|Publication number||US3625365 A|
|Publication date||Dec 7, 1971|
|Filing date||Jun 25, 1969|
|Priority date||Jun 25, 1969|
|Publication number||US 3625365 A, US 3625365A, US-A-3625365, US3625365 A, US3625365A|
|Inventors||Armstrong John E, Jacuzzi Virgil|
|Original Assignee||Jacuzzi Bros Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (34), Classifications (14), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent John E. Armstrong Weston, Ontario;
Virgil Jacuzzi, lslington, Ontario, both of Canada June 25, 1969 Dec. 7, 1971 Jacuzzi Bros., Inc.
Inventors Appl. No. Filed Patented Assignee UNDERDRAIN ASSEMBLY FOR POOL-TYPE FILTER 6 Claims, 7 Drawing Figs.
U.S. Cl 210/232, 210/279, 210/288, 210/289 Int. Cl Bold 23/20 Field of Search 239/350;
Primary Examiner-Samih N. Zaharna A!!orneyEdward Brosler ABSTRACT: An underdrain assembly for a swimming pooltype filter, involving a hub mounted on the lower end ofa central return flow column, and having a plurality of slotted radial arms, each of which is made up of one or more similar snap on sections and terminating in a snap on slotted terminal com ponent. The slots enlarge inwardly to avoid clogging.
PAIENTEU 0m: 1m: 3.6253 5 sum 1 or 2 FIG. 2
INVENTORS JOHN E. ARMSTRONG VIRG'L JACUZZI 6% 14 ATTORNEY PATENTED HEB 719m SHEET 2 UF 2 INVENTORS JOHN E. ARMSTRONG VIRGIL JACUZZI ATTORNEY UNDERDRAIN ASSEMBLY FOR POOL-TYPE FILTER Our invention relates to a swimming pool-type filter having a central return flow column, and more particularly to an underdrain assembly for such type of filter.
Among the objects of our invention are,
1. To provide a novel and improved underdrain assembly for a pool type filter,
2. To provide a novel and improved underdrain assembly which is self cleaning and not likely to clog during use,
3. To provide a novel and improved underdrain assembly formed of standardized component parts, so as to enable fabrication of an underdrain assembly of a desired capacity to satisfy the requirements of a given size filter,
4. To provide a novel and improved underdrain of light weight, noncorrosive material such as plastic.
Additional objects of our invention will be brought out in the following description of a preferred embodiment of the same, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein FIG. I is a view, partly in section, of a pool-type filter to which the present invention is directed, and illustrates an underdrain assembly of the present invention installed therein,
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary view, taken in the plane 22 of FIG. 1,
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view in section, taken in the plane 3- 3 of FIG. 2 and illustrating the manner of assembling the underdrain of the present invention,
FIG. 4 is a view in section, taken in the plane 4-4 of FIG. 3,
FIG. 5 is a magnified view in section, of a small portion of the structure depicted in FIG. 4,
FIG. 6 is a plan view illustrating a locking means employed in assembling the component parts of the underdrain assembly of the present invention, and
FIG. 7 is a view taken in the plane 7-7 of FIG. 6.
Referring to the drawings for details of our invention in its preferred form, the same relates to a pool-type filter involving a housing 1, supported with its bottom 3 above ground level by a skirt 5 encircling the lower end of the housing and affixed thereto. All filter system flow connections 7 are mounted at the top of the housing, and these include a position selector valve assembly 9. In one position, the valve assembly provides for flow to a filter bed 11, of water pumped from a pool for filtering, such water, after filtering, entering an underdrain 13 for return to the valve assembly 9 through a central return flow column 15, for discharge to the pool from which the water was initially drawn. A stabilizing grid basket 17 mounted on the return flow column, above the level of the filter bed, serves to uniformly distribute the incoming water to the filter bed, thus to stabilize the filter material against mounding.
The present invention relates particularly to the underdrain assembly 13 which, in accordance with the present invention,
' basically involves a hollow hub 21 having a central opening passage 23 for flow attachment to the lower end of the return flow column 15, and a plurality of radially located opening passages 25 for flow attachment to the hub, of a plurality of hollow, radially directed arms 27, each of which is closed at its extreme end, and provided with a plurality of narrow longitudinal slots 29, from one end to the other, all such slots permitting inflow of filtered water for return through the return flow column, and ultimately back to the pool. Both the return flow column and the underdrain may be fabricated of plastic whereby the hub may be cemented to the return flow column by a suitable plastic bonding agent.
