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Publication numberUS3620198 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 16, 1971
Filing dateJun 29, 1970
Priority dateJul 4, 1969
Also published asDE1933961A1, DE1933961B2
Publication numberUS 3620198 A, US 3620198A, US-A-3620198, US3620198 A, US3620198A
InventorsAndres Rudolf, Breitschwerdt Werner
Original AssigneeDaimler Benz Ag
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Safety installation in a fuel feedline
US 3620198 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Inventors Werner Breitschwerdt Stuttgart-Botnang; Rudolf Andres, Sindelfingen, both of Germany App]. No. 50,720

Filed June 29, 1970 Patented Nov. 16, 1971 Assignee baimler-BenzAktlengesellschaft Stuttgart-Unterturkhelm, Germany Priority July 4, 1969 Germany P 19 33 961.8

SAFETY INSTALLATION IN A FUEL FEEDLINE 14 Claims, 2 Drawing Figs.

11.8. C1. 1. 123/136, 123/142, 123/198 DB Int. Cl ..F02b 77/08, F02m 37/00 FieldotSeai-ch 123/136. 139, 198, 142

l 56) References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,052,470 2/1913 Essner 123/142 1.262.013 4/1918 Callon 123/198 DB 1.461.662 7/1923 Kawamura H 123/142 X 2.223.097 11/1940 Ehretw l "123/198 DB UX 3.377.018 4/1968 Nielsen et al 4 123/198DX 3.420.217 1/1969 Powell et al. 123/198 D Primary Examiner-Al Lawrence Smith Attorney-Craig. Antonelli & Hill ABSTRACT: A safety installation for a fuel feedline supplying fuel from a fuel tank to an internal combustion engine driving a motor vehicle. which includes a valve that automatically closes in case of an accident and is kept open against the force of a closing spring by a pneumatic pressure medium available in the motor vehicle; the pressure medium flows to the valve through a line which is made from a material readily melting in case of a fire. and preferably several coupling members are arranged in the line which open the line in case ofa slight pull.

SAFETY INSTALLATION IN A FUEL FEEDLINE The present invention relates to a safety installation in a fuel feedline from a fuel tank to a driving internal combustion engine in a motor vehicle, which essentially consists of a valve that automatically closes in case of an accident.

In order to automatically close the fuel feedline from the fuel tank to the driving internal combustion engine, for example, in case of an accident, safety installations are known in the prior art which respond to a large deceleration of the vehicle. Furthermore, couplings are known which are inserted in the fuel feedline and which, in case of a forcible tearing apart of the fuel line, close the same as intended break places. Disadvantageous with these prior art installations is the fact that relatively large forces or decelerations in predetermined directions are necessary in order to assure a response.

In contradistinction thereto, it is the aim of the present invention to so construct the safety installation that it reacts already in the presence of small forces and that therebeyond it responds also in case of fires. The underlying problems are solved according to the present invention in that the valve is held open during the operation of the driving internal combustion engine by a pneumatic pressure medium present in the motor vehicle against the force of a spring, and the pressure medium is conducted to the valve in a line which consists of a material readily melting in case of tire and in which preferably several coupling members are arranged which open the line in case of slight pull or tension.

If one manufactures the line for the pressure medium, for example, from a synthetic resinous material, whose melting temperature is considerably lower than the flame temperature in case of a vehicle fire, a destruction of the line will occur rapidly in case of a fire. The pressure medium can escape from the line. The valve in the fuel feedline closes. Recommended for the use as coupling elements are the arrangement of rubber hoses which are slipped over the plastic fuel line and which can be pulled off from the fuel line already with a slight force, for example, with Kp.

In an advantageous construction of the present invention, the line for the pressure medium may be located as close as possible to the fuel feed line. If, in fact, the fuel feedline breaks for any reason and the outflowing fuel is ignited, the line disposed adjacent thereto for the pressure medium melts and the fuel feed line is then closed off. Additionally, a valve may be arranged in the line for the pressure medium which responds to strong deceleration and which places into communication the interior of the line with the atmosphere.

