Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3634966 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 18, 1972
Filing dateMar 27, 1970
Priority dateMar 27, 1970
Publication numberUS 3634966 A, US 3634966A, US-A-3634966, US3634966 A, US3634966A
InventorsOstrander Robert K
Original AssigneeOstrander Robert K
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Jointed doll
US 3634966 A
Abstract
The invention resides in a jointed doll which employs an enlarged V-shaped aperture at the ball socket of the upper arm as it joins the torso or shoulder of the doll. A one-piece molded eyelet at the center of the V-shaped channel engages a hook which in turn is connected to an elastic joiner which runs between the eyelets of opposed arm joints. The arm is adapted to twist inwardly toward the body in the socket, and additionally is permitted a normal movement in all directions. Similarly, the ball joint at which the leg joins the torso of the doll is provided with an enlarged V-channel arrangement at the upper portion of the leg, having an eyelet integrally molded at the center of the channel. Here again, twisting of the leg inwardly may be accomplished because of the enlarged V-channel permitting a twisting of the leg without interference, with the walls of the V-channel opening or the elastic joiner holding the leg in position. The forearm of the doll is joined to the upper arm by an upwardly extending protrusion having a hole therethrough. The upwardly extending protrusion is adapted to fit into a mating slot arrangement in the upper arm and a pin is insertable through the walls of the slot and through the hole in the protrusion. The pin provides an axis around which the forearm is pivoted. The elastic joiners which hold the arms and legs in position on the doll are directed radially from the eyelets in the V-aperture of the arms and legs which permits the movement of a limb to a position in which it will remain until changed by an outside force. The knee joint of the doll employs a pivot pin as the elbow joint which extends through an upwardly directed member and the sidewalls of the joint, on the upper leg portion. The hand and wrist joint takes the form of a segmentized ball, connected at the wrist of the forearm, which is adapted to engage a spherical hole in the back of the hand. The segmentized ball is a semispherical member having flat surface at its rear portion. The spherical hole in the upper portion of the hand is also provided with a flat abutment surface at the inner portion of the entrance which provides mating surfaces to prevent the removal of the hand from the wrist joint, but allows movement of hand in all directions.
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Ostrander [451 Jan. 18,1972

[54] JOINTED DOLL Robert K. Ostrander, 497 Prospect St., Maplewood, NJ. 07040 22 Filed: Mar. 27, 1970 21 Appl.No.: 23,271

[72] Inventor:

[52] U.S. Cl ..46/l6l [51] lnt.Cl. [58] Field of Search Primary Examiner-Antonio F. Guida Assistant Examiner-J. Q. Lever Attorneyl(irschstein, Kirschstein, Ottinger & Frank [5 7] ABSTRACT The invention resides in a jointed doll which employs an enlarged V-shaped aperture at the ball socket of the upper arm as it joins the torso or shoulder of the doll. A one-piece molded eyelet at the center of the V-shaped channel engages a hook which in turn is connected to an elastic joiner which runs between the eyelets of opposed arm joints. The arm is adapted to twist inwardly toward the body in the socket, and additionally is permitted a normal movement in all directions. Similarly, the ball joint at which the leg joins the torso of the doll is provided with an enlarged V-channel arrangement at the upper portion of the leg, having an eyelet integrally molded at the center of the channel. Here again, twisting of the leg inwardly may be accomplished because of the enlarged V-channel pennitting a twisting of the leg without interference, with the walls of the V-channel opening or the elastic joiner holding the leg in position. The forearm of the doll is joined to the upper arm by an upwardly extending protrusion having a hole therethrough. The upwardly extending protrusion is adapted to fit into a mating slot arrangement in the upper arm and a pin is insertable through the walls of the slot and through the hole in the protrusion. The pin provides an axis around which the forearm is pivoted. The elastic joiners which hold the arms and legs in position on the doll are directed radially from the eyelets in the V-aperture of the arms and legs which permits the movement of a limb to a position in which it will remain until changed by an outside force. The knee joint of the doll employs a pivot pin as the elbow joint which extends through an upwardly directed member and the sidewalls of the joint, on the upper leg portion. The hand and wrist joint takes the form of a segmentized ball, connected at the wrist of the forearm, which is adapted to engage a spherical hole in the back of the hand. The segmentized ball is a semispherical member having flat surface at its rear portion. The spherical hole in the upper portion of the hand is also provided with a flat abutment surface at the inner portion of the entrance which provides mating surfaces to prevent the removal of the hand from the wrist joint, but allows movement of hand in all directions.

