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Publication numberUS3619234 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 9, 1971
Filing dateFeb 14, 1969
Priority dateMar 2, 1968
Also published asDE1719355A1, DE1719355B2, DE1719355C3
Publication numberUS 3619234 A, US 3619234A, US-A-3619234, US3619234 A, US3619234A
InventorsRosch Gunter, Smerz Otto, Weihsbach Joachim
Original AssigneeHoechst Ag
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Process for the optical brightening of fibrous materials of synthetic polyamides or cellulose esters
US 3619234 A
Abstract  available in
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

llnited States Patent Inventors App], No. Filed Patented Assignee Priority Joachim Weihsbach Frankfurt/Main;

Otto Smerz, Kelkhelm/Taunus; Gunter Rosch, Altenhain/Taunus, all of Germany 799,531

Feb. 14, 1969 Nov. 9, 197 1 Farbwerke Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft vormals Meister Lucius & Bruning Frankfurt am Main, Germany Mar. 2, 1968 Germany US. Cl

1 1 D061 3/12 [50] 252/3012 W, 89, 73, 8.9; 117/335 T [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,156,655 11/1964 Bright 252/109 3,284,462 11/1966 Liechti et a1 1. 260/307 Primary Examiner-Tobias E. Levow Assixlunl Examiner-A. Pv Demers AII(IIII)CUII1S, Morris & Safford PROCESS FOR THE OPTICAL BRIGHTENING OF FIBlROUS MATERIALS OF SYNTHETIC POLYAMIDES R CELLULOSE ESTERS The present invention relates to a process for the optical brightening of fibrous materials consisting of synthetic polyamides or cellulose esters by impregnating the material with a liquor containing an optical brightener with subsequent fixa tion by a heat treatment which comprises fixing the brightener in the presence of an auxiliary consisting of a polyalkylene glycol of the formula in which n is 2 or 3 and x is a number of2 to 22. and a fatty alcohol oxethylate ofthe formula in which R is alkyl or alkenyl ofeight to 24 carbon atoms and z is a number of3 to 16.

A further object of this invention is a composition of matter. useful as an auxiliary in said process. consisting of a polyalkylene glycol ofthe formula in which n is 2 or 3 and .r is a number of 2 to 22 and a fatty alcohol oxethylate ofthe formula in which R is alkyl or alkenyl ofeight to 24 carbon atoms and z is a number of3 to 16.

It is known to optically brighten synthetic fibrous materials of linear polyesters according to the so-called thermosol process with a satisfactory effect. Said method comprises padding the material at ambient temperatures with solutions or suspensions of an appropriate water-insoluble brightener and submitting it to a subsequent heat treatment. The heat treatment aimed at the fixation of the brightener is preferably effected at temperatures allowing simultaneous thermostabilization of the fibrous material. With polyester fibers these temperatures generally range from about l70 to 220C.

It has been attempted to apply the thermosol method also to the treatment of fibrous materials of synthetic polyamides. however, in that case the effects produced with the optical brighteners are essentially worse than achieved with usual exhaustive methods. Owing to this fact the thermosoling of optical brighteners on polyamide fibers has not attained yet any importance.

In optically brightening fibrous materials of cellulose esters. especially cellulose triacetate according to the thermosil process. substantially the same drawbacks are met with.

Now. it has been found that said difficulties can be overcome and fibrous materials on the basis of synthetic polyamides or cellulose esters can be brightened by the thermosoling method with a good effect using as auxiliary a mixture ofa polyalkylene glycol and an oxethylated fatty alcohol.

The object of the invention hence is a process for the optical brightening of fibrous materials of synthetic polyamides or cellulose esters by impregnating the material with a liquor containing an optical brightener and fixing the brightener. subsequently. by a heat treatment in the presence of an auxiliary consisting of a polyethylene glycol of about 2 to 22 (C,,H,,,O)units in which n is 2 or 3 and an oxethylated fatty alcohol, the aliphatic radical of which contains at least eight to 24 carbon atoms comprising 3 to l6 ethylene glycol ether units.

