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Publication numberUS3635446 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 18, 1972
Filing dateJul 27, 1970
Priority dateJul 27, 1970
Publication numberUS 3635446 A, US 3635446A, US-A-3635446, US3635446 A, US3635446A
InventorsKatsurasawa Takashi, Kurosawa Yoshinori
Original AssigneeKatsurasawa Takashi, Kurosawa Yoshinori
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Liquids shaking device
US 3635446 A
Abstract
Liquid-shaking device comprising an elastic frame, a board held in the upper portion of the frame, a holding plate propped by supports above the board, an electric motor suspended underneath the board and an adjustable eccentric weight at the lower end of the axis of the electric motor. Microvibration by the electric motor and the weight is effected over the holding plate to shake the liquid contained in the vessels provided on the holding plate.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

D United States Patent [151 3,635,446 Kurosawa et a1. 5] Jan. 18, 1972 541 LIQUIDS SHAKING DEVICE 3,220,704 11/1965 Phillips ..259/54 [72] Inventors: Yoshinori Kurosawa, No. 4914, Ohaza #:Ejgig" g3 Shiba, Kawaguchi; Takashi Katsurasawa, No 18 5 ch0me, Noboritwcho 3,533,602 10/1970 Heck ..259/54 Koshigaya, both of Japan Przmary Examiner-Robert W. Jenkins [22] Filed: July 27, 1970 Attorney-Thomas B, Graham [21] Appl. No.: 58,250 [57] ABSTRACT Liquid-shaking device comprising an elastic frame, a board ..259/54,2g%/3l1Gl./32) held in the upper portion of the frame a holding plate [58] Fie'ld 73 55 56 propped by supports above the board, an electric motor 259/12 i 5 5 suspended underneath the board and an adjustable eccentric weight at the lower end of the axis of the electric motor. Microvibration by the electric motor and the weight is ef- {561 References Clted fected over the holding plate to shake the liquid contained in UNITED STATES PATENTS the vessels provided on the holding plate. 3,220,268 11/1965 Brandt ..259/D1G. 42 11 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures 17 13 i: 1T1 LL 11 IT) |Iool'1 "1TFI /6\ r 5 mi er l FATENTEU JAN 1 81972 SHEEI 1 BF 3 F/Gj l NVEN TOR. TSURA 8A alums/u KA ATTDRIVY PATENTEU um I 8 I972 3,635,446

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PATENTEBMWW 3635MB SHEET 3 BF 3 IN VENTOR.

TAKAsH/ KA'TJURASAWA VasH/N m KunosAwA Arron/v LIQUIDS SHARING DEVICE This invention relates to a device for shaking liquid in vessels or a container enabling the shaking of a group of samples of liquid, say, blood for blood typing, by mechanical vibration. For the purpose of blood typing, including determination of the blood hemolysis or coagulation, the test tube has so far been used, but lately a microplate, or a plastic plate on which many vessels are provided, instead of a test tube, has come to use.

Taking an example of a sample of liquid such as the blood, it may be said that in the method of shaking of a microplate by hand, vibration is effected quite unevenly. By that method, in which vibration is by manual power using two plates to be knocked at each end, the minor amount of liquid in the vessels might flow out of the vessel, thus resulting in having a liquid in a vessel mix with that in the adjacent vessels when vigorously shaken, and there might occur some difference in vibration effect between the liquid in the portion close to the place knocked and the remote portion of each plate.

In consideration of the disadvantage of manual operation, a more advanced method of shaking to effect even vibration has been keenly desired particularly by people engaging in blood typing work. In compliance with such demand, the device of this invention is developed to eliminate the said disadvantage.

For further reference the following description is taken in connection with the accompanying drawings specified below:

FIG. 1 is a front view, partially cutaway, of an embodiment of the invention.

FIG. 2 is a top view of the above embodiment.

FIG. 3 is a side view of the microplates piled up.

FIG. 4 is a sectional view of the stand.

FIG. 5 is a sectional view of the frame.

FIG. 6 is a top view of the frame.

FIG. 7 is a front view of the suspended electric motor with a weight.

FIG. 8 is a top view of the holding plate.

FIG. 9 is a sectional view of combination of the holding plate, supports, round board, frame and stand.

Referring to FIG. 1, the components of this invention are collectively illustrated. The embodiment comprises the rubber ring frame I which is seated on the stand 2 embracing the round board 3 within the upper ring groove 4 of the frame as shown in FIG. 5, the said board 3, two supports 5 seated on the board 3 to sustain the holding plate 6, and the electric motor 7 vertically suspended under the board 3 and equipped with the eccentric weight 8 at the lower end of the rotating axis 9 as shown in FIGS. 7.

Referring to FIG. 2, there is shown the combination of the holding plate 6, the rubber ring frame 1 with four poles 10 in the middle portion of the frame (partially dotted line) and the vertically suspended electric motor (7) as shown in dotted line. The holding plate 6 is sustained above and fixed to the board 3 through the supports 5 by means of studs 11 as fully shown in FIGS. 8 and 9. As apparent from the FIGS. 2, 8 and 9, it is further equipped with two clips 12 on each side of the holding plate to secure the microplate 13 being inserted. The

holding plate may hold several microplates by means of suitable bands as shown in FIG. 3. The rubber ring frame I with the above-mentioned groove 4 comprises the upper and lower flange portions 14, 15 and four poles 10 in the middle portion as shown in FIGS. 1,2 (partially dotted line), 5 and 9.