26 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures PAIENIEnmmm 3.634.966

SHEET 1 BF 2 INVENTOR.

ROBERT K. OSTRANDER ATTORNEYS mnmmwm SHEET 2 OF 2 $634,966

INVENTOR. ROBERT K. OSTRANDER BY m, m, 09 M ATTORNEYS JOINTED nou.

BACKGROUND OF INVENTION l. Field of Search This invention relates to a jointed doll and more specifically a doll which permits the arms and legs to twist inwardly toward the body to permit the crossing of the dolls arms and legs, and is an improvement on my earlier invention described and claimed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,0l0,253 issued on Nov. 28, 1961.

2. Description of the Prior Art Heretofore, it has been well known in the prior art that it is difficult, if not impossible, to provide a structure which permitted the inward twisting of a dolls arms in its socket. In order to overcome this limitation in the structural capacity of the dolls, my former patent, U.S. Pat. No. 3,010,253 provided for a particular segment that would permit the twisting or inward rotation of only a portion of the dolls arm. Because of this factor, most of the prior art dolls could not provide for the folding of the dolls arms. Similarly, the movement of the legs of the doll was seriously restricted by the prior art constructions. This can be seen in the presently marketed dolls which permit the free rotation of the doll's arms or legs in the upward and downward directions but do not permit the dolls leg or arm to be moved or rotated about a longitudinalaxis parallel to the leg or arm itself.

Further, prior art doll construction did not permit the posing of the doll in set positions. The structure would not permit the limbs of the doll or hands of the doll to be set in position and permit the dolls limbs to remain in such set position for any appreciable length of time. Because of the means of joining the limbs to the body, it was impossible to pose the doll.

In almost every case, of the prior art doll construction, wherein a popin hand wrist joint was used, the hand could not be moved universally and further the pop-in joint was easily separable.

Yet another shortcoming of the prior art doll structures which employed a snap-in arm or leg joint, was the fact that the snap-in joints of the easily insertable" type werejust as easily removable. As a result of this particular construction the arms and legs of the doll were easily dismantled by a child. This same shortcoming was true of the joint at which the hand met the wrist or forearm of the doll. In all cases, the ease of constructing each of the arms and legs of the doll worked as a detriment in the respect that they were just as easily dismantleable.

Moreover, the ease of molding of prior art dolls hampered the ability of the dolls to maintain a posed position since the measurements for. poseable dolls were generally more critical than an ordinary doll construction.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION 1. Purposes of the Invention It is the general object of the present invention to avoid and overcome the foregoing and other difficulties with prior art jointed doll constructions, by permitting an inexpensive and relatively simply constructed jointed doll.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a ball and socket joint for arms and legs which would permit the inward twisting or rotation of the legs or arms in their sockets.

Another object of the present invention is to provide movable joints for elbows, knees and ankles of the doll which would permit the easy construction of the same and yet prevent the relatively simple dismantling of the these joints.

A further object of the present invention is to provide a wrist joint which will permit the universal movement of a hand on the joint and yet provide a structure which is not easily dismantleable.

2. Brief Description of the Invention The foregoing objects and other objects which will become more apparent as the description proceeds are achieved by providing an improved jointed doll comprising a pair of legs, a knee joint in each leg, a pair of arms, an elbow joint in each arm, a body having a lower torso with circular openings therein for receiving the upper ends of the legs, each of the legs having a thigh portion with the surface of the upper end of said thigh portion being spherically shaped, each of said arms having a spherical upper end portion adapted to received in an aperture at the shoulder of the upper torso, joiner members connected to said arms and legs maintaining said arms and legs in engaging relationship to said upper ans lower torso, said knee joints having a pin therein to permit the pivotable movement of the lower leg portion, said elbow joints being provided with an upwardly extending protrusion on the upper end of the forearm portion, a recess in the lower end of said upper arm section adapted to pivotably accept the protrusion. a pin insertable through the lower end portion of said upper arm and extending through said protrusion permitting pivotable movement of the forearm, a wrist joint between the lower end portion of the forearm and the hand of the doll, said wrist joint having a semispherical member engaging a hole in the back of said hand permitting the universal movement of said hand, and ball-joint means connected between the upper and lower torso to permit the doll body to be twisted and turned.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS For a better understanding of the present invention reference should be had to the accompanying drawings wherein like numerals of reference indicate similar parts throughout their respective views and wherein:

FIG. I is a pictorial representation of the improved doll in the sitting position with legs crossed;

FIG. 2 is a partial cross-sectional view of the doll;

FIG. 3 is a partial cross-sectional view of the ankle joint;

FIG. 4 is a partial cross-sectional view of the'wrist joint;

FIG. 5 is an end view of a leg showing the integrally molded eyelet; and

FIG. 6 is a partial cross-sectional view of an alternative elbow joint.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now to FIGS. 1 and 2, there is shown an improved doll 10 construction having an upper torso 12, a lower torso 14, a pair of arms 16, a pair of legs 18, each of the arms having an upper section 20 and a forearm section 22, and each of the legs having a thigh portion 24 and lower section 26. The upper torso 12 section is provided with a pair of openings 28 at its shoulders 30 which are adapted to receive the spherical balllike structure 32 at the upper extremity of the upper section 20 of the dolls arms 16. The joint formed at each shoulder 30 may be referred to as a ball-joint, wherein the upper extremity of the dolls arms (the spherical ball-like structure 32) is provided with an integrally molded eyelet 36 which is located at the lowest portion 38 of the Vchannel 34 and is adapted to receive a hook 40.

As shown in FIG. 5, the V-channel 34 runs the width of the spherical portion 32 of the dolls arm 16, thereby providing a channel across the entire ball structure of spherical portion 32 of the upper arm section 20. The V-shaped channel 34 permits the movement of the arm 16 in the ball joint, both upwardly and downwardly and further permits rotation of the arm in a twisting manner toward or away from the body (upper and lower torso) itself. That is, the arm 16 may be twisted inwardly along a longitudinal axis parallel to the doll's entire body. This twisting effect is attained because there is no surface against which the hook 40, extending into the eyelet 36 will abut when the arm 16 is so twisted. The V-channel 34 is open at both ends as shown in FIG. 5.

In order to permit the movement of the spherical portion 32 in opening 28 an inwardly extending peripheral ridge 42 is provided which also creates frictional surfaces 44 are in contact with the spherical portion 32.

As shown in FIG. 2, the oppositely disposed arms 16 positioned in the ball joint sockets of the shoulders 30 are connected by a resilient joiner member 46 which holds the arms 16 firmly in position within the sockets and against the friction surfaces 44. It will be noted that the eyelets 36 are disposed in the center of the spherical portion 32 and the resilient joiner 46 extends radially from the center of the spherical portion 32. The pull of the resilient joiner 46 is always directed to the center of the spherical portion 32 at the upper end of the upper arm 20. This factor coupled with the contact of the frictional surfaces 44 permits the arm 16 to be moved to a position that it maintains until the arm is forcibly moved to another position.

Similarly, the lower torso 14 portion of the doll is provided with a pair of openings 48 which are adapted to receive the spherical portions 50 at the upper end of the thigh section 24 of each of the legs 18. More specifically the upper end of each thigh section 24 is provided with a spherical section 50 similar to the structure at the upper end of the arm 16, and is also provided with a V-shaped channel 52 having an eyelet 54 disposed at the lower portion of the V. Here again, as previ ously described, the leg 18 may be twisted or rotated inwardly along an axis parallel to the body of the doll. This rotative or twisting movement results as a consequence of the lack of an abutment surface at the V-channel 52 on the spherical portion 50 ofthe leg 18.

At the openings 48 into the lower torso 14 there is provided an interior peripheral rim 56 which extends into the lower torso 14 to provide a riding surface or friction surface 58 on which the spherical section 50 of the thigh section 24 may ride when in position, as shown in FIG. 2. The riding surface 58 acts as a frictional bearing surface for the legs 18 and further provides a partial spherical guiding surface to aid in the proper positioning of the legs 18 in the lower torso 14.

As previously described in conjunction with the movement of the upper arm section 20, which once positioned will hold that position, if each thigh portion 24 at the spherical portion 50 has a force exerted radially outwardly from the center thereof this directed force will not be altered when the thigh portion 24 is moved to various positions. This constantly unidirectional force, in combination with the frictional contact of the riding surface 58 will permit the leg 18 to maintain any position. The position may be changed forcibly but it will not do so by itself. In this manner, each leg holds the position it is moved to so that the doll may pose.