To the composition of matter to be used according to the invention a foam-depressing compound is advantageously added. for example an aliphatic carboxylic acid ester corresponding to the general formula represent saturated or unsaturated aliphatic groups which may be identical or different. having from four to l8 carbon atoms. one or both of said groups containing at least one side chain of one to four carbon atoms which chains preferably are in the a-position in the acid radical while in the a or ,B-position in the alcohol radical. As appropriate esters of the indicated type the following may be cited by way of example: 2-ethyl-capric acid-2-ethylhexyl ester. 2-ethyl-capric acid-2-ethyl-buityl-ester. 2.2.3-trimethylbutyric acid-2-ethylhexyl ester. 2'ethyl-capric acid isooctyl ester. Z-ethyl capric acid isobutyl ester. the ester of 2-ethyl capric 'acid and 2.6.8-trimethylnonanol-(4) as well as the 2- ethyl capric acid ester of 2.6-dimethyl-heptanol-(4 The carboxylic acid esters are preferably applied in admixture with a phosphoric acid ester of an aliphatic alcohol having four to eight carbon atoms. such as tri-n-butyl-phosphate. trin-octylphosphate. especially triisobutyl phosphate.

The foam-depressing agents are generally added to the composition of matter of the invention each in an amount in the range of from 0.5 to 5 percent. referred to the weight of the composition.

The instant process may be carried out by applying to the material to be brightened a solution. dispersion or emulsion containing the optical brightener. the polyalkene glycol. the oxethylated fatty alcohol and. optionally. further adjuvants. predying said material. subjecting it to a heat treatment in a thermosoling device and finishing it thereafter. in usual manner. The optical brightening agents can be applied from an organic or. preferably. aqueous bath. lt is likewise possible to apply the brightener and the auxiliary ofthe invention with. optionally. the foam-depressing agents to the fibrous material separately in any sequence, prior to the heat treatment. The

wherein R and R,

heat treatment for the fixation of the optical brightener is and generally conducted at temperatures between about 170 220 C.. preferably I and 210 to 60. preferably 5 to 40 seconds form of dry heating or. if desired. steam.

As polyalkylene glycols to be used .according to the invention compounds ofthe general formula C. It lasts. approximately. 5 and proceeds either in the in using a small amount of However. polypropylene glycols or polyethylene-propylene glycols or mixtures of both are likewise appropriate.

As oxethylated fatty alcohols may serve compounds of the formula wherein 1 represents a number from about 3 to 16. preferably 5 to 10. and R is a saturated or unsaturated aliphatic radical of eight to 24. preferably l2 to 18 carbon atoms.

The mixing ratio of the polyalkylene glycols and oxethylated fatty alcohols may vary within wide limits. Generally. about 0.0l to 1 part by weight. preferably 0.05 to 0.5 part. of oxethylated fatty alcohol is used per each part by weight of the polyalkylene glycol. The composition of matter of the invention should advantageously be applied in an amount from about 0.05 to 2.5 percent. preferably. 0.2 to 1.5 percent. calculated on the weight ofthe fibrous material.

The process ofthe invention may be carried out with the aid of optical brightening agents suitable for fibrous materials of polyamide or cellulose acetate. Preferred are optical brighteners of the pyrazoline series corresponding to the general formula CH -C in which R stands for an aryl radical, which may be substituted and X for the vinyl group or the radical CH CH Y in which Y is a hydroxy group. a primary or secondary amino group, an acylamino group or an alcoxy radical which may be substituted, a OSO Meor -SO;,Me-group wherein Me represents hydrogen or a metal cation. Such optical brighteners have, for example. been disclosed in Belgian Pats. Nos. 631,367, 661 139, 670 161 and 701 986. For use on fibrous materials of synthetic polyamides predominantly water-soluble brighteners of the indicated type are employed.

