|Publication number||US3625203 A|
|Publication date||Dec 7, 1971|
|Filing date||Mar 30, 1970|
|Priority date||Mar 30, 1970|
|Publication number||US 3625203 A, US 3625203A, US-A-3625203, US3625203 A, US3625203A|
|Inventors||Wadelton Donald P|
|Original Assignee||Wadelton Donald P|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (16), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 5/1967 Brown l28/2S B llll 3,625,203
Attorney-Fulwider, Patton, Rieber & Utecht ABSTRACT: A foot and leg exerciser for paraplegics and other inactive patients supplying passive exercise by elevating and lowering the patient's feet while tilting them. The patients feet rest on individual plates which move substantially 180 C. out of phase and are each controlled by a pair of scissors-connected levers joined substantially at their midpoints with the lower end of one lever pivotally mounted to a fixed point, the upper end of that lever being pivotally connected to a traveling bearing sleeve at the forward end of the footplate the lower end of the other lever being pivotally connected to a motor-driven crank, and the upper end of the other lever being pivotally connected to the back end of the footplate. The driving cranks are mounted displaced l80 C., and the resulting operation raises and lowers and tips the footplates to provide passive exercise forthe feet and legs of the patient.
PATENTED [1E0 H971 SHEET 1 OF 2 MM mw roo'r AND use EXERCISER BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. This invention relates to apparatus for applying passive exercise to the feet and legs of a patient.
2. Passive exercise devices for the feet and legs of patients are known in the art, but these have been particularly adapted for bedridden patients, for standing exercise, or for vibration, and have involved complex structures and movements. Such exercisers are represented by the US. Pats. to Nelson et al., No. 1,948,534, dated Feb. 27, I937; Mueller et al., No. 2,08I,365, dated May 25, I937; Kost, No. 2,206,902, dated July 9, I940; and Girten No. 3,370,584, dated Feb. 27, I968.
The foot and leg exerciser of the present invention is a lightweight, readily portable one of simple mechanical construction, particularly adapted for the use of patients in wheelchairs and like sitting positions. It provides a simple, inexpensive, portable device for providing passive exercise to the feet and legs of a patient by raising and lowering and tilting the feet to exercise the muscles, to strengthen and rejuvenate them, and to stimulate circulation in the afflicted parts.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention is directed to a passive exercise device for the feet and legs of a paraplegic or other inactive patient, providing a footplate driven to raise and lower and tilt the patient's feet. The footplate is supported on and moved by a pair of scissors-connected levers operated by a motor-driven crank, and a pair of such plates so supported and moved may be provided with their cranks being preferably mounted angularly 180 apart to drive the plates 180 out of phase. Each pair of levers is pivotally joined substantially at their midpoints and the lower end of one lever of each pair is pivotally connected to and driven by one of the cranks. The lower end of the other lever of each pair is pivotally mounted to a fixed point. The upper ends of one of levers, for example the upper end of the crank-driven lever is pivotally connected to the back end of the footplate, and the upper end of the fixedly pivoted lever is pivotally connected to a sliding bearing mounted adjacent the forward end of the footplate and movable rectilinearly substantially parallel to the plane of the footplate.
As each crank rotates, it moves its associated pair of scissors-connected levers to extended and collapsed positions to raise and lower the associated footplate and, at the same time, give to the footplate limited tilting movements fore and aft, thus effecting tilting exercise of the feet, as well as exercise incident to the raising and lowering of the feet. This gives passive exercise to the feet and legs of the patient to rejuvenate and strengthen muscles, stimulate circulation, and in some cases, relieve abnormal pressure on nerves and blood vessels. The device is simple, inexpensive and lightweight, and readily portable for movement to a seated patient, and may readily be controlled by the patient himself so that close attention during the exercise period is not required.
Other objects and features of the invention will be apparent from the detailed description and claims and the appended drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. I is a perspective view of an exerciser according to the present invention in use by a patient;
FIG. 2 is a view, partly in section on the line 2-2 of FIG. I, and partly in elevation. showing the footplates and the mechanism for operating them;
FIG. 3 is a transverse sectional view on the line 3-3 of FIG. 2, with parts broken away; and
FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing the lever-operating mechanism for a footplate.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT FIG. I shows a foot and leg exerciser 11 according to the present invention in use by a patient seated in an armchair.
