|Publication number||US3628146 A|
|Publication date||Dec 14, 1971|
|Filing date||May 22, 1970|
|Priority date||May 22, 1970|
|Publication number||US 3628146 A, US 3628146A, US-A-3628146, US3628146 A, US3628146A|
|Inventors||Beckman Orval E, Klymkiw Walter|
|Original Assignee||Zenith Radio Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (3), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States atent  inventors Orval E. Beckmem Wheaton; Walter Klymltiw, Chicago, both oil llll.  Appl. No. 39,835  Filed May 22, 11970  Patented Dec. 114, 19711  Assignee Zenith Radio Corporation Chicago, ill.
[ 54] TOUCH-ACTUATED MODE CONTROL CIRCUIT 14 Claims, 7 Drawing Figs.
 US. Cl 325/315, 328/5, 340/258 C [5l] lnt.Cl "04b 1/16  Field of Search 325/315; 340/258 C; 328/1, 5; 307/308; 200/DlG. l
 Reierences Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,528,044 9/1970 Manicki 340/258 C X 3,549,909 12/1970 Elmsford 328/5 X Audio Left Channels FM l9Khz A llL FM (Rl (Lxm PlEno Tip e Primary Examiner- Robert L. Griffin Assistant Examiner-Kenneth W. Weinstein Anorneys- Donald B Southard and John J. Pederson ABSTRACT: A touch-actuated, master control or function network for selecting respective operational modes for an AM/FM/phonograph/tape complex, including optional monostereo and extended bass modes. The control network includes a plurality of functionally interrelated, solid-state switching circuits having a silicon controlled rectifier (SCR) as the operative control element. When one of the basic operational modes (AM, FM. phono, tape) is selected, provision is made to automatically deactivate or cutoff any of the switching elements of the remaining modes if previously in an operative condition. Provision is also made to prevent selection of the optional stereo mode while the complex is in the basic AM operational mode. The individual SCR switching circuits are effectively controlled by voltage level changes produced upon contacting an associated touch-responsive element in conjunction with an included storage capacitor in the gating circuit of the particular SCR. Such arrangement provides immunity to false operation ofthe switching circuits due to extraneous noise pickup, transients and the like l35v Mono Stereo TOUEll-ll-A'CTUATIED MODE CONTMUIL CiRClUi'lf BACKGROUND OF THE PRESENT lNVENTlON The present invention relates in general to touch-responsive circuits and more particularly to a novel, all solid-state, touchactuated master control or function switch network for selectively controlling the operational mode for an AM/FM/phonograph/tape complex, including optional monostereo and extended bass modes.
Touch-responsive circuits have of course been used to some measure in the past, usually for selective control of a single circuit element such as a lamp, motor, or the like. The circuit is usually made operable by contact of a touch-responsive ele ment whereby the increased capacity resulting from the person touching the element is effective to alter the nominal biasing arrangement on a switching device, such as a transistor or other semiconductor biswitch element. Still other circuit arrangements operate on an increase in noise level efiected upon touching an associated control button, which may then be rectified or otherwise utilized to alter the operation of the included control switching element.
Such touch responsive circuits have not proved entirely reliable in the past, however, being subject to false operation due to transients, extraneous noise pickup and the like or, conversely, failure to operate under certain conditions. Moreover, prior touch-responsive circuits are nominally intended to control only a single load of a rather simple nature as referenced above. Until now, there has been no serious attempt to provide a complete control or function network involving many separate operational modes and which are functionally interrelated, and further, in some instances, dependent upon the particular functional mode selected at any given time.
SUMMARY OF THE PRESENT INVENTION Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an improved solid-state, touch-actuated control or function switch network for selectively controlling the operational mode for an AM/FM/phonograph/tape complex, including optional monostereo and extended bass modes.
A more particular object of the present invention is to provide such a control function network for an AM/FM/phonograph/tape complex which comprises a plurality of touch-actuated, solid-state switching circuits wherein operative switching characteristics are dependent upon voltage level changes in respective gating circuits thereof induced through low-level skin conduction of a user contacting a control element rather than capacitive changes or noise pickup which contribute to unreliable operation under certain operating conditions.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a touch-actuated, solid-state control function network of the foregoing type wherein selection of any of the basic AM, FM, phonograph or tape operational modes is effective to activate appropriate circuitry, provide a visual indication of such selected mode, and automatically deactivate any of the remaining functional modes if previously in the activated condition.
