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Publication numberUS3634893 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 18, 1972
Filing dateNov 25, 1969
Priority dateNov 25, 1969
Publication numberUS 3634893 A, US 3634893A, US-A-3634893, US3634893 A, US3634893A
InventorsHern John F, Michaluk Bob D, Surletta Zygmunt M
Original AssigneeLear Siegler Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sofa bed assembly
US 3634893 A
Abstract
A sofa bed assembly including a support means, a seat frame, a back frame, and connection means supporting the frames on the support means for pivotal movement relative to one another and movement between an upright seat position and a lowered bed position. A pair of reaction plates extend from the back frame and a pair of cam members are rotatably connected to the seat frame in a pendulum manner and include lower cam surfaces which engage the top surfaces of the reaction plates upon upward pivotal movement of the seat frame when the bed position so that upon downward movement thereafter the back frame is moved to the upright seat position. Upon slight upward pivotal movement of the seat frame when in the seat position, the cams will fall under the force of gravity to a release position whereby the frames may be moved to the bed position. There is also included a latch means comprising a flange extending from the support means to coact with a slot in a rear member of the seat frame. The slot is disposed in an overlapping position above and rearwardly of the flange when the assembly is in the seat position whereby the flange may be moved through the slot to the overlapping position as the frames are moved to the seat position to prevent movement of the frames by coaction of the flange and the rear member of the seat frame until the seat frame is pivoted upward slightly to align the slot with the flange whereby it may be moved forwardly to move the rear member forwardly of the flange.
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United States Patent Hern et al.

[ SOFA BED ASSEMBLY Primary Examiner-Casmir A. Nunberg Attorney-Barnard, McGlynn & Reising 5 7] ABSTRACT A sofa bed assembly including a support means, a seat frame,

a back frame, and connection means supporting the frames on the support means for pivotal movement relative to one another and movement between an upright seat position and a lowered bed position. A pair of reaction plates extend from the back frame and a pair of cam members are rotatably connected to the seat frame in a pendulum manner and include lower cam surfaces which engage the top surfaces of the reac tion plates upon upward pivotal movement of the seat frame when the bed position so that upon downward movement thereafter the back frame is moved to the upright seat position. Upon slight upward pivotal movement of the seat frame when in the seat position, the cams will fall under the force of gravity to a release position whereby the frames may be moved to the bed position. There is also included a latch means comprising a flange extending from the support means to coact with a slot in a rear member of the seat frame. The slot is disposed in an overlapping position above and rearwardly of the flange when the assembly is in the seat position whereby the flange may be moved through the slot to the overlapping position as the frames are moved to the seat position to prevent movement of the frames by coaction of the flange and the rear member of the seat frame until the seat frame is pivoted upward slightly to align the slot with the flange whereby it may be moved forwardly to move the rear member forwardly of the flange.

13 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures llhlillhinil SOFA BED ASSEMBLY This invention relates to a sofa'bed of the type which may be converted from a sofa to a bed. Such sofa bed assemblies normally include a seat frame and a back frame which are normally disposed in a coplanar relationship with one another when in the bed position and wherein the back frame is disposed in an upright position extending upwardly from the seat frame when in the seat position.

There are numerous prior art assemblies which interconnect the seat frame and back frame for moving the frames between the bed and seat positions. Normally, such assemblies are fairly complex and include a plurality of interconnected components. Such assemblies very frequently include latching members which coact between the seat and back frames. Such an assembly is disclosed in US. Pat. No. 2,343,642 wherein there is disclosed a latch member which coacts between the seat frame and the back frame but wherein the seat frame must be pivoted forwardly and upwardly as the back frame is moved to the bed position and thereafter pivoted forwardly to unlatch the assembly to allow the seat frame to move to the bed position.

Accordingly, it is an object and feature of this invention to provide a sofa bed assembly including an improved and simplified cam means for facilitating the movement of the seat and back frames between the seat and bed positions.

In correlation with the foregoing object and feature, it is another object and feature of this invention to provide such a sofa bed assembly including cam means movable to a locked position for moving the back frame from the bed position to the seat position and for automatically moving to a release position when the frames are in the seat position and the seat frame is pivoted upwardly relative to the back frame to allow the frames to be moved to the bed position.

In correlation with the foregoing objects and features, it is another object and feature of this invention to provide such as assembly wherein the cam means includes a reaction means extending from the back frame and a cam member rotatably connected to the seat frame in a pendulum manner for engaging the reactionmeans in the locked position and for pivoting to the release position out of engagement with the reaction means under the force of gravity.

