|Publication number||US3626438 A|
|Publication date||Dec 7, 1971|
|Filing date||Dec 15, 1969|
|Priority date||Dec 15, 1969|
|Publication number||US 3626438 A, US 3626438A, US-A-3626438, US3626438 A, US3626438A|
|Inventors||Cornell George L|
|Original Assignee||Ozark Metal Products Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (31), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent  lnvent0!' George L. Cornell Harrison, Ark.  Appl. No. 885,115  Filed Dec. 15, 1969  Patented Dec. 7, 1971  Assignee Ozark Metal Products, Inc. Harrison, Ark.
 ADJUSTABLE STAlRS 2 Claims, 4 Drawing Figs.
 U.S. Cl 52/183, 52/188, 52/191  Int. Cl 1504i 11/06  Field of Search 52/182-186, 191, 188
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,551,345 5/1951 Scott 52/183 3,230,907 1/1966 Morford et al. 52/182 91,330 6/1969 Greenman 52/183 538,145 4/1895 Allen 52/183 1,087,434 2/1914 Bone.. 52/183 1,673,178 6/1928 8015.... 52/184 2,245,825 6/1941 Ross 52/183 FORElGN PATENTS 32,594 10/1962 Finland 52/183 1,160,400 1956 France 52/183 Primary Examiner-- Frank L. Abbott Assistant Examiner Leslie A. Braun Attorney- Kinzer, Dom and Zickert PATENTED DEC 7 Ian FIG.2
INVENTOR GEORGE L. CONNELL FIGB ATTORNEYS ADJUSTABLE STAIRS This invention relates to an adjustable stairway.
The primary object of the present invention is to furnish adjustable stairs for use with mobile homes, cottages, campers and so on, particularly in terms of an inexpensive metal constructiop compared to more costly custom-built stairs. Specifically, the object of the invention is to construct the stairs with side supports in the form of adjustable parrallelograms with stair treads and risers supported therebetween on pivot points in such a fashion as not to interfere with but to actually participate in the adjustment, whereby the parallelograms can be extended (for a greater height) or retracted (for less of an angle) as the case may be without interference from the tread and riser. Thus, the pitch or angle of the stairway may be easily adjusted to fit the need, and then the stair tread may be permanently secured.
Another object of thepresent invention is to construct the stairs for rugged, weatherproof use and yet sufficiently light in weight as to be easily transported.
Other and further objects of the present invention will be apparent from the following description and claims and are illustrated in the accompanying drawing which, by way of illustration, shows preferred embodiments of the present invention and the principles thereof and what is now considered to be the best mode contemplated for applying these principles.
Other embodiments of the invention embodying the same or equivalent principles may be made as desired by those skilled in the art without departing from the present invention.
In the drawings:
FIG. I is a perspective view of one embodiment of the invention;
.FIG. 2 is a view of another embodiment of the invention showing adjustments which are possible;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a preferred form of tread and riser one-piece assembly; and
FIG. 4 is a view of yet another embodiment. One embodiment of the adjustable stairs of the present invention is illustrated at in FIG. 1, including a pair of spaced, opposed side supports 11A and 118 in the form of parallelograms. Each side support comprises parallel, longitudinal stringers l2 and I3 and a pair of parallel end links and 16, transverse thereto. The end links 16 are at the forward end of each side support, and in fact the lower ends thereof, when the stairs are in use, will be at ground level, or a level equivalent thereto. In the same sense of orientation it will be observed that the stringers 12 are the upper ones of the pair of each set.
The side supports thus afforded are spaced apart by a width corresponding to the width'of the stair tread T. The sides of the tread T are pennanently fixed to the'upper stringers 12 as hereinafter described, and in the preferred construction each of the stair treads T has a riser R extending upward from the rear edge thereof. 4
The end links I5 and 16 are pivotally connected at their opposite ends to the stringers I2 and 13 so that the four members together represent a flexible, articulated assembly capable of being adjusted to meet the required pitch at the installation site as shown in more detail in FIG. 2.
Thus referring to FIG. 2, a low level or small pitch installation is shown in solid lines, whereas a high level or large pitch angle installation is shown in dotted lines. The construction differs from that in FIG. I only in the number of treads and the length of the stringers; therefore like reference characters are used. Considering first the low level installation it may be noted that the end bars or links 15 are provided with pads 15? which engage some solid support, such as the ground. The fore ends of the stringers I2 and 13 are pivotally joined to the front link 15 by suitable pins 20, and at their upper or rear ends the stringers I2 and 13 are similarly connected pivotally to the rear links 16 by pivot pins 21. The assembly thus described is fully articulated, and the spacing between the stringers 12 and 13 is determined by the distance separating the pins 20 which is the same as the distance separating the pins 21.
