US 3627331 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent  Inventor Marlo W. V. Erickson, 6968 S. San Fernando, Tucson, Ariz. 85706  Appl. No. 56,893
 Filed July 21,1970
 Patented Dec. 14.1971
 AUTOMATIC CARD DEALING MACHINE 5 Claims, 6 Drawing Figs.
FOREIGN PATENTS 415,431 7/1910 France 273/149 R Primary Examiner- Anton O. Oechsle Attorneys Pike H. Sullivan ABSTRACT: An automatic card dealing machine comprising a base member which contains a driving mechanism. A hollow top section is removably disposed on the base to be rotated about a vertical axis by said driving mechanism. Disposed between the base member and top section is one of a plurality of cam plates, each having a number of cams thereon corresponding to the number of dealing stations arbitrarily selected. The top section carries a horizontal shaft having a plurality of arms extending therefrom and so disposed as to incrementally rotate the shaft by engagement of successive arms with successive cams upon rotation of the top section. The incremental rotation of the shaft causes incremental rotation of a plurality of flexible arms with pliable tips past the cards to be dealt to eject the cards through an opening in the top section.
sum 1 [1F 2 INVENTOR W V ERICKSON This invention relates to card games; more particularly, to an accessory used when playing cards; still more particularly, to that one particular accessory known as a card dealer.
For the benefit of those less experienced in the art, a card dealer is defined as a mechanical device i n which a pack of playing cards is placed and automatically dealt one at a time to a predetermined number of players. The device is operated by either an electric or spring motor.
It is the principal object of this invention to provide a card dealing machine that is fully automatic in its operation once the pack of playing cards has been placed in the same.
Another object of this invention is to provide an automatic card dealing machine whose mechanism is activated by a small electric motor having electric batteries located in the machine.
Another object of this invention is to provide an automatic card dealing machine of the character herein described that contains a minimum number of parts so related to each other as to make the device as fool proof as possible.
Still another object of this invention is to provide an automatic card dealing machine that will deal the cards to from two to six players merely by having one person press the on button to start the machine and the off button" to stop the machine.
Other and further objects and advantages of this invention will no doubt appear as the reading of this specification and its appended claims proceeds when the accompanying drawings are examined in connection therewith.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a pictorial view of this invention ready for use.
FIG. 2 is a pictorial exploded view ofthis invention showing its base, a cam plate, and its top section.
FIG. 3 is a sectional view of this invention, taken substantially along line 3-3 of FIG. 1, and viewed in the direction indicated by the arrows.
FIG. 4 is a sectional view of a major portion of this invention, taken substantially along line 4-4 of FIG. 3, and viewed in the direction indicated by the arrows.
FIG. 5 is a sectional view of this invention taken s ubstantially along lines 5-5 of FIG. 5, and viewed in the direction indicated by the arrows.
FIG. 6 is a top view of a plurality of different cam plates used in this invention according to the number of card players playing the card game when this invention is used t th a f H In the several views of the accompanying drawings, like parts of this invention are indicated by like reference numbers.
The reference number 10 indicates this invention in its entirety.
Directing ones attention first to FIG. 3 of the accompanying drawings it will be seen that this invention 10 consists of a base 11 that is basically hexagonal when viewed from the top with chopped-off corners 12. The just-mentioned base 11 is a hollow structure that is made of plastic, metal, or of any other desired material. It houses the centrally located and vertically disposed electric motor 13 and electric batteries 14 for the motor. The bottom 15 of the aforesaid base 10 is provided with a door (not shown) that permits access to the aforesaid electric motor 13 and the batteries liThe six sloping sides of the aforesaid base 11 provide support for the playing cards, as will hereinafter be described. The playing cards are held on the base 11 by means of the vertically disposed peripheral edge 16 of the base. The horizontally disposed top 17 of the base 11 is provided with a raised center member in disk form 18 in the center of which is located an opening 19 through which upwardly extends the shaft 20 of the aforesaid electric motor 13. The aforesaid top 17 of base 11 is provided with two diametrically opposed upwardly extending cam holders 21 that project through an opening in the desired cam 22 when the cam is placed on top of the base, as is clearly shown in FIG. 3 of the accompanying drawings.
Continuing to look at FIG. 3 of the accompanying drawings it will be seen that a top section 23, which has the basic configuration of an inverted hollow cup, contains two spaced and parallel downwardly extending integrally formed supports 24 in each one of which is located one end of the horizontally disposed shaft 25 to which is secured two spaced and parallel card pickup gears 26 which I personally call four sided gears since this detail of the invention has a rubber pad 27 on each Outer end thereon K second fo r rm m b r (gear) 28 is secured to the outer end of the stub-shaft 29 that is supported by one of the aforesaid supports 24. A spur gear 30 on the aforesaid stub-shaft 29 is in mesh with the spur gear 31 that is suitably secured to one end of the aforesaid horizontally disposed shaft 25. The outer end of each arm of the aforesaid four arm member 28 comes in contact with the upwardly extending lugs 42 of the aforesaid ga m 22 when this invention is in actual use.