Still another object of the present invention is to provide a control function network of the foregoing type wherein proviaion is made to prevent activation of the optional stereo mode while the console complex is in the "AM" mode requiring monaural reception conditions.
In accordance with the present invention, a touch-actuated, solid-state control function network is provided for the selective control of the various operational modes of an AM/FM/phonograph/tape console complex, including optional monostereo and extended bass modes. The overall control network includes a plurality of functionally interrelated solid-state switching circuits, which when suitably actuated, are effective to initiate a number of desired control functions. in a preferred embodiment, each of the switching circuits for selecting respective AM, FM, phone or tape modes includes a silicon controlled rectifier (SCR) device coupled between a unidirectional voltage source and a plane of reference potential. The gating circuit of each of the SCR elements includes a voltage divider and storage capacitor operative to apply a potential of a given polarity and magnitude thereto so that the SCR is initially nonconductive. A contact or touch-responsive element comprising a pair of insulated half-rings is also provided in the particular SCR gating circuit which when touched or shorted" permits a discharge pulse from the associated storage capacitor to trigger the SCR to its on" or conductive state. Conduction of the SCR is in turn used to activate appropriate circuitry, including a panel mounted lamp to indicate the particular operational mode selected, as well as other appropriate control functions. For example, contacting the touch element to trigger on the particular SClR switching element for AM receiver" operation is effective to bias on a control transistor to apply operating power to the tuner of the AM receiver. in addition, an indicating lamp is energized and a pair of switching diodes are forward biased to effectively short circuit left and right audio channels of the complex for monaural reception. Further, a second control transistor, interconnecting the optional monostereo switching circuit, is biased to prevent conduction, thereby insuring the latter is in the required monaural mode. Lastly, suitable discharge pulses are generated in respective storage capacitors interconnecting the anode circuit of the SCR controlling AM receiver operation and each of the SClR switches controlling FM, phonograph and tape modes so as to render any of the latter nonconductive, if previously in an activated condition.
A similar functional sequence is provided by the FM, phonograph and tape switching circuits, with the exception that appropriate switching diodes are forward biased to selectively couple audio information to each of the left and right audio channels as distinguished from the short circuiting thereof effected in the AM operational mode.
The SCR switch circuits for selecting the optional monostereo and extended bass modes are somewhat different in that an initial or first SCR is rendered conductive only momentarily upon contact of the twohalf-ring touch element. However, such momentary conduction is effective to generate suitable control pulses through associated storage capacitors for application to a second SCR device. If the latter is already in a conductive state, it will be rendered nonconductive, if on the other hand it is nonconductive, the same will be suitably triggered to the on" state. The second SCR device in the monostereo switch module controls the operation of a switch transistor to selectively apply operating power to the 19 kHz. amplifier in the FM receiver, apply a predetermined bias voltage to a diode connected across the left and right audio channels, and apply a suitable control signal to an audio gate included in the phonograph subunit. The second SCIR device in the extended bass switching circuit controls the bias to a network of diodes which selectively couples or blocks off low frequency (bass) components in the processed audio signal to a large bypass capacitor serially connected between a common terminal for each of the diodes and ground.
The novel features which are believed to be characteristic of the present invention are set forth with particularity in the appended claims.
The invention itself, however, will best be understood by reference to the following description taken in conjunction with the drawings, in which:
BRIEF DESCRKFTION OF THE DRAWINGS FlG. l is a partial block and schematic diagram of a touchactuated, solid-state control or function switch network for an AM/FM/phonograph/tape complex which has been constructed in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic representation of that portion of the control function network as shown in FIG. 11 providing selection of the AM operational mode;
H6. 3 is a schematic representation of that portion of the control function network as shown in H6. 11 providing selection of the FM operational mode;
FIG. 4 is a schematic representation of that portion of the control function network as shown in FIG. 1 providing the tape operational mode;
FIG. 5 is a schematic representation of that portion of the control network as shown in FIG. 1 providing the tape operational mode;
FIG. 6 is a schematic representation of a portion of the control function network shown in FIG. 1 for selective control of the optional monostereo modes; and
FIG. 7 is a schematic representation of a portion of the control function network shown in FIG. 1 for selective control of the optional extended bass mode.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now to the drawings, a touch-actuated, master control or function switch network I0 is shown suitable for use with an AM/FM/phonograph/tape unit or complex II, including facilities for optional monostereo and extended bass modes. As shown, the control network 10 comprises a plurality of solid-state switching circuits for selecting basic operational modes (including AM, FM, phono and tape), indicated generally at I2, I4, I6 and I8, respectively, and associated circuitry for initiating desired control functions. Additional switching circuits 20 and 22 are provided for controlling optional monostereo and extended bass modes, respectively, in conjunction with any of the former, except that provision is made to prevent selection of the stereo mode in combination with AM receiver mode.
