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Publication numberUS3628601 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 21, 1971
Filing dateMar 23, 1970
Priority dateMar 23, 1970
Publication numberUS 3628601 A, US 3628601A, US-A-3628601, US3628601 A, US3628601A
InventorsFarrell Frank C, Snaper Alvin A
Original AssigneeAdvanced Patent Technology Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for cooling reflector walls
US 3628601 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [72] Inventors Alvin A. Snaper Las Vegas, Nev.; Frank C. Farrell, Los Angeles, Calli. [21] Appl. No. 21,589 [22] Filed Mar. 23, 1970 [45] Patented Dec. 21, 1971 [73] Assignee Advanced Patent Technology, Inc. Las Vegas, Nev.

[54] APPARATUS FOR COOLING REFLECTOR WALLS 7 Claims, 3 Drawing Figs.

[51] Int. Cl F21v 29/00 [50] Field of Search 165/47, 121, 123, 169; 240/47; 353/57, 61, 54; 352/202; 250/88, 89

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,158,886 5/1939 Petermann 240/47 FOREIGN PATENTS 188,210 1 H1922 Great Britain 240/47 841,795 7/1960 Great Britain.. 353/61 309,151 7/1919 Germany.... 240/47 465,296 8/1961 Italy 353/61 16,937 1912 Great Britain 240/47 Primary.ExaminerAlbert W. Davis, Jr. Att0rneyAngus & Mon

ABSTRACT: Apparatus in accordance with the present disclosure comprises housing defining a wall supporting a reflector also having a wall. A region is defined between the walls and manifolds are located at each end of the region. Nozzle means is in fluid communication with at least one of the manifolds for directing a jet stream of coolant into the region between the walls and tangentially to the wall being cooled to thereby cool the wall. The jet stream is collected and dispelled through a second manifold at the opposite end of the region. Vent apparatus may be provided adjacent the nozzles so that as the jet streams are emitted from the nozzles, air or coolant is drawn into the region to further cool the walls.

APPARATUS FOR COOLING REFLECTOR WALLS This invention relates to apparatus for cooling a wall, and particularly for cooling a reflector wall by means of fluid jets.

Heretofore, heated walls, such as radiation reflectors, highpower lamp reflectors, and the like, have been cooled by convection techniques whereby air or coolant was directed at the wall to be cooled in a direction generally normal to the surface thereof. However, such forced ventilation systems for cooling radiation reflectors was relatively inefficient because large volumes of coolant was required to effectuate minimum cooling. Furthermore, forced ventilation cooling of reflector walls was not always possible for all orientations of 'a reflector.

It is common practice to illuminate a region by means of high-power lamps, such as Xenon lamps. Such lamps dispel large quantities of heat which must be dispelled or carried away to prevent damage to the lamp and its associated reflector and electrical wiring. I-Ieretofore, large flood lamp installations have been cooled by forced ventilation or by merely exposing the lamp to the atmosphere, neither method proving to be very reliable. Also, relatively large pumps were required for forced ventilation cooling of reflector, such pumps generally rendering such cooling systems prohibitively expensive.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a cooling system for lamps, reflectors, radiant heater walls, and the like, which is more economical than prior systems and which can be operated by more simple pumps, blowers and the like, than prior systems.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a cooling system for cooling walls which is more efficient than prior cooling systems.

Another object of the present invention is to provide an improved cooling technique for cooling radiation reflectors.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a cooling system for a reflector wall which is capable of effective operation in any orientation of the reflector.

In accordance with the present invention, jet streams of coolant, such as cool air, are directed tangentially to the surface of the wall to be cooled. The fluid adheres to the wall and carries away heat therefrom.

According to one feature of the present invention, manifolds are provided for delivering the coolant to nozzles for forming the jet streams, and for collecting the jet streams of coolant after they have acquire heat from the wall being cooled.

In accordance with another feature of the present invention, vents are provided so that air is drawn into the jet streams as they pass the vents.

