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Publication numberUS3623624 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 30, 1971
Filing dateJul 2, 1970
Priority dateJul 2, 1970
Publication numberUS 3623624 A, US 3623624A, US-A-3623624, US3623624 A, US3623624A
InventorsFujio Masaaki
Original AssigneeFujio Masaaki
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Thermocontractile capsule
US 3623624 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Inventor Masnki F ujio 500 Central National Bank Bldg., Des Moines, Iowa 50309 Appl. No. 51,849

Filed July 2, 1970 Patented Nov. 30, 1971 THERMOCONTRACTILE CAPSULE 4 Claims, 3 Drawing Figs.

U.S. Cl 215/38 A, 215/46 A Int. Cl B651! 41/02 FleldofSeareh 215/38 A.

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,790,285 4/l957 Pike et al. 215/38 A X 2,790,286 4/1957 Snyder .v 215/38 A X Primary Examiner-George T. Hall Attorney-Zarley, McKee & Thomte ABSTRACT: A capsule made of thermocontractile material and having at least a pair of lines of perforations from side to side along which the capsule may be torn open. The capsule is provided with a part adapted to introduce and ensure the tearing action along the perforated lines.

PATENTEDNUV 30 ISYI 3,623 ,624

FIG. I

INVENT( )R ATTORNEY THERMOCONTRACTILE CAPSULE A thermocontractile capsule formed with two vertical parallel lines of perforations along which said capsule can be ripped or opened out is known in the art. But such capsule has a defect that it is often difiicult to perform smooth ripping-out along the perforations. This is attributable to the fact that such thermocontractile capsule is closely attached to the neck of a bottle or the like by first fitting it to a desired position on the neck and then heating it to cause its shrinkage to thereby achieve close attachment to said neck, so that a lateral stretching force or stress is constantly acting as an internal force. Such stress works to prevent smooth vertical ripping along the perforations and often causes lateral deviation in the course of ripping operation, thus making it difficult to perform continuous and smooth ripping along the prescribed lines to the bottom at one stroke.

The present invention aims at providing a novel and improved thermocontractile capsule which is made of a thermocontractile material and in which desired ripping can be performed smoothly and positively in the vertical direction along the perforations and also said perforations can be formed with ease and at extremely high efficiency.

In order to accomplish the above object, there is provided according to the present invention a capsule comprising a cylindrical structure made of a thermocontractile material such as synthetic resin, with both side edge portions of the cylinder being superposed one on the other, and in which a first vertical line of perforations is formed along a part of the first side edge portion which part is slightly apart from the edge of said portion, and a second vertical line of perforations is formed at a position on the second side edge portion which position is symmetrical with the position of the first line of perforations with the edge of said second side edge portion as an axis of symmetry. There is also formed a lip or grip element between the top end of the second line of perforations and the top end of the edge of the first side edge portion, while a similar lip or grip element, which is however about one-half of the first-said grip element in width, is formed between the top end of the edge of the second side edge portion and the top end of the first line of perforations.

Now, the present invention will be described in detail with particular reference to its preferred forms of embodiment shown in the appended drawings. It is to be understood, how ever, that the present invention is not limited to the particular embodiments shown herein.

in the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the capsule according to the present invention, with parts broken away:

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional plane view of the capsule according to the present invention, showing a condition where the lamination of the two side edge portions is folded double flatly at the centerline between two lines of perforations; and

FIG. 3 is a view similar to FIG. 1, but showing another embodiment of the invention.

Referring generally to the drawings, the cylindrical body I is made of thermoplastic material or other suitable thermocontractile thin material and both side edge portions la and lb thereof are superposed one on the other and secured fast to each other by heat adhesion or with an adhesive.

At a part slightly spaced from the edge la of the side edge portion la which is positioned in the inside, there is formed a vertical line of perforations 2, and at a position on the outwardly exposed side edge portion lb and symmetrical with the first-said line of perforations 2 with the edge lb of said lb as an axis of symmetry, there is formed another vertical line of perforations 3 as shown.

