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Publication numberUS3619433 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 9, 1971
Filing dateOct 13, 1969
Priority dateMay 26, 1967
Publication numberUS 3619433 A, US 3619433A, US-A-3619433, US3619433 A, US3619433A
InventorsWindley William Thomas
Original AssigneeDu Pont
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method for determining filament denier of filaments spun from a spinning pack
US 3619433 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

D United States Patent ml 3,619,433

[ Inventor William Thomas WindIey 501 Field of Search 204/170 Seaford, Del. [2l] Appl. No. 871,745 References Cited [22] Filed Oct. 13, 1969 UNITED STATES PATENTS [45] Patented NOV. 9,1971 3,475,523 l0/l969 Nicholson 264/40 [73] Asslgnee E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company Wilmington DeL Primary Examiner-Robert F. White Continuation of application Ser. No. Assistant Silbaugh 641,598, May 26, 1967, now abandoned. A'wmey Hward west,

ABSTRACT: A method for determining the minimum ac- [54] METHOD FOR DETERMINING FILAMENT cc I I I I I I ptable average filament denier of filaments being extruded FILAMENTS bPUN FROM A sHNNlNb from a spinning pack supplied with polymer at a constant me- 2 m 2 Dr Fi tered rate by a meter pump driven by a constant speed electric a awmg motor. The power input to the motor which has been corre- [52] US. Cl 264/40, lated to average filament denier is continuously detected by a 18/8 SF, 264/176 F wattmeter that sup lies a si nal to a device for si nalling the P g g [51] Int. Cl D01d 1/08, occurrence of ower in ut corres ending to minimum ac- P P P D0ld 5/10, F04b 13/00, GOld l/06 ceptable average filament denier.

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80 74 f, I Y6 9 6 {fig-48 is 24 PATENTEUNUV 91911 3.619.433

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4e 52 54 52 6e 6 lwe so 14 ,76 69 78 1Q 10% I00 I 68 70 I i no I34 I r l36-1';' V Mss E u 1 H 50' I I I g :}se 32 INVENTOR WILLIAM moms mom ATTORNEY METHOD FOR DETERMINING FILAMENT DENIER OF FILAMENTS SPUN FROM A SPINNING PACK CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATE APPLICATION This application is a continuation of my earlier copending 5 application Ser. No. 641,598, filed May 26, 1967, andnow abandoned.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to the extrusion of molten polymer to form filaments and more particularly to an improved apparatus for the production and continuous monitoring of the quality of the filaments so prepared.

In melt spinning of polymers it is well known that the molten polymermust be filtered and sheared to attain more uniformly spun products. Metal screens and/or a bed of granular material of various sizes, e.g., sand are interposed between the meter pump and the spinneret orifices to prevent incompletely fused polymer, foreign matter, aggregates of delustering materialsfand the like, from reaching the spinneret and obstructing the small passages in the spinneret'plate. As the spinning progresses the metering pump must generate a higher and higher pressure in order to continue to force the required metered flow of molten polymer through the pack assembly.

Precision gear pumps are generally used for metering the molten polymer to the pack assembly. Pump slippage is very small under normal conditions but when the back pressure becomes high, the slippage becomes large enough to cause the average denier of the spun filaments to fall below the minimum acceptable level. However, this is not detected until the yarn is inspected and tested. Frequently, considerable time elapses between the initiation of low denier spinning and its detection. During this period, low quality yarn is produced.

The obvious correction is to install a clean pack. To prevent the spinning of low denier yarns all the packs in a spinning machine are changed early based on previous experience with the poorest performingpack. This is costly in labor and lost production since spinning must be stopped to change the packs when many of the packs could be used considerably longer.

Pressure sensors have been used experimentally to determined the buildup of pack pressure and indicate the need for a pack change. They must be able to stand the high temperatures of the molten polymer. However, they are too costly and unreliable to be used in a plurality of spinning positions on a multipositioned spinning machine on a long-term basis.

The need exists for a simple inexpensive route for determining exactly when a pack should be changed to prevent spinninglow denier yarns, thus greatly reducing the costly inefficiency ofpremature pack changes.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The main objective of this invention is to provide an improved method for sensing minimum acceptable average filament denier due to high spinning pack pressure and signalling the need for a pack change.