One feature of the present invention resides in the fact that the fluid is directed along the surface of the wall so as to adhere to the wall to form a thin film of coolant thereon. The adherence of the fluid is by the Coanda effect, an effect known in fluidic science whereby a stream of fluid will adhere to a wall surface and flow along the wall in a nonturbulent stream. The Coanda effect is often referred to as the tendency of a fluid to attach to a wall.

The above and other features of this invention will be more fully understood from the following detailed description and the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. I is a side view elevation in cutaway cross section of a reflector having a cooling system in accordance with the presently preferred embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is an end view of the reflector taken at line 2-2 in FIG. I; and

FIG. 3 is a side view elevation of the reflector illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2.

Referring to the drawings, there is illustrated a reflector having a cooling system in accordance with the presently preferred embodiment of the present invention. The apparatus comprises a reflector wall having a reflector surface 11 on one side thereof. Reflector wall 10 is ordinarily symmetrical about axis 12 so that radiation from a source (not shown) in the region 12a defined by the reflector is directed forwardly along axis 12. Alternatively, reflector wall 10 may be cylindrical in shape to form an elongated reflector. Reflector wall 10 is mounted to housing 13 which includes manifolds 14, I5, and 16. Housing 13 provides structural support for reflector l0, and additional structural mounts (not shown) may be provided for this function. By way of example, if wall 10 is deformable, such additional supports may be adjustable mounting means as disclosed in our copending application Ser. No. 21,590 filed of even date herewith for Adjustably Positionable Reflectors" and assigned to the same assignee as the present invention. Wall 10 may be integral with housing 13 or may be fabricated in several stages and mounted together by fastener means (not shown) such as suitable threaded fasteners or adhesive bonding.

Nozzle l7 cooperates with reflector wall to form throat 18 through which fluid in manifold 14 is emitted in a jet stream into region 21. Preferably nozzle 17 forms a substantially ringshaped throat 18 about the outer surface of reflector 10. Vent apertures 19 are arranged about the periphery of housing 13 adjacent throat 18 so that as the jet stream is emitted through throat 18 in the direction of arrow 20, air may be drawn into region 21 through apertures 19.

Likewise, nozzle 22 forms a substantially ring-shaped throat 23 at the lowermost region of the reflector so that coolant is emitted in a jet stream, indicated by arrows 24 into region 26. As the jet stream is emitted from nozzle 22, air may be drawn through vent apertures 25 adjacent nozzle 22.

Manifolds l4 and 16 are connected via suitable conduits 27 and 28, respectively, to a pump (not shown) to force coolant, such as cooled air, under pressure into nozzles 17 and 22. The jet streams emitted from the nozzles are directed tangentially to the surface of wall 10 being cooled until deflected by deflector 29 whose deflector surfaces 30 and 31, respectively, deflect the jet streams into manifold 15 and to prevent turbulence in the respective jet streams by virtue of directing the jet streams into manifold 15. The expanded coolant and air collected by manifold 15 is carried out through conduit 32 preferably by means of a vacuum pump (not shown) to further reduce turbulent flow in the jet streams. If desired, the air or coolant carried out through conduit 32 may be pumped through a suitable radiator or other heat sink and recirculated back through conduits 27 and 28 to further cool the reflector.

In operation of the cooling system, a source of radiant heat, such as a high-voltage Xenon light bulb is positioned on axis 12 to direct heat or light forwardly along the direction of axis 12. The reflector is heated by the source, and coolant, such as cool air is forced under pressure into manifolds l4 and 16. Jet streams of coolant are emitted tangentially along the surface of the reflector through nozzles 17 and 22. The fluid adheres to the wall surface of the reflector by the Coanda effect to thereby form a thin film of coolant thereon to which heat is transferred in a nonturbulent manner. Additional cooled air is drawn in through the atmosphere through vent apertures 19 and 25 and is carried with the jet streams to cool wall 10. The jet streams being directed tangentially to the wall surface adhere to the wall so that heat in the wall is transferred to the air by induction. The streams are thereafter removed from the walls by deflector 29 to carry the heat away. Since the coolant is in contact with the wall surface for a substantial area, the coolant is heated to a temperature close to the temperature of the wall surface before being carried away through manifold 15 and conduit 32. It should be understood that since the fluid stream attaches to wall 10 by means of the Coanda effect, the housing 13 is not required to direct or hold the jet streams.