As shown in H6. 2, the upper torso 12 and lower torso 14 are provided with a ball and socket joint 60 therebetween. This joint 60 permits the upper torso 12 to be twisted in position and pivoted off the longitudinal axis formed by the upper and lower torso of the body of the doll 10. Structurally, the upper torso 12 is provided with a partial spherical surface 62 at the lower end 64 thereof which matingly seats in an enlarged opening 66 in the top 68 of the lower torso 14. A peripheral rim 70, concave in shape. is provided interiorly of the enlarged opening 66 to provide a bearing surface 72 on which the partial spherical surface 62 will ride.

The partial spherical surface 62 is formed as an arc of an imagined complete spherical area, shown in dot and dash lines in FIG. 2. As previously indicated, if a force is exerted radially downwardly from the center of the imagined complete spherical area then the upper torso 12 may be tilted in ball and socket joint 60 such that the only force operating on the tilted torso may maintain the tilted position. This feature coupled with the friction at the bearing surface 72 permits the upper torso to be posed.

in order to maintain the thigh portions 24 in position in the lower torso 14 and maintain the upper torso 12 in the opening 66 in the lower torso 14, a resilient joiner member 74 is provided. As shown in FIG. 2, the resilient joiner member 74 is connected by hooks 76 to the eyelets 54 disposed in center of the spherical portions 50 in the upper end 78 of the legs 18. Similarly, a hook 80 connects the center of the imagined spherical area to the same resilientjoiner member 74 which is connected to the eyelets 54in the legs 18. The joiner member 74 may be comprised of a rubber band or resilient tubing, of one piece construction. It should be noted that the hook is connected to a pin 82 molded into the upper torso 12 (at the imagined center of the spherical area) such that the resilient member 74 exerts a force radially through the center of the partial spherical surface 62 and the spherical portions 50. This latter feature permits the improved doll 10 to be poseable.

It should be noted that each hook 76 connected to the eyelets 54 exerts a radial force upon the spherical sections 50. In this manner, each of the spherical sections 50, at their respective eyelets 54, acts as a pivot point through the center thereof and the legs 18 are moved about the relatively fixed pivot point. This particular structure permits the leg 18 to be rotated or twisted such that the legs 18 of the doll may be crossed whether the doll is in the standing or sitting position, and further permits the legs 18 to be posed.

It should be particularly noted with reference to the arm balljoints, as well as the leg balljoints that the arms 16 and/or legs 18 may freely rotate within each of their respective sockets principally because the V-channels 34, 52 in the spherical portions at the upper end of each element permit the free rotatable movement of the legs and arms within the socket. There are no abutment surfaces at the ball joint sockets which will restrict the rotation or twisting of the leg 18 or arm 16 along an axis parallel to the longitudinal axis formed by the upper and lower torso, thereby permitting the legs 18 and arms 16 to turn inwardly toward the body itself. This freedom of twisting permits the crossing of the legs 18, as well as crossing of the arms 16.

Referring again to FIG. 2, the elbow joints 84 between the upper arm 20 and forearm 22 are graphically illustrated therein. In order to permit the easy insertion of the forearm 22 into the upper arm 20, and to further permit the free movement of the joint itself, the upper end of the forearm section 22 is provided with an upwardly extending protrusion 88. A hole 92 existence through the protrusion 88 and is adapted to receive a pin 94. A slot 96 is provided in the lower end 86 of the upper arm and is adapted to receive the upwardly extending protrusion 88. A registered opening 100 passes through the side walls 102 at the lower end 86 of the upper arm section 20. The registered openings 100 in the sidewalls are countersunk 104 so that when the pin is inserted into the registered opening 100 and passes through hole 92 in the upwardly extending protrusion 88 and out the other end of the opening 100. The ends of the pin may be flattened so that each end of the pin is flush with the outer surface of the forearm. in this manner, the pin 94 is hardly discemable and permits the pivotable movement of the elbow joint 84. The pin 94 itself may be provided with heads on its ends which may be compressed and forced through the registered opening 100 and hole 92, because of the resiliency of the material used.

