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Publication numberUS3624827 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 30, 1971
Filing dateDec 11, 1968
Priority dateDec 11, 1968
Publication numberUS 3624827 A, US 3624827A, US-A-3624827, US3624827 A, US3624827A
InventorsLiess Richard K, Teasdale Max J
Original AssigneeCaterpillar Tractor Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Earthworking tooth and supporting adapter
US 3624827 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 72] lnventors Richard K. Liess;

Max J. Teasdale, both of Jollet, Ill. [21] Appl. No. 782,845 [22] Filed Dec. 11,1968 [45] Patented Nov. 30, 1971 [73] Assignee Caterpillar Tractor Co.

Peoria, Ill.

[54] EARTHWORKING TOOTH AND SUPPORTING ADAPTER 16 Claims, 7 Drawing Figs.

[52] US. Cl 37/142, 172/713 [51] Int. Cl E02f 9/28 [50] Field of Search... 37/l42; 172/713 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,202,806 10/1916 Clark 37/142 1,438,001 12/1922 Van Buskirk et al. 37/142 1,780,397 11/1930 McKee et a1 37/142 1,787,695 l/l93l McKee 37/142 2,256,488 9/1941 Murtaugh 37/142 2,385,395 9/1945 Baer 37/142 2,934,842 5/1960 Van Buskirk.. 37/142 3,079,710 3/1963 Larsen et a]. 37/142 Primary ExaminerEdgar S. Burr Attorney-Fryer, Tjensvold, Feix, Phillips & Lempio PATENTEDNUV 30 l97| SHEET 1 OF 2 SE 8 m m TAE M NDU M m WEK. .TM A

MW MW 7 EARTIIWORKING TOOTH AND SUPPORTING ADAPTER Earthworking tips or teeth are commonly employed upon various types of machinery for ripping or loosening earth as well as other materials. Very substantial load forces result within the tips from their engagement with the earth. The tips must be structurally sound in order to withstand these forces. In addition, even tips constructed of highly abrasion-resistant materials tend to wear away and must be replaced at frequent intervals. Accordingly, it is desirable to replaceably mount the tips upon a suitable supporting adapter in a manner so that the tips may be readily removed in the field without the need for special tools or equipment.

The present invention is directed toward the provision of an earthworking tooth and supporting adapter having a design which permits economical production in view of the large number of such teeth employed as replacement parts. In addition, the design of the present earthworking tooth is particularly designed to resist side loads on the tooth and to minimize the effect or bending forces arising at the juncture between the tooth and its supporting adapter. In this manner, the present invention provides a novel design pennitting economy in manufacture and providing additional strength for withstanding normal operating conditions.

A commonly employed earthworking tip in the prior art has a deep-tapered cavity which receives a tapered nose portion of the shank. The tip is commonly secured upon the shank by a retaining pin or other means.

It is generally desirable to forge or fabricate retaining tips to order to provide increased strength and improved wear properties. Tips of the above design have been found to be unsatisfactory at least from the standpoint of economy since the deep cavity is particularly difficult and expensive to form by either of these processes.

An additional problem arises from the complete enclosure of the supporting adapter within the tooth. It is difficult for the operator to determine when the tip is nearly worn through. For this reason, the tooth frequently wears away during operation so that the supporting adapter is exposed to highly abrasive engagement with the earth. Severe deformation of the adapter commonly results so that it must sometimes be replaced along with the earthworking tooth.

It is accordingly an object of the present invention to provide an earthworking tooth which may be economically formed by fabrication or forging, for example, and which exhibits increased strength for resisting side loads acting upon the tooth.

Other objects and advantages of the invention are made apparent in the following description having reference to the accompanying drawings.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a side view with parts in section of an earthworking tooth mounted upon a supporting adapter;

FIG. 2 is a plan view of the earthworking tooth and adapter of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a view taken along section lines IIIIII of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary side view of another embodiment of the present earthworking tooth and supporting adapter;

FIG. 5 is a plan view of the earthworking tooth and adapter of FIG. 4;

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary plan view of still another embodiment of the present earthworking tooth and supporting adapter; and

FIG. 7 is a view taken along section line VIIVII of FIG. 6.