With a motor vehicle having an Otto-engine as driving internal combustion engine, the valve closing the fuel feedline may be connected to the suction pipe of the driving engine by the interposition of a check valve. With a motor vehicle having a compressed air installation, the valve may be kept open by compressed air.

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to proxide a safety installation for a fuel feedline which avoids by simple means the aforementioned shortcomings and drawbacks encountered in the prior art.

Another object of the present invention resides in a safety installation for a fuel feedline which operates reliably under all conditions without requiring forces or decelerations occurring in predetermined directions and of predetermined size.

A further object of the present invention resides in a safety installation of the type described above which responds to relatively small forces and assures a reliable closure of the fuel feed line in case of fires. r Another object of the present invention resides in a safety installation for a fuel feedline which is simple in construction, can be readily installed into the existing space of the vehicle and assures reliable operation of the safety installation.

These and further objects, features, and advantages of the present invention will become more obvious from the following description when taken in connection with the accompanying drawing which shows, for purposes of illustration only, one embodiment in accordance with the present invention, and wherein:

FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a safety installation in accordance with the present invention; and

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view, on an enlarged scale, through the valve of the safety installation in accordance with the present invention.

Referring now to the drawing wherein like reference numerals are used throughout the two views to designate like parts, and more particularly to FIG. 1, reference numeral 1 designates in this figure the fuel tank of a conventional motor vehicle, from which the fuel is supplied by way of the fuel feedline 2 to the carburetor 3 of the driving internal combustion engine (not shown) of the motor vehicle. In order to be able to interrupt rapidly the feed of fuel through the feedline 2 in case of a fire or of an accident, the valve generally designated by reference numeral 4 is arranged in the feedline 2 in proximity to the fuel tank 1, which during operation of the driving internal combustion engine is kept open by the vacuum. The valve 4 is connected for this purpose by the line 5 with the suction pipe 6 of the driving engine. The check valve 7 is arranged in the line 5 at the connection with the suction pipe 6. As to the rest, the line 5 which is disposed close to the fuel feedline 2, consists essentially of a synthetic plastic material of any conventional type which melts already at rela tively low temperatures. At several places, the line 5 s interrupted and these places are bridged by rubber hoses 8 placed over the line which can be pulled off already with smaller pulling or tensional forces. Additionally, the valve 9 is arranged in the line 5 which is of convenn'onal construction and which brings the line 5 into communication with the atmosphere in case of strong decelerations.

As can be seen more clearly from FIG. 2, the valve body 10 within the valve 4, which is secured at the diaphragm 11, is pressed against its seat in the closing position by the compression spring 12. During the operation of the driving internal combustion engine, the vacuum prevailing in the suction pipe 6 can continue through the line 5 up to the valve 4 where it pulls the diaphragm 11 and therewith the valve body 10 upwardly against the force of the spring 12. The valve 4 is thus opened.

During strong decelerations, for example, in case of an impact of the vehicle against an obstacle, the valve 9 responds in a conventional manner. The line 5 and therewith the valve 4 is vented. The valve 4 then closes the fuel feedline 2. In case of other accidents, the rubber hoses 8 are pulled off, whereby the line 5 is also vented and the valve 4 closes. In case of a fire, the line 5 melts. Its interior comes into communication with the atmosphere and the valve 4 closes.

While we have shown and described only one embodiment in accordance with the present invention, it is understood that the same is not limited thereto but is susceptible of numerous changes and modifications as known to those skilled in the art, and we therefore do not wish to be limited to the details shown and described herein but intend to cover all such changes and modifications as are encompassed by the scope of the appended claims.

We claim:

I. A safety installation in a fuel feedline leading from a fuel tank to a driving internal combustion engine of a motor vehicle, which includes valve means automatically closing in case of an accident, characterized in that the valve means is held open during the operation of the engine by a pneumatic pressure medium present in the motor vehicle against the force of a spring, and in that the pressure medium is conducted to the valve means by way of a line means which is made, at least in part, from a material readily melting in case of a fire.