The knee joints 106 of the doll 10 are ofa similar construction as the elbow joints 84. An upwardly extending member 108 is provided on the upper end 110 of the lower end 114 of the thigh portion 24 of the leg 18. A pin 116 is insertable through the walls 118 of the slot 112 and through a hole 120 in the upwardly extending member 108 thereby pivotably engaging the lower leg 26 member to the thigh member 24. The lower edge 122 of the thigh member 24 is suitably shaped to permit an opposed pivotable movement in relation to the upper end 110 of the lower leg 26 member. Such knee joint may be seen in FIG. 2, wherein countersunk holes 124 are shown in the sidewalls 118 ofthe slot 112.

As seen in FIG. 3, the ankle joint 126 between the foot 128 of the doll l0 and the ankle 130 is the same as that described in relation to the elbowjoint 84 and kneejoint 106. Generally, at the lower end 132 of the lower leg section 26 there is provided a protrusion 134 which extends downwardly and into a mating slot arrangement 136 in the foot 128 of the doll 10. The joint 126 is similar to the knee joint 106 and a pin 138 provides the means of connection and pivot point that permits the movement of the foot in relation to the leg 18.

For the sake of clarity, the pin used in the elbow, knee and ankle joints will hereinafter be more fully described. The pin 138 is made of resilient material, such as plastic, and may be provided with flared ends 140 which are compressible so that they may be urged into the registered opening 100 (elbow joint) or may be devoid of the flared end, but the ends would be spreadable after appropriate insertion.

As previously indicated, the elbow joint 84, kneejoint 106 and ankle joint 126 of the doll are of identical construction and this structural arrangement permits the pivotable movement of the forearm 22, the lower leg 26 and foot 128 in the same plane as the longitudinal axis of the jointed limb. One of the most significant aspects of this type of construction is the ease of assembly and the relative durability of the joints. Further, the difficulty in dismembering the joints permits a more durable and sturdy doll construction heretofore not previously known.

In order to provide a universal joint at the wrist 142 connection to the forearm 22 and hand 142, there is provided a cavity 144 of substantially circular construction disposed internally at the rear of each hand 142. Disposed interiorly of the entrance to the cavity 144 there is provided a pair of flat abutment surfaces 146 which may be molded as part of the cavity 144. A semispherical knob 148 extends downwardly from the bottom end 150 of each forearm member 22, each semispherical knob having a rounded front edge, but a flat rear edge 152. When the semispherical knob 148 is inserted in the cavity, through the entrance 154, the flat rear edge 152 of the knob 148 will be spaced a distance from the abutment surfaces 146 thereby permitting the rotative movement of the knob 148 in the cavity 144. An amount of play is permitted so that the hand 142 may rotate freely on the knob 148. The semicircular knob 148 is provided with the flat or substantially flat rear edge 152 that if the hand 142 is attempted to be removed, the flat rear edge 152 of the knob 148 will engage the abutment surfaces 146 and prevent the pulling of the hand off the knob 148. However, the hand 142 will be permitted universal movement when it is in position on the knob 148. The insertion of the knob 148 into the cavity is relatively simple because of the resiliency of the material; however, the disengagement of the knob 148 from the cavity will be quite difficult.

ln order to connect the head 156 of the doll 10 to the upper torso 12 an upwardly extending member is connected between the shoulders 30 and is provided with a spherical knob 158 at the upper end thereof. The head 156 of the doll may be easily connectable over the knob 158 in a manner well known to those skilled in the art such that the head may be freely turnable when held in position and may have some degree of vertical movement.

Alternatively as shown in FIG. 6, the joints at the elbow, knee and ankle may take the form of a pop-in joint 160 as it relates to a knee joint.

The knee joint 160 may be formed with an upwardly extending protrusion 162 extending upwardly from the lower leg of 26, in the shape of an inverted U. The upwardly extending protrusion would be provided with a pair of laterally extending ears 164 which are cylindrical in form but are tapered 166 upwardly and inwardly toward the center of the upwardly extending protrusion. The lower end 168 of each ear, therefore, would extend laterally a greater distance than the top of the ears 170. The lower end of the thigh portion 24 is provided with a slot 174 therein which is adapted to receive the up wardly extending protrusion 162. Extending laterally from the slot 174 are a pair of recesses 172 which would receive the laterally extending ears 164 when the upwardly extending protrusion is inserted in the slot 174 and the ears 164 are in alignment with the recesses 168. The laterally extending ears provide a pivot point around which the lower leg section 26 may move in relation to thigh portion 24. The upper edge of the lower leg section is appropriately shaped to permit the rotation thereof on the thigh portion. To this end, the lower edge of the thigh portion mates with a concave surface at the upper end of the lower leg section 26. It will be recognized that the material used for the doll per se is fairly resilient type material such as plastic, so that when the protrusion 162 is urged into the slot 174 the laterally extending ears 164 may be forcibly urged into the slot 174 until they matingly engage the recesses 172 in the lower end of the thigh portion at which time the ears will pop-in to the recesses 172. if an attempt is made to remove the lower leg section from the thigh portion 24, the wider lower edges 168 of the ears will engage the lower edge of the recess 172 and will provide an abutment means for seriously inhibiting the pulling of the lower end from the popin joint 160.

