US 362057 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented May 3, 1887.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
CHARLES BLOOD, OF DUNKIRK, NFV YORK.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 362,057, dated May 3, 1887.
Application filed October' '21, 1886. Serial No. 216,800.
To all whom, t may concern.-
Be it known that I, GHARLEs BLOOD, a citizen ofthe United States, residing in Dunkirk, in the county of Chautauqua and State of New Yorl ,haveinvexited certain new and useful Iniprovements in Undertakers OoolingBoards or Enibalming-Tables, of which the following is a specification.
The object of niy invention is to produce an nndertakers elnbalniing or cooling table of simple construction, very light, and capable of being readily' folded up into a small portable package, so as to be easily carried about, all ot' which will be fully and clearly hereinafter described, shown, and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in Which- Figure 1 is aside elevation,in section, through line A B, Fig. 2, the table being opened out and all the parts in position ready for use. Fig. 2 is a plan or top view of the saine. Fig. 3 is a cross-section through line O D, Fig, 2. Fig. 4 is an end view of the table, looking toward the foot. Fig. 5 represents a front view ofthe togglej oint tor securely holding the opposite ends of the table in position when opened out; 'and Fig. 6&is a side elevation of the saine, the spiral spring being left off. Fig. 7 is a bottom View ot' a portion of the table, the two sections being left off and its four pivoted legs folded down close toit. Fig. Sis the whole table folded up ready for transportation, and Fig. 9 represents a side elevation of Fig. S.
The niain section or body of the table consists of the frame-pieces 1 2 3 4, secured together in any well-known way.
5, 6, 7, and 8 are four legs secured by cross pieces 9 and 10, and pivoted to the side frame pieces, 2 and 4, by pivots 11.
12 and 13 represent two swinging bars hung upon arms 14, and secured by pivots l5 tothe end frame-pieces, 1 and 3. )Vhen the legs 5, 6, 7, and 8 are opened out in position as shown in Figs. 1, 3, and 4, these bars are swung down, as shown in Figs. 1 and 3. In this position their ends rest against the cross-pieces 9 and 10, and prevent the legs 5, 6, 7, and 8 from swinging toward each other, thereby holding thenl securely in place or rigidly in position.
(No model.) f
At the head of the table is a section consisting of side frame-bars, 16, and end frame bars, 17 18, the whole secured together in the usual way. The end frame-bar, 18, is jointed bythe usual hinges, 19, to the fraine'bar 1. To the two side bars, 16, are pivoted, by pivots 20, the two legs 21. These legs are alsojoined together by a crossbar, 23, so that the two legs can swing together on their pivots and be folded up toward the top bar, 24, of the frame, similar to those Shown in Fig. 7. At the foot of the table is also another hinged section, consisting of the frame-bars 25 26 27 28. (See Figs. 1 and 4.) rThis piece at the foot of the table is also jointed by hinges of well-known construction, 29, to the cross-bar or framepicce 3 ofthe body of theV table. Both ot' these hinged end pieces are secured to the inain body, as before mentioned, and the sec tion at the foot is provided with a covering of thin perforated wood,31. (See Figsl, 2` and 3.)4
There is a thin perforated top, 32, on the body of I[hc table.
33 represents an adjustable hinged head board frame jointed to the top ofthe table by the ordinary hinges, 34. -It consists of the frame 33, of heavier material, 4and a top c0vering of light perforated wood,35. Itis made adjustable vertically by ineans of a bar, 36, pivoted thereto, and provided with hookshaped teeth 37. This bar 36 can be swung up into a slot in the frame 33, so as to be out of the way when not required for use, and it passes through a perforation, 30, in the top bar, 24, and the teeth are adapted to catch on a pin, 38, (see Fig. 1,) so that the inclination may be adjusted from one tooth to another, as may be. desired. Both Vof the jointed sections of the table are provided with pivoted togglejoints 39 and 40, the upper end of the togglejoint 39 being pivoted to the top bar, 24, and its lower end to the cross-bar 23. (See Fig. 1.) The toggle-joint 40 is pivoted at its lower end to the cross-bar 10 and its upper end to the bar 26. (Shown in Fig. l.) The construction of these toggle-joints is such that when opened out straight the springs 43 44 tend to keep them in that position by drawing the two shoulders 45 46 together. (See Figs. 5 and 6.) As the bars cannot bend any farther in this direction, they are thus held rigid and act as IOO braces for the head and foot sections when opened out, as shown in Fig. 1. The legs of the table. are all provided with casteravheels 47.
48 is a head-rest, (see Fig. 1,) made in any Well-known Way, and is provided with a shank, 50. It is made adjustable longitudinally by means of the holes 5l (shown in Fig. 2) and vertically adjustable by means of the collar and thumb-screw 52. (See Fig. l.)
At the foot of the table is a foot-rest, 53, having a shank, 51. (See Figs. 1 and 2.)
)Vhen the table is to be folded up, so that it can be easily carried troni place to place, the head-board 33 35 is folded over, turning on the hinges 34, so that the perforated tops and 32 come together, as shown in Fig. 9. rihe swinging bars 12 and 13 are now made to swing up into the position shown in Fig. 7 and bythe dotted lines 56 in Fig. The legs 5 and 6 are then `folded up close to the top ot' the table. Then the legs 7 and S are turned up close to the top of the table, as shown in Fig. 7, turning on their pins 1l. This operation, by drawing on the togglejoint 40, brings the footsection (which turns on the hinges 29 in the direction of the arrow E) at or about right angles to the top 32, and by bending the toggle-joint in the direction ot' the dotted lines 42 (see Fig. 1) the foot-section, with its top 31, may be turned up close, as shown in Figs. 8 and 9, the toggle-joint bending into the position shown by thedotted lines 53 in 2. An undertakers cooling-board or ernbahning-table consisting of the body-frame portion or section having a top, 32, of light materiahand four legs adapted to fold into the top, as speciiicd, in combination with the pivoted sivinging bars 12 and 13, for holding them rigidly in position when opened out for use, the hinged headboard, the hinged section at thc head ofthe tablc,having two legs pivoted thereto and adapted to iold into the top, a toggie-joint brace. 39,pivoted thereto, for holding the legs securely when opened out for use, a hinged foot-section, and a toggle-joint, 40, pivoted thereto and to the cross piece 10, the whole combined for ljoint action and adapted to be folded up, substantially as and for the purposes described.
3. An undertakeris cooling board or enialming-table, consisting of three folding seetions hinged together, their swinging bars and toggle joints or braces for keeping the legs and sectionsin position when opened out,the swinging head-hoard adapted to be adjusted vertically by the toothed bar 3G, and pin 3S, in coinbination with a head-rest adapted to be adjusted vertically and horizontally, as set forth, and a foot-rest adapted to be adjusted hori- :Lontally1 substantially as described.
GIIAS. BLOOD. "Witnesses:
JENNIE M. CALDWELL,