Referring now to FIGS. l-3, an earthworking tooth 11 is secured upon an adapter 12 by means of a conventional retaining pin 13. The adapter 12 is in turn secured to an earthworking machine (not shown). In FIG. 1, the adapter is welded to the leading cutting edge 14 of a loader-bucket. A variety of loading forces may act upon the tooth 11. The configuration of the tooth 11 and adapter 12 must be suitable for transferring these forces into the supporting adapter. Large loading forces act longitudinally upon the tooth and tend to drive it rearwardly onto the adapter. However, the tooth is also subject to side loads and generally vertical loads in either direction which tend to pivot the tooth upon the adapter.

In order to transfer these loading forces from the tooth to the adaptena nose portion 16 of the adapter is wedge-shaped in vertical cross section. The forward end is the tapered adapter nose 16 defines a vertically arranged V-shaped opening 17. The tooth 11 has a rearwardly facing V-shaped projection 18 which is vertically arranged to generally mate with the V-shaped opening 17. Integral upper and lower flanges 19 and 21 extend rearwardly of the V-shaped projection 18. The flanges 19 and 21 are arranged in diverging relation to generally mate with the wedge-shaped nose portion 16 of the adapter 12. The retaining pin 13 is disposed within a generally vertical bore 22 defined by the adapter nose portion 16 and the flanges 19 and 21 to secure the tooth 11 upon the adapter 12.

Numerous advantages for the design of the present invention may be realized from the features summarized above. The relation of the flanges 19, 21 with the tapered adapter nose portion 16 tend to prevent pivoting of the tooth in a vertical plane and may also be employed to assist in transferring longitudinal loading forces from the tooth 11 to the adapter 12. The generally forwardly facing surfaces of the V-shaped opening 17 and the generally rearwardly facing surfaces of the V- shaped projection 18 cooperate to transfer to the adapter at least a substantial portion of longitudinal loading forces acting upon the tooth 11. In addition, the same surfaces are particularly effective to transfer side loads from the tooth to the adapter 12. In performing this function, the V-shape of the opening and projection offer several advantages. Initially, the V-shape provides a broad juncture between the V-shaped pro jection l8 and the remainder of the tooth 11 so that side loads acting upon the tooth will not fracture the projection from the tooth. Further, the V-shape of the opening 17 and the projection 18 tends to reduce the longitudinal length of the dominant load-transferring juncture between the tooth 11 and the adapter 12. In this manner, side loads acting upon the tooth are transferred to the adapter with a substantially reduced moment arm so that the likelihood of fracture or failure within the adapter nose portion 16 is further reduced. The manner in which the V-shaped projection 18 cooperates with the V- shaped opening 17 and the diverging flanges 19, 21 cooperate with the wedge-shaped nose portion 16 also tends to prevent the tooth from becoming wedged or locked upon the adapter and facilitate removal of the tooth from the adapter when necessary.

To further insure against locking of the tooth 11 upon the adapter 12, the V-shaped opening 17 as seen in FIGS. l-3 includes a pair of diverging surfaces 23 and 24 separated by a substantial root surface 26. The V-shaped projection 18 includes a pair of surfaces 27 and 28 which converge rearwardly to generally mate with the surfaces 23 and 24. The converging surfaces 27 and 28 are also separated by a root surface 29 which mates with the forwardly facing root surface 26. As seen in FIG. 2, the rearwardly facing root surface 29 is slightly narrower than the root surface 26 so that engagement of the two root surfaces tends to insure at least limited spacing between the surfaces 24, 28 and 23, 27.

As best seen in FIG. 3, the flanges l9 and 21 are of irregular cross section so that they extend inwardly toward the nose portion 16 along their longitudinal centerline as indicated at 31 and 32 respectively. The nose portion 16 is formed to generally mate with the flanges 19 and 21 so that these structures may cooperate to resist generally horizontal pivoting of the tooth upon the adapter.

