|Publication number||US3635638 A|
|Publication date||Jan 18, 1972|
|Filing date||Jan 9, 1970|
|Priority date||Jan 9, 1970|
|Publication number||US 3635638 A, US 3635638A, US-A-3635638, US3635638 A, US3635638A|
|Inventors||Bryan William Roy|
|Original Assignee||H B P Mfg Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (14), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1 Unite States Patent [151 3,035,098 Bryan 14 1 ,lnnm W, 1972  ROLL-FORMING MACHINE 3,417,713 12/1968 Schwebel 107/15 x 3,429,416 2/1969 Provost et a1. 198/20  wmam Bryan Glendale 3,528,537 9/1970 Shultz ..198/34  Assignee: H. B. 1?. Manufacturing Incorporated Primary Examiner-Price C. Faw, Jr. [221 Wed: 9, Attarney---Drummond, Cahill & Phillips  App1.No.: 11,802
 ABSTRACT 52 us. c1. ..425/373, 107/15 AF, 107/54 A, A machine is Provided attachment System 193/34, 425/335 utilized to transport raw dough rolls. A stop gate is movably 51 1 1111. c1 ..A2lc 11 04 Positioned in the P rolls and, when Placed in an inter- 58 m of Search 107/15 AF 15 3, 5 8 K, 9 D fering position, temporarily stop the rolls while the rolls main- 107/54 A 1 198/34 tain sliding contact with the conveyor. A roll imprinting drum is positioned above the conveyor and adjacent the stop gate; 56] References Cited the stop gate is subsequently moved to a noninterfering position to pennit the rolls to pass to the imprinting drums where UNITED STATES PATENTS the rolls are formed into a desired shape, 2,405,879 8/1946 Fredricksen ..1()7/54 A 9 Claims, 7 Drawing Figures 2,586,684 2/1952 McNamara ..107/54 A FATENTED JAN 1 8 I972 SHEET 1 OF 4 INVENTOR. W/LL/AM POY BRYAN BY W 4415;
ATTORNEY mimemmemz smaaa SHEET 2 [IF 4 C l l w UF INVENTOR. 43 42 w/LL/AM ROY BRYAN ATTORNEY PATENTEDJANHBIQIZ 3,635,633
SHEET 3 OF 4 INVENTOR. W/LZ MM ROY 5,? MN
ATTORNEY PATENIEB mu 8 m2 SHEET U (1F 4 DELAY CLUTCH ATTORNEY ROLL-FORMING MACHINE The present invention pertains to machinery for utilization in a bakery, and more particularly, to a machine for imprinting raw dough rolls with a desired design.
Rolls are automatically formed from raw dough and are characteristically placed on a conveyor to be transported to a baking pan. It has been found desirable to imprint designs in the rolls to render the finished product more attractive and desirable. For example, by imprinting the rolls with appropriate designs, the roll, when baked, has the appearance of a hand-rolled roll with indentations to facilitate breaking the roll into smaller portions. The utilization of roll-forming drums having a suitable design thereon is old in the art. Such prior art apparatus utilized a plurality of drums having a negative of the design formed therein rotatably positioned on a shaft over the conveyor. As the forming drums are rotated, the raw dough rolls passing therebeneath on the conveyor were imprinted or formed with a suitable design; however, registration between the raw dough roll and the forming drum were impossible. The result of the prior art apparatus was the formation of rolls with a desired design, but with the design substantially randomly positioned on the roll. Attempts at synchronizing the position of the raw dough roll on the conveyor and the rotation of the dough-forming drums resulted in extremely complex machinery with imperfect results.
The problem of registration of the design on the raw dough roll is complicated by the fact that the dough is usually deposited on the moving conveyor in rows aligned transverse to the conveyor. The raw dough rolls in each row are almost always imperfectly aligned so that the rolls will pass under their respective forming drums at different times.
It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide an improved roll-forming machine for imprinting designs in raw dough rolls.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a roll-forming machine for attachment to a conveyor system utilized to transport raw dough rolls.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a roll-forming machine wherein the individual raw dough rolls are stopped prior to passage to a roll-forming drum.
It is still another object of the present invention to provide a roll-forming machine that will permit accurate registration of raw dough rolls with roll-forming drums by temporarily stopping the raw dough rolls and aligning the rolls prior to their passage to the forming drums.
These and other objects of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art as the description thereofproceeds.
