Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3635482 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 18, 1972
Filing dateJun 29, 1970
Priority dateMar 30, 1967
Also published asDE1703078A1
Publication numberUS 3635482 A, US 3635482A, US-A-3635482, US3635482 A, US3635482A
InventorsRudolph G Holman
Original AssigneeAmf Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Ski and method of manufacture
US 3635482 A
Abstract
A new and improved snow ski and a method of making said ski. The ski comprises a plastic foam core surrounded by one or more fiber glass layers and a predetermined fiber glass winding. A unique top surface assembly including a coiled spring edge and a bottom surface assembly, the various embodiments of which are described hereinafter, are then mounted about the core assembly to form a finished ski.
Images(6)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

a 1 :1 1.11; 1 1 11min ttes 15 an Hellman [4 Jim. 1, 19

[54] SE1 AND METHOD 01F MANMPACTUM] 3,310,447 3/1967 Matthews 156/244 3,322,435 5/1967 1(irschner..... ...280/11.13 LM [72] Inventor. Rudolph G. Holman, Santa Ana, Calif. 3,393,918 7/1968 Styka n "280 L13 L2 [73] Assignee; AMIF Incorporated 3,415,529 12/1968 Grill at al. ..280/11.13 L 1 Filedi June 29, 11970 FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS [21] Appl. No.: 56,089 1,351,207 12/1963 France ..280/] 1.13 LZ 1,380,102 10/1964 France ..280/11.13 EH Related Application Data 1,435,153 3/1966 France ..280/1 1.13 L [63} Continuation of Ser. No. 705,706? Feb. 15, 1968, I I

abandoned. Primary Examiner-Ben amin Hersh Assistant Examiner-Milton L. Smith 30] Foreign Application Priority Dam Attorney-George W. Price and Walter Lewis Mar. 30, 1967 Great Britain ..14,485/67 [57] ABSTRACT [52] U s CH won] 13 L 156/242 156/245 A new and improved snow ski and a method of making said [51] j 5/12 ski. The ski comprises a plastic foam core surrounded by one [58] i /242 245 or more fiber glass layers and a predetermined fiber glass winding. A unique top surface assembly including a coiled spring edge and a bottom surface assembly, the various em- [56] References cued bodiments of which are described hereinafter, are then UNITED STATES PATENTS mounted about the core assembly to form a finished ski. 3,029,172 4/1962 Glass ..161/159 24 Claims, 29 Drawing Figures (mm spa/ 6 z mart (77w PM 0 PATENTEB JAN 1 8 m2 SHEET 1 []F 6 PATENTEUJANYSIWZ F2 635,482

SHEET 5 [1F 6 INVENTOR RUDOLPH G. HOLMAN ATTORNEY PATENTEDJAMBISFZ 1535,1182

sum 6 [IF 6 INVENTOR RUDOLPH G. HOLMAN ATTORNEY Sllill AND METHODOF MANUFACTURE This application is a continuation of application Ser. No. 705,706 filed Feb. 15, 1968, now abandoned.

This invention relates to a new and improved snow ski and a method of making said ski. The growing popularity of winter sports such as skiing caused manufacturers to devote more attention to technical problems affecting ski performance. Considerable effort has, consequently, been devoted to developing new ski designs which represent a marked improvement over the prior art. However, despite the advances which have been made, the manufacture of skis generally requires a great number of manual operations which necessarily increase product cost. Furthermore, the characteristics or properties of commercially available skis are often deficient in one or more respects as attempts are made to compromise between various design factors.

The present invention relates to a new and improved ski which is superior in performance to present high-quality skis and also lower in cost. In addition, the unique ski comprising this invention readily lends itself to mass production methods which permit further economies.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The object of this invention is to provide a new and improved ski and a method of manufacturing said ski. The ski thus produced is light in weight and is of a predetermined strength and thickness. As a further advantage, it is possible to build a ski having the desired characteristics at a lower cost than conventional skis.

