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Publication numberUS3627315 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 14, 1971
Filing dateNov 26, 1968
Priority dateNov 26, 1968
Publication numberUS 3627315 A, US 3627315A, US-A-3627315, US3627315 A, US3627315A
InventorsWalter Marcyan
Original AssigneeWalter Marcyan
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Leg developing device
US 3627315 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Inventor Walt r Mn y n 1,521,487 12/1924 Turner 272/57.l 441 W K nn R n le, Calif. 2,720,396 10/1955 Pfaus 272/83 91202 FOREIGN PATENTS Appl. No 779,283 Filed 26, 1968 227 l/l902 Great Britain 272/57.1 Patented Dec. 14, 1971 Primary Examiner-Richard C. Pinkham Continuation of application Ser. No. Assistant Examiner-Paul E. Shapiro 530,506, Feb. 28, 1966, now abandoned. Artorney-Whann & McManigal This application Nov. 26, 1968, Ser. No. 779,283

ABSTRACT: A leg-developing machine for exercising and developing the important leg muscle and related muscle LEG DEVELOPING DEVICE groups utilized by athletes in stressful contact sports, running 10 Claims, 7 Drawing Figs. and sprinting in natural postures, which comprises a pair of uprights adapted to be faced by the trainee and support the U.S.Cl hands and shoulders of the trainee; a pair of reciprocative [m A63!) 21/06 slidable skates, each to support a foot of the trainee; a pair of Field 272/57 1 tracks each to guide one of the skates insubstantial alignment 58 with said uprights and adjustable resistance weights connected through to a pulley system each of the skates to present the m- Cited desired resistance to the movement of the skates horizontally UNITED STATES PATENTS outwardly from the uprights.

372,272 l0/l887 Murphy... 272/8! I 12/1887 Reach 272/8l 54 a 4 Z 42A 7 5M" 77 Hz 6'9 u 36 X 25 f 44 .529 /3 /l \R. 3 {34/7 I r 3 E A t 5 2 j ---&." I I n 'I I! L 5/ /a LEG DEVELOPING DEVICE This application is a continuation of Ser. No. 530,506 filed Feb. 28, 1966 and since abandoned.

This invention relates to a leg-developing device and more particularly, to a device for exercising and developing the hamstrings, the calf flexors, the quadriceps femoris, and the gluteal muscles.

The invention provides a new principle in leg development work. For the first time, full leg extension may be achieved with adjustable weight resistance whereby the hip extensor muscles may be brought into action in the natural neuromuscular patterns found in the football line stance position and in the semicrouch position used in track, swimming, wrestling and other sports. The extra leg strength derived in the driving action which occurs in the foregoing type of positions, and now which is possible for the first time in a device, according to the invention, induces substantially greater power in the legs so as to provide increased maximal acceleration for all sports.

In the past, all ,leg press machines used only the leg and thigh muscles with the hips in the flexed position and which did not allow the sequential use and development of the powerful gluteal muscles which are brought into play with the trunk in the fully extended position. In the use of the present invention, the trunk flexors and extensors are able to stabilize the pelvis in the extended position, thereby providing strong support for the action of the legs. The great driving power of the legs is fully utilized with the gluteal muscles contracted and the erector spinae muscles are developed in their natural relationships to the leg driving force. This usage of the entire chain of the posterior muscles has an absolute effect of improving the posture of the individual.

Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide an improved leg-developing device.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a legdeveloping device which will exercise and develop the hamstrings, the calf flexors, the quadriceps femoris and the gluteal muscles.

It is still another object of the present invention to provide a leg-developing device which makes possible full leg extension, with adjustable weight resistance so as to bring the hip extensor muscles into the action, only otherwise possible in the natural neuromuscular patterns as may be found in the football line stance position or in the semicrouch position used in track, swimming, wrestling and other sports.

It is a further object of the invention to provide a legdeveloping device, as described in the preceding paragraphs, which permits the sequential use and development of the powerful gluteal muscles, brought into play when the trunk is in the fully extended position.

It is a still further object of the invention to provide a device, as described in the foregoing paragraphs, which permits a resistance range of 300 pounds total, I50 pounds for each leg in increments of IO pounds.

It is a further object of the invention to provide a device, as described in the preceding paragraphs, in which the legs may be extended and exercised either alternately or together against the resistance range as described in the preceding paragraph.

It is a still further object of the invention to provide a device, as described in the previous paragraphs, which eliminates the possibility of knee injuries and low back injuries that occur to a trainee when he is doing low squats with heavy weights. That is, the present invention provides a device in which the benefits of the foregoing exercise with weights may be achieved without the danger of the stated injuries.