The motor 7, the axis of which is kept vertical, is suspended under the board 3 by the studs 16 as shown in FIG. I and 7. The eccentric weight 8 provided at the lower end of the rotating axis 9, as shown in FIG. 1 and 7, can be properly adjusted by threading it in and out. The strand 2 shown in FIG. 4 is simply for securing the frame 1 and tits in the lower flange portion 15 of the frame at its upper ring portion as shown in FIG. 9.

Since the Shaking Device of this invention has a structure as above mentioned, the microvibration produced and enforced by the rotating motor 7 and the eccentric weight 8 is trans mitted, without impairing its strength, even through the board 3, the rubber ring frame 1, the supports 5 and the holdin plate 6, to the inserted microplate 3. Thus the sample 0 liquid contained in the vessels 17 of the microplate may be shaken evenly and regularly. The microvibration may be adjusted as desired by controlling the velocity of the motor 7 as well as the distance between the weight 8 and the rotating axis 9.

The embodiment of this invention illustrated herein, is described mainly for application to shaking blood to effect determination of its hemolysis or coagulation employment of the microplate. The device of this invention, however, is not intended only for such limited application, but it can be widely applicable 30 in cases where any type of liquid is to be shaken employing any other type of vessel or plate. In other words, the embodiment of this invention is so flexible that the component parts of this invention such as the plate, vessel, etc., can be modified in accordance with the object of local situation. For example, the rubber frame used herein may possibly be substituted with any soft elastic materials such as plastics, etc., and the pole portion attached to the frame may more easily be replaced with springs; the frame in ring form and the board in round form are both changeable to other forms as required; the supports may be in a projection form being integral with the board; and the stand, which is not always essential as a component part, may be made integral with the frame.

What is claimed is:

l. A liquid-shaking device comprising, an electric frame having an upper and a lower level, said frame having pole portions which support a board at said upper level of said frame, an electric motor suspended from said board in dependent position with respect thereto, supports separate from or integral with the board supporting a plate above the board in mechanical contact through said supports, said plate being adapted to carry vessels for containing liquids, and an eccen tric weight adjustable radially with respect to the lower part of the axis of said motor, whereby upon activation of said motor vibrations are introduced into the mechanism and transmitted to the vessels in said holding plate.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3220268 *Dec 27, 1960Nov 30, 1965Brandt Jr Richard WVibration generator
US3220704 *Feb 25, 1964Nov 30, 1965Bristol Myers CoMachine for feeding and agitating
US3286939 *Nov 26, 1963Nov 22, 1966Glidden CoVibratory ball mill
US3430926 *Sep 12, 1967Mar 4, 1969New Brunswick Scientific CoCounterweight system for shaker apparatus
US3533602 *May 16, 1966Oct 13, 1970Heck Adolf LApparatus for riddling bottled wines
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3779681 *Jul 6, 1971Dec 18, 1973Kinney TApparatus for embedding electron microscopy tissue
US3813816 *Dec 12, 1972Jun 4, 1974Funk CPolishing apparatus
US3944188 *May 20, 1974Mar 16, 1976Buchler Instruments Div. Of Searle Analytic Inc.Concentrating vortex shaker
US4571087 *Mar 22, 1983Feb 18, 1986Board Of Regents, University Of Texas SystemArray sonicator apparatus for automated sample preparation
US5203385 *Mar 31, 1992Apr 20, 1993Donald WaberApparatus and process for automatically reconstituting dry materials, especially pharmaceuticals
US5316053 *Apr 19, 1993May 31, 1994Donald WaberApparatus and process for automatically reconstituting dry materials, especially pharmaceuticals
US6508582 *Dec 21, 2000Jan 21, 2003Union Scientific CorporationElectromagnetic vibratory microplate shaker
US6565533Jan 21, 2000May 20, 2003Novus International, Inc.Inoculation apparatus and method
US6659637Oct 3, 2001Dec 9, 2003Union Scientific CorporationVertical electromagnetic shaker for biological and chemical specimens
US7338199 *Feb 1, 2007Mar 4, 2008Berthold Technologies Gmbh & Co KgShaker
US8016218Sep 13, 2011Mitchell FriedmanLinear specimen shaker
US8142067Feb 7, 2007Mar 27, 2012Cirta, S.L.Electromagnetic axial agitator
US20010030906 *Dec 21, 2000Oct 18, 2001Friedman Mitchell A.Electromagnetic vibratory microplate shaker
US20030229312 *Mar 26, 2003Dec 11, 2003Novus International, Inc.Inoculation apparatus and method
US20070177457 *Feb 1, 2007Aug 2, 2007Berthold Technologies Gmbh & Co KgShaker
US20100039886 *Feb 7, 2007Feb 18, 2010Cirta, S.L.Electromagnetic axial agitator
CN101668582BFeb 7, 2007Aug 7, 2013旋转转矩应用研究中心Electromagnetic axial agitator
CN103272514A *Jun 15, 2013Sep 4, 2013高玉琴Shaking type blending machine
DE4214913A1 *May 5, 1992Nov 11, 1993Liebisch GebLaboratory glassware shaker with integral damper system - reducing the tendency for the unit to wander around the bench
EP0368774A2 *Oct 23, 1989May 16, 1990Dominique HermentRotating agitator with drawers
WO2008096018A1 *Feb 7, 2007Aug 14, 2008Centro De Investigación De Rotación Y Torque Aplicada, S.L.Electromagnetic axial agitator
Classifications
U.S. Classification366/112, 425/456
International ClassificationB01F11/00
Cooperative ClassificationB01F11/0034
European ClassificationB01F11/00C10