The unique ski of the present invention comprises a plastic foam core having a predetermined fiber glass covering and a separate fiber glass winding to produce the desired properties in the finished product. A top assembly including a coiled spring outer edge and a bottom assembly are then bonded to the core assembly to form the finished ski. The invention in its various embodiments includes a number of novel top and bottom assemblies which are mounted about the core. Since the various manufacturing operations may be readily adapted to mass production techniques, the subject skis may be produced at a lower unit cost.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The features of the present invention will be more clearly understood when viewed in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIG. I is a top view of the unique ski comprising the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a side view of the subject ski illustrating the configuration of said ski;

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line 3--3 of FIG. 1 showing the tip section of the ski;

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line 4-4 of FIG. I illustrating the tail section of the ski;

FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line 5-5 of FIG. ll showing the construction of the ski tip portion;

FIG. 6 is a cross sectional view taken along the line 66 of FIG. I showing the waist portion of the ski;

FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line 7-7 of FIG. 1 illustrating the construction of the tail portion of the ski;

FIG. 8 is a view showing the tip protector mounted on the tip portion of the ski;

FIG. 9 shows the coil spring upper edge employed in the preferred embodiment of the ski;

FIG. I is a top view of a typical L-shaped running edge employed in the preferred embodiment;

FIGS. ill-l6 illustrate the unique core structure of the subject ski and its method of manufacture with the various views being as follows:

FIG. II is a cross-sectional view of the core assembly;

FIG. 12 is a broken-away perspective view of the core assembly to better illustrate its various elements:

FIG. 13 is a view of the molded core prior to winding;

FIG. MI is a view of a typical binding plate;

FIG. 15 illustrates the positioning of the various core elements within a mold for forming the polyurethane core structure',

FIG. 16 illustrates the winding operation wherein a fiber glass thread is wrapped about the molded core in a predetermined pattern, and;

FIGS. 17-24 illustrate various other embodiments of the invention employing the wound fiber glass: core illustrated in the foregoing figures. The different embodiments are described at length in the specification.

FIG. 25 is an isometric view of another embodiment of a ski according to the invention.

FIG. 26 is a sectional view of the ski shown in FIG. 25.

FIG. 27 is an isometric view of a reinforced core for the ski shown in FIGS. 25 and 26.

FIG. 28 is an exploded view of the ski shown in FIGS. 25 and 26.

FIG. 29 is an enlarged view of a portion of the ski shown in FIG. 28.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now to the drawings, the present invention comprises a new and improved ski 10 which includes a core 1 l of material such as polyurethane foam having one or more binding plates 12 and a plurality of fiber glass layers 13 and 14 positioned thereover and a fiber glass winding 16 wrapped thereabout in a predetermined pattern. The above components comprise the core assembly 17 which remains essentially the same for the various embodiments of the invention. This core assembly 17 is combined with a top and side surface assembly and a bottom surface assembly to form the completed ski shown in FIGS. I and 2.

The core assembly 17, which is illustrated in greater detail in FIGS. III-l6, includes a lightweight polyurethane foam core 11 having one or more binding plates 12 mounted near the upper surface intermediate the end portions of the core 11. The binding plates 12 may be of a fiber material or a metal such as aluminum. The binding plates 12 are designed to anchor the connecting members or screws which secure the ski bindings (not shown) to the ski 10. It is to be understood, of course, that the binding plates 12 may differ somewhat from the configuration of FIG. 14 and may comprise one or more separate elements. In addition, a generally Z-shaped anchor member I2 is disposed beneath one of the rear binding plates 12. This anchor member 12' is for the purpose of receiving side screws or the like for anchoring ski bindings from along the side edge of the ski, whereas the plates 12 are adapted to receive top screws or the like. This means that the ski of the invention can receive almost any type of ski binding currently available on the marketplace. The Z-shape imparted to the member 12' has the additional advantage that it can be readily used with skis having different widths. This is because the width of the member 12' can be readily varied merely by pinching or stretching its Z-shape.

An inner layer 113 of matted glass material and an outer layer 14 of unidirectional glass material are placed about the core 11 and over the binding plates 12 during forming of the core ill. A treated fiber glass winding 16 is then wrapped about the glass layers 13 and M in a helical winding pattern which may be varied as desired to impart predetermined characteristics to the ski 10. The separate elements of the core assembly 17 are bonded together in a subsequent molding operation. Both the front and rear portions of the core II include formed winding tabs 21 in order to mount the ski 10 during the winding operation, the protruding tabs 21 being removed at a later time.