Further objects and advantages of the invention may be brought out in the following part of the specification wherein small details have been described for the competence of disclosure, without intending to limit the scope of the invention which is set forth in the appended claims.

Referring to the accompanying drawings, which are for illustrative purposes:

FIG. I is a side elevational view of a leg-developing device according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a front elevational view of the device shown in FIG. 1, as may be seen looking toward the right from the left side of the latter figure;

FIG. 3 is a plan view of the device shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary view, partially in cross section, taken as indicated by the line 33 in FIG. 1;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view, taken as indicated by the line 5-5 in FIG. 3;

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary partially cross-sectional view, taken as indicated by the line 6-6 in FIG. 2; and

FIG. 7 is a fragmentary partially cross-sectional view, taken substantially as indicated by the line 7--7 in FIG. 6.

Referring again to the drawings, there is shown in FIGS. I-3 a leg developing device, generally designated as 10, comprised of a supporting frame structure, generally designated as 11, and of a pair of parallel guide members or tracks, generally designated as 12 and 13, hingedly secured to the frame at 17.

The frame 11 has a rectangular base, formed of three members 18, I9 and 20. The base members are supported on a horizontal surface 23 and the rear ends of the members 18 and 20 are secured in abutment with a wall 24. Extending upwardly from the base are a pair of vertical support members 25 and 26. Extending horizontally outwardly from the base member 19 are a pair of parallel base extensions 29 and 30, in alignment with the tracks 13 and I2, respectively, and to which the hinge means at 17 is secured.

Inwardly of the upright supports 25 and 26 are a pair of weight-supporting platforms 3] and 32, secured to the base members 18 and 20. Secured to the top of each weight-supporting platform are a pair of coil springs, each designated as 35. Secured to the top of the platform 31 and extending upwardly therefrom are a pair of parallel-spaced channel-shaped bars 36 and 37, the channel openings facing each other as indicated in FIGS. 6 and 7. In the same manner, secured and extending upwardly from the weight platform 32 are a pair of spaced channel-shaped bars 38 and 39.

A set of 15 l0-pound weights, generally designated as 42 and 43, surround and are slidably engaged with bars 36, 37 and 38, 39, respectively, the weights being directly supported on the coil springs 35. Each of the weights, as best seen in FIG. 7, has a generally rectangular central opening 44, having a configuration corresponding to that of the two bars 36 and 37 and being such so that the weight can be placed in slidable engagement on the bars only by inserting the weight over an end thereof. Extending outwardly from the central opening 44 is a reentrant portion or slot-shaped opening 47 which extends vertically through the weight. Opposite the opening 47 and extending inwardly from the opening 44 is a cylindrical hole 48.

Slidably engaged in the channels of each pair of bars 36, 37 and 38, 39 is a weight selector bar 49 and 50, respectively, as best seen in FIGS. 2, 6 and 7. Each of the bars 49 and 50 have a plurality of spaced horizontal cylindrical openings 53, adapted to be in register, or to be moved into register with a conveniently adjacent opening 48 in one of the weights. As shown in FIGS. 1, 2 and 6, a selector pin 54 has a handle 55 and a cylindrical pin 56 extending therefrom. The pin extends into the reentrant portion 47, an opening 53 in the selector bar and an opening 48 in the lowest weight, as 42b of a group of weights or of a single weight to be selected for movement upwardly with the selector bar. Thus, as indicated, in FIGS. 1, 2 and 6, when the selector bars 49 and 50 are moved upwardly within the bars 36, 37 and 38, 39, the upper four weights, including 42a and 42b, will be moved therewith. If it is desired to move more or less weights with the selector bars, then the pins 54 must be realigned with an opening 53 in the selector bars which in turn must be properly aligned with an opening 48 in lowest weight desired to be selected.

A lower end 59a of a cable, generally designated as 59, is secured to the top of the selector bar 49 for raising the latter and the weights attached thereto by means of the pin 54 and, similarly, a cable, generally designated as 60, has its lower end 60a secured to the selector bar 50. Each of the cables has upwardly extending portions 59b and 6012 between the respective bars 36, 37 and 38, 39, and further extend over a pair of spaced pulleys 61 and 62 mounted on a common axis 63.