The present invention thus provides a cooling system for a reflector or radiator surface which is capable of efficiently cooling the surface. With the present invention, high-power lamp reflectors and the like may be cooled with a smaller volume of air need to be moved, thereby requiring less power to cool the reflector surface than heretofore required with forced ventilation systems. With the present invention, efficient use of the coolant, such as cooled air, is utilized because the air is in contact with the surface over a substantial area of the surface before being ejected from the cooling system.

This invention is not to be limited by the embodiment shown in the drawings and described in the description, which is given by way of example and not of limitation, but only in accordance with the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. Apparatus for cooling a reflector wall, said wall having a generally concave cross section defining an axis and having an open forward end, said apparatus comprising: first manifold means positioned adjacent said wall at the intersection of said wall and said axis; first nozzle means supported by said first manifold means in fluid communication with said first manifold means for directing a first jet stream of fluid substantially tangential to said wall; second manifold means positioned adjacent said forward end of said wall; second nozzle means supported by said second manifold means and in fluid communication with said second manifold means for directing a second jet stream substantially tangential to said wall; first connector means mounted to said first manifold means for connecting said first manifold means to a source of coolant under pressure; second connector means mounted to said second manifold means for connecting said second manifold means to a source of coolant under pressure; third manifold means positioned between said first and second manifold means; and collector means for directing said first and second jet streams into said third manifold means.

2. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein said collector means provides a turbulence reducing barrier between said first and second jet streams.

3. Apparatus according to claim 1 further including aperture means adjacent said first and second nozzle means for admitting fluid into said first and second jet streams.

4. Apparatus according to claim 5 wherein said collector means provides a turbulence reducing barrier between said first and second jet streams.

5. In combination: a housing; reflector means supported by said housing, said reflector means having a wall; first, second and third manifold means supported by said housing; first nozzle means supported by said first manifold means and in fluid communication with said first manifold means for directing a first jet stream of fluid substantially tangential to said wall; second nozzle means supported by said second manifold means and in fluid communication with said second manifold means for directing a second jet stream of fluid substantially tangential to said wall; collector means for directing said first and second jet streams into said third manifold means; first connector means for connecting said first manifold means to a source of coolant under pressure; and second connector means for connecting said second manifold to a source of coolant under pressure, said collector means providing a turbulence reducing barrier between said first and second jet streams.

6. In combination: a housing, reflector means supported by said housing, said reflector means having a wall; first, second and third manifold means supported by said housing; said third manifold means being positioned between said first and second manifold means; first nozzle means supported by said first manifold means and in fluid communication with said first manifold means for directing a first jet stream of fluid substantially tangential to said wall; second nozzle means supported by said second manifold means and in fluid communication with said second manifold means for directing a second jet stream of fluid substantially tangential to said wall; collector means for directing said first and second jet streams into said third manifold means; first connector means for connecting said first manifold means to a source of coolant under pressure; second connector means for connecting said second manifold to a source of coolant under pressure; and aperture means in said housing adjacent said first and second nozzle means for admitting fluid into said first and second jet streams.

7. A combination according to claim 6 wherein said collector means provides a turbulence reducing barrier between said first and second jet streams.

t t I l UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORR'I'CCTION December 21, 1.971

Patent No. 3 7 ,601 Dated Inventor) ALVIN A.SNAPER, ET AL It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

I' '1 Col. 2, line 44 insert after "bulb' line 47 I insert after "air" Col. 3, line 32 "5" should read --3-- Claim 4, line 1 after "housing;" insert said third manifol means being positioned between said first a second manifold means;--

C01. 3, line 37- 1 Claim 5, line 3 Signed and sealed this th day of August 1971 (SEAL) Attest:

MCCOY M. GIBSON, JR. 0. MARSHALL DANN T Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CER'IIFICATE OF CORR'I'CC'ITION patent 3,628,601 Datedflfi December 21, 1971 Inventor(s) V N A .SNAPER, ET AL It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown "below:

Col. 2, line 44 insert after "bulb" line 47 insert after "air" Col. 3, line 32 "5" should read --3-- Claim 4, line 1 after "housing;" insert said third manifo means being positioned between said first second manifold means;--

Col. 3, line 37" Claim 5, line 3 Signed and sealed this 6th day of August 1974.

(SEAL) Attest:

MCCOY GIBSON, JR. 0. MARSHALL DANN Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3888647 *Apr 15, 1974Jun 10, 1975Maul Bros IncAir cooled annular parison blank mold
US4125154 *Jul 18, 1975Nov 14, 1978Vvb Haushalts- Und VerpackungsglasVessel for salt melts, particularly for modifying the properties of objects of glass, vitrocrystalline material or stoneware
US4559995 *Apr 21, 1982Dec 24, 1985Cummins Engine Company, Inc.Assembly for cooling and dampening vibrations of a unit mounted therein
US4682868 *May 31, 1985Jul 28, 1987Constantin Systems, Inc.Thermal management system for an episcopic image projector
US4890208 *Feb 10, 1989Dec 26, 1989Lehigh UniversityStage lighting apparatus
US5282121 *Apr 30, 1991Jan 25, 1994Vari-Lite, Inc.High intensity lighting projectors
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US5367444 *Jun 1, 1993Nov 22, 1994Vari-Lite Inc.Thermal management techniques for lighting instruments
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US5555493 *Mar 30, 1993Sep 10, 1996Amblard; Jean-ClaudeFluid optics projector
US6623144Oct 1, 2002Sep 23, 2003Genlyte Thomas Group LlcHigh intensity lighting projectors
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US7673430Aug 10, 2006Mar 9, 2010Koninklijke Philips Electronics, N.VRecessed wall-wash staggered mounting system
US7856788Jan 29, 2010Dec 28, 2010Genlyte Thomas Group LlcRecessed wall-wash staggered mounting method
US8057077Dec 20, 2006Nov 15, 2011Canlyte Inc.Support device
US20060043546 *Aug 12, 2005Mar 2, 2006Robert KrausOptoelectronic component and housing
US20100126109 *Jan 29, 2010May 27, 2010Genlyte Thomas Group, LlcRecessed Wall-Wash Staggered Mounting System
EP0902231A2 *Sep 11, 1998Mar 17, 1999Hughes-Jvc Technology CorporationProjector lamp reflector
EP0902231A3 *Sep 11, 1998Jun 6, 2001Victor Company Of Japan, LimitedProjector lamp reflector
EP2343476A1 *Jan 6, 2010Jul 13, 2011Jordan Reflektoren GmbH & Co.KGLamp reflector
Classifications
U.S. Classification165/47, 353/54, 165/123, 353/61, 165/169, 352/202, 362/345, 250/430
International ClassificationF21V7/20, F21V7/00
Cooperative ClassificationF21V7/20
European ClassificationF21V7/20
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Sep 7, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: SOLOMON, JACK D.
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:GAMING AND TECHNOLOGY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004961/0028
Effective date: 19870824
Free format text: AGREEMENT,;ASSIGNOR:GAMING AND TECHNOLOGY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004961/0002
Effective date: 19851216
Sep 8, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: INSTITUTE FOR SOCIAL AND SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENT TH
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:SOLOMON, JACK D.;REEL/FRAME:004610/0320
Effective date: 19860827
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SOLOMON, JACK D.;REEL/FRAME:004610/0320
Nov 30, 1981ASAssignment
Owner name: APT FINANCAL CORP.; 512 SOUTH TONAPAH DR., LAS VAG
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:ADVANCED PATENT TECHNOLOGY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:003932/0046
Effective date: 19810520