In the embodiment shown in FIG. 2 there are three stair treads T1, T2 and T3. Similarly there are three risers R1, R2
and R3. The treads and risers thus afiorded are of the construction shown in FIG. 3, each tread including a frame constructed from a pair of side angle bars 23 and 24 joined and spaced by a transverse front angle bar 25, the ends being welded or otherwise fixedly secured one to another. The length of the angle bar 25 represents the spacing between the parallelogram side supports. The rear ends of the tread side members 23 and 24 are joined by a rear angle bar 26.
Extending upward from the rear angle bar 26 are a pair of vertical angle bars 27 and 28 presenting the height of the riser, and the top of the riser is defined by a top transverse angle bar 30. Again, the ends of the angles are welded to afford a rigid construction.
The tread support and the riser face or stop are preferably constructed from expanded metal as shown by the reference characters 3!. and 32 in FIG. I.
The tread and riser thus afforded represents a rigid onepiece structure, and the angle or corner where the two meet is provided with openings as 35, FIG. 3, through which a suitable bolt may be passed. Similar openings are provided in the two lower stringers as 13. Bolts are then passed through the aligned openings, joining each one-piece tread and riser assembly to the lower stringer of each side support. Each bolt becomes a pivot pin 36, FIG. 2. The pivot pins 20 and 21 may also be bolts.
Openings 37 for additional bolts are provided at the upper end of each of the side bar risers 27 and 28, FIG. 3. Similar openings are provided in the upper stringers l2, enabling bolts 37, FIG. 2, to be passed therethrough whereby the side bars of the risers are pivotally joined to the stringers just as the end links 15 and 16 are pivotally joined to the stringers. Resultantly, the assembly shown in solid lines in FIG. 2 may be readily shifted to a larger pitch angle shown by dotted line, one manifest difference being that the vertical distance separating the tread surfaces becomes larger. After the desired adjustment has been made, openings 40 may be drilled through the tread side bars 23 and 24, whereby additional bolts may be passed therethrough to rigidify the stair structure. The upper end links or bars may be attached to the floor structure of the quarters having the entrance rendered accessible by the stairs of the present invention. As will be apparent from FIG. 2 the top or upper riser R3 will in all instances fit flush against the floor joist.
Another embodiment of the invention is shown in FIG. 4 in which the only essential change is that the end links may be of extended height, 15A and 16A, at each side of the assembly so that a hand rail 45 may be supported at the upper ends thereof. Thus the end links 15A and 16A are pivotally connected to the elongated stringers precisely in the manner described above, and in fact like reference characters are used to identify like parts and connections in FIG. 4. Consistent with the desired adjustable feature, the opposite ends of the hand rail 45 are pivotally connected by pivot pins 46 to the upper ends of the handrail supports 15A and 16A.
Hence while I have illustrated and described preferred embodiments of the present invention it is to be understood that these are capable of variation and modification.
1. Adjustable stairs comprising a pair of opposed side supports the lateral spacing of which characterizes the width of the stairs and each constructed from a pair of spaced parallel stringers and a pair of vertical end links, one stringer being a lower stringer and the other an upper stringer, the end link for each support being respectively connected pivotally to the front end of the stringers of the related support so that each side support may be an adjustable parallelogram, the lower ends of the links extending below the lower stringer to serve as support of the stairs at ground level, and at least one tread and riser stair assembly spanning the side supports, said stair asv stringer at the angle between the tread and riser the opposed v 2. Adjustable stairs according to claim 1 wherein the vertisides of the front of the tread being connected to the up cal riser and the tread are constructed from angle bars affordstringers to lock the stairs in adjusted position and the riser of ing a metal framework the tread 1 1 and lhfi Tiser face the topmost stair assembly having means for attachment to a being expanded meta] fastened to the framework" supporting structure.
Lime 1mm: MR
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3,626,438 Dated December 7, 1971 George L. Connell It is certified that an error appears in the above identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
"Inventor: George L. Connell".
Signed and sealed this 13th day of June 1972.