2. A- safety installation according to claim 1, characterized in that said line means essentially consists of said readily melting material.

3. A safety installation according to claim 1, characterized in that at least one coupling means is provided in the line which readily opens the line in case of a slight pull.

4. A safety installation according to claim 3, characterized in that several coupling means are provided in the line which are spaced at different places.

5. A safety installation according to claim 4, characterized in that said line means essentially consists of said readily melting material.

6. A safety installation according to claim 3, characterized in that the line for the pressure medium is located as close as possible to the fuel feedline.

7. A safety installation according to claim 6, characterized in that a valve means responding to strong decelerations is arranged in the line for the pressure medium which provides a communication between the interior of the line with the atmosphere in case of response thereof.

8. A safety installation according to claim 7, in which an Otto-engine is provided as driving engine, characterized in that the valve means is connected with the suction pipe of the internal combustion engine under interposition of a check valve.

9. A safety installation according to claim 7, in which the motor vehicle is provided with a compressed air installation, characterized in that the valve means is kept open by the compressed air of the compressed air installation.

10. A safety installation according to claim 1, characterized in that the line for the pressure medium is located as close as possible to the fuel feedline.

11. A safety installation according to claim 1, characterized in that a valve means responding to strong decelerations is arranged in the line for the pressure medium which provides a communication between the interior of the line with the atmosphere in case of response thereof.

12. A safety installation according to claim 1, in which an Otto-engine is provided as driving engine, characterized in that the valve means is connected with the suction pipe of the internal combustion engine under interposition of a check valve.

13. A safety installation according to claim 1, in which the motor vehicle is provided with a compressed air installation, characterized in that the valve means is kept open by the compressed air of the compressed air installation.

14. A safety installation according to claim 11, characterized in that at least one coupling means is provided in the line which readily opens the line in case of a slight pull.

it i I

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1052470 *Apr 15, 1912Feb 11, 1913Louis A EssnerShut-off device or valve for carbureters.
US1262013 *May 7, 1917Apr 9, 1918Frank T CallonAutomatic cut-off valve for gasolene-engines.
US1461662 *Jan 5, 1920Jul 10, 1923Fred N KawamuraInternal-combustion engine
US2223097 *Sep 17, 1937Nov 26, 1940Clement EhretSafety device for motor vehicles
US3377018 *Apr 29, 1966Apr 9, 1968Compressors Automation ControlSystem and apparatus for affording fire protection to compressors pumping combustible fluids
US3420217 *Jul 31, 1967Jan 7, 1969Powell Paul RSafety device for internal combustion engine
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3952719 *Mar 28, 1975Apr 27, 1976Borg-Warner CorporationVacuum pulse actuated fuel control valve
US3969041 *Dec 23, 1974Jul 13, 1976Acf Industries, IncorporatedShut-off valve for automotive fuel flow
US3994357 *Jun 6, 1975Nov 30, 1976Colt Industries Operating CorporationSafety shut-off fuel system
US3994358 *Jun 6, 1975Nov 30, 1976Colt Industries Operating CorporationSafety shut-off fuel system
US4367705 *Apr 30, 1981Jan 11, 1983Deere & CompanyHeat activated fuel shut-off valve actuator
US5476080 *Aug 26, 1994Dec 19, 1995Technoflow Tube-Systems GmbhCrash-resistant motor-vehicle fuel-line tubing
US5551866 *Aug 29, 1994Sep 3, 1996Josephs; HaroldSafety system and fuel cap for inhibiting operation of an apparatus during refueling
DE4310452A1 *Mar 31, 1993Oct 13, 1994Daimler Benz AgFuel tank for vehicles with a pipe leading out of the tank
DE4320598C1 *Jun 22, 1993Jan 12, 1995Daimler Benz AgFuel tank system
Classifications
U.S. Classification180/271, 123/198.0DB, 137/39
International ClassificationB60K28/14, F02B1/04, B60K28/10, F02B1/00
Cooperative ClassificationF02B1/04, B60K28/14
European ClassificationB60K28/14