The axles of the pulley 61 and 62 are supported on upper horizontal frame members 65 and 66 and a crossmember 67 extending therebetween. A second crossmember 68 joins the inner ends of the members 65 and 66 with the respective upright supports 25, 26. The upper ends of the bars 36, 37 and 38, 39 are also supported and secured on the crossmember 67, and the outer ends of the frame member 65 and 66 are secured in abutment with the wall 24. Extending from the crossmember 68 are a pair of spaced-parallel bars 71 and 72 having their lower ends secured to a cross member 73, shown in FIG. 2, and which is secured to the upright members 25 and 26. On the bar 71 there is a pad 74 for the right shoulder of the trainee and on the bar 72 there is a pad 75 for the left shoulder of the trainee. The lower portions 77 and 78 of the bars 71 and 72 are provided for gripping by the hands of the trainee.

The cables 59 and 60 have portions, as 59c, extending downwardly from the pulleys 61 and 62, and which extend over a second set of pulleys 79 and 81, respectively, on an axis 80, as may be seen in FIGS. 1 and 2. These lower pulleys are supported on the base of the frame. Extending horizontally from the pulleys on the axis 80 are cable portions 59d and 60d and these portions of the cables extend through base extensions 29 and 30 and through the tracks 13 and 12, having their respective ends secured to skates 83 and 84, as may be best seen in FIGS. 4 and 5.

The extensions 29 and 30 are formed of two spaced members having the aforesaid cable portions passing therebetween. The two tracks 12 and 13 are secured together by a crossmember 85, to which the hinge 17 is secured, and an outer crossmember 86.

Each track is formed of a pair of parallel-spaced inwardly opening channel-shaped members as 88, 89 and 90, 91. Each of the channel members forming the tracks has its lower portion, as 94, on the member 88 extending inwardly and upwardly, shown in H0. 4, to receive the respective wheels 95 of the skates for horizontal travel therein. As may be best seen in FIGS. 3-5, there are stop members 96 and 97 to prevent the movement of the skates toward the frame beyond a point at which further movement thereof would permit the cables to become loose in that the respective weights attached thereto would be at rest and supported on the coil springs 35.

Each of the skates has a horizontal plate member 100 and a forward vertical member 101, secured to the latter and to which the respective cables are secured. A forward portion 102 of the plate 100 provides a support for the toes and forward portion of the foot and extending upwardly at an angle of about 60 is a plate 103 provided to support that part of the foot just rearwardly of the toe portion. The plate 103 is supported by a cylindrical bar member 104, extending between the latter and the plate 100. Extending longitudinally and downwardly from the under side of the plates 100 are a pair of spaced, vertical parallel plates 106 and 107. These plates support the forward and rear axles 108 and 109, respectively, upon which the wheels 95 are mounted.

For operation, the trainee selects the number of pound weights he wishes to exercise his legs and body against by means of the selector pins 54 and as shown in the drawings, 40 pounds of weights will be lifted by the movement of each of the skates away from the frame 11. After the desired number of weights have been selected by the trainee he places his feet upon the skates as previously indicated and his shoulders on the pads 74 and 75, grasping the bar portions 77 and 78 with his right and left hand, respectively. He then may straighten his trunk and extend his legs simultaneously, moving both of the skates away from the frame at the same time. In FIG. 1, the skate 83 is shown in broken lines, having been moved away from the starting point indicated by the stop 96 and the 40 pounds of weights have been lifted as indicated in broken lines. The trainee may also exercise, with his trunk straight, alternately moving one foot away from the frame until the first leg is fully extended, and then commence moving his feet and the'respective skates in opposite directions so that the weights attached to one skate will be being lowered and the weights attached to the other skate will be being raised.

When the skates are moved alternately toward and away from the frame, one of the legs is being extended and the other leg is being bent at the knee. During these alternate leg movements the trunk remains in the fully extended position. Therefore, the trunk flexors and extensors are able to stabilize the pelvis in the extended position to provide strong support for the action of the legs. The driving power of the legs is fully utilized with the gluteal muscles contracted and the erector spinae muscles are developed in their natural relationships to the leg driving force.

A removable seat and back rest may be attached to the skates so that the sitting leg press can be accomplished as an accessory leg exercise. When the device is not in use, as shown in FIG. 1, the tracks 12 and 13 may be raised on the hinge and placed vertically against the frame so that the device occupies a relatively small space when not in use.

The invention and its attendant advantages will be understood from the foregoing description and it will be apparent that various changes may be made in the form, construction and arrangement of the parts of the invention without departing from the spirit and scope thereof or sacrificing its material advantages, the arrangement hereinbefore described being merely by way of example. I do not wish to be restricted to the specific forms shown or uses mentioned except as defined in the accompanying claims, wherein various portions have been separated for clarity of reading and not for emphasis.