EDWARD M.FLE'I'CHER,JR. ROBERT GOTTSCHALK Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US91330 *||Jun 15, 1869||Improved frult-stand|
|US538145 *||Apr 23, 1895||Combined display|
|US1087434 *||Jun 16, 1913||Feb 17, 1914||Edgar A Bone||Automatic release for fire-escapes.|
|US1673178 *||Oct 19, 1927||Jun 12, 1928||Stair structure|
|US2245825 *||Feb 11, 1939||Jun 17, 1941||Ross Wilard E||Folding stand|
|US2551345 *||Apr 14, 1949||May 1, 1951||Scott Charles H||Portable stairway|
|US3230907 *||Aug 22, 1962||Jan 25, 1966||Univ Iowa State Res Found Inc||Portable bleacher unit|
|FI32594A *||Title not available|
|FR1160400A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3885365 *||Jun 6, 1974||May 27, 1975||Cox Joe Warren||Self-adjusting stair|
|US4468901 *||Sep 30, 1982||Sep 4, 1984||Hendercraft Metal Works, Inc.||Porch and stair assembly for mobile homes|
|US4593503 *||May 13, 1983||Jun 10, 1986||Georg Koslowski||Adjustable stair guide and support|
|US4615160 *||Sep 30, 1985||Oct 7, 1986||Leblond Marc||Adjustable staircase|
|US4852309 *||Jun 8, 1988||Aug 1, 1989||Stamp Sr Homer M||Modular porch for a mobile home|
|US4959935 *||Sep 25, 1989||Oct 2, 1990||Stob H Richard||Adjustable stairway|
|US5056283 *||Jun 6, 1990||Oct 15, 1991||Visador Company||Adjustable stair rail|
|US5131197 *||Feb 25, 1991||Jul 21, 1992||Impo, Inc.||Mounted stairway|
|US5983580 *||Apr 6, 1998||Nov 16, 1999||Carr; M. Robert||Stair frame|
|US6003270 *||Apr 16, 1998||Dec 21, 1999||Macintyre; James R.||Variable riser seating system|
|US6100877 *||Mar 22, 1999||Aug 8, 2000||Virtual Ink, Corp.||Method for calibrating a transcription system|
|US6111565 *||Mar 22, 1999||Aug 29, 2000||Virtual Ink Corp.||Stylus for use with transcription system|
|US6124847 *||Mar 22, 1999||Sep 26, 2000||Virtual Ink, Corp.||Collapsible detector assembly|
|US6147681 *||Mar 22, 1999||Nov 14, 2000||Virtual Ink, Corp.||Detector for use in a transcription system|
|US6177927||Mar 22, 1999||Jan 23, 2001||Virtual Ink Corp.||Transcription system kit|
|US6191778||Mar 22, 1999||Feb 20, 2001||Virtual Ink Corp.||Transcription system kit for forming composite images|
|US6211863||Mar 22, 1999||Apr 3, 2001||Virtual Ink. Corp.||Method and software for enabling use of transcription system as a mouse|
|US6256946||Oct 4, 1999||Jul 10, 2001||Jack Kennedy Metal Products And Buildings, Inc.||Adjustable stairway for use with an overcast in a mine|
|US6310615||Sep 21, 2000||Oct 30, 2001||Virtual Ink Corporation||Dual mode eraser|
|US9422726 *||Oct 27, 2011||Aug 23, 2016||Beckm, Llc||Stair system|
|US9561398 *||Jul 6, 2015||Feb 7, 2017||Healthstream Taiwan Inc.||Incline angle adjustable stair climbing machine|
|US9562358||Jan 26, 2015||Feb 7, 2017||John Stephen Lanphear||Adjustable staircase and height-adjustable platform with adjustable staircase|
|US9587434||Feb 21, 2011||Mar 7, 2017||Rory Frick||Ladder|
|US20020054026 *||Apr 17, 2001||May 9, 2002||Bradley Stevenson||Synchronized transmission of recorded writing data with audio|
|US20040098945 *||Nov 21, 2002||May 27, 2004||Kuzub Danny S.||Decorative panel|
|US20050097835 *||Dec 20, 2002||May 12, 2005||Tsuyoshi Nishimoto||Stairway|
|US20080190049 *||Feb 8, 2007||Aug 14, 2008||David Muti||Portable construction staircase|
|US20100293875 *||Jun 20, 2007||Nov 25, 2010||John Clement Preston||Stairway for Use on Building Sites|
|US20110139544 *||Feb 21, 2011||Jun 16, 2011||Rory Frick||Ladder|
|US20110162303 *||Jan 1, 2011||Jul 7, 2011||Ez Stairs, Inc.||Adjustable Stair Stringer and Railing|
|US20130239496 *||Oct 27, 2011||Sep 19, 2013||Beckm, Llc||Stair System|
|U.S. Classification||52/183, 52/188, 52/191|
|International Classification||E04F11/02, E04F11/025|