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Publication numberUS3622760 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 23, 1971
Filing dateDec 11, 1969
Priority dateDec 11, 1969
Also published asUS3626159
Publication numberUS 3622760 A, US 3622760A, US-A-3622760, US3622760 A, US3622760A
InventorsChumley Calvin L
Original AssigneeEmerson Electric Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Encoder member reader
US 3622760 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent inventor Calvin L. Chumley Glendale, Mo. Appl. No. 884,266 Filed Dec. 11, 1969 Patented Nov. 23, 1971 Assignee Emerson Electric Co.

St. Louis, Mo.

ENCODER MEMBER READER 8 Claims, 10 Drawing Figs.

US. Cl 235/6l.1lE, 178/17 D, 250/219 DC Int. Cl .L C061; 7/00 v Field ofSearch 235/61.i 15, 61.1 1; 340/149; 178/17; 250/219 ID, 219 l, 219 DC References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,059,847 10/1962 l-iilly e r 235/61.]1

3,109,089 10/1963 Reynolds et al. 235/61. 1 1 3,414,670 12/l968 Place 178/17 3,476,876 11/1969 Myrick 178/]? Primary Examiner-Thomas A. Robinson Attorneys-Stanley N. Garber and William R. OMeara across opposite sides of the card to effect scanning and iproduce signals responsive to the particular code and provide information corresponding to the code. The screws are driven by motor-driven gears, and the direction of rotation is reversed by an axially movable rod with a cam surface that positively operates a motor reversing switch.

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FIG.4

FIG. 7

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; CONTROL CIRCUIT REv. SWITCH MOTOR I FOR LIGHT souRCE VOLTAGE r l m SOURCE DETECTOR 92 SIGNAL UTILIZATION DEVICE ENCODER MEMBER READER BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION plicated drive meansfor accurately moving the encoded member were required. In some cases, one side of an encoded member was flooded with light from a light source and a light detector was used to produce signals corresponding to the indicia on the card. In some such cases, there was the possibility that extraneous light from the light source would sporadically reach the detector and provide an erroneous signal.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an improved encoded member reader which substantially overcomes the above-mentioned disadvantages.

Another object is to provide an encoded member reader having a scanning mechanism which is accurate in operation and simple in construction.

Another object is to provide an encoded member reader having improved drive means for scanning a stationary member to be read.

Still another object is to provide a scanning mechanism which substantially obviateserroneous output signals without complicated enclosure means.

These and other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent fromthe following description and accompanying'drawings.

In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, an encoded member reader is provided which includes a radiant energy source, detector means responsive to the radiant energy of the source, and means for moving the source and the detector concertedly across opposite sides of an encoded member to be read. I

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG.'1 is an elevational view of an encoded member reader in accordance with the present invention,

FIG. 2 is a top view ofthe reader ofFIG. 1,

FIG. 3 is a right end view of the reader ofFIG. 1,

FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken along the line 4-4 of FIG.

FIG. 5 is a right side view of the reader as viewed in FIG. 3,

FIG. 6 is an enlarged top view of the radiant energy source of FIG. 1,

FIG. 7 is an enlarged top view of the detector shown in FIG.

FIG. 8 is a fragmentary view similar to FIG. 4, but with parts broken and with the holddown. wheel shown rotated,

FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of the electrical control for the holddown mechanism of the reader of FIG. 1, and

FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram of the electrical control for the reading mechanism of the reader of FIG. 1.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now to the drawings, and more particularly to FIGS. 1-5, an encoded member reader 10 is shown including a housing or frame 12 having a pair of opposed housing portions or sides 11 and 13 connected together and to a pair of opposed end supports or plates 14 and 15 by a plurality of screws 16. As seen in FIGS. 2 and 5, a support or brace 9 is connected between plates 14 and lS. The sides 11 and 13 provide chambers or slots 17 and 17' adapted to receive a pair of encoded members or cards 18 and 18 (FIG.- I.) such as credit cards, identification cards, or the like. The reader 10 includes a pair of like card holddown mechanisms, indicated generally at 19 and 19', and an indicia reading or code detection mechanism, indicated generally at 20.

