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Publication numberUS3628153 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 14, 1971
Filing dateDec 16, 1969
Priority dateDec 19, 1968
Publication numberUS 3628153 A, US 3628153A, US-A-3628153, US3628153 A, US3628153A
InventorsMasayuki Fukata
Original AssigneeMasayuki Fukata
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Receiving device for control information
US 3628153 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1-11 ten at 3,098,212 7/1963 Creamer,.Ir...... .......i... 325/392 [72] Inventor Mnsnyulri lFulrata 941, Shimorenjalru, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo, Japan [21] AppLNo. 885,401

[22] Filed Dec. 16, 11969 Patented Dec. 11 1, 119711 g device for control information signal and a second control signal signal and having a duration less t .wmfi c m m t mm fin m C w A n Rd r m Smn Ema Arr" 8 6 9 1 l n. w .w ny D da. y t n o n P 1]] 23 333 [.11

than the duration of the first signal, where the durations of e same frequency as the control nerate a first output when the duramined time Ts and to generate a duration exceeds predetermined time Ts. The duration of the first control signal is longer than the time T5, and the duration of the h fi wn: .mt lme mwmmm 8% m m n m w mmmm d CO wk mm rla e w m 80 C mdflmT a 9 3 5 2 3 L 0 R T N 0 C, m r m E m M a v m ENW" m m GTDW NAID" H r WM m mmm om Ewes RHQJU M T U N {51] int. lilllmh 1/16 second control signal is less than the time Ts and more than ed circuit is triggered to and self-held in [50] Field 325/55, the time Tc. Acontroll .228 the switching-in state in response to the first output and restored in response to the second output.

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 10/1962 Noller.............r............

Patented Dec. 14,, 1971 3,628,153

4 Sheets-$heet 1 4 J I I I RECEIVER AMPLIFIER Ifi L CONTROL SIGNAL J 9- 7 DETECTOR I /5 AMPLIFIER TRANSMITTER CONTROL SIGNAL F151. 2 GENERATOR I -IflIIIIIIIIIflIIIIIIIIllIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIE---- e J L *7? I L -E H 7E 1 :Ifi E, FL

Fig. 4

Patented Dec. 14, 1971 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 CONTROL SIGNAL DETECTOR 5 4 SheetsSheet 4,.

w E u m l l I I I l I 1 I l l l l I I l W I l l I I l I l I I 1 I I l I I I I l I I IIJ W 5:23 M i956 @2558 m3; J n w m m n 55 lm m WW m a m m m E at n n u W u m r If- ,L Q 52 55 528% w w Patented Dec. 14, 1971 IRIECIEI VIING DEVICE IFDIR 'CONTIRGIL INFORMATION BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to receiving devices used in a system for controlling, from the sending side, the receiving side in a broadcast system, such as l an emergency broadcast system for transmitting emergency information, such as information of a natural disaster etc., from the broadcast station to the receivers, 2) a recorder-control broadcast system for causing recorders of the receivers, such as tape recorders, to record the broadcast information in accordance with the control of the broadcast station, or (3) a broadcast system for a control signal transmitted to control the switch operation of each of various kinds of apparatus at the receiving side.

In these prior art system, a device at the receiving side is automatically triggered by a control signal transmitted from the sending side. However, restoration to the standby condition on the device of the receiving side is usually performed by manual operation (hereinafter referred as semicontrol system"). If the customer of the receiving set is absent, the receiving set of the semicontrol system remains in an unmuted condition after completion of a desired operation. This will cause unnecessary power consumption or unnecessary loud noise from the speaker which is uncomfortable to the neighborhood. This defect tends to prevent popularization of the broadcast system of this type.

To eliminate the above difficulty, another prior art system has been proposed in which the triggered device of the receiving side is automatically restored by the control from the sending side (hereinafter referred as full-control system). In this full-control system, two control signals having different frequencies from each other are employed. Two control signals A and B are simultaneously transmitted to the receiving side. The received control signals a and b are applied to an AND gate, so that a desired control is effected at the output of the AND gate. Thereafter, one of the two control signals a and h is ceased while the other is further transmitted without interruption to hold the triggered condition of the controlled device. When the other of the two control signals a and b is ceased, the controlled device is restored to the initial condition. However, if this full-control system is applied to an emer' gency broadcast system, coexistence of the broadcast program and one of the signals a and b is offensive to the ear. To avoid such discomfort, the modulation rate of the carrier in transmitting the two control signals a and b is reduced as low as possible. This causes deterioration of the reliability of the control operation of this full-control system. With respect to some of receiving sets, normal triggering and normal restoration in these receiving sets will not be performed at all.