Each arm of the underdrain, except for the exposed end portion, is formed of one or more standardized components 31 capable of being assembled end to end, to any desired length, with provision for assembling of the first of such components, to its position on the hub.
Accordingly, each of the standardized components preferably terminates at one end in a rather wide shallow rib 33 while at its other end, it is provided with an expanded collar 35 adapted to snugly receive the corresponding end rib 33 of another of such standardized components whereby to enable an assembly of a plurality of such components in end to end telescoping relationship.
To permit assembling of such arm to the hub, each radical opening passage 25 in the hub is defined in part by an external ring 37 adapted to telescope into the end collar of the initial component of the arm assembly.
To secure these components in their final assembled position, each end rib 33 has integrally formed thereon, at least one teat 39, and preferably two at diametrically opposite locations, while each end collar 35 is provided with correspondingly located holes 41 (FIG. 3) adapted to snugly receive such teats, to thereby lock adjacent components against separation.
As a means to facilitate such assembly of the components, each of the teats has a beveled front edge 43 while the edge of each collar 35 at the location of each hole, is formed to include an arch 45, thereby enabling each component to be snapped into locking engagement with the adjacent component, the flexibility and resiliency of the components being such as to permit of the necessary distortion to efiect such assembly.
Similar beveled teatsformed on each ring 37 of the hub, provide for attachment to the hub, of the first component of an arm assembly in like manner.
Each arm is finished off by the addition of a hollow terminal component of tapered design which is closed at its small end, and like the previous components 31, this terminal component will be provided with a plurality of slots 49. However, these may be distributed about the complete circumference of the component.
To enable snap on attachment of such end component, each standard component 31 is formed with an inwardly directed shallow rib 51 while the terminal component is molded with a base collar 53 having an outer peripheral groove adapted to accommodate the inwardly directed rib 51, whereby to lock the terminal component in its assembled position.
To facilitate such assembly of the terminal component, the free or advancing edge 55 of the collar is beveled.
The slots in each component 31 are preferably predominently located on the underside thereof, in an area extending approximately 3/5ths of the circumference of the component, thereby inhibiting entrance of filter medium particles, and causing the water being filtered to penetrate deeper through the filter bed before gaining access to the underdrain.
Aside from the general nature of the underdrain as described above, a feature of the invention resides in the specific character of the slots 29 and 49, to discourage probable clogging thereof by such grains of the filter medium as may penetrate the slots.
In the first place, the entrance to the slots in the outer surface of each of the arm components; as such slots would be exposed to the filter medium, is quite narrow and preferably smaller in width than the average grain thickness of the material forming the filter bed.
Each such slot as its passes through the wall of the component, gradually enlarges, and in the specific embodiment of the preferred form as illustrated in the drawings, each slot expands in two stages 57, 59, the first stage 57 at an angle of the order of 10, with the second stage enlarging at an angle of the order of 20. Thus, not only is the resistance to flow of water reduced as the water gains access to the underdrain, but should any grains of the filter material gain access to the narrow entrance of a clot, it will readily become apparent, that such grains will enjoy freedom of movement with the inflowing water, and thus cannot become trapped to accumulate and clog the underdrain.
For draining purposes, the hub may be provided with a central lower opening passageway 61 adapted to receive a supporting sleeve 63 extending down to and resting on the floor 3 of the housing, and adapted to receive a drain fitting 65 extending through and sealed in such floor, and to which is connected a drain pipe 67 extending through the skirt 5, in which it is supported.
From the foregoing description of our invention, it will be apparent that the same fulfills all the objects thereof, and while we have illustrated and described the same in its preferred fonn, it will be further apparent that the same is subject to alteration and modification without departing from the underlying principles involved, and we accordingly do not desire to be limited in our protection of the specific details illustrated and described, except as may be necessitated by the appended claims.
