|Publication number||US3621191 A|
|Publication date||Nov 16, 1971|
|Filing date||Apr 21, 1970|
|Priority date||Apr 21, 1970|
|Publication number||US 3621191 A, US 3621191A, US-A-3621191, US3621191 A, US3621191A|
|Inventors||Woodrow D Cornwell|
|Original Assignee||Woodrow D Cornwell|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (34), Classifications (15)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent  Inventor Woodrow D. Cornwell 2,210,618 8/1940 De St. Cry. 128/402 Middlelown, Va. 22645 2.243.506 5/1941 Mitchell 1. 18/18  App 30,497 2,633,846 4/1953 Wray 128/256 1 Filed p 21,1970 2,985,860 5/1961 Morey 219/528 x [4 1 Patented ,19 3,292,628 12/1966 Maxwell et 111..v 219/21 1 x 3,360,633 12/1967 Weisberger 1. 219/211 3,417,229 12/1968 Shomphe et al. 219/528 54] ELECTRICALLY HEATED FOOTWEAR AND HANDWEAR Prunary Exammerc. L. Albntton 1 Claim, 7 Drawing Figs. Attorney-John B. D1ckman,l1l
 U.S.Cl 219/211,
7 36/2.6,128/381, 12 ABSTRACT: Electrically heated footwear and handwear is  [Ill- Cl H051) 1/00 disclosed in which an ionomer plastic insulating layer is fined  Fteld of Search 219/211, into a Shoe or other footwear and a mitten or other handwear 527, 529, 538, 549; 36/26; [28/379, 381383, f conventional construction. A long stranded heating wire is 402 embedded in a heat-conducting plastic member which is posi- Rae ences Cited tioned beneath the insole of the footwear and within the insulating plastic cover of the mitten. The wires are connected to a UNITED STATES PATENTS source of low-voltage electricity for resistance heating in 2,025,950 12/1935 Kurtz 219/211 X order to maintain the footwear and handwear at a comfortable 2,206,029 7/1940 Daniels 128/595 temperature.
L 1 l l2 1 l I I 1 1 l l l l 1 l ELECTRICALLY HEATED FOOTWEAR AND HANDWEAR BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION l. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to heated footwear such as shoes and boots and heated handwear such as mittens and gloves.
2. Description of the Prior Art Prior art electrically heated footwear and handwear utilized solid short lengths of wire for low-voltage heating or used high voltage for heating longer lengths of stranded wire.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention is directed to the heating of mittens and shoes and like handwear and footwear by providing an insulating layer of ionomer plastic within which, in the case of the handwear, is a layer of heat-conducting plastic having a stranded heating wire embedded therein. In the case of the footwear the heating wire layer is provided on the sole only of the shoe.
The primary object of the invention is to provide electrically heated handwear and footwear which maintains a uniform temperature on the feet and hands of the user.
Other objects and advantages will become apparent in the following specification when considered in the light of the attached drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a front elevation of a complete mitten constructed in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary transverse cross section taken along the line 22 of FIG. 1 looking in the direction of the arrows;
FIG. 3 is a rear elevation of the heating insert for the mitten of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a side elevation of a shoe constructed in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 5 is a top plan view of the heating insole of the shoe illustrated in FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary transverse sectional view taken along the line 6-6 of FIG. 4 looking in the direction of the arrows; and
FIG. 7 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional view of the heating insole.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now to the drawings in detail wherein like reference characters indicate like parts throughout the several figures the reference numeral I0 indicates generally a mitten constructed in accordance with the invention.
The mitten 10 includes an outer covering 11 having a thumb portion 12 and a finger portion 13 both integrally joined to a wrist portion 14. The outer covering 11 is completely lined with a relatively thin layer of ionomer foam plastic 15 to serve as insulation for the mitten 10.
A heating insert 16 includes a finger portion I7 having a thumb portion 18 integrally connected thereto. The insert 16 has an inner surface 19 to contact the hand within the mitten I0 and a layer 20 of heat-conducting plastic within which stranded heating wires 21 are molded. The heating wires 2] extend throughout the insert 16 and terminate in a plug 22 which can be connected to a source of low-voltage electricity. The insert 16 is a hot pad which can be worn either in contact with the back or the front of the hand to suit the wearer.
Referring now to FIGS. 4 through 7 the reference numeral 30 indicates generally a shoe incorporating another embodiment of the invention.
The shoe 30 includes a sole 31, heel 32 and an upper 33, all formed of conventional material. The sole 31 and upper 33 are completely lined with an ionomer foam plastic layer 34 to insulate the shoe 30. An inner linin 35 protects the foam plastic layer 34 and provides a smoot inner surface for contact with the foot of the wearer.
A pad 36 formed of heat-conducting plastic is shaped to the sole of the shoe 30 and has a stranded heating wire 37 molded therein. The wire 37 is connected to a plug 38 mounted on the upper 33 for connection to a source of low-voltage electricity.
The pad 36 is fitted into the shoe 30 beneath the insole 38 as can be seen in FIG. 6. It should be understood however that the pad 36 can also be inserted in a shoe on top of the insole 38 should this be desired.