An object of this invention is to provide receiving devices free from the above defects.

The principle of this invention will be understood from the following detailed discussion taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which the same or equivalent parts are designated by the same reference numerals, characters. and symbols.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS:

FIG. I is a block diagram for illustrating an example ofconventional receiving devices used in the broadcast system for Control information;

FIG. 2 is a block diagram for illustrating an example of conventional sending devices used in the broadcast system for control information;

FIG. 3 is a block diagram for illustrating the theory of operation of this invention;

FIG. d shows time charts explanatory of the operation of some embodiments ofa control device; and

FIG. 5 and 6 are each block diagram for illustrating an actual embodiment of one control receiving device.

To afford a better understanding of this invention, a conventional broadcast system for control information will first be described.

FIG. l is an example of a receiving set which comprises a receiving antenna ll, receiver 2 receiving a transmitted signal from the antenna 1 and amplifying the received signal and further demodulating the received signal, a control signal detector 5 for detecting a transmitted control signal from the received and demodulated signal, a switch 6 controlled by the output of the control signal detector 5, an amplifier 3 amplifying the demodulated signal obtained at the output of the receiver 2, and a speaker connected to the output of the amplifier In this receiving set, the switch 6 is opened in the normal case, so that the speaker d is muted. When a control signal is transmitted from the sending side of the broadcast system, it is detected by the control signal detector 5, so that the switch 6 is closed and the broadcast program transmitted after the control signal can be heard from the speaker 4.

FIG. 2 is an example of the sending side of the broadcast system to control the receiving sets as shown in FIG. I. Broadcast program signals are applied from a terminal I3. A control signal generator 14 generates a predetermined control signal. The control signal generated from the control signal generator M is applied to the transmitter llll. The output of an amplifier l2 amplifying the broadcast programs supplied from the terminal 113 is also applied to the transmitter 11. The output of the transmitter 11 is connected to an sending antenna ll5. When a program is to be transmitted to the receiving sets, the control signal is at first transmitted to unmut the receiving sets and then the broadcast program is thereafter transmitted.

With reference to FIGS. 3 and 4, the principle of this invention will be described. Means l, 2, 3, 4 and 6 other than the control signal detector 5 are the same as those in the receiving set shown in FIG. l. The control signal detector 5 comprises three means A, B and C in accordance with this invention. The means A comprises a narrow band pass; filter BPF for selecting a signal of a predetermined single frequency from the output W, of the receiver 2 and a recifying circuit RECT for converting them to a DC pulse signal W,. The means B comprises a time-counting circuit TM, and a time-counting circuit TM The time-counting circuit TM, measures the duration of the DC pulse signal W obtained from the means A so that a first output W, is present when the duration of the DC pulse signal W exceeds a predetermined time Ts. The time-counting circuit TM measures the duration of the [DC pulse signal W obtained from the means A so that a second output W, is present when the duration of the DC pulse signal W exceeds a predetermined time To less than the time Ts. The means C is a control circuit for switching-in the switch 6 in response to the first output W and for switching-off the switch 6 in response to the second output W, generated after the termination of the first output W Accordingly, the switch 6 is held in the ON- state in a time from the termination of the first output W; to the start of the second output W The operation of the control signal detector 5 shown in FIG. 3 will be further described with reference to FIG. 4. A first mark W,, of the signal W, is transmitted to switch-in the switch 6, and a second mark W of the signal W, is transmitted to switch-off the switch 6. The mark W, for switchingon the switch 6 has a duration longer than a predetermined time Ts. The mark W for switching-off the switch 6 has a duration longer than a predetermined time To but shorter than a predetermined time Ts which is longer than the time Tc. As understood from FIG. 4, when the first mark W,, is transmitted, the time-counting circuit TM generates the second output W after the time Tc from the start of the first mark W,,. However, the control circuit is designed so that the switch 6 is not switched-off in response to the second output W This will be clear from actual embodiment described below.