I claim:

1. A leg-developing device comprising:

a. upright means in the form of a pair of spaced bars on a supporting structure;

b. said supporting structure being a frame to support the hands and shoulders of a body;

c. said spaced bars each having a pad for the shoulders and having a hand-supporting portion below the respective pad;

d. a pair of reciprocative slidable, generally horizontal members in the form of skates supported on rollers adjacent said upright means, each to support a foot of the body;

e. means to guide said members in substantial alignment with said upright means, said guide means being a pair of parallel tracks disposed below said upright means extending horizontally outwardly therefrom;

f. each track being for one of the respective skates;

g. biasing means connected to said members to bias them toward said upright means outwardly of a predetermined position in said guide means, said biasing means comprismg:

i. a separate cable connected to each skate and extending horizontally to a first axis beyond said upright means and within said supporting structure,

ii. a first pulley on said first axis for each cable, said pulleys being spaced to be in alignment with said respective skates and tracks,

iii. each cable extending on its respective pulley and upwardly therefrom to a second axis,

iv. a second pulley on said axis for each cable, each second pulley being in respective alignment with said first pulley,

v. each cable extending over a respective second pulley and extending downwardly therefrom and being connected to a separate set of weights,

vi. each set of weights being slidably arranged on bar means and being adapted to be supported on said supporting structure below the respective second pulley;

h. said bar means for each set of weights having an opening therethrough to permit the respective cable therein below each respective second pulley;

i. each weight of each set having an opening therethrough for slidably fitting the weight on said bar means;

j. a reentrant portion in each weight in communication with said opening and being outwardly thereof;

k. a hole in each weight in communication with said opening and being on the opposite side of said opening from said reentrant portion and being in alignment therewith;

. each cable being connected to each set of said weights by b. having mounted thereon shoulder-engaging means engageable by one or both of the shoulders of a trainee, and

adjacent hand-sup rting means; c. a pair of indepen ently movable foot-engaging members a weight selector bar slidably engaged within a respective 5 each 'f R a foot of the trainee with the toes of the bar means and being connected at its top to the respective foot cable; d. means to guide said foot-engaging members toward and in. each weight selector bar having a plurality of holes posifrom? i l Plane m much shoulder'engag' tioned to register with the holes in the weights; and 'T P n. a pin being extendable into one reentrant portion in each 10 P' mefms provldmg a on each members set of weights and being extendable into a selected hole in m a dlrecuon f the vemcal plain of sad shoulder a respective weight selector bar and a selected weight engaging means sald shoulfier'engaglilg means Said whereby the number of weights attached to each cable movable foot members. being so posmoiied relauve may be varied. each other that the trainee s body faces in a downward direction with his shoulder applying a force against said 2. The invention according to claim 1, in which said tracks shoulder-engaging means and his feet engaging said are hinged to said frame so that they can be raised from an operative horizontal position to an inoperative substantially vertical position on said frame.

3. A leg-developing device comprising: a. a supporting structure comprising a frame adapted to be faced by a trainee; b. an upright means on the supporting structure comprising a pair of spaced bars, each bar having a separate pad to support the shoulders of the trainee and a hand-supportmovable members with the toes of the feet pointing downwardly.

6. A combination as defined in claim 5 in which said shoulder-engaging means has portions separately engageable by each of the trainee s shoulders.

7. a combination as defined in claim 5 in which said foot-engaging members are movable in a substantially horizontal plane, their paths of travel being substantially vertically 2 5 aligned with said shoulder-engaging means.

ing portion below the respective pad;

c. a pair of reciprocative sliding generally horizontal members adjacent said upright means, each to support a foot of the trainee;

d. means to guide said members in substantial alignment 8. A muscle exercising device comprising:

a. a supporting structure in the form of a frame and an upright means;

b. shoulder-engaging means engageable by one or both shoulders of a trainee, said shoulder-engaging means Wlth sald "P means; being supported by said upright means; e. means to bias said members toward said upright means c a pair fi d d fl movable f p i members, and connected thereto comprising each to support a foot of the trainee with the toes of the f. a separate cable connected to each member and extendfoot pointing downwardly movable toward and away ing horizontally to a first axis beyond Said "F means from a vertical plane in which said shoulder-engaging and within said supporting structure; means i iti d; d g. a first pulley on said first axis for each cable, said pulleys 1, i h mean for each of said foot-engaging members, being spaced and in alignment with said respective memapplying a force in a direction toward the vertical plane of bers and guide means; said shoulder-engaging means, said shoulder-engaging h. each cable extending on its respective pulley and upmeans and said foot-engaging members being so posiwardly therefrom to a second axis; tioned relative to each other that the trainee s body faces i. a second pulley on said second axis for each cable, each in a downward direction with his shoulders engaging and second pulley being in alignment with each said first pulapplying a force against said shoulder-engaging means, ley; and his feet engaging said foot-engaging members, the j. each cable extending over each second pulley and extendforce against said shoulder-engaging means being ing downwardly therefrom and being connected to a separate set ofweights; and

k. each set of weights being slidably arranged on a bar means and being adapted to be supported on said supporting structure below each second pulley.

