Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3634654 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 11, 1972
Filing dateSep 14, 1970
Priority dateSep 13, 1966
Also published asDE1300039B
Publication numberUS 3634654 A, US 3634654A, US-A-3634654, US3634654 A, US3634654A
InventorsHerman Lurssen, Hans Dieter Peetz
Original AssigneeSaint Gobain
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electric thermal window with an adjustable terminal structure
US 3634654 A
Abstract
A thermal window having a glass pane, an electrical heating grid including bus bands affixed to the glass pane, and flat terminals having spaced portions fixedly attached to the bus bands at spaced points. The terminal intermediate the fixed points of attachment being free of attachment to the glass pane and the bus band and capable of easy change in dimension in response to external stimuli.
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Inventors Appl. No. Filed Patented Assignee Priority Hans Dieter Peetz Aachen;

Herman Lurssen, Laurensberg, both of Germany Sept. 14, 1970 Jan. 1 l, 1972 Compagnie De Saint Gobain Neuilly sur Seine, France Sept. 13, 1966 France Continuation of application Ser. No.

666,795, Oct. 11, 1967, now abandoned.

This application Sept. 14, 1970, Ser. No. 72,132

ELECTRIC THERMAL WINDOW WITH AN ADJUSTABLE TERMINAL STRUCTURE 14 Claims, 5 Drawing Figs.

U.S. Cl 219/522,

Int. Cl 1105b 3/06 [50] Field of Search 219/202-203, 522, 543,541; 338/308-309, 316; 339/9 E, 256 SP, 258 S [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,787,693 4/1957 Razlag 339/256 SP 2,795,682 6/1957 Kno11..... 219/543 X 2,861,168 11/1958 Knoll 219/345 X 2,954,454 9/1960 Gaiser 219/203 2,965,874 12/1960 Modrey 339/258 S 2,977,450 3/1961 Boicey 219/541 3,379,859 4/1968 Marriott 219/522 Primary Examiner-Volodymyr Y. Mayewsky Attorney-Bauer & Seymour ABSTRACT: A thermal window having a glass pane, an electrical heating grid including bus bands affixed to the glass pane, and flat terminals having spaced portions fixedly attached to the bus bands at spaced points. The terminal intermediate the fixed points of attachment being free of attachment to the glass pane and the bus band and capable of easy change in dimension in response to external stimuli.

PATENTEU m1 1 m2 3,634,654

SHEET 1 OF 2 INVENTORS f/A/VS DlEfEK FEET! BY Mex/m4 II A 0x555 ATTO NEYS PATENTED mu 1 1972 3.634.654

SHEET 2 OF 2 INVENTORS HANS 0/5768 PEE/Z BY f/ERM/HM ZURSSE/l ATTOR YS ELECTRIC THERMAL WINDOW WITH AN ADJUSTABLE TERMINAL STRUCTURE This application is a continuation of my application Ser. No. 666,795, filed Sept. 1 l, 1967, and now abandoned.

This invention relates to the construction of thermal windows (c.f. French Pat. No. 1,464,585) and particularly to the assemblage of the pane, the heating grid, and the terminal. As the thermal window is useful in automobiles to prevent fogging, icing and other accumulations, the description will proceed with that structure in view as exemplary.

Thermal windows, of the type improved by this invention, have a glass pane which in automobiles is plain, triplex, or tempered, to one face of which a heating grid is attached as illustrated in FIG. 5. The grid may be resistance metal or resistance composition, may be in various forms either truly grid or so termed by courtesy, the shape, type, and method of attachment to the glass being part of the prior art unnecessary to be described here. In general, such windows have bus bands extending across opposite edges of the glass, between which extend the heating resistances.

Electrical terminals are very sensitive to the effects of changes in temperature, strong strains forming parallel to the glass because of their differences in coefficients of expansion, frequently detaching the terminal from the glass and sometimes cracking its outer surface, in either case making it useless.

We have discovered the cause of this imperfection and have corrected it by this invention. The invention involves a thermal window comprising a glass pane, a heating grid including a bus band affixed to the glass, and a terminal fixedly attached to the bus band and to the glass at spaced points, the terminal intermediate the fixed points of attachment being free, of attachment to the glass and the bus band, and capable of easy change in dimension in response to external stimuli.

The above and further objects and novel features of the present invention will more fully appear from the following detailed description when the same is read in connection with the accompanying drawings. It is to be expressly understood, however, that the drawings are for the purpose of illustration only and are not intended as a definition of the limits of the invention.