The core assembly 17 is formed by first placing a full-length unidirectional strip M of glass material :in the lower half of a mold 22 and placing a full-length strip 13 of glass mat on top of the unidirectional layer 14, see FIG. 15. The glass mat 113 is tucked into the corners but extends over the parting line of the mold 22. The binding anchor members 12 and 12 are located in the mold 22 and the components of the polyurethane foam 11 are then mixed and immediately poured into the mold 22. A second strip 13 of glass mat is placed over the foam 1 1 and a second layer 14 of unidirectional glass is placed thereover. The mold 22 is closed and the assembly is allowed to cure. After curing the excess of the fiber glass mat 13 along the parting line of the mold is trimmed. The resultant core assembly comprises a complete envelope of glass mat enclosing the foam body 11 with the binding anchors 12 and 12 formed in place at the inner face of the mat 13. The top and bottom core surfaces include a full-length strip 14 of unidirectional glass exposed at its outer surface.

The core assembly is mounted axially by means of the winding tabs 21 at each end on a winding apparatus. One or more fiber glass threads 16, see FIG. 16, which are either pretreated or fed through a resin bath are wrapped about the core in a helical winding pattern along the length of the ski. Means such as not shown spaced pins or staples inserted into the side edges of the mold formed core may be provided to prevent thread slippage as the filament 16 is wound about the core. The thread or threads 16 are generally wound in a long helix at an angle of approximately 20 to the longitudinal axis of the ski at the waist or central portion of the ski, and at an angle of approximately 45 at the tail and tip sections, and at an angle of from 20 to 45 in the transitional areas between the waist section and the tail and tip sections. The molded core rotates about its lengthwise axis during the winding operation illustrated in FIG. 16, and a carriage 15 which feeds or lays the filament 16 onto the rotating ski moves back and forth along the ski while the ski is being rotated. The speedof rotation of the ski and the stroke of the carriage are programmed with respect to each other so that the same winding pattern can be successively repeated. Thus, successive skis processed through the winding machine according to a given program tape will all have the same characteristics in the final product. For skis having somewhat different characteristics then a different program tape is selected. Thus, the invention makes it possible to repetitively produce a great variety of skis having predetermined characteristics, and this can be done at minimal labor cost and without the end product being subject to variations due to errors in human judgement. For example, if two skis run according to the same program are cut transversely at the same place, an examination of the cut sections will show that both skis have the same number of filament wound threads. Also, the invention makes it possible to uniformly control the desired build of filament along the length of the ski. This of course, is possible because the program tape can uniformly vary the speed of the rotating ski and the lengthwise traveling carriage with respect to each other independent of human judgement. In the preferred embodiment of the invention the filament 16'is resin coated just before it is deposited on the molded ski form. After winding the filament wound molded ski form 17 is placed in a mold to cure the resin on the filament, to permanently band the filament to each other and to the molded ski form. This provides a ski structure which is completely enveloped or encapsulated by a glass fiber helical winding. After curing of the filament resin then the means, such as not shown side pins, for temporarily holding the heli cal filament turns in place during the actual winding operation can be removed.

On one preferred embodiment illustrated in FIGS. l-l0, the top surface assembly 20 comprises a plastic material 23 such as polyurethane which is molded in place over the sides and upper and lower portions of the core assembly 17 so as to completely surround and be banded thereto as well as a bottom subassembly to be described shortly. The top surface member 23 may of course, be molded separately as a channelshaped member and then assembled to the core 17. In any event, the top surface assembly 20 as thus described is a relatively simple, strong and low-cost structure. Since there are no separate side members and the entire top surface assembly 20 may be formed in a single-molding operation, an additional savings in manufacturing costs results.

A protective metal edge 24 is also molded in place along the upper edges of the top surface assembly 20 during mold-forming of the plastic 23. The metal edge 24 is preferably a helically wound wire or coil which prevents top edge damage and has other advantageous characteristics such as a high-quality decorative effect. Conventional aluminum edges having a high-tensile strength producing a stiffer ski while the coiled spring edge 24 is extensible and yet may be made of a tough stainless steel without impairing the ski properties. As shown in FIG. 9, the edge 24 may also comprise separate left-hand and right-hand coils to provide herring bone decorative effect. In addition, the coil can extend the full length of the ski, or be only at the front portion since that part is more vulnerable to top edge damage.