With reference to FIG. 5, an example of the control signal detector 6 is described. The above-mentioned means A, B and C are designated by dotted enclosures. The operation of this example is as follows. When the first mark W,, is transmitted to cut offa transistor TR and the duration of the output W, of the means A exceeds the time Ts determined in accordance with a product of values of a resistor R, and a capacitor C, a voltage charged in the capacitor C through the resistor R from a source +Vc is discharged through a path comprising a resistor R and a transistor Tr Accordingly, a relay RY is energized so that contacts ry, and ry are closed. In response to the close of the contact ry,, the receiver 2 and the amplifier 3 are connected to each other. Accordingly. program information transmitted after the control signal (w can be heard from the speaker 4. On the other hand, the charging time constant of a capacitor Ca determined in accordance with a product of values of a resistor R and the capacitor Ca is smaller than the charging time constant Tc of the capacitor C. Accordingly, transistors Tr. and Tr, are respectively turned on and off before the above-mentioned turn on of the transistor TR This means that the hold of the relay RY is maintained through the turned-on transistor TR, since the transistor TR is cut off.

However, when the first mark w is terminated, the charged voltage of the capacitor Ca is suddenly discharged through a turned-off transistor TR so that the hold circuit of the relay RY is maintained by a path through the contact ry, and the transistor TR In this case, the charged voltage of the capacitor C is also discharged through a resistor R and a transistor TR However, since the discharging time constant of the capacitor substantially determined in accordance with a product of values of the capacitor C and the resistor R is larger than the discharging time constant of the capacitor Ca determined in accordance with a product of values of the capacitor Ca and the transistor TR the transistor TR, becomes conductive before turnoff of the transistor TR Accordingly, the hold of the relay RY are continuously maintained. This hold of the relay RY can be maintained by the use ofa slow-releasing relay as the relay RY.

When the second mark w, more than the time Tc and less than the time Ts is transmitted and received, the transistor TR, becomes conductive after the time Tc starting from the start of the second mark w while the transistor TR is remained in the cutoff state. Therefore, the transistor TR is turned off so that the seld-hold of the relay RY is released. In response to this release of the relay RY, connection between the receiver 2 and the amplifier 3 are cut off. This is the standby condition for receiving a next control signal.

With reference to FIG. 6, another actural example of the control signal detector 5 is described. ln this example, the means B comprises a single time-counting circuit. However, the start to turn on of the transistor TR is determined so that the turn on of the transistor TR starts when the charged voltage of the capacitor C reaches a voltage v,, while the start to turn on of the transistor TR is determined so that the turn on of the transistor TR, starts when the charged voltage of the capacitor C reaches a voltage v In this case, the voltage v corresponds a voltage charged in the capacitor C in the time Ts starting from the start of the first mark w The voltage v corresponds to a voltage charged in the capacitor C in the time To starting from the start of the first mark \v or the second mark W In addition to the above-mentioned analogue technique, digital technique or mechanical relays may be adopted to form the means B. Moreover, the relay RY of the means C may be replaced by an electronic circuit, such as flip-flop circuit, or by another electronic switching circuit.

In the above examples, it is assumed that the control signal consisting of two mark signals w, and w has the same frequency. However, these two mark signals w and w may have respectively different frequencies from each other, in this case, the means A must be provided two combinations each comprising the filter BPF and the recifying circuit RECT. Moreover, the means B is designed as shown in F lGS. 3 and 5.

As mentioned above, correct triggering for a controlled circuit, such as the switch 6, an amplifier 3 and the speaker 4 shown in FIG. 3, and restoration to the standby state for control information of the control circuit can be performed without spurious operation in accordance with this invention.

if false signals similar to the control signal and included in the transmitted broadcast program signal are eliminated by the use of technique proposed in my US. application for patent, Ser. No. 70l,03l filed on Jan. 4, i968, and now US. Pat. No. 3,566,270, reliability of in transmitting the control signal will be risen further.

The above examples relate to receiving devices used in an emergency broadcast system. However, it will be readily understood that the devices of this invention can be applied to other control systems, such as control of a tape recorder connected to a receiver or control of a switch or switches of a device provided at the receiving side.