In the drawings, wherein like reference characters refer to like parts throughout the several views,

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a portion of a thermal window of the simplest form according to this invention;

FIG. 2 is a plan view, partly in section, of the connection between the terminal and the grid and glass;

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of an improved form of the invention;

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of another form of the invention; and

FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the preferred form of the invention.

In FIG. 1 the window pane l bears an affixed heating grid 2-3 the bars 2 of which extend between bus bands 3, only one of which is shown. The bars and bands are of some known construction mounted on the pane by known methods. The electrical terminals are constructed of flat plates 5, 6, 7 shaped like the letter E, the central limb of which is extended at 8 to form a contact to which the contact of the lead will be attached, eg as in FIG. 4. In this novel construction the limbs 5, 6 are alone attached to the grid and the glass, the method of attachment being that used in the prior art, and the areas of attachment 11, 12 (FIG. 2) are small and are spaced apart. This leaves the length of the plate or strap portion of the terminal between 11, 12 free in the sense of being unattached to the glass, and the length of such portion is of small width, as provided by the spaces between the limbs of the E, which reduces the strength of the terminal and allows it to yield under the differing atmospheric conditions encountered in seasons and storms. We have also discovered that the total width of limbs 5 and 6 may advantageously be less than the width of the bus band by an amount A (FIG. 1). In a terminal of copper or brass of about 0.5 mm. thickness the distance A may be on the order of 0.5 to 1 mm.

An advantageous form of the invention is illustrated in FIG. 3 wherein the central or strap part 13 of the terminal is offset at 14, 15 from the pane and the bus band, furnishing a readily deformable connection, between the points of attachment,

capable of yielding readily to stresses imposed by temperature change or other conditions of operation.

The forms of FIGS. 1 to 3 have a projecting contact 8 which causes framing problems, but these have been overcome in FIGS. 4 and 5. In FIG. 4 the oifset 13 is projected at 14 and 15 over and parallel to the edge of the pane, the part 15 being flush against but not attached to the pane and the contact 16 being displaced enough from the pane to seat the cooperating contact 18.

The preferred form of the invention shown in FIG. 3 has the plate 5', 6', 13' parallel to the edge of the pane, two tabs 21, 22 are bent over the edge of the pane and soldered to the bus band 3, and two contacts 23,, 24 which are the ends of a single band attached at its middle to the offset strap 13'. This construction is recessed (25,25) in the side of the pane so that all problems of framing are eliminated. A similar reduction at the end of the pane of FIG. 4 accomplishes a like result.

These new constructions yield readily to externally applied pressure, spare the connections and the pane, reduce the stresses caused by change in temperature and different rates of expansion, and eliminate the failures caused by prior constructions. The problems of framing, and elimination of projections capable of suffering shock are solved.

As many apparently widely different embodiments of the present invention may be made without departing from the spirit and scope thereof, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the specific embodiments.

What is claimed is:

1. A thermal window comprising a glass pane, a heating grid including a bus band affixed to the glass pane, and a terminal having spaced portions fixedly attached to the bus band at spaced points, the terminal intermediate the fixed points of attachment being free of attachment to the glass pane and the bus band and capable of easy change in dimension in response to external stimuli, said terminal having a strap portion attached to said spaced portions and an intermediate part which is offset from the spaced portions, the width of the bus band being greater than the width of the spaced portions of the terminal attached thereto, and in which the terminal lies parallel to the edge of the glass pane, is attached to the bus band by spaced arms and has a contact attached to the offset part of the strap portion extending parallel to the edge of the glass pane.

2. A thermal window comprising a glass pane, a heating grid including a bus band affixed to the glass pane, and a terminal having spaced portions fixedly attached to the bus band at spaced points, the terminal intermediate the fixed points of attachment being free of attachment to the glass pane and the bus band and capable of easy change in dimension in response to external stimuli, in which the terminal has a strap portion attached to said spaced portions thereof, and at least a part of the strap portion is offset and overlies and is parallel to the edge of the glass pane and is provided with a contact parallel to the edge of the glass pane.

3. A thermal window comprising a glass pane, a heating grid including a bus band affixed to the glass pane, and a terminal having spaced portions fixedly attached to the bus band at spaced points, the terminal intermediate the fixed points of attachment being free of attachment to the glass pane and the bus band and capable of easy change in dimension in response to external stimuli, the said glass pane having a recess in a portion of its outline, and the terminal is disposed in said recess.