The bottom surface assembly 25 comprises, in the embodiment of FIGS. 3-7, a polyethylene running or skiing surface or strip 26 and steel running edges 27 positioned along the outer edges of the plastic strip 26. The parts 26 and 27 are bonded to each other by a suitable material 26 such as a soft resilient urethane plastic. The material 26' completely covers the top of skiing strip 26 to be firmly bonded thereto. It also completely encapsulates the part 27 except for itsouter running edge comer, and fills to-be-described openings 31, 39 formed therein, so as to firmly lock the part 27 in place with respect to the part 26. The running edges 27 may be essentially L-shaped in cross section and may also include a plurality of elongated apertures 39, see FIG. l0, extending therethrough. The apertures 39 may include a slot 31, see FIG. 8, extending to the inner portion of the edge 27 at the tip and tail sections of the ski to facilitate bending. The apertures 39 and slots 31 assist in anchoring the edge 27 in position. It is entirely possible, however, to use a continuous L-shaped running edge 27 without the refinements of FIGS. 8 and 10.

FIG. 3 discloses the tip portion 33 of the ski 10 in cross section including the foam core 11, the epoxy-resin-filled glass filament wound portion 34 of the molded core and the outer polyurethane molded cover and sides 23 having the integral helically wound wire form 24 to prevent top edge damage and the polyethylene base or running surface 26. A bottom tip protector 36, see also FIG. 8, is welded to the running edges 27 and bonded to the running surface 26 to form a separate subassembly which can be stored and rapidly assembled to the core assembly 17 and top surface assembly 20 during manufacture.

FIG. 4 shows a view of the ski tail portion 41 including the above-described elements and having a tail guard 42 formed at the end of the ski l0. Tail guard 42 may be an integral formation on material 23. FIGS. 5, 6 and 7 illustrate, respectively, cross-sectional views of the nose section 33, waist section 44 and the tail section 41 of the ski 10. The sections 41, 33 and 44 vary both in width and in height in order to provide the ski configuration of FIGS. 1 and 2. Additionally, the waist section 44 is shown raised above the ground 46 due to the bottom camber of the ski 10. The shown configuration of the ski is obtained during the mold operations fonned on the ski form 17 prior to winding and during curing of the resin on the winding.

Briefly, in practicing the invention, first the molded ski form comprising parts ll, l2, 12', 13 and 14 is formed in mold 22. Then the filament 16 is wound on the molded ski form and the resin on the filament is cured in a mold. At this time the ski form 17 is given some additional shaping to finalize its basic configuration. The bottom subassembly 25 comprising parts 26, 26', 27 and 36 will have been separately fon'ned in readiness to be united with the ski form 17 and its top assembly 20 into a finished product. This is accomplished by positioning coil 24 in mold, then some plastic material 23, then ski form 17, then some more material 23 on top of ski form 17, and then finally bottom subassembly 25 over the additional plastic material 23 and closing the mold so as to cause the plastic material 23 to completely envelope the ski form 17 and bond itself to the ski form and the bottom subassembly 25.

The unique ski ll) which is described above and is produced by the method of the present invention represents a considerable improvement over conventional skis. The subject ski is light in weight and well dampened to minimize vibration. Furthermore, since the winding operation can be carefully controlled, it is possible to obtain the precise strength and thickness for particular conditions of use. For example, it is possible to vary the application of the winding in order to produce a ski having the desired flex." A low polar moment of inertia also results and tends to improve the maneuverability of the ski since the weight distribution can be carefully controlled during the winding operation.

FIGS. ll7-24l illustrate various embodiments of the present invention employing the core assembly 117 in unique combinations with different top-surface assemblies and bottom surface assemblies. The drawings represent typical cross section views across the waist of the ski.

For example, FIG. ll7 proposes a core 17 surrounded by a shell of soft resilient polyurethane material and a polyethylene base 66 having a pair of metal running edges 49 embedded in the corner positions thereof. A metal member may also be embedded in the upper corner portions of the polyurethane shell 47 as described in the preferred embodiment. However, the particular polyurethane material may be selected to resist top edge damage without the use of protective metal edges.

in FIG. 16, the core assembly 17 is enclosed within a polyurethane envelope at. The upper protective edges 52 and the bottom running edges 53 are embedded in the polyurethane material. The ski also includes a polyethylene running surface 54 which is bonded to the polyurethane envelope 51. A further modification may include a plastic inlay 55 along the upper surface as shown in FIG. H9.