This objective is accomplished in a melt-spinning system consisting of a spinning pack assembly supplied with molten polymer by a metering pump driven by an electrical motor, by a method which includes the steps of continuously sensing the power input to the motor which has been correlated to average denier, indicating the average filament denier and signalling the occurrence of the minimum acceptable average denier either visually, audibly or both. A synchronous motor is used to drive the meter pump and the power input to the motor which has been correlated to average filament denier is sensed by a wattmeter. A means for indicating average filament denier is connected to the wattmeter and actuates an audible and/or visual alarm to signal the occurrence of minimum acceptable average denier.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the apparatus involved in this invention.

FIG. 2 is a detailed schematic of the wattmeter of FIG. 1.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to FIG. I, a synchronous motor [0 drives metering pump 12. The metering pump 12 is a gear pump that forces the molten polymer, supplied through duct 14, at the desired metered rate through duct 16 to the pack assembly 18. Filaments 22 are formed by having the molten polymer forced through the spinneret 24 attached to the lower portion of the pack assembly 18. Three-phase 220V power is supplied to terminals 36, 38 and 40. Appropriate on-offswitching, not shown, is used to control this supplied power. Line 42 connects one phase of this power from terminal 36 to terminal 30 of motor 10. Line 46 connects the second phase of power from input terminal 38 to terminal 50 of wattmeter 28. In a similar manner line 48 connects terminals 40 and 52. These latter two phases of power are connected to motor 10 bylines 58 and 60 between terminals 54 and 34, and 56 and 32 respectively. Connected across the output terminals 66 and 68 of wattmeter 28 is a variable resistance 70. Coil 72 of a meter relay 74 is connected to the adjustable am 69 and one end of variable resistance 70. Single-phase 1 15V power is supplied to terminals 82 and 84 which are connected to the contacts 76, 78 of meter relay 74. In series with the contacts is an alarm light 80.

In FIG. 2 wattmeter 28 is shown connected to the 3-phase 220V source supplying power to motor 10. Numeral generally designates a Hall effect device which includes a Hall plate disposed within the gapof an iron core 112. Coils 114, 116 are placed around core 1 l2'and each is connected in series with one phase of the 220V supply to provide magnetizing currents I that are in phase with line current. The primary winding 118 of transformer 120 is connected across one phase of the 220V supply with the secondary winding 122 being connected to terminals 124, 126 of Hall plate I10 to provide a control current I that is proportional to and in phase with line voltage. DC supply 128 is a bias voltage paralleled by potentiometer I30 and connected in series with Hall plate terminal 132 and output terminal 66 to provide an incremental adjustment to the output of the Hall plate at output terminals 66, 68. This arrangement is commonly known as biasing or zero suppression circuitry.

It is well known that when a current l flows in a Hall effect device and a magnetic field 136 is applied at right angles to the current flow, an electrical potential known as Hall voltage (V,,) is generated which is perpendicular to both the direction of the current flow (I and the magnetic field. This potential appears at the midpoints of the lateral faces of plate I10 at which points electrodes 132, 134 have been connected. This potential is developed across variable resistor '70 and indicated by meter relay 74 (FIG. 1).

Inoperation the electrical loading on-motor I0 is sensed by wattmeter 2,8 and indicated on meter relay 74 e.g. model 202 manufactured by Assembly Products Inc. When a new pack assembly 18 is installed, this electrical loading will be nominal. As the filter picks up the foreign material, etc., creating increasing back pressure the power input to motor 10 increases as the pump continues to force a constant supply of molten material through the pack assembly. At some point in time the back pressure of the pack assembly I8 will be such as to cause slippage in metering pump 12 and the desired amount of molten polymer will not be forced through spinneret 24 to form filaments 22. The filaments thus will have insufficient material and will be of low denier or small size. This is not acceptable. The magnitude of the pack pressure that will cause this will depend upon many factors such as the precision of metering pump 12, and the viscosity and composition of the polymer being spun.

