally necessary in a multipin filter connector to replace a filter which has become defective. If such a replacement were not possible, it would be necessary to replace the entire connector, an expensive procedure involving considerable labor plus the added cost of a new multipin filter connector. With the filter and spring assembly shown in FIG. 4 serving as a replaceable unit in a multipin connector to permit filter replacement in accordance with the present invention, it should be appreciated that the captivation of the contact spring 10 within the filter is such as to permit pushing or pulling the filter and spring assembly out through narrow orifices without disengaging the contact spring. Thus, application of the concept of this invention to multipin filter connector assemblies 'pennits a far more economical useage of filters within the connector from the standpoint of both initial cost and field serviceability.
Having now disclosed the concept for an improved contact spring for filter pin connector assemblies and various preferred embodiments, the following claims are appended to define what is considered to be inventive:
What is claimed is:
l. A connector apparatus comprising: a tubular-shaped filter mounted in said connector apparatus, said filter having a central bore and having a conductive coating on the inner wall of said bore; a connector contact pin means for insertion into and removal from the central bore of said filter, said pin means having an external lead connected thereto; and an electrically conducting contact spring means for making electrical contact between the conductive coating of said filter and said pin means and for removably holding the latter within the central bore of said filter, said spring means comprising an elongated central portion and latching tabs or lugs integral therewith, said spring means remaining captivated within the central bore of said filter by said latching tabs or lugs.
2. A connector apparatus comprising: a tubular-shaped filter mounted in said connector apparatus, said filter having a central bore defining a conductive inner wall; a connector contact pin means for insertion into and removal from said central bore; and an electrically conducting contact spring means for making electrical contact between said conductive inner wall and said pin means, said contact spring means comprising an elongated curved central portion and latching tabs integral with said central portion at the ends thereof, said latching tabs being dimensioned to fit within said central bore with clearance sufficient only to permit insertion of the contact spring means therein, said latching tabs being formed to permanently retain the contact spring means captive within said filter after initial insertion and to further permit easy insertion of said pins means into said central bore.
3. An electrical filter connector including a filter means for blocking unwanted signals, said filter means comprising a hollow cylinder, a connector contact pin adapted to be inserted in said filter means and connected to an external lead, and an electrically conducting contact spring means for providing constant electrical contact between said pin and said filter means and for removably holding said pin within said filter means, said contact spring means comprising a long, narrow curved central section and latching means for permanently captivating said contact spring means inside said filter means,
said latching means comprising a latching tab at each end of said central section integral therewith and bent up to a position to engage the respective outer ends of said hollow cylinder.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3200355 *||Nov 24, 1961||Aug 10, 1965||Itt||Electrical connector having rf filter|
|US3275954 *||Aug 20, 1963||Sep 27, 1966||Erie Technological Prod Inc||Multiple connector wherein pins have limited movement within housing and each pin has integral low-pass filter|
|US3329911 *||Feb 25, 1963||Jul 4, 1967||Allen Bradley Co||Low transfer impedance capacitor with resistive electrode|
|US3447104 *||Jun 6, 1966||May 27, 1969||Itt||Electrical connector filter comprising at least one electrically conductive coated dielectric disc and a ferromagnetic disc|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3699272 *||May 12, 1971||Oct 17, 1972||Amp Inc||Filter for a video amplifier|
|US3764943 *||May 22, 1972||Oct 9, 1973||Bendix Corp||Filter contact for an electrical connector|
|US3781723 *||Jan 21, 1972||Dec 25, 1973||Amp Inc||Coated ferrite filters having stamped and formed outer sleeves|
|US4020430 *||Sep 2, 1976||Apr 26, 1977||Amp Incorporated||Filtered connector assembly with composite ground plane|
|US5226842 *||Jan 10, 1992||Jul 13, 1993||Yazaki Corporation||Female terminal|
|US5647766 *||May 26, 1995||Jul 15, 1997||The Whitaker Corporation||Modular connector assembly having removable contacts|
|U.S. Classification||333/183, 439/843|