It will be recognized by those skilled in the art that the popin joint described in detail above will provide the same rotative movement to the joint as disclosed with the use of the pin arrangement described in the preferred embodiment herein.

It will be recognized by those skilled in the art that the objects of the present invention have been achieved by providing a new and unusual torso, knee, elbow and ankle joint for a doll which permit the easy assembly thereof and yet prevents the dismantling of the joints. Further, the objects have been achieved by providing a new ball joint connection of the shoulder and legs to the torso of the doll which permit not only the universal movement of the arms and legs, but further permit twisting and rotation of the arms and legs about an axis parallel to the longitudinal axis formed by the upper and lower torso which permit the crossing of the dolls legs and arms. Yet a further object of the present invention has been achieved by providing a wrist and hand joint which prevents the relatively easy dismantling of the hand from the arm itself.

While in accordance with the patent statutes a preferred embodiment of the present invention has been described in detail, it should be particularly understood that the invention is not limited thereto or thereby.

I claim:

1. A fully poseable jointed doll comprising a body having an upper torso and a lower torso, a pair of jointed arms, each arm having its upper end engageable in a hole in said upper torso forming a shoulder joint, a pair of jointed legs, each of said arms and legs being provided with a spherical portion at their upper ends, each of said spherical portions having a V-shaped channel therein formed across said spherical portion and being open at both ends thereof, joiner members connected to said arms and legs maintaining said arms and legs in engaging relationship with said upper and lower torso, each leg having its upper end engageable in a hole in said lower torso, each of said arms adapted to rotate inwardly from said shoulderjoint toward said body along an axis parallel to the longitudinal axis formed by said upper and lower torso, said inward rotation of said arms permitting said arms to be crossed, each of said jointed legs engageable in a hole in said lower torso and forming a joint, each of said legs being adapted to rotate inwardly from said joint toward said body along an axis parallel to the longitudinal axis of said upper and lower torso, said inward rotation of said legs permitting said legs to be crossed when said doll is posed in the sitting position, each of said legs having an ankle joint at the lower end thereof, a wrist joint at the lower ends of each of said arms permitting the hands of the doll to have universal movement, and a head mounted on an upwardly extending member, and a frictional surface disposed interiorly of said holes in said upper torso and lower torso into which a portion of said legs and arms are inserted in part permitting said arms and legs to be poseable.

2. A fully poseable jointed doll according to claim 1 wherein each of arms is provided with an upper section and a forearm section, said upper section being provided with a spherical portion at its upper end, said spherical portion insertable in said hole in said upper torso, a V-channel disposed across said spherical portion having an eyelet positioned within said V- channel, a resilient joiner connected between said eyelets and exerting a force radially from center of said spherical portion, permitting each of said arms to rotate universally along a single radial axis.

3v A fully poseablejointed doll according to claim 2 wherein said V-channel extends across said spherical portions at the upper end of said upper portion of said arm transverse to said longitudinal axis of said body permitting each of said arms to rotate inwardly toward said body.

4. A fully poseable jointed doll according to claim 3 wherein each of said holes in said upper torso is provided with an inner peripheral rim forming a bearing surface against which said spherical portion frictionally rides, said arms being capable of maintaining a fixed position.

5. A fully poseablejointed doll according to claim 4 wherein said upper torso is provided with a partial spherical portion at its lower end, said partial spherical portion being engageable in an opening in the upper end of said lower torso such that said upper torso will twist and tilt relative to said lower torso.

6. A fully poseablejointed doll according to claim 5 wherein said opening in said upper end of said lower torso is provided with an inner peripheral rim forming a friction surface, said partial spherical portion being adapted to ride against said friction surface thereby aiding in the posing of the doll.