4. A muscle developing device comprising:

a. a supporting structure in the form of a frame and an upright means in the form of a pair of spaced bars;

b. said spaced bars each having a pad for the shoulders and generated by the trainee straightening either leg, said force being substantially the same as the weight of said weight means.

9. A combination as defined in claim 8 in which said weight means is adjustable in order to change the force which may be applied to the shoulder-engaging means through the body of said trainee.

10. A muscle developing device comprising: a. a supporting structure in the form of a frame and an having a hand-supporting portion below the respective p g means. ai up ght means including a pair of d; spaced bars; c. a pair of independently movable foot-engaging members; Said Spaced bars each having a P for the Shoulders and d. means to guide said foot-engaging members toward and ing a h n pporting portion adjacent to each pa away from a vertical plane in which said pads for the c-apmr ofirldependemly movable foot'engaging members? h Id are i i d; 0 d. means to guide said foot-engaging members toward and e. biasing means providing a substantial constant force on y from a Ver ti ca| Plane in which Said P the each of said foot-engaging members in a direction toward f are P Q F and the vertical plane of said pads for the shoulders, said pads blamg means f g a s on each of for the shoulders and said foot-engaging movable mem- 8 8m members In a dll'ecllon the Vertlcal Plane bers being so positioned relative to each other that the of P for the houldersi 531d P for h shouldelts trainees body faces in a downward direction with his Sald fcft'fingagmg movable membefs f g P shoulder applying a force again Said Pads for the shou| tioned relative to each other that the trainee 5 body faces ders and his feet engaging said movable members in a downward direction with his shoulder applying a 5' A muscle developing device comprising: force aga nst said pads for the shoulders and his feet engaging said movable members.

a. a supporting structure in the form of a frame and an upright means;

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3743282 *Oct 22, 1971Jul 3, 1973Whittaker CorpWeight training device
US4093214 *Feb 10, 1977Jun 6, 1978Paramount Health Equipment Corp.Dual function exercise machine
US4257591 *Jul 3, 1978Mar 24, 1981Evans Sr KenzellElongated exercising device of variable length
US4311305 *Dec 4, 1979Jan 19, 1982Lambert Jr Lloyd JChest and bust machine
US4624457 *Jun 4, 1981Nov 25, 1986Diversified Products CorporationPortable wall mounted exercise unit
US4625959 *May 16, 1984Dec 2, 1986Schleffendorf John JWeight guide for exercising machine
US4775146 *Apr 3, 1987Oct 4, 1988Gus StankovicMultifunction physical fitness apparatus
US4781372 *Apr 15, 1987Nov 1, 1988Mccormack Patrick JIce-skating exercise device
US4884801 *Oct 28, 1988Dec 5, 1989Josef SchnellLoad applying driving apparatus for an exercise device
US4974838 *Sep 27, 1989Dec 4, 1990Sollenberger Carl EExercise apparatus for performing free weight barbell exercises
US6042511 *Jul 7, 1998Mar 28, 2000Bulloch; Ron C.Hockey training apparatus
US7708672Dec 20, 2007May 4, 2010Precor IncorporatedIncremental weight and selector
US7744507Apr 3, 2007Jun 29, 2010T.C. Motions, Inc.Exercise apparatus
US7815554Dec 20, 2007Oct 19, 2010Precor IncorporatedWeight stack selector
US7871357Dec 20, 2007Jan 18, 2011Precor IncorporatedWeight stack selector
US8043195May 19, 2010Oct 25, 2011TC Motions, IncExercise apparatus
WO2000001450A1Jul 7, 1999Jan 13, 2000Ron C BullochTraining apparatus for skaters
Classifications
U.S. Classification482/101, 482/135
International ClassificationA63B21/062, A63B23/04, A63B23/035, A63B21/06, A63B21/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63B22/203, A63B23/0417, A63B2021/169, A63B2210/50, A63B2021/0623, A63B2208/0261, A63B21/062, A63B23/03541, A63B21/154
European ClassificationA63B23/035C4S, A63B21/15F6, A63B23/04B2, A63B21/062