Briefly, in accordance with the embodiment chosen for illustration, a stop gate comprising a plurality of stop bars is positioned above the conveyor. The stop gate is movably positioned in the path of raw dough rolls being transported by the conveyor and engages the rolls, forcing the latter to stop while maintaining sliding contact with the conveyor. At a predetermined time, the stop gate is moved out of its interfering position to permit the raw dough rolls to pass under a plurality of rotating drum mounted dies. The stoppage of raw dough rolls is timed to permit all of the rolls to engage the stop gate and thus become perfectly aligned in a row. The movement of the stop gate to a noninterfering position is also timed with the roll-imprinting drums so that the row of rolls reaches the drums in substantially the same time, row after row. The synchronizing obtainable by reason of the alignment of the rows enables the utilization of a unique roll-forming drum wherein only a portion of its surface is formed into a die.
The present invention may more readily be described by reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. I is a perspective view of a roll-forming machine constructed in accordance with the teachings of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is an enlarged side-elevational view of a portion of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of a portion of FIG. I taken along line 3-3.
FIG. 4 is a top view of a portion of FIG. 1, showing various drive elements.
FIG. 5 is a perspective, exploded view of a roll-imprinting drum constructed in accordance with the teachings of the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a side-elevational view of the apparatus of FIG. 1.
FIG. 7 is a schematic electrical diagram of a suitable electric circuit for use in the machine of the present invention.
Referring now to the drawings, a conveyor 10 is shown and forms a part of the usual raw dough roll conveying system for transporting raw dough rolls Ill to baking pans (not shown). The apparatus of the present invention is mounted in any convenient manner above the conveyor to position a stop gate 15 in the path of the rolls. The stop gate 15 comprises a plurality of stop bars 16, each of which is slightly formed into a concave shape to intercept and stop an individual raw dough roll as the latter is being transported by the conveyor 10. The stop bars 116 are pivotally mounted on a rod 18 which, in turn, is secured to a shaft 19. A spring 20 urges the stop bars into the position shown while the pivotal attachment to the rod 18 permits the bars to be mounted closely to the conveyor belt 10 since movement about the shaft 19 causes the stop bars 16 to contact the conveyor and pivot on the rod 18 while the bar and rod are rotated by the shaft 19. The concave shape of the stop bar tends to center the raw dough roll Ill and thereby laterally align the roll while the roll is being transversely aligned with other rolls in its row.
A plurality of resilient, coated starting fingers 21 are also attached to the shaft 19 and positioned correspondingly with the stop bars. As the shaft 19 rotates and the stop bar 16 is moved out of its interfering position to enable the roll I l to start moving, rolls occasionally tend to hesitate prior to starting. This hesitation can result in misalignment of the rolls in a row; therefore, the starting fingers 21 gently contact the top of the rolls and help to start the rolls by gently pushing them and also by lightly pressing downwardly to assist the frictional engagement of the roll with the conveyor 10. The stop gate is maintained in its interfering position as shown in FIGS. I and 3, and is rotated out of the interfering position by the rotation ofshaft 19. The shaft 19 is coupled to adrive chain 25 through a conventional magnetic clutch 26. When the magnetic clutch is energized, the shaft 19 is driven by the chain 25 out of the interfering position to permit the previously stopped rolls to pass.
A plurality of roll-imprinting drums 30 are mounted on a shaft 311 and are positioned above the conveyor 10 and adjacent the stop gate 115. Each of the drums 30 includes a solid cylindrical core 33 having a pair of registration pins 34 extending radially therefrom. A die 35 is provided with a pair of holes 37 that register with the pins 34. The die 35 includes a nonroll-contacting face 38 that conforms to the surface 39 of the drum 33. The die 35 is formed having a negative of the desired design to be imprinted in the roll. The die 35 is placed on the drum 33 with the holes 37 engaging the registration pins 34; the die may be clamped or otherwise secured to the drum surface such as by flexible coil spring 40. The die is formed of a material such as polytetrafluoroethylene, available commercially under the trademark Teflon, that is of sufficient rigidity to imprint the soft raw dough and may be sufficiently flexible to snap over the drum 33. When the die is made of such flexible material, it has been found that operation of the die and mounting of the die limits the angle alpha (FIG. 3) to less than 270. However, to provide ease of manu facture, the dies may readily be formed of cast aluminum with subsequent Teflon coating. When the dies are inflexible, the angle alpha will obviously have to be limited to approximately In the embodiment chosen for illustration, the shaft 31 is continuously rotated by means of a chain (not shown) engaging sprocket 42 and held in proper tension by tensioning idler sprocket 43. The idler sprocket 43 is mounted for pivotal movement about shaft 45 and tensioning force is provided by a spring 46. The shaft 31 therefore drives the chain 25 to pro vide rotational force to the shaft 19 and also drives a chain 50 for rotating the shaft 51. The shaft 51 supports a cleaning brush 52 which peripherally engages imprinting drums 30 to brush particles of raw dough that may have adhered thereto to prevent these particles from obstructing the formation of subsequent rolls.