The exerciser comprises a base plate I2 having mounted centrally thereof, in attached relation, a rigid casing 13 having a carrying handle 14 secured thereto. On opposite sides of the central casing I3 are mounted footplates I5 and I6 by the mechanisms shown in the other figures which are surrounded by corrugated, bellows-type enclosures I7 and 18 extending between the footplates I5 and I6 and the base plate 12. An electrical energizing cord 19 with a standard end plug leads into the casing 13, as does a control wire 21 leading to a switchplate 22 which may be carried on the lap of the patient for control of the exerciser.
Referring to FIGS. 2 and 3, within the casing I3 is disposed an electric motor 23 which, through reduction gearing 24, drives a cross-shaft 25 extending at opposite ends into the chambers formed within the corrugated enclosures I7 and I8. Rigidly mounted on the opposite ends of the shaft 25 are cranks 26 and 27 displaced relative to each other through an angle of substantially l80. These cranks are located on the outside of shaft-supporting posts 28 and 29, respectively.
Footplate 16 is supported on a pair of scissors-connected levers 31 and 32 pivotally connected together adjacent their midpoints at 33. Footplate I5 is supported on a pair of scissors-ocnnected levers 34 and 35 pivotally connected together adjacent their midpoints at 36. The lower end of the lever 31 is pivotally connected at 37 to a post 38 adjacent the back of the base plate 12. The lower end of the lever 32 is pivotally connected to the end of the crank 27 at 39. The upper end of the lever 32 is pivotally connected at 41 to a lug 42 which depends from adjacent the back end of the footplate 16. The upper end of the lever 31 is pivotally connected at 43 to a traveling bushing 44 slidably mounted on a rod 45 which is rigidly mounted with its axis parallel to the plane of the footplate I6 upon a pair ofdepending lugs 46 and 47.
The mounting for the footplate 15 is substantially the same as that for the footplate 16, with the lower end of the lever 34 pivoted at 48 on a post 49 adjacent the back end of the mounting plate 12 (FIG. 4). The lower end ofthe lever 35 is pivotally mounted at 51 to the end of crank 26. The upper end of the lever 35 is pivotally mounted at 52 to a lug 53 depending from adjacent the back end of the footplate 15. The upper end of the lever 34 is pivotally connected at 54 to a traveling bushing 55 slidably mounted on a rod 56 rigidly mounted with its axis parallel to footplate 15 by a pair of depending lugs 57 ad 58.
The operation of the foot and leg exerciser according to this invention is as follows: with the motor 23 energized, it rotates to rotate shaft 25 through the reduction gearing 24. As viewed in FIG. 2, it is assumed that the shaft 25 is rotating in a counterclockwise direction. The description hereinafter of the movement of either of the footplates I5 and I6 is duplicated by the other, but substantially 180 out of phase, because of the location of the cranks 26 and 27 displaced 180 on the shaft 25. Taking now the footplate 16, it is shown in FIG. 2 at the plane A-A corresponding to a position of the axis of the crank 27 intersecting the point A at the lower left-hand corner of FIG. 2. As the shaft 25 and crank 27 rotate counterclockwise to the position B where the axis of the crank is substantially vertical, the footplate 16 moves into the position represented by the plane B-B, where the plate I6 has not only been raised but has had its forward end, in effect, tilted downwardly because its rear end has moved upwardly through a greater distance. As the shaft 25 and crank 27 continue to rotate through the points C and D, the footplate l6 assumes the positions of the planes C--C and D-D, the latter representing the extreme upward movement of the footplate. It will be seen in this movement that not only has the plate 16 been raised from the plane A-A to the plane D-D, but also tion E and the footplate moves downwardly from the -D to the plane E-E and continues its movement back to its position A-A. It can be seen that this downward movement not only lowers the foot, but also changes its angular relation from that of D-D through E-E back to AA, effecting a fore and aft tilting movement of the foot by lessening the plate angle.
The above-described movements in elevating, lowering tilting explained for the footplate 16 are duplicated for the footplate 15, but 180 out of phase, so that the plate is up when the plate 16 is down, and vice versa.