Other objects and attendant advantages of the present in vention will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIG. I is a side elevational view of a preferred embodiment of the instant invention shown in the seat position;

FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the preferred embodiment of FIG. 1 shown in the bed position;

FIG. 3 is a side elevational view of the preferred embodiment of FIG. 1 showing the seat frame raised in preparation for moving the back frame to the seat position;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary view showing the camming means interconnecting the seat and back frame and looking from the center of the assembly outwardly;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view taken substantially along line 55 of FIG. 4;

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary perspective view of the latch means utilized with the instant invention;

FIG. 7 is an elevational side view partially broken away of another preferred embodiment of the instant invention; and

FIG. 8 is a view taken substantially along line 8-8 of FIG. 7.

Referring now to the drawings, sofa bed assemblies constructed in accordance with the instant invention are generally shown at 10 and 10' respectively. The two embodiments l0 and 10 differ from one another only in that the embodiment 10 includes an auxiliary frame 12' in place of the links 12 in the embodiment 10 so that the auxiliary frame 12 defines additional bed area whereby the embodiment 10 forms a wider bed than the embodiment 10. Since the other components of the two embodiments are the same, the two embodiments will be described concurrently, with like numerals indicating like or corresponding parts throughout the several views. Further, it will be understood that throughout the several views, only one end or side of the sofa bed is shown and that the parts are duplicated on the other side.

The sofa bed assembly includes a support means generally indicated at 14. The support means 14 includes a channel or C-shaped member defining a track. The track is supported on a wall 16 by elongated wood members 18 which are in turn secured to the wall 16. The sofa bed assembly of the instant invention is particularly well suited for installation in mobile homes by attaching the wood members 18 to the support structure in a mobile home.

Also included is a seat frame generally indicated at 20 and a back frame generally indicated at 22. The seat frame 20 also includes legs 21 for supporting the seat frame 20 on a floor or the like.

A connection means supports the frames 20 and 22 on the support means 14 for pivotal movement relative to one another and movement between the upright seat position and a lowered bed position. The connection means includes a pivot means comprising a roller 24 movably supported by the support means or track 14 with a pin or shaft 26 extending therefrom to pivotally interconnect the seat and back frames 20 and 22.

In the embodiment of FIG. 1, the connection means also includes the links 12 which are pivotally connected at a first extremity 28 to the back frame 22 and are pivotally connected at a second extremity 30 to the track 14. The links 12 are connected to the back frame 22 intermediate the front and rear or top and bottom extremities thereof. A plate 32 is welded or otherwise secured to the track 14 and pivotally supports the lower end of the associated link 12. In the embodiment of FIGS. 7 and 8, the connection means includes the auxiliary frame 12 which is pivotally connected to the back frame 22 at the top or rear extremity 34 and at the opposite end at 36 to a bracket 38, the bracket 38 forming a part of the suppo means and being attached to the track 14.

The assembly also includes cam means including reaction means or plates 42 and cam members 40. Cam members 40 are movable to a locked position, as illustrated in FIGS. 1, 3, 4, 5, 7 and 8, for moving the back frame 22 from the bed position to the seat position and for automatically moving to a release position, as shown in FIG. 2 when the frames 20 and 22 are in the seat position and the seat frame is pivoted upwardly relative to the back frame to allow the cam members 40 to disengage the reaction plates 42. The reaction plates 42 extend from the back frame in a forward or downward direction depending upon the disposition of the back frame 22. The cam members 40 are rotatably connected to the seat frame 20 in a pendulum fashion for engaging the reaction plates 42 in the locked position and for pivoting to the release position out of engagement with reaction plates under the force of gravity.

The reaction plates 42 each include a front end 44 and a top surface 46. Each top surface 46 extends rearwardly from the upper extremity of the front end 44 when the reaction plates 42 are in the bed position as illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 3. The shaft 26, which pivotally interconnects the seat and back frames 20 and 22, pivotally interconnects the seat frame 20 and the reaction plates 42 at a point rearwardly of the front end 44 of the reaction plates 42. The reaction plates 42 are attached to the back frame 22 with rivets 48 or the like for allowing a limited amount of relative pivotal movement between the reaction plates 42 and the back frame 22. The reaction plates 42 pivot relative to the back frame 22 about the axis of the upward or rearward rivet 48 and such pivotal movement is limited by the elongated slot in the reaction plates 42 which extends about the lower or forward rivet 48.