As shown, switching circuit 12 controlling the AM receiver mode includes a silicon controlled rectifier (SCR) device 30, which in turn is utilized to control the operation of a transistor 40 for applying power to the AM tuner (not shown), a further transistor 50 coupled to the monostereo switching circuit 20 serving as an effective interlock for various operating conditions, and also a diode switch network 60 connected across the left and right audio channels of the console complex and coupled to the detector stage of the AM receiver (not shown).
A switching circuit 14 similar to that of circuit 12, shown in block form for convenience, is provided for controlling the selection of the FM receiver mode. Circuit 14 includes an SCR device 70, in turn controlling the operation of a transistor 80 for applying operating power to the FM tuner (not shown) and a diode switch network 90 for coupling derived audio information from a received FM multiplex signal to respective left and right audio channels in the complex 11. Phonograph switching circuit 14 (likewise shown in block form) includes a similar SCR switching element 100 for controlling a diode switch network I10 coupling audio signals from appropriate preamplifier stages (not 'shown) to respective left and right audio channels of the system complex, as indicated. The tape switching network 18 includes a similar SCR switching element I20 for controlling a diode switch network 130 passing audio signals from suitable amplifier stages (not shown) to respective left and right audio channels of the complex II. In addition, SCR element 120 is further coupled to a single diode switch network 140 connected across the left and right system channels.
Switching network 20 for controlling the optional monostereo modes includes a SCR device 150 in a first switch portion 20b which in turn controls an additional SCR device 160 in a second switch portion 20b. SCR 160 is used to control the operation of a transistor 170 for applying operating power to the FM receivers 19 kHz. amplifier stage (not shown). SCR 160 is also coupled to the diode switch network 140 and to an audio gate I75 controlling phonograph stereo operation. Switching circuit 22 for controlling the extended bass mode includes an SCR element I80 in a first switch portion 22a which is used to control an additional SCR element 190 in a second switch portion 22b. SCR 190 is utilized to control the action of a transistor 200 coupled to a four-diode switch network 210. The latter determines whether or not the low frequency (bass) components of the derived audio signals in each of the left and right channels are bypassed to ground through a suitable capacitor element 211.
Additionally, a plurality of capacitors C through C interconnect the anode circuits of the SCR elements 30, 70, I00 and 120. Capacitor C is connected between anode 30a and anode 70a; capacitor C between anodes 30a and a; and capacitor C between anodes 30a and a. Similarly, capacitor C is connected between anodes 70a and 100a; capacitor C between anodes 70a and 120a; and capacitor C between anodes 100a and 1200. Capacitors C through C, insure the deactivation of any of the remaining switching circuits 12 through 18 upon activation of any one thereof, as will be subsequently explained.
For a better understanding of the operation of the control function network 10 embodying the present invention, it is believed helpful to consider the various selectable modes individually, together with the associated circuitry thereof to effect the desired switching operations.
AM MODE OPERATION Referring to FIG. 2, switching circuit 12 is shown in conjunction with the various circuit parameters for selecting and sustaining the AM receiver operational mode. Switch circuit 12 includes SCR element 30 having its cathode 300 connected to a source of regulated 24-volt potential and its anode 30a returned to a reference point, in this case ground, through the lamp element in parallel with a resistance 37. Resistance 37 is of course included to insure operation of switching circuit 12 should the lamp element 38 burn out by maintaining a circuit path from SCR anode to ground. The gate 303 of SCR 30 is likewise coupled to the 24-volt source but through a resistance 33 connected in parallel with a diode 31 and capacitor 32. The gate 30 is also connected to a storage capacitor 34 in series with a resistance 35 returned to a -l35-volt source of potential. A two half-ring contact element 36 is connected between the junction of capacitor 34 and resistance 35 through a limiting resistance 36a and ground through a second limiting resistance 36b.