The brightening agents are applied in usual concentrations, generally, in an amount in the range of from about 0.01 to 2 percent, preferred to the weight of the fibrous material.

The instant process is applicable to fibrous materials on the basis of polyamides, for example those prepared from adipic acid and hexa-methylene diamine (polyamide 66) or adipic acid, hexamethylene-diamine and caprolactam (polyamide 66/6). caprolactam (polyamide 6) or w-aminoundecylic acid (polyamide 11) and also to fibrous materials of cellulose esters, especially cellulose triacetate. Said process provides goods ofa uniform, high degree of whiteness.

The following examples are to illustrate the invention but they are not intended to limit it thereto. The parts and percentages being by weight unless otherwise stated.

EXAMPLE 1 A knit fabric made of polycaprolactam (polyamide 6) was impregnated with a liquor containing per liter 15 g. of an auxiliary consisting of 85 parts of polyethylene glycol ofa molecular weight of 400, parts of an addition product of 5 mols of ethylene oxide to 1 mol ofa fatty alcohol having on an average 13 carbon atoms, 2.5 parts of triisobutyl phosphate and 2.5 parts of 2 ethylcapric acid-Z-ethyl-butyl ester, 15 g./l. of an optical brightening agent corresponding to the formula and 0.3 g./l. ofcitric acid.

The fibrous material was squeezed off between cylinders until its moisture content represented 70 percent of its dry weight and, subjected. subsequently. for seconds to a treatment by hot air of 190C.

The knit fabric thus treated displayed an outstanding degree of whiteness substantially higher than that produced, under equal conditions, without the use of the auxiliaries.

EXAMPLE 2 A laundered and dried fabric of polyamide 6.6 was treated with a liquor containing per liter g. of an auxiliary consist ing of 75 parts of polypropyleneglycol of a molecular weight of 250. 15 parts of an addition product of 8 mols of ethylene oxide to 1 mol of a branched fatty alcohol having on an average 13 carbon atoms, 5 parts of triisobutylphosphate and 5 parts of2 ethyl-capric acid-Z-ethyl-butyl ester, 25 g./l. of an optical brightening agent having the composition specified in example 1 and 0.5 g./l. of citric acid. To the liquor moreover. mg./l.ofdyestuffC.l. No.51 319 (cf. Color Index, 2nd edition (1956))were added in order to improve the shade of the brightener.

The fibrous material was squeezed off in usual manner between cylinders to a moisture content representing 55 percent of its dry weight. dried subsequently. during 30 seconds at C. and subjected, thereafter, for 20 seconds to a treatmentin hot air at 200 C.

The fabric thus treated showed an excellent degree of whiteness essentially superior to that produced, under equal conditions, without the auxiliaries.

EXAMPLE 3 A knit fabric made from polyamide 6 was treated with a liquor containing per liter 25 g. of an auxiliary consisting of 85 parts of polyethylene glycol of a molecular weight of 200, 10 parts of an addition product of 5 mols of ethylene oxide to 1 mol of stearyl alcohol, 2.5 parts of triisobutyl phosphate and 2.5 parts of 2-ethyl capric acid-Z-ethylbutyl ester, 5.7 g./l. of an optical brightening agent corresponding to the formula l SOJNB OCH; 2

(disclosed in French Pat. No. 1,300,489) The fibrous material was squeezed off between cylinders to a moisture content of 30 percent of its dry weight and subjected, subsequently, during 20 seconds to treatment in hot air of C.

The knit fabric thus handled displayed a high degree of whiteness.

EXAMPLE 4 A fabric of triacetate fibers was impregnated with a liquor containing per liter 20 g. of the auxiliary specified in example 1. 2.25 g./l. ofan optical brightening agent ofthe formula and S g./l. of an addition product of8 mols of ethylene oxides to 1 mol of nonylphenol. The fibrous material was squeezed off between cylinders to a moisture content of 60 percent of its dry weight and exposed during 20 seconds to a temperature of 190 C. The fabric exhibited an excellent degree of whiteness.