Each cam member 40 includes a downwardly facing cam surface 50 when the cam member 40 is in the release or pendant position as when the assembly is in the bed position as illustrated in FIG. 2. The cam member 40 is rotatably connected to the seat frame 20 forwardly of the front end 44 of the reaction plate 42 so that the cam members 40 engage the front ends 44 of the reaction plates 42 as the seat frame 20 is pivoted upwardly from the bed position, as illustrated in phantom in FIG. 3. Each cam 40 engages the front end 44 of the adjacent reaction plate during this movement until the cam member 40 clears the upper extremity of the front end 44 and rotates under the force of gravity to a position where the cam surface 50 thereof engages the top surface 46 of the reaction plate, as illustrated in full lines in FIG. 3. Thereafter the seat frame 20 is pivoted downwardly and the force thereof is transmitted through the cams 40 to the reaction plates 42 to raise and move the back frame 22 to the seat position. The cam surface 50 of each cam member 40 is closer to the axis of rotation of the cam member in a rearward direction as the cam member is disposed in the release position shown in FIG. 2. In other words, the axis of rotation of the cam member 40 is defined by the pin or rivet 54 and the camming surface 50 moves in a straight path rearwardly from the point 56 of the cam member 50 and then in an arcuate path inwardly toward the axis of rotation as defined by the pin or rivet 54. Because of the configuration of the cam surface 50, cam member 40 is allowed to rotate under the force of gravity from the locked position illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 7, where the cam surfaces 50 engage the reaction plates 42, to the release position out of engagement with the reaction plates in response to upward pivotal movement of the seat frame when the latter is in the seat position. In other words, when the assembly is in the position illustrated in FIGS. 1 or 7, the seat frame 20 may be pivoted upwardly slightly at its front end to disengage the cam members 40 from the reaction plates 42 whereby the cam members 40 will rotate under the force of gravity to the pendant position out of engagement with the reaction plates 42. Thereafter, the seat frame 20 may be pulled forwardly and the seat back frames will move and pivot relative to the seat frames 20 to the bed position illustrated in FIG. 2. As the seat frame 20 is moved between the seat and bed positions, the rollers 24 move along the tracks 14.

The assembly also includes a latch means for retaining the frames 20 and 22 in the seat position and for allowing the frames to be moved to the bed position. The latch means is shown in FIGS. 5 and 6 and is defined by a flange 70 which extends horizontally and laterally from the support means. The flange 70 is actually part of a right-angle member which includes an upstanding flange 72 which is secured to the support means or track 14. A rear member 74 of the seat frame has a slot 76 therein which is disposed in an overlapping position above and rearwardly of the flange 70 when the assembly is in the seat position as illustrated in FIGS. 5 and 6. The flange 70 may be moved through the slot 76 and into the overlapping position illustrated in FIG. 6 as the frames 20 and 22 are moved to the seat position for preventing forward movement of the frames by coaction between the flange 70 and the rear member 74. The frames 20 and 22 are thusly prevented from moving to the bed position until the seat frame 20 is pivoted slightly upwardly to align the slot 76 with the flange 70 whereupon the seat frame 20 is moved forwardly to move the rear member 74 forwardly of the flange 70 as the flange 70 moves through the slot 76.

The operation may be explained by referring to FIGS. 1 through 6. Assuming that the assembly is in the bed position illustrated in FIG. 2, and it is desirable to move the assembly to the seat position, the seat frame 20 is pivoted upwardly as shown in FIG. 3. As the seat frame 20 is pivoted upwardly, the Cam 40 moves along and engages the front or forward end 44 of the reaction plate 42 until it passes the upper extremity thereof whereby it is free to rotate under the force of gravity to the pendant position where its cam surface 50 will engage the upper surface 46 of the reaction plate 42 upon downward pivotal movement ofthe seat frame 20. This downward pivotal movement of the seat frame 20 forces the back frame 22 to move upwardly to the seat position as the roller 24 moves rearwardly along the track 14. As the assembly approaches the seat position, the rear member 74 ofthe seat frame is positioned to align the slot 76 therein with the flange to move the rear member 74 to a position rearwardly of the flange 70 whereupon release of the seat frame 20 to allow the leg 21 to contact the floor, the flange 70 and the rear member 74 will be disposed in mechanical overlapping relationship preventing forward movement of the seat frame 20 to retain the assembly in the seat position.

If it is desirous to move the assembly from the seat position to the bed position, the seat frame 20 is raised slightly whereupon the earns 40 will disengage the reaction plates 42 and rotate under the force of gravity to a pendant position. At the same time, slot 76 will be aligned with the flange 70 and the seat frame 20 moved forwardly until in the bed position shown in FIG. 2.

The invention has been described in an illustrative manner, and it is to be understood that the terminology which has been used is intended to be in the nature of words of description rather than of limitation.

Obviously, many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in light of the above teachings. It is, therefore, to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described.

The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:

1. A sofa bed assembly comprising; support means, a seat frame, a back frame, connection means supporting said frames on said support means for pivotal movement relative to one another and movement between an upright seat position and a lowered bed position, and cam means movable to a locked position reacting between said frames for moving said back frame from said bed position to said scat position and for automatically moving to a release position when said frames are in said seat position and said seat frame is pivoted upwardly relative to said back frame to allow said frames to be moved to said bed position.