In operation, capacitor 34 charges to some predetermined voltage level since it is connected between two unequal unidirectional potential sources. Since gate 303 is maintained at a negative voltage (24 volts), SCR 30 is initially in the cutoff" or nonconductive state. Anode 30a at this point remains at approximately ground or zero potential. when, however, an individual contacts the two insulated half-rings of the touch element 36, a lower impedance is presented to capacitor 34 with respect to ground potential. The resulting momentary discharge action of capacitor 34 creates a positive-going pulse at the junction of capacitor 34 and resistance 35, as indicated. A positive-going pulse likewise appears at the gate 30g as shown, thereby triggering SCR 30 to its on" or conductive state. Anode 30a rises from ground potential to approximately the potential appearing at the cathode 30c, less the internal junction drop of the SCR 30, or to about 23 volts DC. SCR 30 will remain in the conductive state until either the anode current thereof is reduced below a certain minimum value required to sustain conduction, or alternatively, by an interruption of anode-cathode current, such as efi'ected by momentarily shorting" together the two electrodes causing the internal flow of current to cease. Limiting resistances 36a and 36b, of relatively high values, are provided for appropriate protection of all persons contacting the touch element 36 from static discharge conditions and the like as well as to minimize spurious operation of the circuit 12 itself that may otherwise result.
In any event, the voltage rise at the anode of SCR 30 is used to initiate various control functions, namely:
a. the -23-volt potential developed across load resistance 37 illuminates lamp 38 indicating that the AM mode has been selected;
b. the negative anode voltage through resistance 41 forward-biases transistor 40 into conduction whereby the approximately -l2-v. DC potential impressed on its cathode 400 is now applied to the tuner of the AM radio receiver;
c. the negative anode voltage through resistance 51 removes transistor 50 from saturation thereby interrupting the -24-v., DC potential applied through its emitter-collector circuit to the monostereo switching circuit 20 to insure that the same reverts to the monaural" mode, the latter function to be discussed in more detail subsequently; and
d. the negative anode voltage through resistance M forward-biases diodes 611 and 62 into conduction, thereby interconnecting left and right audio channels for monaural operation for the AM audio signals coupled to the junction of diodes 611 and 62.
In addition to the foregoing, the abrupt change in anode voltage from ground reference to approximately 23-v. DC causes the resultant change in charge level of capacitors C,,, C and C to generate and selectively apply relatively large amplitude, negative-going pulses to respective anodes of the SCR elements 70, W0 and 12%. if any ofthe latter are noncon ductive (i.e., anode at ground reference), the applied pulse will of course have no effect. if, however, a particular SCR is in the conductive state, the large negative-going pulse impressed across the small intemal drop between associated anode and cathode electrodes momentarily reverse-biases the element, current therethrough ceases, and it will revert to its nonconductive or cutoff" state.
Accordingly, it will be noted that actuation of switching circuit 12 is accomplished by way of a voltage pulse effected through low-level skin conduction of the user's finger in contacting the two insulated half-rings of touch element as. This arrangement has been found to be significantly more reliable than those relying on changes in capacitance levels or on rectified noise pickup. Moreover, the present arrangement is provided even further immunity to false operation on transients, noise or other source of extraneous pulse information otherwise appearing at gate 303 by the filtering action of capacitor 32 connected between the gate and the -24-v. DC source. Diode 311 is connected between gate 30 and cathode 300 in a manner to be reverse biased when SCR Ell) is conducting and forward biased when SCR is switched to cutoff. Accordingly, the switch-off" time of the SCR is effectively speeded up.
FM MODE OPERATlON The switching circuit 114iand associated circuitry parameters for selecting and sustaining FM receiver operation is shown in FM]. 3. Switching circuit 114 is similar to switching circuit 112 and thus, for convenience and simplification, is represented in block form only. initiating contact with the two half-rings of touch element 76 triggers SCR element 70 into its conductive state and effects the following control functions:
a. indicator lamp 7% is lit to show selection of the FM mode;
b. transistor hill is forward biased into conduction so that the -l 2-v. DC impressed on its collector Mic is now applied to the tuner ofthe FM receiver;
c. diodes 911 and 92 in network Eli) are forward biased to pass left and right audio FM stereo multiplex signals to respective left and right system channels; and
d. negative-going pulses are generated by capacitors C C and C and selectively applied to the anodes of SCR elements 30, 100 and 1120 to render any of the same nonconductive, if previously in the "on" or conductive state.