1. An underdrain assembly for a pool-type filter or the like having a central flow column, comprising a hollow hub having a central opening for fiow attachment to such column, and a plurality of hollow arms connected to said hub in flow communication with said central opening, each of said arms including a plurality of elongated similar component parts, each of said similar component parts having a plurality of small openings in its sidewall to communicate the interior with the exterior thereof with one end of each of said component parts constructed and arranged to telescope with the proximate end of an adjacent component part, to snap locking means associated with the ends of the component parts for locking each component part to an adjacent part and for locking each arm to said hub to inhibit withdrawal of one from the other and enable assembling of said arms to varying desired lengths to match the capacity of the filter for which intended.
2. An underdrain assembly in accordance with claim 1, characterized by said snap locking means for locking each component part to the other, said locking means including at least one teat at a location on one of said telescoping component parts and a hole in the other in matching location when said component parts are in telescoping relationship, said hole being of a size to snugly receive said teat.
3. An underdrain assembly in accordance with claim 2, characterized by each of said teats having a beveled edge and that portion of the component part in advance of said hole being formed to include an arch to receive and guide the bevelled teat of an adjacent component to the proximate hole for locking purposes.
4. An underdrain assembly in accordance with claim 3, characterized by each of said similar component parts being of plastic and having an outside diameter at one end substantially equal to the inside diameter at its other end with the teat located at said outside diameter end and with the hole at said inside diameter end.
5. An underdrain assembly in accordance with claim 4, characterized by a second teat located diametrically opposite the first teat, and a second hole diametrically opposite the first hole.
6. An underdrain assembly in accordance with claim 2, characterized by each of said similar component parts being of plastic and having an outside diameter at one end substantially equal to the inside diameter at its other end with the teat located at said outside diameter end and with the hole at said inside diameter end.
II l i
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2627503 *||Feb 24, 1948||Feb 3, 1953||Antone D Elmer||Water softener|
|US2699216 *||Jan 31, 1951||Jan 11, 1955||Ansul Chemical Co||Method for producing streams of fireextinguishing dry chemical|
|US2768750 *||Jan 14, 1954||Oct 30, 1956||Lindsay Company||Distributor for water treatment and filter tanks|
|US3317044 *||Dec 2, 1964||May 2, 1967||Culligan Inc||Water conditioning apparatus|
|BE657361A *||Title not available|
|FR1363045A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3779387 *||Oct 20, 1971||Dec 18, 1973||Ocean Protein Corp||Filter|
|US3826375 *||Jul 20, 1973||Jul 30, 1974||Universal Oil Prod Co||Liquid-solids contacting chamber with spherical strainer means|
|US4094790 *||Nov 11, 1976||Jun 13, 1978||Industrial Filter & Pump Mfg. Co.||Distributor collector assembly|
|US4169793 *||Jul 11, 1977||Oct 2, 1979||Tolo, Incorporated||Tank drain assembly for swimming pool filters|
|US4304667 *||Nov 30, 1979||Dec 8, 1981||Framatome||Filter for purifying a fluid containing ferromagnetic particles|
|US4416773 *||Feb 22, 1982||Nov 22, 1983||Water Refining Company, Inc.||Valve mechanism for multiple distributor fluid treatment system|
|US4509218 *||Mar 18, 1983||Apr 9, 1985||Morgan Flotation Systems||Drain pipes for emptying waveless waterbed mattresses|
|US4867874 *||Dec 31, 1987||Sep 19, 1989||Robert Aubert||Device for filtering water from an overflowing swimming pool, using an accumulating tank acting as a gravity filter|