Although not previously mentioned, the lower end of each aforesaid support 24 is secured to a horizontally disposed circular plate 32 that has two diametrically opposed downwardly extending teeth 33, the teeth 33 being in contact with the spur gear 34 that is secured to the previously mentioned shaft 20 of the electric motor 13 of this invention. This novel construction provides a means of rotating the entire aforesaid top section 23 of the invention when the electric motor 13 is activated. The aforesaid top section 23 is provided with a spring-loaded drawer 35 in which is placed one or two decks of playing cards 36 at the proper angle for easy. ee iri egkx. the efa d .eria s P gears The way in which this invention is used is as follows: A card player lifts off the aforesaid top section 23 by means of the handle 37 and inserts a cam 22 that is suitable for the number of players that are playing the game. For example: the aforesaid cam 22 is used for two card players, while cam 38 is used for three card players, cam 39 for four card players, cam 40 for five card players, and cam 41 for six card players. These five cams are fully illustrated in FIG. 6 of the accompanying drawings where it is seen that each cam has an upwardly extending lug 42 for each card player. The card player now rgalaces the aforesaid top section 23 on top of the base 11. When this is done, the two aforesaid cam holders 21 will proj ect up into already mentioned openings in the cam and thus lock the cam in position on top of the base 11 of this invention. The player new places playing cards 36 in the spring-loaded drawer 35 and sets the card discharge opening 43 that is located in the side of the aforesaid top section 23 toward himself in order to start the dealing to the next player on his left. He then pushes the on button 44 downward, thus activating the aforesaid electric motor 13 since the on button is obviously the starting switch for the electric motor 13. The just-mentioned electric motor 13 rotates the entire top section 23 by means of the aforesaid spur gear 34 acting on the two downwardly extending teeth 33 of the aforesaid plate 32 that has already been described as a part of the aforesaid top section 23 of this invention. The aforesaid four arm member 28 remains still until it comes in contact with one of the aforesaid lugs 42 of whichever cam is in the device. When this happens, and the aforesaid four arm member 28 is turned ninety degrees by passing over the lug 42, the action will rotate the aforesaid horizontally disposed shaft 25 and thus cause the two pickup gears 26 to grab the top playing card and pull the card down to the bottom of the aforesaid drawer 35 and kick the card out onto the designated rack. The device is shut off by pressing down on the ofi button 45.
It is to be understood that this invention is subject to any and all changes and/or modifications that one may care to make in so longas the changes and/or modifications fall within the scope and intent of the appended claims. For example, the aforesaid electric motor 13 can be replaced by any desired type of spring motor. The aforesaid electric batteries 14 can be replaced by an electric cord for plugging into house current, if it is so desired. A single electric switch can be used to replace the separate on and off buttons and other changes can be made by those experienced in the art.
What 1 now claim as new is:
1. An automatic card dealing machine comprising a base member. a top member removably mounted upon said base member for rotation in a horizontal plane, said top member being provided with a compartment for holding cards to be dealt and an aperture through which cards may be discharged threrefrom. means associated with said base member for rotating said top member, a plate provided with a plurality of cams the number of which corresponds to the number of hands to be dealt, said cam plate being horizontally disposed and carried on the upper end of said base member and below said top member about the axis of rotation thereof and being readily removable when said top member has been lifted from said base member, a horizontal shaft Within said top member and carrying a plurality of rigid arms extending therefrom so disposed so that each arm will in turn contact one of said cams during rotation of said top member whereby said shaft is given limited rotation at spaced time intervals, and a plurality of thin elongated flexible metal arms having pliable tips disposed in said top member for successive engagement with said cards, means actuating said flexible arms responsive to such limited rotation of @QSWKKEQEW Still th K a i? Particular arm is Pressed against an individual card to be dealt and to cause the same to be discharged through said aperture.
2. The invention of claim 1 whegein ti e rigidarrnscarried by said horizontal shaft are four in number and cause said shaft to rotate substantially one quarter revolution veach time one of said cams is engaged during rotation of the top member.
3. The invention of claim 2 wherein the means actuating the flexible arms is a shaft which carries the flexible arm and is given limited rotation when one of said rigid arms engages a cam during rotation of the top member.
4. The invention of claim 3 wherein during an early phase of the limited rotation of said flexible arm carrying shaft the pliable tip of one of the flexible arms is brought to bear against the card to be dealt at an angle of force which presses the card downward without lateral movement thereof, and as said shaft continues its cycle of rotation the flexible arm is progressively flexed until the angle of force generated thereby is such that the card to be dealt is suddenly propelled from the deck and the top member by the rapid unflexing of the flexible arm.
5. The invention of claim l wherein during an early phase of the limited rotation of said flexible arm carrying shaft the pliable tip of one of the flexible arms is brought to bear against the card to be dealt at an angle of force which presses the card downward without lateral movement thereof, and as said shaft continues its cycle of rotation the flexible arm is progressively flexed until the angle of force generated thereby is such that the card to be dealt is suddenly propelled from the deck and the top member by the rapid unflaqnag theflh am UNITED STATES PATENT OFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Dated December 14, 1971 Patent No.
lnven fl Marlo W. V, Erickson It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
Cancel the illustrative drawing on the cover sheet and Q substitute the following:
USCOMM-DC sows-P69 U.$. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: I959 0-366-334.
FORM PO-105O (10-69) UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Paten N 3.627.331 Dated Invent0r(S) Marlo W. V. Erickson, --2-- It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
Signed and sealed this 12th day of December 1972.
' EDWARD M.FLETCHER,JR. j ROBERT GOT'ISCHALK Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents FORM PO-105O (10-69) USCOMM-DC 60376-P69 Us GOVERNMENT PRINTING orncz; I969 o-ass-su.