Referring also to FIGS. 1 and 2, the tooth 11 and adapter 12 are generally symmetrical along their longitudinal centerline so that the tooth 11 may be reversibly mounted upon the adapter 12. The tooth is illustrated in FIG. 1 as having a nonsymmetrical cutting edge 33 so that the reversible tooth may be mounted upon the adapter to provide either a digger tip or a runner tip for finish work. Reversing of the tooth 11 would position the cutting tip 33 to provide a runner tip as shown by the broken lines at 34.

Features of the embodiments in FIGS. 4, 5 and 6, 7 which are similar to those in FIG. 1, for example, are indicated by rimed numerals. Both of these embodiments are modified slightly from that shown in FIG. 1 in order to transfer loading forces from the tooth to the adapter in a somewhat different manner. Having particular reference to FIGS. 5 and 6, the opposing surfaces of the V-shaped opening 17 and the V-shaped projection 18' serve to transfer a substantial portion of the loading forces from the tooth ill to the adapter 12'. However, in both of these embodiments. the rearwardly facing root surface 29' of the V-shaped projection 18' is of approximately the same width or somewhat wider than the forwardly facing root surface 26'. in this manner, loading forces acting between the tooth 11 and adapter 12' tend to be transferred by the larger area of the surfaces 24', 28' and 23', 27'.

in both of these embodiments, the flanges 19', 21 and the tapered nose portion 16' are formed to provide greater assistance in resisting forces which tend to pivot the tooth 11 upon the adapter 12'. Referring first to FIGS. 4 and 5, the flanges l9 and 21' of that embodiment have rearwardly extending lugs 51 and 52 which mate respectively with slots 53 and 54 formed respectively at the top and bottom of the adapter l2.

In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, the flanges l9 and 21' are formed with longitudinal keys 6] and 62 respectively which face inwardly toward the tapered adapter nose portion 16'. The nose portion 16 is formed with key ways 63 and 64 which mate respectively with the keys 61 and 62. Coaction between the keys 61, 62 and key ways 63, 64 and between the lugs 51, 52 and slots 53, 54 similarly serve to transfer a portion of any side loads on the tooth and thus strengthen the tooth and adapter assembly.

What is claimed is:

l. An earthworking tip and supporting adapter for mounting the tip, the adapter having a forward portion which is wedgeshaped in vertical cross section and defines a vertically aligned truncated V-shaped opening, the tip having rearwardly extending upper and lower flanges which diverge to generally mate with the wedge-shaped adapter portion and a rearwardly extending truncated V-shaped projection integrally formed between the flanges, said flanges extending past the truncated V-shaped projection, the adjacent surfaces between said flanges and the upper and lower faces of said adapter being tapered inwardly from their sides toward their longitudinal center lines, said flanges being wider than and overhanging said adapter, the truncated V-shaped projection of the tip generally mating with the truncated V-shaped opening of the adapter to permit load-transferring engagement between the surfaces of the truncated V-shaped opening in the adapter and the truncated V-shaped projection of the tip, and means for securing the tip upon the adapter comprising a retaining pin disposed in a generally vertical bore formed through the wedge shaped adapter portion and tip flanges to the rear of the V-shaped opening in the adapter.

2. The invention of claim 1 wherein the load-transferring means includes keys integrally formed in both of the flanges and mating keyways formed in the adapter, said keys and keyways being formed along said inwardly tapering surfaces.

3. The invention of claim 2 wherein the keys are directly opposed to each other.

4. The invention of claim 1 wherein portions of the tip adjacent the wedge-shaped adapter portion are substantially symmetrical about a longitudinal, generally horizontal plane through the tip to permit reversible mounting of the tip upon the adapter.

5. The invention of claim 4 wherein a ground-engaging leading portion of the tip is in nonsymmetrical relation with the portions of the tip adjacent the adapter.