PHONOGRAlPll-l MODE OPERATKON Switching circuit 1105 in block from is shown in FIG. t together with the associated. circuitry to effect the desired control functions when selecting the phonograph operational mode. Contacting the touch element we triggers the SCR lhfl to its conductive state which initiates the following:
a. indicator lamp 110% is energized to show this particular mode has been selected;
b. diodes 111111 and 11112 of network 110 are forward biased to couple audio signals from associated phonograph preamplifier stages to respective left and right system channels;
30, 7t and 1120 are effective to render the same nonconductive, if previously in a conductive state.
TAPE MODE OPERATlON Switching circuit 11% in block form is shown in H6. "5 together with associated circuitry to effect the desired control functions when selecting the tape operational mode. Contacting touch element 11% triggers SCR llMl to its conductive state and initiates the following:
a. indicator lamp 122% is energized to show that this particular mode has been selected;
b. diodes llll and 1132 of network 1130 are forward biased to pass audio signals from associated amplifier states to respective left and right system channels;
c. a bias voltage of a predetermined value is also applied to the cathode of diode 11d]! through resistance M2. lf monostereo switching circuit 20 is in the monaural" mode, such applied voltage to diode 141i is sufficient to render the same conductive to short circuit left and right system channels. 11f, however, the monostereo switching circuit 20 is in the stereo" mode, sufficient voltage is applied from the latter to the anode of diode ll llll to maintain it in the reverse-biased condition, and the left and right system channels thereby remain electrically isolated from one another;
d. negative-going pulses are generated by capacitors C C and C which when applied to the anodes of SCR elements 30, 70 and are effective to render the same nonconductive, if previously in the conductive state.
MONOSTEREO OPERATlONAL MODES Switching circuit 211) for selecting either optional monaural or stereo modes differs somewhat from the switching circuits 112, M, if: and 118 for selecting basic AM, FM, phono and tape modes, respectively. The difference is required in view of the different control functions to be effected and also because monaural and stereo modes are to be in conjunction with, and in addition to, any of the selected former or basic operational modes. Switching circuit 20 is shown in block form in FIG. 6:, but is set forth schematically in H0. 1.
As indicated, circuit 20 includes a first switch portion 20a comprising an SCR element 1% with substantially the same gating circuitry as described in connection with switching circuit 112, with included circuit elements 1511 through 156 operative in the same manner as circuit elements 311 through 36 for switching circuit 112. In addition, however, a further resistance 1157 is inserted between its cathode electrode 1150c and a reference terminal to which the 24-volt v. DC reference potential is selectively applied through transistor 50, which resistance is of a relatively high value, on the order of 1.5 megohms. A capacitor is connected in parallel with resistance 1157 and a further capacitor 1159 is connected between its anode and the aforementioned reference terminal, as indicated.
Contacting touch element 11505 likewise triggers SCR element use to its on" or conductive state by virtue of the generated positive-going pulse appearing at its gate 1503. However, the conduction thereof is only momentary because of the relatively high value resistance 15? included in series with its anode-cathode circuit. Nevertheless, such momentary conduction is effective to generate a positive-going pulse at its cathode C and a similar but negative-going pulse at its anode 1150a. The negative-going pulse coupled through a capacitor 166 to the anode fella of SCR element 160 is of no effect if the latter is in the nonconductiwe state. However, the positive-going pulse coupled through a capacitor 163 to the gate 1160c of SCR use is sufficient to trigger the same into conduction, and initiate the following:
a. energize indicator lamp M18 in the anode circuit of SCR lot) to show selection of the stereo mode;
b. bias transistor 170 into conduction through resistance 171 so as to apply the -v. DC potential impressed on its Collector 1700 to the 19 kHz. amplifier stage in the FM receiver (for stereo FM operation);
c. reverse-bias diode Mil in network 140 to insure isolation between respective left and right system channels (for stereo tape operation);
d. bias the phonograph audio gate 175 in the form of a field efiect transistor (FET) to its off condition, thereby insuring the required isolation between left and right system channels (for stereo phonograph operation).