The holddown mechanism 19 includes a pair of axially spaced wheel members or rollers 22 and 23 mounted on a shaft 24 which is supported for rotation in bearing support members 26 and 27 that are shown integral with housing side 11. The rollers 22 and 23 each include a hub 28 secured to shaft 24' by fastening means shown as setscrews 30 in FIG. 1; only hub 28 of roller 23 is shown in the drawings (FIGS. 3, 4 and 8). The shaft 24 is driven by a solenoid 33 through a link 35. The solenoid 33 is connected to a mounting plate 31 that,

in turn, is connected between end supports 14 and 15 by screws 34. The link 35 is pivotally connected at one end to a solenoid armature 39 and at the other end to a collar 40 that is fixedly connected to the shaft 24 such as by a set screw or the like to thereby effect concerted rotation of collar 40 and shaft 24. A solenoid bias spring 41 biases the rollers 22 and 23 through the link35 to the open" position, i.e., a position in which an encoded card 18 can be freely inserted past the rollers 22 and 23. Each of the rollers 22 and 23 includes a resilient peripheral member or tire 45 formed, for example, of a suitable rubber, such as of the neoprene or buna N-type, and which may have, for example, a durometer reading of 50. Each tire 'has a chordal surface or flat portion, such as indicated in FIGS. 4 and 8 at 46, which permits complete insertion of a card-18 when the flat surface 46 is parallel to housing sides 11 and 13 and internal walls thereof, and the plane of card 18. When the solenoid 33 is energized after a card 18 is disposed in the slot 17, the arcuate portion of the tires 45 engages and urges the card downwardly against a bottom wall 50 (FIG. 1) of the housing side 13, which wall forms the bottom of the slot 17.

The holddown mechanism 19 is shown for illustration as being identical'to the above-described mechanism 19 in construction and operation, except that it cooperates with the encoded card 18, and corresponding parts are identified by like numerals but with prime marks associated therewith. In view of this, the description of the parts of only the holddown mechanism 19 is deemed necessary.

The holddown mechanism 19 is actuated by a switch 5 I mounted to the housingl2 adjacent to the wall 50, such as by means of SCI'CWS.'AS seen in FIG. 1, switch 51 is shown as a push button switch having an actuating button 52 which is engaged bythe bottom edge of card 18 when inserted into slot 17. Similarly, a switch 51 having an actuating button 52 adapted to be engaged by a card 18' is connected to operate holddown mechanism 19. FIG. 9 shows a circuitdi'agram, for purpose of illustration, in which a voltage supply source 53 is connected to energize the solenoids 33and 33' upon the closing of switches 51 and 51 are closed.

As seen in'FIG. 4, housing side 13 is provided with an opening which receives a spring 54 that is engaged and compressed by the card 18 when the card is'inserted into slot 17 and when the holddown mechanism 19 is operated. Spring 54 urges the card upwardlywhen the holddown mechanism is deenergized to release the card and permit easy manual retraction thereof. A spring 54' for card 18' is shown in phantom in FIG. I. Housing side l3also includes opposed parallel integral end flanges 13 and 13".

The reading mechanism 20 is adapted to "read or convert the code on both of the cards 18 and 18' into electrical signals, such as digital signals which contain information corresponding to the indicia on the cards. Each of the cards 18 and 18' will be assumed to have a code or indicia consisting of a predetermined pattern of marks'or holes h (FIG. 1). Such holes or indicia may be thin areas or other areas which readily transmit the radiant energy of source 55, at least more readily than other areas of the card. The cards 18 and 18 may be a suitable plartic material, such as a plurality of plastic layers with the indicia such as holes in one or all layers of the card.

Mechanism 20 is shown including a source 55 of radiant energy and a detector or sensor 56 responsive to the radiant energy of source 55,'mounted for movement on opposite sides of the housing 12. While various types of radiant energy sources can be used, the source 55, also seen in FIG. 6, is

when manual switches 53a and 53b shown for illustration as including a diode light source member 57 secured in a slot of a support member 59 and having four spaced individual sources 58. Diode light source elements 58 are well known and commercially available. For example, one type is a gallium arsenide diode producing a noncoherent light in the infrared or near infrared portion of the light spectrum. The support 59 may be made of any suitable material, for example, of a suitable plastic material. Support 59 is provided with a threaded hole 60 which receives a rotatable screw 61 (FIG. 1). The detector or sensor 56, as seen in FIG. 7, is shown including a light responsive member 62 having four sensors or photodiodes for example, silicon photocells 63 responsive to the light from light sources 58. The member 62 is secured in a support 64 made, for example, of plastic and provided with a threaded hole 65 which receives a rotatable screw 66 (FIG. 2). The support 59 of the source 55 and the support 64 of the detector 56 are guided for reciprocating movement by the walls of openings or slots 67 (FIG. I) and 68 (FIG. provided in the housing sides 11 and 13, respectively. The slots 67 and 68 prevent rotation of the source 55 and detector 56 so that they move linearly along the slots in response to rotation of the screws.

The diode light source 55 is adapted to be energized by a suitable control circuit 87, as seen in FIG. 10, which may include, for example, a source of direct current for energizing each of the light sources 58. The photocells 63 of detector 55 are connected in a circuit such as a signal utilization circuit 92 which may include a circuit for producing signals, for example, signals responsive to changes in the resistance of the photodiodes 63 due to the light from sources 58 intermittently reaching the photodiodes during scanning of the encoded cards 18 and 18.