What l claim is: l. A receiving device for control information formed by a first signal and a second signal transmitted after the first signal and having a duration less than the duration of the first signal, comprising:

selection means for selecting the control information from a transmitted signal to convert it to at least one DC signal;

time-measuring means coupled to the output of the selection means for generating a first output when the duration of the DC signal exceeds a predetermined time Ts and for generating a second output when the duration of the DC signal exceeds a predetermined time To less than the time Ts, the duration of said first signal being longer than the time Ts, the duration of said second signal being longer than the time To and less than the time Ts;

first control means coupled to the output of the time-mea suring means for triggering a control circuit to the switching-in state thereof in response to the first output and for holding the switching-in state of the control circuit;

second control means coupled to the time-measuring means for releasing the hold state of the first control means in response to the second output; and

third control means coupled to the first and second control means for checking the application to the first control means of the second output until completion of said hold state ofthe first control means.

2. A receiving device for control information according to claim 1, in which the time-measuring means comprises two capacitors respectively having a charging time constant corresponding to the time Ts and a charging time constant corresponding to the time Tc.

3. A receiving device for control information according to claim 1, in which the time-measuring means comprises a capacitor, first detecting means for generating the first output when the charged voltage of the capacitor reaches a predetermined first voltage after the time Ts starting from the start of the first control signal, and second detecting means for generating the second output when the charged voltage of the capacitor reaches a predetermined second voltage less than the first voltage after the time Tc starting from the start of each of the first and second control signals.

a: a s at

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3061783 *Apr 30, 1956Oct 30, 1962Lynch Carrier Systems IncInband signalling system
US3098212 *May 11, 1959Jul 16, 1963Philco CorpRemote control system with pulse duration responsive means
US3391340 *May 19, 1964Jul 2, 1968Zenith Radio CorpAlarm production over broadcasting channel by using long duration dissonant tones discordant with musical scale to prevent false actuation
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3733554 *Mar 19, 1971May 15, 1973D WycoffCommunication receiver with tone operated audio amplifier circuitry
US3755744 *Jun 25, 1971Aug 28, 1973M FukataReceiving device for automatically demuting and remuting by two control signals sequentially transmitted from transmitter
US3824341 *May 16, 1972Jul 16, 1974Xerox CorpData communication system
US3835394 *Feb 1, 1973Sep 10, 1974Ericsson Telefon Ab L MCode receiver in staff locator
US3866123 *Feb 28, 1973Feb 11, 1975Nat Public RadioBroadcast network signaling system and method
US3870956 *Sep 17, 1973Mar 11, 1975Admiral CorpSound muting circuit with automatic sound return
US4024475 *May 14, 1976May 17, 1977Blaupunkt-Werke GmbhDecoder for frequency-modulated tones of two different lengths
US4081840 *Dec 29, 1976Mar 28, 1978Signal Science Systems, Inc.Dual function acoustic switch
US4918531 *Oct 25, 1988Apr 17, 1990Thomson Consumer Electronics, Inc.Signal selection system
US5333091 *Jan 8, 1993Jul 26, 1994Arthur D. Little Enterprises, Inc.Method and apparatus for controlling a videotape player to automatically scan past recorded commercial messages
US5692093 *Jan 4, 1994Nov 25, 1997Srt, Inc.Method and apparatus for eliminating television commercial messages
US5696866 *Sep 12, 1994Dec 9, 1997Srt, Inc.Method and apparatus for eliminating television commercial messages
US5987210 *Dec 15, 1995Nov 16, 1999Srt, Inc.Method and apparatus for eliminating television commercial messages
US5999688 *Aug 13, 1996Dec 7, 1999Srt, Inc.Method and apparatus for controlling a video player to automatically locate a segment of a recorded program
US7110658Aug 27, 1999Sep 19, 2006Televentions, LlcMethod and apparatus for eliminating television commercial messages
Classifications
U.S. Classification455/231, 358/908
International ClassificationH04B1/16, H04Q9/14, H04H20/00, H04H20/89, H03G3/00, H04H20/59
Cooperative ClassificationH04H20/89, H03G3/005, Y10S358/908, H04H20/59
European ClassificationH03G3/00Q, H04H20/59, H04H20/89
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Apr 5, 1984ASAssignment
Owner name: BASTIAN ADVANCED SYSTEM, INC.
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:INTERNATIONAL FOOD SERVICE EQUIPMENT SYSTEMS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004245/0581