The ski shown in FIGS. 20 and 2ll comprises a core assembly 117, a top surface assembly 56 and a polyethylene base 57. The top surface assembly 56 comprises a vacuum-formed plastic shell having aluminum edges 56 with anchoring means 66 formed thereon. The base 57 includes steel running edges 59 which provide the necessary holding capacity on ice or snow. The ski of FIG. 21 also includes a plastic inlay strip 6i which may be a phenolic material bonded along the upper surface thereof.

FIG. 22 shows an embodiment of the invention wherein the ski walls 62 are formed integral with a base portion 63 to pro vide a simple, strong and low cost structure. The box thus formed provides an ideal cavity for loading and curing the wound core 117. Furthermore, the flexing of the ski is somewhat less influenced by the steel edges 66 since they are resiliently bonded together with the base 65. The shell 62 and 63 may consist of polyethylene material which is bonded to a polyethylene base 65. The base plastic material and the shell plastic material may be the same or different plastic and may be another color if desired. An upper plastic strip 76 and metal edges 77 are also bonded over the upper portion of the ski.

The ski of FIG. 23 comprises a soft resilient polyurethane cap 66 and a polyethylene base 67 bonded thereto in order to encapsulate the core assembly 117. A unique running edge 66 is molded into the base 67. The edge 66 is of smaller cross section than conventional edges and does not impart its tensile strength to resist bending of the ski. The edge 66 may also slide (with frictional restraint) lengthwise within its enclosure but it is locked in and cannot be removed laterally. It may, therefore, be readily replaced and it also dampens the vibration of the ski and insulates the shocks from the main body of the ski. A similar edge could also be used along the upper portion of the ski and in several of the other previously described ski designs.

FIG. 2 shows a ski including the core 17, upper protective edges 69, separate die'cut side strips 71, an upper plastic strip 72 and a lower base strip 73 having running edges 74 bonded thereto, all of which are bonded to the core 17.

In the above embodiments, a tip protector and a tail bumper may be included in the various moldings where it proves advantageous. Otherwise, they may be separately mounted to the ski. The overall arrangement for the front and rear portions of the various designs is primarily the same as the preferred embodiment with the necessary changes to reflect the different structures.

Another embodiment of the invention shown in FIG. 16 is depicted in FIGS. 2549. Referring to those FlGS., a ski 75 includes a lightweight urethane foam core ill fabricated in the general shape of a ski and reinforced by one or more fiber glass layers, such as unidirectional layers M, as most clearly shown in FIG. 27. A binding plate 112 is embedded in the core intermediate the ends thereof and near the upper surface thereof. The reinforced core is then wound with a resin treated fiber glass filament l6 in a helical winding pattern, which may be varied as desired to impart predetermined characteristics to the ski '75.

A bottom assembly 25 which includes a pair of L-shaped running edges 27 joined adjacent the tips thereof, as at 36, are bonded to a polyethylene running surface 26 by a layer of soft resilient urethane plastic. The bottom assembly is formed by laying the metal running edges 27 over the polyethylene running surface 26. The running edges are L-shaped in cross section (FIG. 29) such that when laid over the running surface 26 a portion thereof will extend on top of the sides of the running surface. A plurality of elongated apertures 39 are formed on the top surface of the running edges. The soft urethane material is placed completely over the top of the as sembled metal running edges and running surface assembly with the material filling in the elongated apertures 39 to aid in forming a secure bond between the metal and the polyethylene.

The thus formed bottom assembly is joined to the wound reinforced core by an envelope of polyurethane 23 which, when reacting with the urethane layer used in bonding the bottorn assembly together, forms a firm bond therebetween. This latter process is done in a mold such that the polyurethane envelope 23 is formed to a desired contour such as to form the sides and top of a ski. Finally, a layer of plastic material 6i is placed on the top of the ski for decorative and appearance purposes. The various portions of the ski are shown in cross section in FIG. 26 and in an exploded view, FIG. 26.