The foregoing control functions are of course permissible only if the AM operational mode is not activated and thus transistor 50 is conductive to apply the 24-v. DC reference potential to the common terminal to which circuit elements 151, 152, 153, 157, 158, 161, and 164 are connected. Absence of the 24-v. DC reference potential thereto prevents conduction of SCR 150 entirely since its conduction path is effectively open circuited. Accordingly, if switching circuit 20 is in the stereo mode, contacting touch element 36 (FIGS. 1 and 2) in AM switching circuit 12 will bias off control transistor 50 serving as an interlock, thereby automatically insuring the monostereo switching circuit 20 reverts to the mandatory monaural mode for AM operation. This is accomplished by interruption of the -24-v. DC reference potential which then limits the current through SCR 160 to a level below that required to sustain conduction.
It is of course to be realized that as a prerequisite for stereo FM operation, an appropriate FM multiplex signal must be received and processed by the F M receiver. Accordingly, switching circuit is, and can only be, intended to initiate appropriate control functions to render the receiver capable of stereo operation, i.e., by applying operating power to the associated l9 kHz. amplifier stage. Such amplifier stage must still receive an appropriate input (l9-kHz. pilot) signal before an output will be developed. Accordingly, the FM receiver will continue to operate on a monaural basis unless and until suitable multiplex signals are received, at which time associated receiver circuitry may be activated, operating in an entirely known manner, and thereby provide stereo operation.
When switching circuit 20 is in its stereo mode, i.e., SCR 160 conductive, the monaural mode can also be established by merely momentarily contacting the touch element 156 once again. As before, this causes conduction of SCR element 150 duringa predetermined time interval, with attendant positiveand negative-going pulses appearing at respective anode and cathode electrodes 150a and 150a Under these reference conditions, the positive-going pulse applied to the gate 160g of SCR 160 has no effect. However, the negative-going pulse applied through capacitor 166 to anode 160a thereof is of sufficient amplitude to drive the latter further negative and reverse-bias SCR element 160 to its nonconductive state. Hence, SCR element 160 is alternately driven to on" and off conditions in flip-flop fashion by successive triggering of SCR element 150 to momentary conduction levels.
EXTENDED BASS MODE Switching circuit 22 for controlling the optional extended bass function for the complex 11 is similar to the monostereo switching circuit 20, except that the 24-v. DC reference potential is not applied through a control transistor serving as an interlock. Extended bass function is therefore selectable in conjunction with any of the other operational modes, at will.
FIG. 7 shows the switching circuit 22 in block form together with the associated circuitry for effecting the desired control functions upon actuation thereof. Contacting touch element 186 causes momentary conduction of SCR element 180 and the generation of appropriate control pulses. lf associated SCR element 190 is in its nonconductive state, a suitable positive-going pulse applied to its gate circuit 160g triggers it to its conductive state, and initiates the following:
a. energizes indicator lamp 198 to show this particular mode is selected;
b. biases transistor 200 into conduction through resistance 20] which in turn reverse-biases diodes 212, 213, 214 and 215 in network 210 to prevent the selected low frequency (bass) components of the derived audio signals from being bypassed to ground through capacitor 211. Bass components suitably developed in appropriate final amplifier stages in the system complex are further processed and selectively coupled to respective left and right system channels for aural reproduction along with other derived audio information.
Again contacting touch element 186 shown, causes momentary conduction of SCR whereby a generated negativegoing pulse at its anode is suitably applied to the anode of SCR 190 to reverse-bias the latter to its nonconductive state. This cuts ofi" transistor 200 and the diodes 212-215 are again forward biased by resistance 216 so that selected low frequency components are now bypassed directly to ground through capacitor 2! 1.
While only a particularized embodiment of the present invention is set forth and described herein, it will of course be understood that other variations and modifications may be effected by those skilled in the art without substantially departing from the true scope and spirit of the invention. Accordingly, the appended claims are intended to cover all such modifications and alternative constructions that may fall within their true scope and spirit.