There is also formed an upwardly projecting lip-shaped grip element 4 between the top end of the line of perforations 3 and the top end of the edge of the inside positioned side edge portion la, while a similarly shaped grip element 5 having a width about one-half that of the firstsaid grip element 4 is formed between the top end of the edge lb of the outwardly positioned side edge portion lb and the slightly inwardly Thus, according to the capsule of the present invention, the line of perforations 2 and 3 are formed outside of the lamination of the inner and outer side edge portions la and lb, so that the portion between said lines of perforations 2 and 3 is far stronger than the other parts of the cylinder 1, and therefore, when that portion is torn off vertically by gripping and pulling down the grips 4 and 5, it can be smoothly and positively ripped out right to the bottom end at one stroke without causing lateral ripping.

it is also noted that in the capsule of the present invention, the edge lb of the side edge portion lb is positioned centrally between both lines of perforations 2 and 3, so that it is possible to fold double the laminated portion flatly by bending along the edge lb of the side edge portion lb in the manner as shown in FIG. 2, and in this case, as will be noticed, both lines of perforations 2 and 3 coincide with each other, so that it is possible to form both of them simultaneously.

In an alternative embodiment shown in FIG. 3, a line of perforations 2 is formed at a part slightly spaced from the edge lb of the external side edge portion lb, and another line of perforations 3' is formed at a position symmetrical with the first-said line of perforations with the edge la of the internal side edge portion la as an axis of symmetry, whereby same effect as in the preceding embodiment is obtained.

in the case of FIG. 3, a lip-shaped grip element 4 is formed between the edge lb of the external side edge portion lb and the line perforations 3', and a similar grip element 5' having a width about one-half that of the grip element 4' is formed between the edge la of the internal side edge portion la and the line of perforations 2'.

Also, in the embodiment of FIG. 3, each line of perforations 2' and 3 is composed of slightly spaced plural files and the perforations in the respective files are arranged vertically in staggered relation to each other, whereby ripping is effected from one perforation in one file to the corresponding perforation in the adjacent file and continued in this manner downwardly in succession, so that the ripping operation can be conducted even more smoothly and surely.

lclaim:

l. A capsule comprising a cylindrical body made of thermocontractile material such as synthetic resin, with both side edge portions of said cylindrical body being superposed one on the other, in which a vertical line of perforations is formed at a part slightly apart from the edge of the first side edge portion ofsaid cylindrical body, while another line of perforations is formed at a position on the second side edge portion that is located symmetrical with the first-said line of perforations with the edge of said second side edge portion as an axis of symmetry, and in which an upwardly projecting lip-shaped grip element is formed between the top end of the secondnamed line of perforations and the top end of the edge of the first side edge portion, while a similar grip element, which is about one-half of the first-said grip element in width, is formed between the top end of the edge of the second side edge portion and the top end of the first-named line of perforations.

2. A capsule according to claim 1, in which the first side edge portion is positioned inside and the second side edge portion is positioned outside.

3. A capsule according to claim 1, in which the first side edge portion is positioned outside and the second side edge portion is positioned inside.

4. A capsule according to any of the preceding claims, in which each line of perforations is composed of slightly spaced plural files and perforations in said files are arranged vertically in staggered relation to each other.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2790285 *Jul 27, 1953Apr 30, 1957Goodyear Tire & RubberSecondary closures
US2790286 *May 11, 1953Apr 30, 1957Goodyear Tire & RubberSecondary closures
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3741422 *Jul 19, 1971Jun 26, 1973Raychem CorpMethod and means for secondary closure
US3746201 *Oct 30, 1970Jul 17, 1973Fujio MHeat-shrinkable capsule
US7596927 *May 12, 2005Oct 6, 2009Moser Jerry WMethod of tamper proofing a container assembly with an easily opened tamper evident shrink band
Classifications
U.S. Classification138/156, 493/276, 215/253
International ClassificationB65D41/32, B65D41/54
Cooperative ClassificationB65D41/54
European ClassificationB65D41/54