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Publication numberUS3622824 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 23, 1971
Filing dateJun 30, 1969
Priority dateJun 30, 1969
Also published asDE1955704A1, DE1955704B2
Publication numberUS 3622824 A, US 3622824A, US-A-3622824, US3622824 A, US3622824A
InventorsAtlee Zed J
Original AssigneePicker Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Composite x-ray tube target
US 3622824 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Unwed States Patent 11113,622,824

[72] Inventor ZedJ.Atlee [56] ReierencesCited Elmhmb UNITED STATES PATENTS 5; Q J 2 35 2,52l,663 9/1950 Zunick 3l3/60X I 1 2,863,083 12/1958 Schram 313/330 45 Patented Nov. 23, 1971 [73] Assignee PickerCorporation FOREIGN PATENTS White Plnins,N Y. 64,830 9/1946 Denmark 313/60 [54] COMPOSITE X-RAY TUBE TARGET 3 Claims, 4 Drawing Figs.

{52] US. Cl 313/55, 29/198, 313/60, 313/3] 1, 3]3/330, 3 13/3 52 [5 l] Int. Cl H0lj 35/10 [50] Field of Search 313/344,

Primary ExaminerRoy Lake Assistant Examiner-E. R. La Roche AnarneyBuckhorn, Blore, Klarquist and Sparkman ABSTRACT: A composite rotating X-ray tube target having :1 molybdenum head and an annular target face of 218 tungsten bonded to the molybdenum head, the head desirably having a unitary stem and backing portion ofcolumbium.

COMPOSITE -X-RAY TUBE TARGET BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Selection of the proper materials out of which to make the rotating anode targets for X-ray tubes has posed a difficult problem. Such materials must have a good service life, maintain a smooth path and achieve good heat storage. Tungsten has desirably been used as such a material for the facing of the anode target, the head portion of which has been attached to a threaded stem or shaft by a nut. Such a form of construction, however, has not proved entirely satisfactory for massive targets which rotate at high speeds.

In US Pat. No. 1,410,499, May 21, 1922, Pacz disclosed a tungsten composition designated as 218 tungsten. This particular composition is made by reducing in a hydrogen atmosphere a tungsten oxide intimately associated with commercial grade chemicals such as sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, sodium nitrate, and silicic acid. The mixture is thereafter pressed in powder form into ingots which are sintered and then mechanically worked into the form desired. I have discovered that such 218 tungsten is a desirable material out of which to make the facing for rotating anode targets, and that such targets, when bonded to molybdenum, may be provided with a unitary stern and backing portion of columbium which makes it possible to obviate the usual shaft and nut arrangement.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The anode target which I have invented is a composite target having a face of 2 l 8 tungsten bonded to molybdenum. The molybdenum portion of the target may desirably have a backing of columbium which backing may in turn be a unitary part of a columbium stem for the target. Columbium is a desirable material for the stem and backing because it can be worked cold and because it has a very high specific heat, which results in poor thermal conductivity and good heat storage. Thus it is an ideal shaft material, maintaining the shaft bearing as cool as possible. Its high thermal expansion, however, requires the sandwich type of construction above disclosed, in which a molybdenum portion is disposed in contact with the 218 tungsten to avoid bonding problems.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side elevation of an X-ray tube constructed in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 2 is a view taken on line 22 of FIG. 1 and illustrates to an enlarged scale an anode target made in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken on line 3--3 of FIG. 2; and

FIG. 4 is a sectional view similar to FIG. 3 illustrating a different embodiment ofthe invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring to the drawings and in particular to FIGS. 1-2, the illustrated tube comprises an envelope having a cathode structure 12 mounted in one end thereof and an anode 14 in the opposite end thereof. The anode 14 is of the rotating type having a rotating target element or head 16 provided with a frustoconical target surface 18. The head 16 has a stem 20 extending from a rotor 22 suitably supported in the envelope in a conventional manner. The rotor 22 is adapted to be driven by a magnetic field generated by coils (not shown) positioned exteriorly of the envelope 10.

As can be clearly seen in FIGS. 2 and 3, the target element or head 16 is a composite structure having an annular target face 24 of 218 tungsten bonded to a molybdenum portion 26 having an annular recess 28 adapted to accommodate the 2 l 8 tungsten face 24. The molybdenum portion 26 is itself backed by a portion 30 of columbium bonded thereto. The molybdenum portion 26 is thus disposed between the 218 tungsten face 24 and the backing portion 30 of columbium. In the preferred construction this columbium backing 30 is, in turn,

a unitary art ofa columbium stem 32.