The mitten and shoes of the present invention maintain a uniform heat on the hands and feet of the wearer without undue electric power requirements.
Having thus described the preferred embodiments of the invention it should be understood that numerous structural modifications and adaptions may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of the invention.
What is claimed is:
l. A mitten comprising a hand-encompassing cover, an ionomer foam plastic liner for said cover, an electrically heated pad insert removably positioned within said cover for contact directly with the back or palm of the hand of the user. said pad including a stranded electric heating wire embedded in a relatively thin sheet of heat-conducting plastic.
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|US2025950 *||Jul 5, 1934||Dec 31, 1935||Andrew Kurtz||Foot warming device|
|US2206029 *||Dec 24, 1935||Jul 2, 1940||Claude H Daniels||Deformable foot support for shoes|
|US2210618 *||Sep 15, 1939||Aug 6, 1940||St Cyr William H De||Method and apparatus for treating the skin|
|US2243506 *||Aug 12, 1939||May 27, 1941||Byron V Mitchell||Unitary vulcanizing element|
|US2633846 *||Dec 18, 1950||Apr 7, 1953||Wray Carl E||Therapeutic moist heat foot treatment apparatus|
|US2985860 *||Dec 7, 1959||May 23, 1961||Templeton Coal Company Inc||Electric heating tape and method of manufacture|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3859496 *||Nov 15, 1973||Jan 7, 1975||Comfort Prod Inc||Heated inner sole and battery case for use in boot construction|
|US3867611 *||Oct 2, 1973||Feb 18, 1975||Raymond C Riley||Boot and shoe drying device|
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|US3946193 *||Aug 5, 1974||Mar 23, 1976||Giese Erik O||Heated inner sole and battery case for use in boot construction|
|US4061898 *||Aug 16, 1976||Dec 6, 1977||Redken Laboratories, Inc.||Heat cap|
|US4080971 *||Jul 30, 1976||Mar 28, 1978||Rory Ann Leeper||Battery powered foot warming insole|
|US4343490 *||Oct 17, 1980||Aug 10, 1982||Adamson Jerome E||Safety ski pole grip|
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|US5160828 *||Mar 6, 1990||Nov 3, 1992||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy||Electromagnetic warming of submerged extremities|
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|US5620621 *||Apr 19, 1994||Apr 15, 1997||Sontag; Richard L.||Glove having heating element located in the palm region|
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|US7002104||Jan 20, 2004||Feb 21, 2006||Akadema, Inc.||Heated baseball glove/mitt and method of heating a baseball bat handle|
|US7506927||Dec 20, 2007||Mar 24, 2009||Angeline Kinlaw Williams||Aromatherapy chair for natural bodily relaxation, rejuvenation and healing|
|US8793815||Sep 1, 2013||Aug 5, 2014||Lillie P. Kelley-Mozsy||Detachable reconfigurable modular pocket assemblage|
|US9314064 *||Dec 12, 2014||Apr 19, 2016||Schawbel Technologies Llc||Heated insole with removable heating assembly|
|US9538806||Apr 9, 2014||Jan 10, 2017||Schawbel Technologies Llc||Shoe with a heated insole|
|US9538807||Apr 9, 2014||Jan 10, 2017||Schawbel Technologies Llc||Assembly for inclusion in a heated insole|
|US9548618||Dec 27, 2012||Jan 17, 2017||Schawbel Technologies Llc||Heated insoles|
|US9549586||Apr 9, 2014||Jan 24, 2017||Schawbel Technologies Llc||Battery for use with a heated insole|
|US9572397||May 22, 2015||Feb 21, 2017||Schawbel Technologies Llc||Heated insole with removable assembly|
|US20050028401 *||Aug 4, 2004||Feb 10, 2005||Johnson John Anthony||Apparel with optionally heated cavities|
|US20050155961 *||Jan 20, 2004||Jul 21, 2005||Gilligan Lawrence J.||Heated baseball glove/mitt and method of heating a baseball bat handle|
|US20070089323 *||Oct 26, 2005||Apr 26, 2007||Ta Lai Sporting Goods Enterprise Co., Ltd.||Electrothermal massage shoes|
|US20070095808 *||Nov 2, 2005||May 3, 2007||Lacy Edward Iii||Electrically heated clothing article|
|US20080189826 *||Feb 13, 2008||Aug 14, 2008||George Dilli||Hot mitts|
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|US20090242539 *||Apr 1, 2008||Oct 1, 2009||Wassel Damian A||Heating System|
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|US20150001199 *||Aug 20, 2012||Jan 1, 2015||Dongmin Jeon||Customized Shoe Insole and Customized Sandal|
|US20150150338 *||Dec 12, 2014||Jun 4, 2015||Schawbel Technologies Llc||Heated insole with removable heating assembly|
|USD772546||Jun 8, 2015||Nov 29, 2016||Schawbel Technologies Llc||Insole|
|U.S. Classification||219/211, 2/158, 36/2.6, 607/111|
|International Classification||H05B3/34, A43B7/02|
|Cooperative Classification||A43B7/025, H05B2203/003, H05B2203/014, H05B3/342, A41D19/01535, H05B2203/036|
|European Classification||A41D19/015D2, A43B7/02B, H05B3/34B|