EXAMPLE 5 A knit fabric of polyamide 6 was treated with a liquor containing per liter 25 g. of an auxiliary consisting of 85 parts of polyethylene glycol ofa molecular weight of 200, 10 parts of an addition product of 5 mols of ethylene oxide to 1 mol of olealcohol, 2.5 parts oftriisobutyl phosphate and 2.5 parts of 2-ethyl capric acid 2-ethy1-butyl ester. 5.7 g./l. of an optical brightening agent of the formula specified in example 1 and 0.5 g./l. of citric acid. The fibrous material thus wetted was squeezed off between cylinders until having a moisture content of 50 percent of its dry weight and subjected. thereafter. for 20 seconds to a hot air treatment at 190 C.

The knit fabric thus treated displays an excellent degree of whiteness.

We claim:

1. A process for the optical brightening ofa fibrous material of a synthetic polyamide or cellulose ester which comprises impregnating the fibrous material with a liquor containing an optical brightener. and subsequently fixing the optical brightener by a heat treatment in the consisting essentially of a. a polyalkylene glycol of the formula wherein n represents 2 or 3 and 1: represents a number from 2 to 22, and b. a fatty alcohol oxethylate of the formula presence of an auxiliary wherein R represents an alkyl or alkenyl group containing eight to 24 carbon atoms and z represents a number from 3 to l6, the ratio of the components being about 0.01 to 1 part by weight of oxethylate per one part by weight of glycol.

2. The process of claim 1, wherein there is added to the auxiliary,

a. from 0.5 to 5 percent by weight, calculated on the weight of the auxiliary, of a carboxylic acid ester of the formula wherein n represents 2 or 3 from 2 to 2, and

and x represents a number b. a fatty alcohol oxethylate of the formula RO(C H O),H

wherein R represents an alkyl or alkenyl group containing eight to 24 carbon atoms and z represents a number from 3 to 16, the ratio of the components being about 0.01 to 1 weight of oxethylate per one part by weight of glycol.

5. The composition defined in claim 4 wherein the ratio of components is 0.05 to 0.5 parts by weight oxethylate to one part by weight glycol.

6. The composition defined in claim 4 which additionally contains from 0.5 to 5 percent by weight of an aliphatic carboxylic acid ester of the formula part by wherein R, and R are alkyl or alkenyl of four to 18 carbon atoms, at least one of R and R being branched.

7. The composition defined in claim 4 which additionally contains from 0.5 to 5 percent by weight of a phosphoric acid alkyl ester, the alkyl radicals of which contain four to eight carbon atoms.

8. The composition defined in claim 4 which additionally contains a. from 0.5 to 5 percent by weight of an aliphatic carboxylic acid ester of the formula wherein R and R are alkyl or alkenyl of four to 18 carbon atoms, at least one of R, and R being branched. and b. from 0.5 to 5 percent by weight ofa phosphoric acid alkyl ester, the alkyl radicals of which contain four to eight carbon atoms.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3156655 *Aug 2, 1960Nov 10, 1964Lever Brothers LtdHeavy duty liquid detergent composition
US3284462 *Nov 23, 1964Nov 8, 1966Ciba Ltd2-aroxazolyl-5-aryl-thiophene compounds
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4904794 *Feb 24, 1988Feb 27, 1990Ciba-Geigy CorporationPyrazoline compounds
US6274756 *Jul 17, 1997Aug 14, 2001Exxon Chemicals Patents, Inc.Esters, ethers, and compositions comprising them
Classifications
U.S. Classification427/158, 427/384, 516/133, 252/301.16
International ClassificationD06L3/12, D06L3/00
Cooperative ClassificationD06L3/1278
European ClassificationD06L3/12S