6. The invention of claim 1 wherein at least one of the rearwardly extending tip flanges and a portion of the adapter mating therewith include means effective to assist in transferring side loads on the tip to said mating adapter portion.

7. The invention of claim 6 wherein the load-transferring means include rearwardly extending lugs on the tip flanges and mating slots formed by the adapter.

. The invention of claim 1 wherein the engagement between the surfaces of the V-shaped opening in the adapter and the V-shaped projection in the tip is along root surfaces fonned in said adapter and tip.

9. The invention of claim 8 wherein the truncated V-shaped opening in the adapter and the truncated V shaped projection of the tip have substantially equal angles of inclination and the rearwardly facing root surfaces of the truncated V-shaped projection having a smaller horizontal width than the forwardly facing root surfaces of the truncated V-shaped opening in the adapter.

10. An earthworking tip and supporting adapter for mounting the tip, the adapter having a forward portion which is wedge-shaped in vertical cross section and defines a vertically aligned truncated V-shaped opening, the tip having rearwardly extending upper and lower flanges which diverge to generally mate with the wedge-shaped adapter portion and a rearwardly extending truncated V-shaped projection integrally formed between the flanges, said flanges extending past the truncated V-shaped projection, said flanges being wider than and overhanging said adapter, the truncated V- shaped projection of the tip generally mating with the truncated V-shaped opening of the adapter along keys integrally formed in both of the flanges and mating keyways formed in the adapter to permit load-transferring engagement between the surfaces of the truncated V-shaped opening in the adapter and the truncated V-shaped projection of the tip, and means for securing the tip upon the adapter comprising a retaining pin disposed in a generally vertical bore formed through the wedge-shaped adapter portion and tip flanges to the rear of the V-shaped opening in the adapter.

11. The invention of claim 10 wherein at least one of the rearwardly extending tip flanges and a portion of the adapter mating therewith include means effective to assist in transferring side loads on the tip to said mating adapter portion.

12. The invention of claim 10 wherein the keys are directly opposed to each other.

13. The invention of claim 10 wherein portions of the tip adjacent to the wedge-shaped adapter portion are substantially symmetrical about a longitudinal, generally horizontal, plane through the tip to permit reversible mounting of the tip upon the adapter.

14. The invention of claim 13 wherein a ground-engaging leading portion of the tip is in nonsymmetrical relation with the portions of the tip adjacent the adapter.

15. The invention of claim 10 wherein the engagement between the surfaces of the truncated V-shaped opening in the adapter and the truncated V-shaped projection in the tip is along root surfaces formed in said adapter and tip.