The above-described movements of the footplates 15 and 16 are effected by expansion and contraction of the scissorsconnected levers as the cranks 26 and 27 rotate the ends of the levers 35 and 32, respectively, the pivot points for the levers 31 and 34 remaining stationary at 37 and 48, respectively. The upper ends of the levers 32 and 35 pivot but do not otherwise move with respect to the back ends of the footplates and the upper ends of levers 31 and 34, which are connected to the travelling bushings 44 and 45, not only pivot at 43 and 54, respectively, but move longitudinally of the footplates on their respective rods 45 and 46 from the forward end occupied by the bushing 44 to the rear end occupied by the bushing 55 in FIG. 2.
While a certain preferred embodiment of the invention has been specifically illustrated and described, it will be understood that the invention is not limited thereto, as many variations will be apparent to those skilled in the art, and the invention if to be given its broadest interpretation within the terms ofthe following claims.
1. A foot and leg exerciser comprising:
a pair of footplates;
a pair of scissors-connected levers mounting said footplates;
means pivotally mounting the lower end ofone lever of each pair of levers to a fixed part;
means for driving the lower end of the other lever of each pair oflevers;
means pivotally connecting the upper end of each driven lever to one end ofa footplate; and
means pivotally connecting the upper end of said one lever of each pair to an element mounted on and movable relative to the opposite end of each footplate.
2. The exerciser defined in claim 1 including:
a base plate having said footplates mounted in laterally spaced relation thereon; and
a driving motor on said base plate between said footplates for driving the driven lever of each pair.
3. The exerciser defined in claim 2 including:
a rigid housing surrounding said driving motor; and
a corrugated extensible housing surrounding each pair of scissors-connected levers between the footplates and the base plate.
4. The exerciser defined in claim 2, including:
a shaft rotated by said driving motor;
a pair ofcranks on said shaft; and
means pivotally connecting the lower ends of the driven levers to said cranks.
5. The exerciser defined in claim 4 in which said cranks are angularly displaced substantially l80 so that said footplates move substantially l80 out of phase.
6. The exerciser defined in claim 1 including means by which the operation of said scissors-connected levers both elevates and lowers the footplates and tilts them fore and aft to vary their angular relation to the horizontal.
7. The exerciser defined in claim 1 in which said paired scissors-connected levers are pivotally connected together substantially adjacent their midpoints.
8. The exerciser defined in claim 1 in which the upper end of said one lever of each pair is pivotally connected to a traveling bushing;
rods mounted on and with their axes substantially parallel to the planes of the footplates;
said traveling bushings being slidably mounted on said rods.
9. The exerciser defined in claim 1 including: a s aft;
means for rotating said shaft;
crank means mounted on said shaft; and
means pivotally connecting the lower ends of the driven levers to said crank means.
10. The exerciser defined in claim 9 in which said crank means is a pair of cranks spaced at the opposite ends of the shaft and displaced angularly through substantially l and each having the lower end of one of said driven levers pivoted thereto.
11. A foot and leg exerciser comprising:
a pair of scissors-connected levers mounting said footplate;
means pivotally mounting the lower end of one lever of said pair of levers to a fixed part;
means for driving the lower end of the other lever of said pair of levers;
means pivotally connecting the upper end of said other lever to one end of said footplate; and
means pivotally connecting the upper end of said one lever to an element mounted on and movable relative to the opposite end of said footplate.
12. The exerciser defined in claim 11 including:
a base plate having said footplate mounted in laterally spaced relation thereon; and
a driving motor on said base plate for driving said other lever.
13. The exerciser defined in claim 12 including:
a rigid housing surrounding said driving motor; and
a corrugated extensible housing surrounding said pair of scissors-connected levers between said footplate and said base plate.
14. The exerciser defined in claim 12 including;
a shaft rotated by said driving motor;
a crank on said shaft; and
means pivotally connecting the lower end ofsaid other lever to said crank.
15. The exerciser defined in claim 11 including means by which the operation of said scissors-connected levers both elevates and lowers said footplate and tilts it fore and aft to vary its angular relation to the horizontal 16. The exerciser defined in claim 11 in which said scissorsconnected levers are pivotally connected together substantially adjacent their midpoints.