What has been described above are merely illustrative examples of the application of the principles of the invention. Numerous other arrangements may be readily devised by those skilled in the art which will embody the principles of the invention and fall within the spirit and scope thereof.

What is claimed is:

l. A snow ski comprising:

a core assembly including a lightweight and elongated preformed inner core member having a contour including a turned-up nose and bottom camber, and a filament positioned about the preformed core member in a helical pattern along the length of the core member,

a bottom surface assembly including :a plastic running surface and a metal running edge positioned along opposite edges of said running surface, and

a layer of urethane material positioned around said filament wound core assembly, said layer of urethane material forming at least part of the outer surface of the ski and bonding said bottom assembly to the filament wound core assembly.

2. A snow ski comprising:

a preformed core assembly including a lightweight inner core having a contour including a. turned-up nose and bottom camber, a layer of matted fiber glass reinforcing positioned at least partially around the preformed core assembly and a layer of unidirectional fiber glass material reinforcing positioned at least partially around the layer of matted fiber glass reinforcing, and a filament posi tioned over the reinforced preformed core in a helical pattern,

a top and side assembly including an upper portion and downwardly extending side portions positioned on the core assembly, and

a bottom surface assembly including a plastic running surface and a metal running edge mounted along each edge the filament comprises a fiber glass thread applied about the 10 reinforcing material in a predetermined helical winding along the total length of the ski. 6. A snow ski in accordance with claim 5 wherein: the helical winding is applied about the reinforcing layer at an angle ranging from approximately to 45 to the longitudinal axis of the ski. 7. A snow ski in accordance with claim 2 wherein: the bottom surface assembly comprises a polyethylene base and a pair of metal running edges each having a pair of legs arranged in a substantially L-shaped configuration, said running edges being mounted'along the outer edges of the base with one leg of the L mounted along the upper surface of the polyethylene base and the other leg extending downwardly along the edge of the base to provide a gripping edge for the ski. 8. A snow ski in accordance with claim 7 wherein: the metal running edge comprises a steel running edge having a shorter lower leg and a longer upper leg, said upper leg being mounted along the upper portion of the polyethylene base, said upper leg including a plurality of apertures extending therethrough and slotted portions connecting said apertures to the inner portion of said edge to permit flexing of said metal edge. 9. A snow ski comprising: 7 i an elongated foam core contoured in the general shape of a finished ski, a layer of fiber glass reinforcing mounted about at least part of said foam core, a bottom assembly including a pair of metal running edges and a running surface therebetween, and a layer of urethane plastic material at least partially enveloping the reinforced core, said layer of urethane plastic forming at least part of the outer surface of the ski and bonding the bottom assembly to the reinforced core. 10. A snow ski according to claim 9, wherein the core is reinforced with fiber glass.

11. a snow ski according to claim 10, further comprising: a plastic top surface layer afiixed to the upper surface of the urethane layer. 12. A snow ski according to claim 10, wherein a metallic binding plate is embedded in the reinforced core.

13 A snow ski according to claim 9, wherein said core is reinforced with:

at least a partial layer of unidirectional fiber glass filaments,

and at least a partial layer of matted fiber glass. 14. A snow ski according to claim 9, wherein the urethane layer includes portions forming the sides of the ski.

15. A snow ski according to claim 9, wherein the coating of the coated fiber glass filament is epoxy.

16. A snow ski comprising:

a bottom assembly including:

a strip of plastic providing a running surface on the bottom thereof,

a pair of metal running edges, each having a vertical extending portion that is positioned against the side of the strip of plastic and a flange that lays on top of the adjacent portion of the strip of plastic, and

an adhesive placed on the top of at least a portion of the plastic strip for bonding the metal edges to the strip of plastic,

a core assembly, and

a layer of urethane plastic or the like at least partially encapsulating the core assembly and forming at least part of the outer surface of the ski, said layer of urethane plastic being in contact with the adhesive placed on top of the bottom assembly to bond the bottom assembly to the core assembly.

17. A snow ski according to claim 16, wherein the flanges of the metal running edges are provided with apertures and portions of the urethane plastic are placed in the apertures.