4. A thermal window comprising a glass pane, a heating grid including a bus band afiixed to the glass pane, and a terminal having spaced portions fixedly attached to the bus band at spaced points, the terminal intermediate the fixed points of attachment being free of attachment to the glass pane and the bus band and capable of easy change in dimension in response to external stimuli, in which the terminal has a strap portion attached to said spaced portions and. the strap portion has an intermediate part which is offset from the spaced portions, the bus band overlying and extending along a broad surface of the glass pane adjacent an edge thereof, the strap portion overlying the edge of the glass pane, and the spaced portions of the terminal comprise angular elements one arm of each of which overlies the edge of the glass pane and is attached to the respective end of the strap portion, and the other arm of which overlies and is attached to the bus band.

5. A thermal window according to claim 4, in which the glass pane has a recess in a portion of its outline, and the terminal is disposed in said recess.

6. A thermal window according to claim 5, comprising a contact attached to the strap portion of the terminal, and the contact is disposed in said recess.

7. In a thermal window comprising a glass pane and a heating grid therefor, including a bus band fixed to and extending along an edge portion of the glass pane, the improvement comprising, an elongated plate having end portions spaced and interconnected by an intermediate portion, said end portions only being directly and fixedly attached to said bus band at locations spaced longitudinally therealong, and electrical contact means connected with said intermediate portion.

8. The thermal window of claim 7, said intermediate portion being bowed upwardly out of contact with the underlying bus band.

9. The thermal window of claim 7, said contact means comprising a strap integrally connected at one end with said intermediate portion and extending, first outwardly parallel with the glass pane, across the contiguous edge thereof, then downwardly and transversely across said contiguous edge, to

terminate in a contact extending parallel with the contiguous edge of the glass pane.

10. The thermal window of claim 9, said intermediate portion being bowed upwardly out of contact with the underlying bus band.

11. The thermal window of claim 7, each said end portion comprising a first tab and a second tab integral with said first tab and extending downwardly over and transversely across the contiguous edge of the glass pane, said first tabs only being affixed to said bus band at locations spaced therealong, said intermediate portion integrally connecting said second tabs only, and extending longitudinally along and in overlying relation with, the contiguous edge of the glass pane.

12. The thermal window of claim 11, said intermediate portion being bowed outwardly out of contact with and spaced from the underlying edge of the glass pane.

13. The thermal window of claim 12, and a contact band secured to said intermediate portion centrally thereof, and extending generally parallel with the adjacent edge of the glass pane, said second tabs, intermediate portion, and contact band lying within a recess in the contour of the panes edge.

14. Current lead-in means for a thermal window comprising a glass pane and a heating grid including a bus band secured to the glass pane, said lead-in means comprising, 5 flat metallic plate having end portions spaced and integrally interconnected by an intermediate portion, said end portions only being directly and fixedly attached to said bus band at areas spaced therealong, and electrical contact means connected with said intermediate portion only.

and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3, 63 15654 Dated January 11 1972 Inventor) Hans Dieter Peetz and Hermann Lurssen It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent On the Title Page at "[72]", line 3, change 0 Hermann --3 at [31], line 3, change "Oct."

"Herman" t to Sept.

Signed and sealed this 1st day of August 1972.

(SEAL) Attest:

EDWARD M.FLETCHER,JR. ROBERT GUTTSCHALK Attescing Officer Commissioner of Patents US. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: I969 0-368-334 FORM PO-1050 (10-69) Dated January 11, 197

Patent No.

Inventor) Hans Dieter Peetz and Hermann Lurssen It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

On the'litle Page at "[72]", line 3, change "Hennan" to Hermann -3 at "[31]", line 3, change "Oct."

to Sept.

Signed and sealed this 1st day of August 1972.