Colum ium is a desirable material for the stem 32 and the backing portion 30 because it can be worked cold and because it has a very high specific heat, 0.065 cal./g./ C. at 20 C. Columbium is also an ideal shaft material because its very poor thermal conductivity, 0.13 cal./cm. /cm./ C./sec., helps to maintain the shaft bearing as cool as possible.

The high coefficient of thermal expansion of columbium, however, 7.2X l 0" per C., makes the sandwich type of construction above described desirable. Such avoids the bonding problems which would occur were the columbium backing 30 bonded directly to the 218 tungsten face 24. A further advantage of the one piece columbium stem and backing is that such achieves additional heat storage over the conventional two-piece shaft and head construction.

FIG. 4 illustrates a modification of the invention in which the target element or head 16 comprises an annular target face 24' of2l8 tungsten bonded to a molybdenum portion 26' having an annular recess 28' adapted to accommodate the 218 tungsten face. In this embodiment, however, the molybdenum portion 26' constitutes the entire backing 34 for the 218 tungsten face, the composite structure being mounted on a conventional shaft 36 and being retained in position by a nut 38.

I claim:

1. In an X-ray tube having cathode means in one end thereof, anode means in the opposite end thereof and a rotor to rotate said anode means about the longitudinal axis thereof,

an anode target comprising 'a stem extending from said rotor and adapted to rotate therewith;

a head on said stem comprising a portion of molybdenum;

an annular face target of 218 tungsten bonded to said molybdenum portion of said head,

and a backing portion of columbium on said head, said molybdenum portion being disposed between said 218 tungsten face and said backing portion of columbium and being bonded to said columbium backing portion.

2. The X-ray tube of claim 1 in which said stem comprises a columbium stem.

3. The X-ray tube of claim 2 in which said columbium stem and said backing portion of columbium comprise a unitary stem and backing portion of columbium.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No- 3,622,824 Dated Jan. 21, 1972 Inventor(s) Zed J. Atlee It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Column 2, line 24 "7.2xl0'7E'6" should be --7.2xl0

Signed and sealed this 25th day of April 1972.

(SEAL) Atucs L:

EDW PD ILFLETCHERJIZ. ROBERT GOTTSCHALK At'tes ting; Office 1" Commissioner of Patents DRM po'mso (1049' USCOMM-DC 60376-P69 9 U5 GOVERNMENT PRIHTlNG QFFICE I9, 0-366-33l

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2521663 *Nov 4, 1947Sep 5, 1950Gen Electric X Ray CorpElectron target and means for making the same
US2863083 *Mar 25, 1957Dec 2, 1958Radiologie Cie GleX-ray genenrator tubes
DK64830A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3696977 *Apr 21, 1971Oct 10, 1972Johnson & Son Inc S CStretch elastomer valve
US3697798 *Mar 24, 1971Oct 10, 1972Schwarzkopf Dev CoRotating x-ray target
US3790838 *Feb 27, 1973Feb 5, 1974Machlett Lab IncX-ray tube target
US4187442 *Sep 5, 1978Feb 5, 1980General Electric CompanyRotating anode X-ray tube with improved thermal capacity
US4224273 *May 22, 1978Sep 23, 1980U.S. Philips CorporationMethod of manufacturing a laminated rotary anode for use in an x-ray tube
US4331902 *Mar 10, 1980May 25, 1982U.S. Philips CorporationLaminated rotary anode for X-ray tube
US4715055 *Aug 25, 1986Dec 22, 1987General Electric CompanyComposite rotary anode for X-ray tube and process for preparing the composite
US5592525 *Nov 30, 1994Jan 7, 1997General Electric CompanyMethod for making a rotating anode with an integral shaft
US7522707 *Nov 2, 2006Apr 21, 2009General Electric CompanyX-ray system, X-ray apparatus, X-ray target, and methods for manufacturing same
US8652388Dec 15, 2005Feb 18, 2014The Boeing CompanyRotational vacuum assisted resin transfer molding
US20060151072 *Apr 15, 2004Jul 13, 2006James DailyMolybdenum alloy x-ray targets having uniform grain structure
US20070141334 *Dec 15, 2005Jun 21, 2007The Boeing CompanyRotational vacuum assisted resin transfer molding
US20080107238 *Nov 2, 2006May 8, 2008General Electric Company, A New York CorporationX-ray system, x-ray apparatus, x-ray target, and methods for manufacturing same
U.S. Classification378/128, 428/664, 378/144, 428/665, 313/311, 313/352
International ClassificationH01J35/10, H01J35/00
Cooperative ClassificationH01J35/108
European ClassificationH01J35/10D