The opposite end of the shaft 31 (FIG. 6) is attached to an eccentric 56 to which is journaled an adjustable shaft 57. The resulting reciprocating motion is imparted through adjustable linkage 58 to a shaft 59 extending through a flour hopper 60. The hopper is of conventional design and is utilized to provide a continuous dusting of the imprinting drums 30 with flour to further inhibit the adhesion of the raw dough with the dies 35.
A plurality of fingers 65 extend downwardly from a rotatable shaft 68; each finger is positioned adjacent a corresponding stop bar and is in the path of a raw dough roll 11. When a roll contacts a finger 65, the finger is pivoting upwardly out of the way of the roll, thus rotating the shaft 68. The shaft is connected to a conventional switch mechanism 69, thereby closing an electrical circuit. The rolls continue past the fingers and engage the stop bars 16 in their interfering positions. A cam 70 is mounted on the shaft 31 and a switch 71 is secured to a mounting bracket 71. When the shaft 31 rotates the cam 70, the latter engages a switch arm 73, closing the switch 71. The simultaneous closure of switches 69 and 71 result in the energization of the magnetic clutch 26. With the magnetic clutch 26 energized, the shaft 19 is rotated by the chain 25, thereby rotating each of the stop bars 16 into a noninterfering position to permit the corresponding raw dough rolls 11 to pass to the roll-forming drums 30. It may be noted that the moment of release of the rolls from their corresponding stop bars is synchronized to the rotation of the roll-imprinting drums 30 by means of the cam 70 and switch 71. The synchronization may be adjusted through the utilization of a bracket-adjusting screw 77 and knurled nut 78. The screw 77 is pivotally attached to the bracket 72, the latter being pivotable about the shaft 31. Thus, the angular relationship of the switch arm 73 and the cam 70 is adjustable. The magnetic clutch 26 remains energized and the shaft 19 continues to rotate until the switch 80 is opened. The switch actuating arm 81 is secured to a cam follower 82 which rides upon a surface of rotating cam 83. The cam 83 is secured to the shaft 19 and includes a detent 84 therein into which the cam follower 82 drops to open the switch 80.
The operation of the roll-forming machine of the present invention may now be described by reference to the accompanying figures, and particularly with the aid of the schematic electrical diagram of FIG. 7. Raw dough rolls 11 are deposited on the conveyor by conventional roll machines (not shown) and the rolls are transported to the roll-forming machine of the present invention. As the rolls 11 approach the stop gate 15, they are positioned in a transverse row, but are typically misaligned. Characteristically, one of the rolls 11 will contact its corresponding finger 65 prior to contact between the remaining rolls and fingers. Contact of the roll 11 with the finger 65 will rotate the shaft 68 and close switch 69. Closure of the switch 69 energizes a one-half second delay 70a followed by the closure of contacts 70b. The leading roll, having contacted its finger 65, is first to be stopped by its corresponding stop bar. The one-half second delay permits the remaining rolls in the row of rolls to come in contact with their corresponding stop bars. The shaft 31 is continuously rotating and the cam 70 thus subsequently closes self-latching switch 71 to complete an electrical circuit to the magnetic clutch 26. Energization of the clutch 26 causes the rotation of shaft 19 to lift stop bars 16 out of their interferring position and permit the rolls 1] to pass beneath the dies 35. The rolls travel on the conveyor and arrive at the dies 35 at the proper time in accordance with the synchronization adjustment made on the mounting bracket 72 to which the switch 71 is attached. After imprinting the rolls, the dies continue to rotate and are cleaned by the rotating brush 52. As the shaft 19 begins to rotate, the cam follower 82 is lifted out of the nesting detent 84 to close switch 80, thereby completing a second electrical circuit in parallel with the first to provide continuous energization for the clutch 26 while the switch is closed. When the fingers 65 return to their original downward position, switch 70 is opened, thus opening the first circuit and unlatching contact 71. Since the clutch 26 remains energized, the shaft 19 continues to rotate until the cam 83 completes a 360 revolution and the cam follower 82 drops into the detent 84 to open the switch 80. At this point in time, the switch 19 has been returned to its original position and the stop gate has been returned to its interfering position in readiness to intercept and stop the next row of raw dough rolls. It may be noted that in the embodiment chosen for illustration, the magnetic clutch was placed on the shaft 19; it will be obvious that the magnetic clutch may be placed on the shaft 31, thereby intermittently driving the imprinting drums as well as the stop gate. The synchronization between the stop gate and the drums would be inherent in the positioning of the two since both shafts l9 and 31 would be driven in synchronism at all times.
