US 362758 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
' M. MARTIN.
No. 362,758. Patented May 10, 1887.
ATENT MULFORD MARTIN, OF NEIV BRUNSWICK, NEIV JERSEY.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 362,758, dated May 10, 1887 Application tiled October 18, 1886. Serial No. 216,497. (No model.)
To an whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, Mont eal) llIARTIN, of New Brunswick, in the county of Middlesex and State of New Jersey, have invented new Improvements in Ticket-Holders; and I do hereby declare the following, when taken in connection with accompanying drawings and the letters of reference marked thereon, to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, and which said drawings constitute part of this specification, and represent, in
Figure 1, a perspective view showing the holder as applied to the back of a seat; Fig. 2, the blank from which the holder is made; Fig. 3, an under side view of the blank showing the spring; Fig. 4, a longitudinal central section through the holder; Fig. 5, a transverse section through the holdernear one end; Fig. 6, a transverse section cutting through the slot, Figs. 5 and 6, showing the holder as applied to the back of a seat.
This invention relates to an attachment to be applied to the seats of railway-cars as a means for holding the ticket in an exposed position, the object being the construction of a holder from a single piece of thin sheet metal, which may be applied to the upper edge of the seat, occupy very little space, and yet permit the ready introduction or removal of the ticket.
I construct the holder from a single piece of sheet metal. The blank from which the holder is made is seen fiat in Fig. 2. The metal should possess considerable elasticity, and I prefer brass, which may be plated or ornamented to any desirable extent.
The outline of the blank is shown in Fig. 2, in solid lines, broken lines indicating the folds or bends to be made in shaping the finished blank to the holder.
The central portion, a, is to be the top of the holder. At each end there is a projection, the portions Z) of which are to form the ends of the case, and the remainder, c, is to form the ears by which the holder is secured. On the front side of the center is an extension, d, which is to form the selvage. On the line between the selvage and central portion is a longitudinal slit, 6, made for the introduction of the ticket. At the rear the blank is extended to form the rear side, f, of the case, and from the rear edge of this side f is a further extension, to form the spring-tongue. Thus shaped, the blank is bent into the final shapesay,first, the selvage d is turned down at nearly right angles to the top a, so as to leave the slit e exposed on the angle, at the back the metal is turned downward to form the side f and the tongue 9 turned into the case, its edge rolled downward and backward, as at h, and the tongue turned up against the under side of the top a, and so that its rounded front edge is presented at the slit 6, as seen in Fig. 6. The projections at the end of the top are bent to form the ends b and the securing-ears c, as seen in Figs. 1 and 4. These ears are pierced as a means for securing the holder to the seat. 7
The spring-tongue g bears upward against the under side of the top, but so as to yield upon the introduction of a ticket through the slit c, the ticket passing between the spring and top, as indicated in broken lines, Fig. 6, the strength of the spring being sufficient to grasp and hold the ticket.
The holder is applied to the back of the seat, as seen in Fig. 1, the sclvage (1 preferably eX- tending down onto the rear edge of the back of the seat, as seen in Figs. 5 and 6.
By this construction the holder is made from a single piece of light sheet metal, and may be struck complete in dies prepared for the purpose; hence is very cheap, is so light as to occupy but trifling space, securely holds the ticket, and is not liableto injury in use. The cars I) may be omitted and the ease secured through perforations in the top of the case, as indicated in broken lines, Fig. 1. A portion of the metal may be removed from the spring, say as indicated in broken lines, Fig. 3, to somewhat reduce the weight, as well as to re duce the power of the spring, should it be desirable so to do.
\Vhile I have described the invention as made from sheet metal, and that I prefer, as being the best material for the purpose, yet it may be made from any other suitable material, as hard rubber, papier-mach, &'c.
While the invention is specially adapted for ticket-holders on railway-cars, it is equally applicable for many other purposes, as for holding papers, cards, &c.
It is to be understood that I do not claim, broadly, a ticket-holder which consists of a case having an opening in it and a spring adapted to grasp the ticket when introduced back f, the said parts forming the case, and the into the case, as such I am aware is not new; tongue 9, extending from the back into the case IO but below the top and terminating in a rounded What I do claim is edge near the slit, substantially as described. 5 The herein-described ticket-holder, made MULFORD MARTIN.
from a single piece of sheet metal and consist- \Vitnesses: ing of the top a, the ends I) b, the selvage d, JOSEPH A. BROUILLARD, the slit e between the top and selvage, the P. S. STAUFFER.