17. The exerciser defined in claim ll in which the upper end of said one lever is pivotally connected to a traveling bushing;
a rod mounted on and with its axis substantially parallel to the plane of said footplate;
said traveling bushing being slidably mounted on said rod.
18. The exerciser defined in claim 11 including:
means for rotating said shaft;
crank means mounted on said shaft; and
means pivotally connecting the lower end ofsaid other lever to said crank means.
i l I! Po-ww UNETED STATE TENT osmcs CERTIFICATE OF CQRRECTEUN Patent No. 3 .625 .203 Dated December 7. 1971 Inventor(s) DONALD P. WADELTON It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
In the Abstract, Line 4 after "substantially" delete "180C" and insert therefor --l80-; Line 9,
after "footplate" insert (a semi-colon) Line 13, after "displaced", delete "180C" andinsert therefor Column 1, Line"? 8 before "levers" insert the-; Line 39, before "is" insert (a. comma).
Column 2, Line 24, before "levers" delete. "ocnnected" and insert therefor '-conneo ted- Column 3, Line 19, before :"not" delete "45" and insert therefor 55-;---'; .Line 28, T,afte*r "invention" delete "if and insert, thereforw-eis n H Signed and sealed this 16th day of May 1972.
(SEAL) AtteshisemenPLFLET HER ,JI-:. ROB RT GOTTSCHALK Aomsulng- Officer Commissioner of Pr? tent s
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2081365 *||Nov 16, 1934||May 25, 1937||Mueller Hilmar||Foot vibrator|
|US3316898 *||Oct 23, 1964||May 2, 1967||James W Brown||Rehabilitation and exercise apparatus|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4086921 *||Oct 14, 1976||May 2, 1978||David Gonzales||Therapeutic footrest|
|US4676501 *||Sep 23, 1985||Jun 30, 1987||Michael J. Amoroso||Exercise machine|
|US5070555 *||Dec 3, 1990||Dec 10, 1991||Pearson Wendy P||Oscillatable hospital bed footboard assembly|
|US5343856 *||Nov 18, 1992||Sep 6, 1994||Proctor Alfred E||Complete body passive exercise machine|
|US7364534||Dec 23, 2003||Apr 29, 2008||Robert Gregory Zoller||Exercise device for foot, ankle and/or shin|
|US8360940||Nov 16, 2010||Jan 29, 2013||Rk Inventions, Llc||Lower leg and foot exercise device|
|US8444580||Sep 25, 2007||May 21, 2013||Panasonic Corporation||Passive exercise assisting device|
|US9132308||Dec 26, 2012||Sep 15, 2015||Rk Inventions, Llc||Lower leg and foot exercise device|
|US20040172093 *||Jan 31, 2003||Sep 2, 2004||Rummerfield Patrick D.||Apparatus for promoting nerve regeneration in paralyzed patients|
|US20050137065 *||Dec 23, 2003||Jun 23, 2005||Zoller Robert G.||Exercise device for foot, ankle and/or shin|
|US20060247095 *||Mar 1, 2006||Nov 2, 2006||Rummerfield Patrick D||Method and apparatus for promoting nerve regeneration in paralyzed patients|
|DE19634396B4 *||Aug 26, 1996||Mar 27, 2008||Schiessl, Hans||Gerät zur Stimulation von Muskeln des Bewegungsapparats|
|DE102008016344A1||Mar 30, 2008||Oct 1, 2009||Peter Kotlarov||Muscle i.e. biceps, stimulating device for arm in upper body area of user, has drive device for driving handles to perform vibration movement relative to frame, where vibration movement is repeated with frequency in preset range|
|EP2067461A1 *||Sep 25, 2007||Jun 10, 2009||Panasonic Electric Works Co., Ltd||Passive motion-type exercise assistance device|
|WO1998008478A1 *||Aug 16, 1997||Mar 5, 1998||Hans Schiessl||Device for stimulating muscles of the locomotor system|
|WO2001019221A1 *||Jul 27, 2000||Mar 22, 2001||Bellvis Castillo Juan Luis||Dynamic footrest|