Meter relay 74 is calibrated to correspond with spun yarn denier by deniering the yarn over a period of time until the denier fall below average and then setting contacts 76, 78 to close just prior to reaching the low denier condition i.e. minimum acceptable average denier. In the melt spinning of nylon experience has shown that power input to meter pump motor correlates both with pressure developed in pack 18 and the denier of yarn 22 and the electrical loading on the motor is an accurate indication of yarn denier. The closing of contacts 76, 78 will energize alarm light 80. This alarm can be a visible light or an audible signal such as a bell or klaxon which signals the operator that it is time to change the pack in order to avoid the production of low denier yarns.

In a series of runs useful spinning pack life was extended without the incidence of low denier. Production of low denier spun yarn is readily detectable by monitoring the electrical loading on the meter pump motor.

With the recent commercialization of small compact Hall Effect power sensor e.g. Hall Effect wattmeter model HXSSOI manufactured by F. W. Bell, it has become feasible to mount a power sensor 28 on each motor in a multipositioned spinning machine. Such a wattmeter was the used embodiment of the above-noted spinning runs. It is, of course, obvious that a single alarm indicator can be used for each spinning position or the output from all of the power sensors on a spinning machine may be fed to a single recorder with a control point which would sound a single alarm. In that case the operator would look at the recorder to determine which spinning position required a pack change.

Variable resistor 70 is used to adjust the span of the signal from the power sensor 28 which is fed to meter relay 74, so that small differences between motors and power sensors as well as the production of different deniers may be adjusted to provide a uniform level of detection among spinning positions.

It also should be noted that alternative to meter relay 74 solid state equipment is readily adaptable for indicating changes in the output of the wattmeter 28 and initiating actuation of an alarm or a control apparatus such as a yarn cutdown device.

It is apparent that many changes and modifications may be made to the disclosed apparatus without departing from the spirit of the present invention which is intended to be limited only by the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

l. The method of determining minimum acceptable average denier of filaments being extruded from a spinning pack wherein pressurized molten polymer is supplied to the pack at a constant metered rate by means of a metering pump driven by a constant speed electric motor said method comprising the steps of:

a. continuously detecting the power input to the motor; and

b. signalling the occurrence of said power input corresponding to minimum acceptable average filament denier.

2. The method of determining average denier of filaments being extruded from a spinning pack wherein pressurized molten polymer supplied to the pack at a constant metered rate by means of a metering pump driven by a constant speed electric motor said method comprising the steps of:

a. continuously detecting the power input to the motor;

b. indicating the power input corresponding to average filament denier; and

c. signalling the occurrence of said power input corresponding to minimum acceptable average filament denier.

T325330 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3, 6 l9 +33 Dated November 9 1971 In'ventor(s)Willi8.m Thomas Windley It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Column 4, lines 13-31 replace claims 1 and 2 with the following claim:

1. The method of determining minimum acceptable average denier of filaments being extruded from a spinning pack wherein pressurized molten polymer is supplied to the pack at a constant metered rate by means of a. metering pump driven by a constant speed electric motor and wherein power input to the motor is an indication of yarn denier said method comprising the steps of:

a) continuously detecting the power input to the motor;

b) generating electrical signals proportional to the power input to the motor; and

c) feeding said signals to a means for detecting and signalling the occurrence of said power input corresponding to minimum acceptable average filament denier for actuation thereof.

On the title page, "2 Claims" should read 1 Claim L Signed and sealed this 9th day of May 1972. J

(SEAL) Attest:

EDWARD M.FLETCHER, JR. ROBERT GO'I'TSCHALK attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3475523 *Sep 23, 1965Oct 28, 1969Monsanto CoMonitored melt spinning method and apparatus
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4101613 *Oct 15, 1975Jul 18, 1978Concorde Fibers, Inc.Production of shaped, high polymeric articles
US4209476 *Dec 18, 1978Jun 24, 1980Harrel, IncorporatedMethod and apparatus for fabrication of extruded articles
US4708619 *Feb 27, 1986Nov 24, 1987Reifenhauser Gmbh & Co. MaschinenfabrikApparatus for spinning monofilaments
US20110033568 *Apr 3, 2009Feb 10, 2011Ladislav SevcikDevice for production of nanofibres through electrostatic spinning of polymer matrix
U.S. Classification264/40.1, 425/169, 264/176.1
International ClassificationD01D1/00, D01D1/09
Cooperative ClassificationD01D1/09
European ClassificationD01D1/09