(SEAL) Attest:

ROBERT GUTTSCHALK EDWARD M.FLETCHE.R,JR. 1,

Commissioner of Patents Attesting Officer USCOMM-DC 6O376-P69 us. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: I969 0-365-334 FORM PO-105O (10-69)

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2787693 *Jun 24, 1953Apr 2, 1957Continental Radiant Glass HeatElectrical connectors
US2795682 *Jun 22, 1954Jun 11, 1957Berko Electric Mfg CorpElectric heaters
US2861168 *May 14, 1957Nov 18, 1958Berko Electric Mfg CorpElectric heater panel contact structure
US2954454 *Jul 30, 1956Sep 27, 1960Libbey Owens Ford Glass CoElectrically conducting bent glass windshield and method of producing the same
US2965874 *Mar 6, 1959Dec 20, 1960Henry J ModreySupport structure for supporting articles on perforated sheet material
US2977450 *Dec 16, 1957Mar 28, 1961Libbey Owens Ford Glass CoTransparent electrically conducting films
US3379859 *May 26, 1966Apr 23, 1968Libbey Owens Ford Glass CoElectrically heated transparent panel and prtective circuit therefor
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3813519 *Dec 26, 1972May 28, 1974Saint GobainElectrically heated glass window
US3865680 *Mar 29, 1972Feb 11, 1975Ppg Industries IncAutomobile windshield and its method of fabrication
US3981556 *Feb 6, 1975Sep 21, 1976Societa Haliana Vetro Siv S.P.A.Electric connections of window defogging devices
US4023008 *May 30, 1975May 10, 1977Saint-Gobain IndustriesTerminal connection for electric heaters for vehicle windows
US4035576 *Apr 7, 1975Jul 12, 1977Splintex BelgeElectrical circuit panel with conductive bridge plate over a non-solderable surface area
US4137447 *Apr 28, 1978Jan 30, 1979Ford Motor CompanyElectric heater plate
US4163146 *Sep 16, 1977Jul 31, 1979Firma Fritz EichenauerElectrical heating element comprising a helix of wire wound on at least one insulating plate
US4450346 *May 14, 1981May 22, 1984Ford Motor CompanyElectric heater plate
US5738554 *Oct 21, 1993Apr 14, 1998Saint-Gobain Vitrage InternationalElectrical connection element for a heated automobile glazing
US6267630Nov 29, 1999Jul 31, 2001Antaya Technologies CorporationCircular connector with blade terminal
US6551150 *Apr 8, 2002Apr 22, 2003Antaya Technologies CorporationGlass mounted electrical terminal
US6790104Jul 26, 2002Sep 14, 2004Antaya Technologies CorporationElectrical terminal
US7296347Jul 8, 2004Nov 20, 2007Antaya Technologies CorporationMethod of forming an electrical terminal
US7625221 *Dec 1, 2009Hong Fu Jin Precision Industry (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd.Elastic contact
US7833070Mar 23, 2007Nov 16, 2010Pilkington Group LimitedElectrical connector
US7909665Mar 23, 2007Mar 22, 2011Pilkington Group LimitedElectrical connector
US8109782 *Sep 19, 2008Feb 7, 2012Saint-Gobain Glass FranceElectrical connecting element and disk equipped with such an element
US8277244 *Dec 30, 2011Oct 2, 2012Saint-Gobain Glass FranceElectrical connecting element and window pane provided with such an element
US9155206Dec 5, 2008Oct 6, 2015Saint-Gobain Glass FranceSolder connection element
US20060240265 *Jan 21, 2004Oct 26, 2006Cook Andrew JVehicular glazing panel
US20090170380 *Mar 23, 2007Jul 2, 2009Michael LyonElectrical connector
US20090233119 *Mar 23, 2007Sep 17, 2009Pikington Group LimitedElectrical connector
US20100285685 *Sep 19, 2008Nov 11, 2010Stefan ZieglerElectrical connecting element and disk equipped with such an element
US20100319977 *Dec 5, 2008Dec 23, 2010Mitja RateiczakSolder connection element
US20120067641 *Jan 13, 2010Mar 22, 20123M Innovative Properties CompanyGlass with terminal
US20120135631 *May 31, 2012Saint-Gobain Glass FranceElectrical connecting element and window pane provided with such an element
US20140057501 *Mar 15, 2013Feb 27, 2014GM Global Technology Operations LLCElectrical-mechanical fastening device for motor vehicles
Classifications
U.S. Classification219/522, 219/543, 219/203, 439/33, 338/316, 338/309
International ClassificationH01R11/01, H01R13/04, H05B3/06, H01R4/06, H05B3/84, B60Q1/44, B60J1/02
Cooperative ClassificationH01R2103/00, H05B2203/016, H01R24/66, H05B3/06, H05B3/84
European ClassificationH01R24/66, H05B3/84, H05B3/06