When the cards 18 and 18' are locked in position by the holddown mechanisms 19 and 19', the patterns of encoded holes are accurately positioned relative to the source 55 and detector 56 within the openings 67 and 68. The source 55 and detector 56 are, of course, aligned with respect to each other such that as they move past an encoded card, light from a light source element 58, as the source passes a hole in the card, strikes the photodiode 63 opposite that source element, and a pulse is produced in the utilization circuit 92. The indicia shown for illustration in FIG. 1 includes holes at four different vertical levels spaced apart the same distance as the light sources 58 and the photodiodes 63 so that there is a source and diode for each level.

An electric motor 69 secured to end plate by screws 70 effects rotation of screws 61 and 66 through a gear mechanism 71. Motor 69 has a shaft 72, as seen in FIG. 3, to which is connected a drive gear 73 coupled to drive a relatively large gear 74 that is connected for rotation in a bearing 75 in an end portion of housing side 13 (FIG. 5). Gear 74 is engaged with a gear 76 fixed to the right end of screw 66, as viewed in FIG. 1. The gear 76 is engaged with a gear 77 fixed to screw 61. The left ends of screws 61 and 66, as viewed in FIG. 2, are provided with bearing 78 and 79 in the left end flange 13'. The right ends of the screws are provided with bearings 80 and 81 in the right flange 13''. In this way, the motor 69 rotates the screws 61 and 66 in synchronism.

Referring again to FIG. 2, a rod 83 extends parallel to the screws 61 and 66 and is mounted for limited lateral or axial movement in a pair of openings 82 and 84 in the ends of the housing flanges l3 and 13". A pair of abutments 85 and 86 are fixed to rod 83 adjacent the opposite ends thereof and in the path of movement of the light detector 56. Also connected to rod 83 is a switch operating member 88 having an inclined surface at 89, as seen in FIG. 5, which is engaged by a resiliently urged switch actuating arm 90 of a motor winding reversing, push button switch 91. Whenever the detector 56 engages and moves one of the abutments 85 or 86 a predetermined distance, the rod 83 and member 88 also move to close or open switch 91 and effect a reversal of the direction of rotation of the motor 69. The motor 69, as seen in FIG. 10. is connected to reversing switch 91 and a voltage source 93 through a switch 94 shown for purpose of illustration as a manual switch.

In operation, when an encoded card 18 is manually inserted into chamber 17, it readily passes the flat surface 46 of the holddown rollers 22 and 23 and actuates switch 51 to effect energization of solenoid 33 to actuate holddown mechanism 19. Rollers 22 and 23 of mechanism 19 are rotated in a direction to engage and urge the card 18 downwardly, the round portion of the tires 45 resiliently urging the card against the surface 50 to thereby firmly hold or lock the card in place. FIG. 4 illustrates the card 18 inserted into slot 17 just before actuation of the solenoid 33. FIG. 8 illustrates the card 18 in its locked position after energization of solenoid 33. When a second card 18' is inserted into chamber 17' the holddown mechanism 19' operates in similar manner to lock card 18' in its predetermined location.

With the encoded cards 18 and 18 accurately located in the chambers 17 and 17, the switch 94 (FIG. 10) is operated to start the motor 69 so that the rotor rotates in one direction to rotate screws 61 and 66 through gear mechanism 71. The screws 61 and 66 are suitably threaded to move the light source 55 and detector 56 along the slots 67 and 68 in a direction which is dependent upon the direction of motor rotation, as determined by the condition or position of the motor reversing switch 91. As the light source 55 and detector 56 move past the cards, pulses are produced in circuit 92 (FIG. 10) for example, each time the light from a source 58 strikes a photocell 63 a pulse may be produced in circuit 92. A series of signals corresponding to the particular code on encoded cards 18 and 18' may be transmitted to a suitable signal utilization device for storage, decoding, printing or the like, as desired.

After the source 55 and detector 56 pass by both cards 18 and 18', one of the abutments or 86 (FIG. 2) is engaged and moved by detector 56 to actuate the reversing switch 91 and thereby return the light source 55 and detector 56 to the starting end of the reader 10. The holddown mechanism 19 and 19 may then be deenergized by switches 53a and 53b and the motor 69 deenergized such as by switch 94. The springs 54 and 54' (FIG. 1) then move the cards upwardly to facilitate removal thereof from the reader 10 by the operator.

Because the diode light sources 58 provide a narrow beam of light generally about the size of the code holes h, erroneous signals, due to any extraneous light, is substantially obviated and without complicated and expensive enclosures.

In view of the above, it is seen that the several objects of the invention are achieved and other advantageous results obtained.