What is claimed is:
l. A touch-actuated, solid-state switching circuit, including in combination:
first and second unidirectional voltage sources, said second source having a higher given magnitude than said first source;
a plane of reference potential;
solid-state switching means having conductive and nonconductive states and including a control electrode, a cathode electrode connected to said source of lower potential level and an anode electrode returned to said plane of reference potential;
actuating control means comprising a first resistance interconnected between said control electrode and said source of lower potential level, a storage capacitor coupled between said control electrode and said voltage source of higher potential level through a second, limiting resistance, and a touch-responsive element having a pair of normally insulated terminals connected between the junction of said storage capacitor and second resistance and said plane of reference through a third limiting resistance, said touch-responsive element upon being contacted in a manner to present a low impedance between said insulated terminals causing a discharge pulse to be generated by said storage capacitor effective to trigger said switching means to its conductive state;
means for minimizing spurious operation of said switching means in the presence of transient signals and extraneous noise pickup; and
additional means connected between said control and cathode electrodes of said switching means to effectively shorten switch-off time thereof.
2. A touch-actuated, solid-state switching circuit in ac cordance with claim 1 wherein said solid-state switching means comprises a controlled rectifier device, wherein said means for minimizing spurious operation thereof comprises a further capacitor connected between the control electrode of said switching means and said source of lower potential level, and wherein said means for shortening switch-off time of said switching means includes diode means poled so as to be reverse biased during conduction of said switching means and forward biased when said switching means is rendered nonconductive.
3. A touch-actuated, solid-state switching circuit in accordance with claim 1 wherein an indicator lamp is connected between the anode of said switching means and said plane of reference potential and which is energized upon said switching means being rendered conductive.
4. A touch-actuated, solid'state switching circuit, including in combination:
first and second solid-state switching means each having conductive and nonconductive states and each including anode, cathode and control electrodes,
said first switching means having its cathode coupled to a source of unidirectional potential through a load impedance and also to the cathode of said second switching means through a first coupling capacitor, said first switching means having its anode coupled to the anode of said second switching means through a second coupling capacitor, said anode of said second switching means being returned to a plane of reference potential, and said cathode of said second switching means being connected to said source of unidirectional potential; and
actuating control means coupled to said control electrode of said first switching means, including a touch-responsive element and pulse generating means, said touchresponsive element having a pair of normally insulated terminals which when bridged permits said pulse means to generate and apply a control pulse of predetermined duration to the control electrode of said first switching means to render the same conductive, said cathode impedance being of a selected value to prevent conduction of said first switching means upon cessation of said control pulse,
said momentary conduction of said first switching means developing positiveand negative-going pulses at respective cathode and anode electrodes thereof, said positivegoing pulse coupled to the control electrode of said second switching means being effective to trigger the same to conduction if previously in a nonconductive state, and said negative-going pulse coupled to the anode of said second switching means being effective to reversebias the same to nonconduction it previously in a conductive state.
5. A touch-actuated, solid-state switching circuit in accordance with claim d wherein said solid-state switching means comprise respective controlled rectifier devices, and wherein said pulse generating means includes a storage capacitor coupled to the control electrode of said first switching means and permitted to charge to a predetermined level from a source of unidirectional potential, said storage capacitor generating said control pulse by discharging through said touch-responsive element when the same is suitably contacted.
6. A touch-actuated, solid-state switching circuit in accordance with claim d wherein said solid-state switching means comprise respective controlled rectifier devices with diode means connected across respective cathode and control electrodes in a manner to shorten switch-oft time thereof, and wherein further capacitor means is connected between cathode and control electrodes of said first switching means providing a filtering action to minimize spurious operation thereof on transient signals and extraneous noise pickup.
7. A touch-actuated, solid-state control function network for selecting a plurality of basic operational modes and at least one optional mode for a multifunctional complex formed of particular, interconnected subunits operative through first and second system channels, comprising in combination:
a plurality of switching circuits for selectively controlling said basic operational modes, each of said switching circuits including solid-state switching means having a control electrode, and cathode and anode electrodes connected across a source of unidirectional potential of predetermined magnitude;
diode means connected to each of said switching means for selectively coupling respective system channels to respective subunits, each providing a particularized function and collectively comprising said complex;
actuating control means including a touch-responsive element coupled to the control electrode of each of said switching means for selectively actuating the same and biasing an associated diode switch means to pass signal information to respective system channels;
circuit means interconnecting each of said switching means which, upon actuating a particular switching means, automatically deactivates any of the remaining switching means if previously in an activated condition; and
additional switching circuit means: for providing said optional mode, said additional switching circuit including first and second solid-state switching means having conductive and nonconductive states and including control, cathode and anode electrodes, said first and second switching means having respective cathodes coupled to said source of unidirectional potential and respective anodes interconnected through a first coupling capacitor, said first switching means having its cathode further coupied to the control electrode of said second switching means through a second coupling capacitor,
and additional actuating control means coupled to the control electrode of said first switching means, including a touch-responsive element which when actuated permits momentary conduction of said first switching means for developing positive and negative-going pulses at respec tive cathode and anode electrodes thereof, said positivegoing pulse coupled to the control electrode of said second switching means being effective to forward-bias the same to conduction it previously in a nonconductive state, and said negative-going pulse coupled to the anode of said second switching device being effective to reversebias the same to nonconduction if previously in a conductive state.