|US5068033 *||May 10, 1990||Nov 26, 1991||Hayward Industries, Inc.||Underdrain assembly with pivotally-mounted and lockable laterals|
|US5203995 *||Jul 23, 1992||Apr 20, 1993||Fernando Martinez M||Filter for machine tool|
|US5584998 *||Jan 25, 1996||Dec 17, 1996||H-Tech, Inc.||Self-adjusting filter diffuser and method for assembling same in a filter housing|
|US5762785 *||May 29, 1997||Jun 9, 1998||Aplister, S.A.||Swimming pool filter|
|US5891335 *||Jan 4, 1996||Apr 6, 1999||Agency Environmental, Inc.||Filtration system with traveling plenum|
|US6048132 *||Jul 27, 1998||Apr 11, 2000||Agency Environmental, Inc.||Filter underdrain with prefabricated cells|
|US6605211||Oct 6, 2000||Aug 12, 2003||Jacuzzi Leisure Products||One-piece underdrain for swimming pool filters|
|US7341662 *||Oct 15, 2002||Mar 11, 2008||Derek Colin Tolley||Distribution and collection headers for a filter bed|
|US7513993||Sep 16, 2005||Apr 7, 2009||Pentair Water Pool And Spa, Inc.||Filter devices including a porous body|
|US7794591||Mar 21, 2008||Sep 14, 2010||Zodiac Pool Systems, Inc.||Pool filter|
|US7815796||Dec 31, 2007||Oct 19, 2010||Zodiac Pool Systems, Inc.||Pool filter|
|US7951293||Oct 6, 2008||May 31, 2011||Zodiac Pool Systems, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for a pool treatment and water system|
|US8012359 *||Mar 31, 2004||Sep 6, 2011||Kcc Group Limited||Filtration apparatus|
|US8137545||Sep 13, 2010||Mar 20, 2012||Zodiac Pool Systems, Inc.||Pool filter|
|US8173011||May 31, 2011||May 8, 2012||Zodiac Pool Systems, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for a pool treatment and water system|
|US8500171||Jan 19, 2010||Aug 6, 2013||John Tadlock & Associates, Inc.||Fluid distributor and collection device with collapsible laterals and knuckles|
|US8516661||Apr 29, 2009||Aug 27, 2013||Zodiac Pool Systems, Inc.||Retainer band for use in fluid-handling vessels|
|US8936721 *||Aug 5, 2011||Jan 20, 2015||Hayward Industries, Inc.||Unitary filter tank and an underdrain for filtering a body of water|
|US9108126||Jan 25, 2012||Aug 18, 2015||Hayward Industries, Inc.||Unitary filter tank and an underdrain for filtering a body of water|
|US20060124527 *||Sep 16, 2005||Jun 15, 2006||Pentair Water Pool And Spa, Inc.||Filter devices including a porous body|
|US20120138518 *||Jul 9, 2010||Jun 7, 2012||Filippo Bussinelli||Filtering system for swimming pools|
|US20130032517 *||Feb 7, 2013||Renaud Benoit Joseph||Unitary filter tank and an underdrain for filtering a body of water|
|US20130081984 *||Sep 27, 2012||Apr 4, 2013||Paul M. Cordua||Water filter system|
|EP1918251A1||Oct 31, 2006||May 7, 2008||Pentair Water Belgium BVBA||A water distributor for a multiport valve, a multiport valve including said distributor and a filter including said valve|
|WO2008017817A1 *||Aug 7, 2007||Feb 14, 2008||Boc Group Plc||Improvements in or relating to reaction vessels|
|WO2009059624A1||Nov 9, 2007||May 14, 2009||Pentair Internat Sarl||Quick-release fitting assembly|
|U.S. Classification||210/232, 210/288, 210/279, 210/289|
|International Classification||B01D35/02, B01D24/02, B01D24/38, B01D35/00, B01D24/00, B01D24/14|
|Cooperative Classification||B01D23/20, B01D24/14|
|European Classification||B01D24/14, B01D23/20|
|Jul 8, 1999||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: JACUZZI INC., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: NUNC PRO TUNC ASSIGNMENT EFFECTIVE AS OF 6-30-98;ASSIGNOR:JACUZZI INC.( A FORMER DELAWARE CORPORATION);REEL/FRAME:010061/0874
Effective date: 19990225
|Mar 30, 1999||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: JACUZZI INC., A DELAWARE CORPORATION, CALIFORNIA
Free format text: NUNC PRO TUNC ASSIGNMENT;ASSIGNOR:JACUZZI INC., A FORMER DELAWARE CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:009866/0373
Effective date: 19880402
|May 21, 1981||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: JACUZZI INC., 11511 NEW BENTON HIGHWAY, LITTLE ROC
Free format text: NUNC PRO TUNC ASSIGNMENT;ASSIGNORS:JACUZZI WHIRLPOOL BATH, INC.;JACUZZI BROS., INC.;REEL/FRAME:003873/0510;SIGNING DATES FROM 19810424 TO 19810508