2. An assembly as set forth in claim 1 wherein said cam means includes reaction means extending from said back frame and a cam member rotatably connected to said seat frame for engaging said reaction means in the locked position and for pivoting to said release position out of engagement with said reaction means under the force of gravity.

3. An assembly as set forth in claim 2 wherein said reaction means extends forwardly from said back frame when in said bed position and includes a front end and a top surface extending rearwardly from the upper extremity of said front end, said connection means includes pivot means movably sup ported by said support means and pivotally interconnecting with said seat frame and said reaction means at a point rearwardly of said front end of said reaction means, said cam member including a downwardly facing cam surface when said cam member is in said release position and said assembly is in said bed position, said cam member being rotatably connected to said seat frame forwardly of said front end of said reaction means so that said cam member engages said front end of said reaction means as said seat frame is pivoted upwardly from said bed position until said cam member clears the upper extremity of said front end and rotates under the force of gravity to a position where said cam surface engages said top surface of said reaction means as said seat frame is pivoted downwardly for moving said back frame to said seat position.

4. An assembly as set forth in claim 3 wherein said cam surface of said cam member is closer to the axis of rotation of said cam member in a rearward direction as said cam member is in said release position for allowing said cam member to rotate under the force of gravity from said locked position where said cam surface engages said reaction means to said release position out of engagement with said reaction means in response to upward pivotal movement of said seat frame when in said seat position.

5. An assembly as set forth in claim 4 wherein said reaction means includes a reaction plate attached to each side of said back frame, and including a pair of cam members with one rotatably connected to each side of said seat frame.

6. An assembly as st forth in claim 5 including latch means for retaining said frames in said seat position and for allowing said frames to be moved to said bed position.

7. An assembly as set forth in claim 6 wherein said support means includes a track to support said pivot means for forward and rearward movement.

8. An assembly as set forth in claim 7 wherein said connection means further includes a linkage means pivotally connected at a first extremity thereof of said back frame and pivotally connected at a second extremity thereof to said track.

9. An assembly as set forth in claim 8 wherein said linkage means comprises a link on each side of said back frame and pivotally connected thereto intermediate the front and rear extremities of said back frame.

10. An assembly as set forth in claim 9 wherein said linkage means comprises an auxiliary frame pivotally connected to said back frame at the rear extremity thereof and being a part of the bed when the assembly is in said bed position.

11. An assembly as set forth in claim 8 wherein said reaction plates are attached to said back frame with means for allowing a limited amount of relative pivotal movement between said reaction plates and said back frame.

12. An assembly as set forth in claim 6 wherein said latch means is defined by a flange extending from said support means, a rear member of said seat frame having a slot therein which is disposed in an overlapping position above and rearwardly of said flange when the assembly is in said seat position so that said flange may be moved through said slot and to said overlapping position as the frames are moved to said seat position for preventing forward movement of said frames by coaction between said flange and said rear member until said seal frame is pivoted upward slightly to align said slot with said flange and moved forwardly to move said rear member forwardly of said flange.

13. A sofa bed assembly comprising; support means, a seat frame, a back frame, connection means supporting said frames on said support means for pivotal movement relative to one another and movement between an upright seat position and a lowered bed position, a flange extending from said support means, said seat frame including a rear member with a slot therein, said rear member being movable from one side of said flange to the other in moving between said seat and bed positions, said slot being disposed in an overlapping position above and rearwardly of said flange when the assembly is in said seat position so that the flange may be moved through said slot to said overlapping position as said rear member is moved rearwardly therepast in moving to said seat position for preventing forward movement of said frames by coaction between said flange and said rear member until said seat frame is pivoted upward slightly to align said slot with said flange and moved forwardly to move said rear member forwardly of said flange.

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3887229 *Feb 11, 1974Jun 3, 1975Travel Products IncConvertible seat
US3913152 *Oct 2, 1973Oct 21, 1975Flexsteel IndustriesConvertible seat-bed
US4001901 *Aug 6, 1975Jan 11, 1977Flexsteel Industries, Inc.Convertible seat-bed
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Classifications
U.S. Classification5/37.1, 5/57.1, 5/47
International ClassificationA47C17/17, A47C17/00
Cooperative ClassificationA47C17/17
European ClassificationA47C17/17
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jan 11, 1988AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: LEAR SIEGLER, INC.
Effective date: 19871130
Owner name: NO-SAG PRODUCTS CORP.
Jan 11, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: NO-SAG PRODUCTS CORP.
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:LEAR SIEGLER, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004822/0753
Effective date: 19871130