8. A touch-actuated, solid-state control function network in accordance with claim 7 wherein said multifunctional complex includes AM receiver, FM receiver, phonograph and tape subunits, the selective activation of which being controlled by said basic operational modes, and wherein said diode switch means associated with the switching means for activating the AM control mode is effective to apply derived audio signals from said AM receiver to said system channels connected in common, and wherein each of said remaining diode switch means are effective to selectively apply derived audio signals from each of said remaining subunits to said system channels maintained in electrical isolation from one another,
9. A touch-actuated, solid-state control function network in accordance with claim 7 wherein each of said solid-state switching means comprises a controlled rectifier device, and wherein said means for automatically deactivating any of said switching means includes capacitance means coupled between anodes of respective pairs of said switching means, said capacitance means being effective upon activation of a particular switching means to apply a negative-going pulse to each of the anodes of the remaining unselected switching means so as to reverse-bias the same if previously in a conductive state.
it A touch-actuated, solid-state control function network in accordance with claim 8 wherein transistor means is included having an input coupled to the anode of said switching means for selecting said AM operational mode, and collectoremitter electrodes interconnecting a source of operating power and said Alt/l receiver, actuation of said last named switching means forward-biasing said transistor means to conduction so as to apply said operating power to said Ali/l receiver.
111. A touch-actuated, solid-state control function network in accordance with claim 8 wherein transistor means is ineluded having an input electrode coupled to the anode of said switching means for selecting the FM operational mode, and collector-emitter electrodes interconnecting a source of operating power and said FM receiver, actuation of said last mentioned switching means forward-biasing said transistor means to conduction so as to apply said operating power to said FM receiver.
12. A touch-actuated, solid-state control function network in accordance with claim 7 wherein said optional mode comprises monostereo operation, and wherein means are included to apply operating power to a selective portion of said FM receiver, and to insure said respective system channels are electrically isolated from each other upon said second switching means'of said additional switching circuit being rendered conductive.
13. A touch-actuated, solid-state control function network in accordance with claim 7 wherein said optional mode comprises extended bass operation, and wherein additional switch means are included for coupling selected low frequency components of derived audio signals by a selected subunit to ground upon said second switching means of said additional switching circuit being rendered conductive.
14. A touch-actuated, solid-state control function network in accordance with claim 7 wherein one of said basic modes comprises AM receiver operation and said one optional mode comprises monostereo operation, and wherein interlock means are included to prevent selection of the stereo mode in conjunction with said AM receiver mode, said interlock means including transistor means interposed in the circuit path supplying operating power to said switching means for selecting monostereo operation, said transistor means being reverse biased upon actuating said switching means for selecting said AM receiver operation so as to open circuit said circuit path supplying power to said switching means for establishing said stereo mode.
t i I i 1U
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3528044 *||Jun 19, 1968||Sep 8, 1970||Standard Kollsman Ind Inc||Touch controlled tv channel selector comprising a plurality of bistable switching circuits|
|US3549909 *||Aug 25, 1969||Dec 22, 1970||Hall Barkan Instr Inc||Touch activated ac,full wave,two-wire swtiches|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4135158 *||Jun 2, 1975||Jan 16, 1979||Motorola, Inc.||Universal automotive electronic radio|
|US4255815 *||Oct 2, 1978||Mar 10, 1981||National Semiconductor Corporation||Electronic switching for AM-FM radio|
|DE3124858A1 *||Jun 24, 1981||Feb 25, 1982||Pioneer Electronic Corp||System aus einem rundfunkempfaenger und einer kassetten-bandaufzeichnungs-wiedergabeeinrichtung|
|U.S. Classification||455/142, 307/652, 340/539.1|