18. A method of making a snow ski, comprising the steps of:

forming a foam core,

winding a fiber glass filament about the reinforced foam core in a predetermined pattern,

bonding a metal running edge to the outer edges of a plastic strip to form a bottom surface assembly, and

bonding the bottom surface assembly to the filament wound reinforced foam core with a layer of urethane plastic that forms part of the outer surface of the ski.

19. A method of making a snow ski according to claim 18, further comprising the step of reinforcing said foam core with fiber glass before winding the fiber glass filament therearound.

20. A method of making a snow ski according to claim 18, wherein said fiber glass filament is epoxy coated and is wound about said reinforced foam core in a helical pattern.

21. A method of making a snow ski according to claim 18, wherein said step of bonding the bottom surface assembly to the filament-wound reinforced foam core comprises forming a layer of plastic at least partially around the filament-wound reinforced foam core.

22. A method of making a snow ski according to claim 21, wherein said plastic is a urethane or the like.

23. A method of making a snow ski according to claim 18, further comprising the step of curing the wound, reinforced foam core before the bottom assembly is bonded thereto.

24. A method of making a snow ski, comprising the steps of:

placing a metal running edge on both sides of a plastic running surface,

bonding the metal running edges to the plastic running surface with a urethane plastic or the like, and

bonding the thus formed assembly to a core assembly by at least partially enveloping the core assembly with a urethane plastic or the like that forms at least part of the outer surface of the ski and placing the thus enveloped core assembly against the urethane plastic used to bond the metal edges to the plastic running surface.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3029172 *Mar 28, 1960Apr 10, 1962Dow Chemical CoPolyurethane foam-coated expanded plastic insulation and roof board
US3310447 *Apr 24, 1963Mar 21, 1967Moore & Co SamuelComposite tubing method of manufacture
US3322435 *Jan 29, 1965May 30, 1967William Kirschner HowardSki
US3393918 *Aug 24, 1966Jul 23, 1968Styka AndrewFilament wound resin reinforced structure and method
US3415529 *Nov 18, 1966Dec 10, 1968Fritzmeier Kg GeorgLaminated ski having multiple core elements with individual glass fiber wrappings
FR1351207A * Title not available
FR1380102A * Title not available
FR1435153A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3687469 *Jun 15, 1970Aug 29, 1972Wada IwaoMethod for producing ski-edge
US3776563 *Sep 1, 1972Dec 4, 1973Tigert ASki and core construction
US3823956 *Dec 22, 1971Jul 16, 1974Maschf Augsburg Nuernberg AgSki
US3844576 *Jul 18, 1973Oct 29, 1974Olin CorpVibration damped ski
US3894745 *Aug 31, 1973Jul 15, 1975Hoechst AgSki body made of plastics
US3901522 *Aug 22, 1974Aug 26, 1975Olin CorpVibration damped ski
US3949988 *May 30, 1973Apr 13, 1976Fischer Gesellschaft M.B.H.Racket
US3958810 *Jan 13, 1975May 25, 1976Walter BohmSki with top edge portions of plastic material and device for securing the edge portions during manufacture
US4005875 *Dec 5, 1975Feb 1, 1977Gunnar BjertnaesSki construction of the torsion box type
US4077652 *Apr 6, 1976Mar 7, 1978Westinghouse Electric CorporationPlastic ski surfacing system
US4093218 *Nov 26, 1976Jun 6, 1978Burchers Samuel AModular ball rebound apparatus
US4115506 *Oct 26, 1977Sep 19, 1978Nissei Plastics Industrial Co., Ltd.Method for producing injection molded ski
US4203596 *Nov 2, 1977May 20, 1980Nippon Gakki Seizo Kabushiki KaishaRacket and a method for manufacturing same
US4261778 *Sep 6, 1979Apr 14, 1981A/S Norske SkiprodukterMethod of producing skis
US4293142 *Jul 16, 1979Oct 6, 1981K-2 CorporationVibration damped ski