7. A fully poseable jointed doll according to claim 6 wherein a pin is integrally molded interiorly of said upper torso at the center of an imaginary circle partially defined by said partial spherical portion at the lower end of said upper torso.

8. A fully poseablejointed doll according to claim 7 wherein an elastic joiner is connected to said pin in said upper torso and exerts a force radially downwardly from said circle par tially defined by said partial spherical portion thereby permitting the twisting and tilting of said upper and lower torso relative to each other and permitting said upper and lower torsos to remain in the position to which they have been twisted or tilted.

9. A fully poseablejointed doll according to claim 8 wherein each leg of said pair of legs is comprised ofa thigh portion and a lower portion, said thigh portion having an upper end and lower end, said upper end of said thigh portion being provided with a spherical portion adapted to fit into a hole in said lower torso, said thigh portion being rotatable inwardly toward said body of said doll along an axis parallel to the longitudinal axis form by said upper and lower torso.

10. A fully poseable jointed doll according to claim 9 wherein a V-channel is provided in said spherical portion of said thigh portion, said V-channel disposed across said spherical portion transverse to said longitudinal axis formed by said upper and lower torso.

11. A fully poseable jointed doll according to claim 10 wherein an eyelet is disposed in said V-channel at the lowest point thereof and is adapted to be connected to an elastic joiner which exerts a force radially outwardly of said spherical portions and toward said lower torso permitting said thigh portion to rotate universally along a single radial axis.

12. A fully poseable jointed doll according to claim 11 wherein each of said openings in the lower torso is provided with an inner peripheral ridge adapted to form a friction surface and said spherical portions permitting said thigh portion to be posed in various positions.

13. A fully poseable jointed doll according to claim 12 wherein said elastic joiner connected to the pin in the upper torso and connected to the eyelets in the V-channels of said spherical portions of said thigh sections is of one-piece construction.

14. A fully poseable jointed doll according to claim 13 wherein a knee joint is disposed between said thigh portion and said lower portion of said leg, said knee joint comprising a slot in the lower end of said thigh portion, a pair of walls formed by said slots and having a registered opening through one wall and continuing through the other wall, and upwardly extending protrusion disposed on the upper portion of said leg, said upwardly extending protrusion having a hole therethrough, said upwardly extending portion adapted to matingly" fit into said slot, the pin engageable through said registered opening and through said hole to pivotably maintain said lower portion of said leg in said thigh portion thereby forming said kneejoint.

15. A fully poseable jointed doll according to claim 14 wherein said pin is composed of a resilient material, said registered openings through said sidewalls in said lower end of said thigh portion being countersunk at other openings to the outer surface of said thigh portion, said pin being flattenable when inserted through said registered openings and said hole to provide a flared end at the ends of said pin to prevent the pins removable from said registered openings and said hole.

16. A fully poseable jointed doll according to claim 14 wherein said pin which is insertable through said registered opening and said hole in said knee joint is composed of a resilient plastic material, said pin having outwardly flared ends, said pin being insertable in said registered opening and said hole by compressing one of said flared ends to urge the same through said registered opening and said holes such that the flared ends of said pin will match the countersunk openings on the outer surfaces of said thigh portions.

17. A fully poseable jointed doll according to claim 15 wherein an elbow joint is formed at thejunction of said upper portion of said arm and said forearm comprising, a slot formed at the lower end of said upper arm portion and forming a pair of walls, a registered opening disposed through said pair of walls, said channel having countersunk openings at the outer surface of said upper arm portion, said upper end of said forearm section of said arm having an upwardly extending protrusion having a hole therethrough, said upwardly extending protrusion adapted to matingly engage a slot on the lower end of said forearm portion, and a pin engageable through said registered opening in said sidewalls and said hole in said upwardly extending protrusion to provide a pivotable elbow oint.

18. A fully poseable jointed doll according to claim 17 wherein said pin is composed of a resilient material and is insertable through said registered opening and said hole and having flattenable ends such that said ends may be flared in said countersunk openings at the outer surfaces of said upper arm.

19. A fully poseable jointed doll according to claim 18 wherein said doll is provided with a foot at the end of each leg, an ankle joint disposed between said lower portion of said leg and said foot to provide pivotable movement of said foot on the lower end of said leg.