As various changes could be made in the above-described constructions without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

Iclaim:

1. An encoded member reader comprising housing means including a pair of spaced sidewalls and adapted to receive between said walls at least one encoded member having a preselected pattern of areas providing indicia which transmit light energy to a greater extent than other areas of the encoded member, said walls having openings with at least portions thereof aligned with each other and with the indicia of an encoded member when disposed between said walls to be read, a pair of screw members mounted to said housing means on opposed sides of said walls for rotation and extending parallel to each other and to said walls, a source of radiant energy including first support means, and radiant energy emitting means connected to said first support means, said first support means being threadedly coupled to one of said screw members adjacent one of said wall openings for linear movement lengthwise of said one screw member in response to rotation of said one screw member, light responsive detector means including second support means, and radiant energy responsive means connected to said second support means,

said second support means being threadedly coupled to the other of said screw members adjacent the other of said wall openings for linear movement lengthwise of said other screw member in response to rotation of said other screw member, drive means for rotating said screw members for simultaneously linearly moving said source of radiant energy and said detector means along said wall openings, said detector means receiving light energy passing through said indicia from said source, and means for producing signals responsive to the light energy received by said detector means.

2. The encoded member reader according to claim 1 wherein said drive means includes gear means, and motor means for driving said gear means.

3. The encoded member reader according to claim 2 further including means including reversing switch means coupled to said motor means and responsive to a predetennined amount of movement of said source and detector means in one direction to effect rotation of said motor means to effect movement of said source and detector means in the opposite direction, said switch means including an axially movable rod extending parallel to said screw members, a switch actuating member on said rod, and means engageable with one of said support means for moving said rod to operate said switch actuating member.

4. An encoded member reader for producing signals corresponding to indicia on an encoded member comprising housing means including encoded member holding means for receiving said encoded member, and a reading mechanism, said reading mechanism comprising detector means for converting the code on said encoded member into electrical signals when said detector means is moved across a side of said encoded member, support means for supporting said detector means in a position adjacent said encoded member, screw means including an elongate screw member extending parallel to said side of said encoded member for moving said detector means across said encoded member, said support means being threadedly coupled to said screw member for linear movement lengthwise of said screw member in response to rotation of said screw member, driver means for rotating said screw member for linearly moving said support means, hence said detector, across said side of said encoded member, and elongate guide means carried by said housing parallel to said screw member for slidably engaging said support means and guiding said linear movement of said support means.

5. The encoded member reader according to claim 4 wherein said drive means includes gear means coupled to said screw means and reversible motor means for driving said gear means.

6. The encoded member reader according to claim 5 further including an axially movable rod extending parallel to said screw member, a reversing switch coupled to said motor means for reversing the direction of rotation of said motor means thereby effecting movement of said support means in an opposite direction, a reversing switch actuating member on said rod, and means engageable with said support means for moving said rod to operate said switch in response to a predetermined amount of movement of said support means in one direction.

7. The encoded member reader according to, claim 4 wherein said detector means comprises a plurality of radiant energy responsive elements arranged to detect variations in radiant energy from said encoded member when said support member moves said detector means across said face of said encoded member.

8. The encoded member reader according to claim 7 including a radiant energy source concertedly movable with said detector means.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3059847 *Sep 25, 1957Oct 23, 1962Gen Time CorpData transmission apparatus
US3109089 *Sep 21, 1959Oct 29, 1963Gen Time CorpData transmission apparatus
US3414670 *Oct 1, 1964Dec 3, 1968Rixon Electronics IncCoded data entry and transmission apparatus
US3476876 *Apr 8, 1966Nov 4, 1969Rixon Electronics IncInformation encoding and transmitting apparatus
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4796242 *Jul 9, 1984Jan 3, 1989Drexler Technology CorporationScanning optical card reader
US4873770 *Aug 19, 1988Oct 17, 1989Delta International Machinery Corp.Capacitive measurement system
US4961269 *Aug 19, 1988Oct 9, 1990Delta International Machinery CorporationBi-directional direct read measurement system
US4974332 *Aug 19, 1988Dec 4, 1990Delta International Machinery Corp.Measurement system reader element standoff
US4982509 *Aug 19, 1988Jan 8, 1991Delta International Machinery Corp.Measurement system having multiple display orientations
US5092058 *Jul 5, 1990Mar 3, 1992Delta International Machinery Corp.Measurement system magnetic coupler
Classifications
U.S. Classification250/566, 235/470, 235/459, 235/486, 178/17.00D, 250/552
International ClassificationG06K7/10, G06K13/08, G06K7/14, G06K13/02, G06K7/01
Cooperative ClassificationG06K13/08, G06K7/01, G06K7/14, G06K7/10
European ClassificationG06K13/08, G06K7/14, G06K7/01, G06K7/10