16. The invention of claim 15 wherein the truncated V- shaped opening in the adapter and the truncated V-shaped projection of the tip have substantially equal angles of inclina tion and the rearwardly facing root surfaces of the truncated V-shaped projection has a smaller horizontal width than the forwardly facing root surfaces of the truncated V-shaped opening in the adapter.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1202806 *Apr 19, 1915Oct 31, 1916American Manganese Steel CoDipper-tooth.
US1438001 *Apr 26, 1921Dec 5, 1922Taylor Wharton Iron & SteelReversible dipper tooth
US1780397 *Aug 29, 1928Nov 4, 1930Kensington Steel CompanyDipper tooth
US1787695 *Oct 4, 1927Jan 6, 1931Kensington Steel CompanyDipper tooth
US2256488 *Jun 22, 1938Sep 23, 1941Daniels Murtaugh CompanyReplaceable tooth for dippers
US2385395 *Feb 11, 1944Sep 25, 1945Electric Steel FoundryExcavating tooth
US2934842 *Nov 30, 1955May 3, 1960Lesher W Van BuskirkDigging teeth for excavating dippers, etc.
US3079710 *Jun 22, 1961Mar 5, 1963Esco CorpGround-working tooth and method
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3792735 *Mar 26, 1973Feb 19, 1974Caterpillar Tractor CoRipper tip with shin guard confined retaining pin
US3801210 *Oct 12, 1971Apr 2, 1974Caterpillar Tractor CoWire-clip retaining means for tip-retaining pin
US3839805 *Sep 29, 1972Oct 8, 1974Caterpillar Tractor CoOpen side ground engaging tip
US3864853 *Apr 27, 1973Feb 11, 1975Caterpillar Tractor CoQuick disconnect cutting edge for earthworking implements
US3888028 *Sep 10, 1974Jun 10, 1975Western Rock Bit Co LtdDigger tooth
US3897642 *May 13, 1974Aug 5, 1975Caterpillar Tractor CoEarth working tip and adapter construction
US3952433 *Sep 3, 1974Apr 27, 1976Caterpillar Tractor Co.Spring clip retaining means for earthworking tips
US4067657 *Feb 17, 1976Jan 10, 1978Caterpillar Tractor Co.Cam lock retaining means for ripper tips
US4324057 *Jun 11, 1979Apr 13, 1982White Kenneth MPin type tooth retention system
US4577423 *Dec 24, 1984Mar 25, 1986Esco CorporationExcavating tooth system
US4823486 *Sep 30, 1987Apr 25, 1989Caterpillar Inc.Positive keeper means for pins of earthworking tips
US5423138 *Apr 4, 1994Jun 13, 1995Caterpillar, Inc.For use on an earthworking implement
US5765301 *Aug 5, 1996Jun 16, 1998H&L Tooth CompanyRetention apparatus for a ground engaging tool
US5778570 *Nov 13, 1995Jul 14, 1998Baz Service AgFor attachment to an edge of an excavator bucket
US5782019 *Nov 29, 1995Jul 21, 1998H & L Tooth CompanyHigh strength earth working tooth
US5868518 *Mar 15, 1996Feb 9, 1999The Ani Corporation, Ltd.To secure together first/second interengaging components to prevent motion
US6092958 *Dec 3, 1997Jul 25, 2000Caterpillar Inc.Pin retainer for ground engaging tools
US7730651 *Feb 14, 2007Jun 8, 2010Esco CorporationWear assembly
US7882649Mar 28, 2007Feb 8, 2011Esco CorporationWear assembly
US8122621Jan 13, 2011Feb 28, 2012Esco CorporationWear assembly
US8166678 *Sep 1, 2006May 1, 2012Metalogenia, S.A.Tooth and adaptor for dredging machine
US8356432 *Jun 3, 2010Jan 22, 2013Esco CorporationWear assembly
US8689472Dec 5, 2012Apr 8, 2014Esco CorporationWear assembly
US20110099862 *Oct 27, 2010May 5, 2011Esco CorporationWear Assembly For Excavating Equipment
US20110131843 *Jun 3, 2010Jun 9, 2011Esco CorporationWear Assembly
CN101379250BFeb 14, 2007Jul 10, 2013爱斯科公司磨耗总成
WO1982003235A1 *Mar 16, 1981Sep 30, 1982Caterpillar Tractor CoRetaining pin assembly for earthworking tool
WO1998005827A1 *May 28, 1997Feb 12, 1998Tooth H & L CoRetention apparatus for a ground engaging tool
WO2007097984A2 *Feb 14, 2007Aug 30, 2007Esco CorpWear assembly
Classifications
U.S. Classification37/92, 172/713, 37/456, 37/454
International ClassificationE02F9/28
Cooperative ClassificationE02F9/2833
European ClassificationE02F9/28A2C
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jun 12, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: CATERPILLAR INC., 100 N.E. ADAMS STREET, PEORIA, I
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:CATERPILLAR TRACTOR CO., A CORP. OF CALIF.;REEL/FRAME:004669/0905
Effective date: 19860515
Owner name: CATERPILLAR INC., A CORP. OF DE.,ILLINOIS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CATERPILLAR TRACTOR CO., A CORP. OF CALIF.;REEL/FRAME:004669/0905