US4313614 *Jun 18, 1979Feb 2, 1982Trak IncorporatedSki and its manufacture
US4449712 *May 13, 1982May 22, 1984Brunswick CorporationMethod of playing a cestaball game with a scoop device
US4455037 *Nov 4, 1981Jun 19, 1984Olin CorporationLaminated ski reinforcement members
US4498686 *Mar 5, 1984Feb 12, 1985Olin CorporationLaminated ski reinforcement members
US4511148 *Mar 31, 1982Apr 16, 1985Brunswick CorporationScoop and cup device for playing a game
US4545597 *Jun 18, 1984Oct 8, 1985Olin CorporationReinforcing ribs in a snow ski with a wood/foam core
US4679814 *Dec 3, 1985Jul 14, 1987Tristar Sports Inc.Randomly oriented reinforcing fibers in a snow ski
US4897063 *Nov 14, 1985Jan 30, 1990Wellington Leisure Products, Inc.Reaction injection molded recreation boards with spaced rectangular reinforcing rods
US5000475 *May 16, 1988Mar 19, 1991Salomon S.A.Ski having improved shock absorption and vibration resistance
US5002301 *Nov 30, 1989Mar 26, 1991Salomon S.A.Ski having improved shock absorption and vibration resistance
US5160158 *Mar 5, 1991Nov 3, 1992Atomic Skifabrik Alois RohrmoserMulti-ply ski
US5171509 *Feb 15, 1991Dec 15, 1992Salomon S. A.Process for assembling a ski by duplicate molding and ski obtained by use of this process
US5232241 *Feb 24, 1992Aug 3, 1993K-2 CorporationSnow ski with integral binding isolation mounting plate
US5687983 *Sep 22, 1995Nov 18, 1997Gsi, Inc.Light weight ballet skis and method of manufacture
US6059308 *Mar 26, 1997May 9, 2000Salomon S.A.Gliding board surrounded with a continuous running edge, and method of making same
US7275756Oct 9, 2001Oct 2, 2007Atomic Austria GmbhSki and method of manufacturing the ski
US7416401 *Jun 13, 2005Aug 26, 2008The Boeing CompanyLightweight composite fairing bar and method for manufacturing the same
US8034268Jul 29, 2008Oct 11, 2011The Boeing CompanyMethod for manufacturing lightweight composite fairing bar
US20050077704 *Nov 30, 2004Apr 14, 2005Salomon S.A.Gliding or rolling board, such as a snowboard or skateboard, or the like
US20050206130 *Dec 22, 2004Sep 22, 2005Keith PartenRecreation board with high-definition graphics
US20060142184 *Jun 20, 2003Jun 29, 2006Pacific Biolink Pty LimitedProtein based oral lubricant
US20060280927 *Jun 13, 2005Dec 14, 2006The Boeing CompanyLightweight composite fairing bar an method for manufacturing the same
US20070018431 *Oct 9, 2001Jan 25, 2007Atomic Austria GmbhSki and method of manufacturing the ski
US20080248261 *Apr 5, 2007Oct 9, 2008Bonnett Robert APrinted article
US20080314516 *Jul 29, 2008Dec 25, 2008The Boeing CompanyMethod for manufacturing lightweight composite fairing bar
US20090045605 *Aug 17, 2007Feb 19, 2009Pat KeaneSnow ski
DE2555497A1 *Dec 10, 1975Jun 16, 1976Gunnar BjertnaesSki mit torsionsgehaeuse
EP0411478A1 *Jul 26, 1990Feb 6, 1991Franz Völkl GmbH & Co. Ski und Tennis Sportartikelfabrik KGSki with a holding plate for holding the ski binding
EP0442262A1 *Jan 11, 1991Aug 21, 1991Salomon S.A.Ski and process for manufacturing same by moulding
WO2005089395A2 *Mar 16, 2005Sep 29, 2005Nash Mfg IncRecreation board with high-definition graphics
Classifications
U.S. Classification280/610, 156/242, 273/DIG.800, 156/245
International ClassificationA63C5/048, A63C5/052, A63C5/12
Cooperative ClassificationY10S273/08, A63C5/052, A63C5/12, A63C5/048
European ClassificationA63C5/12, A63C5/048, A63C5/052
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Apr 21, 1989ASAssignment
Owner name: SUMITOMO BANK, LIMITED, THE, JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:HEAD SPORTS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:005150/0490
Effective date: 19890331
Mar 29, 1989ASAssignment
Owner name: HEAD SPORTS, INC., A CORP. OF DE., COLORADO
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:AMF INCORPORATED;REEL/FRAME:005201/0022
Effective date: 19890302