20. A fully poseable jointed doll according to claim 19 wherein a downwardly extending protrusion is formed at the lower end of said lower portion of said leg, said downwardly extending portion adapted to matingly engage a slot in the upper end of said foot, a registered opening passing through the outer walls formed by said slot, a hole formed in said downwardly extending protrusion which when downwardly extending protrusion is engaged in said slot such that said hole in said downwardly extending protrusion is in alignment with said registered openings formed in the outer walls of said foot, a pin engageable through said registered openings and said hole to provide a pivotable anklejoint.

21. A fully poseable jointed doll according to claim 20 wherein said pin is composed ofa resilient plastic material said registered openings through said upper end of said foot having countersunk openings at the outer surface of said foot, said pin being flattenable to engage said countersunk openings thereby maintaining said pin in position within said registered openings and said hole.

22. A fully poseable jointed doll according to claim 21 wherein a wrist joint is provided at the lower end of said forearm portion, a universally rotatable hand connected to said wrist joint, said hand being poseable in various positions at said wristjoint.

23. A fully poseable jointed doll according to claim 22 wherein said wrist joint comprises a spherical hole in the back of said hand, and opening passing between said spherical hole and the rear end of said hole, a semispherical knob disposed on the lower end of said forearm portion, said spherical knob having a flat rear surface a plurality of abutment surfaces disposed within said spherical hole in said hand, said semispherical knob being forcibly engageable in said spherical cavity in said hand and providing a space between said flat surface on said rear edge of said spherical knob and said plurality of abutment surface.

24. A fully poseable jointed doll according to claim 23 wherein said hand is prevented from being pulled from said lower end of said forearm when said fiat surfaces at the rear end of said semispherical knob engage said plurality of abutment surfaces at the opening in said hand.

25. A fully poseable jointed doll according to claim 1 wherein joints are provided at the elbow, knee and ankle of said doll, each of said joints having a protrusion matingly engaging a slot in its opposing member, a pair of ears extending laterally from said protrusion, said slot being provided with a pair of laterally extending recesses adapted to matingly engage said ears, said ears being tapered inwardly toward the end of said protrusion which is engageable in said slot, a larger laterally extending surface created at the side of the ears remote from the end of said protrusion insertable in said slot, said ears forming the pivot point for the respective joint.

26. A fully poseable jointed doll according to claim 25 wherein said protrusion is slidably engageable in said slot, said ears being slightly compressible to be urged into said slot, said wider surfaces on the sides of said ears remote from said insertable end of said protrusion being engageable with the inner surface of said laterally extending recesses and difficult to remove said protrusion from said slot.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1668204 *Sep 23, 1924May 1, 1928Sargent Hitchcock HelenDoll
US2118682 *Feb 24, 1938May 24, 1938Sun Rubber CoRubber doll
US2611998 *Oct 16, 1947Sep 30, 1952Cascelloid LtdJointed doll
US3010253 *Jan 17, 1958Nov 28, 1961Ostrander Robert KJointed doll
US3466793 *May 11, 1965Sep 16, 1969Gen Mills IncDoll having universally movable limbs
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3921332 *Apr 8, 1974Nov 25, 1975Marvin Glass & AssociatesArticulated figure toy
US3942284 *Mar 18, 1974Mar 9, 1976Mego CorporationDoll with seven spherical torso joints and five appendages held by three-secured elastic members
US4135327 *Jul 1, 1977Jan 23, 1979Mattel, Inc.Doll construction with pivotable torso members
US4995846 *Feb 2, 1990Feb 26, 1991The Little Tikes CompanyToy figure with pivotal lower torso
US5516322 *Jan 9, 1995May 14, 1996Myers; Jeff D.Liquid fillable transparent dolls
US5630745 *Nov 27, 1995May 20, 1997Yeh; Hsu-ChongFigure having numerous seamless repositionable parts
US6110002 *Jul 25, 1997Aug 29, 2000Langton; MichaelPoseable figure and spine system for therein
US6478653Jul 21, 2000Nov 12, 2002Michael LangtonPoseable figure and spine system for use therein
US6537129May 31, 2002Mar 25, 2003Mattel, Inc.Toy doll bed having jumping doll
US7727045 *Aug 31, 2004Jun 1, 2010Butterfly. Stroke. Inc.Paper doll
WO2001008775A1May 18, 2000Feb 8, 2001Mattel IncImproved doll fabrication
Classifications
U.S. Classification446/380
International ClassificationA63H3/46, A63H3/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63H3/46
European ClassificationA63H3/46