It will also be obvious that a variety of stop gate actuation devices may be utilized; for example, the electrical circuit of FIG. 7 may readily be replaced by other circuits providing similar functions and may even be replaced by pneumatic actuating apparatus. Pneumatic systems may be found in certain instances to be more desirable since pneumatic actuation is very commonly found in automatic machinery of the type utilized in bakeries.
It will therefore be apparent to those skilled in the art that many modifications may be made in the embodiment chosen for illustration without departing from the spirit of the invention.
1. A roll-forming machine for attachment to a conveyor for forming a design in raw dough rolls being transported by said conveyor, comprising: a stop gate movably positionable into and out of an interfering position in the path of said raw dough rolls for temporarily stopping said rolls while said rolls maintain sliding contact with said conveyor; roll-imprinting means mounted above said conveyor and positioned adjacent said stop gate to imprint a design on said rolls after they pass said stop gate; stop gate actuator means for moving said stop gate out of said interfering position to permit said rolls to pass to said imprinting position; sensing means for sensing the arrival of a raw dough roll at said stop gate; time delay means connected to said sensing means and responsive to the sensing of said raw dough roll at said stop gate for energizing said stop gate actuator after a predetermined time delay; said stop gate moving in synchronism with said roll-imprinting means whereby each of said raw dough rolls is imprinted with a design in a predetermined position thereon.
2. The combination set forth in claim 1, wherein said imprinting means comprises a plurality of forming drums, each positioned adjacent said stop gate to contact a single roll and form an imprint therein as said single roll passes therebeneath.
3. The combination set forth in claim 1, wherein said stop gate comprises a plurality of stop bars, each positioned to intercept and stop a single roll when said stop gate is in said interfering position.
4. The combination set forth in claim 3, wherein said imprinting means comprises a plurality of forming drums, each positioned adjacent a different one of said stop bars to contact a single roll and form an imprint therein as said single roll passes therebeneath.
5. The combination set forth in claim 3, wherein said stop bars are secured to a rotatable shaft positioned above said conveyor.
6. The combination set forth in claim 5, wherein said stop gate actuation means includes means for rotating said shaft to move said stop bars out of said interfering position.
7. The combination set forth in claim 5, including a sensing device responsive to the passage of a roll for activating said actuation means.
switch means responsive to the rotation of said rod for closing an electrical circuit and wherein said actuation means comprises an electrical clutch responsive to the closing of said electrical circuit for rotating said shaft.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2405879 *||Apr 21, 1945||Aug 13, 1946||Arthur F Fredricksen||Candy decorating apparatus|
|US2586684 *||Oct 3, 1945||Feb 19, 1952||Romisons Confectionery Ltd||Method of and means for making a decorative or distinctive marking on chocolate, caramel, icing, and like confectionery substances|
|US3417713 *||Mar 3, 1967||Dec 24, 1968||Lake Park Machinery Inc||Forming device for bun making machine|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US3880065 *||Feb 21, 1974||Apr 29, 1975||Stickle Daniel T||Tortilla centering device|
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|US7178456||Dec 19, 2005||Feb 20, 2007||William Roy Bryan||Roll-forming apparatus|
|US7421947||Feb 12, 2007||Sep 9, 2008||William Roy Bryan||Roll-forming apparatus with sensor driven gates|
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|US20070144361 *||Feb 12, 2007||Jun 28, 2007||Bryan William R||Roll-forming apparatus|
|EP1008299A2 *||Dec 9, 1999||Jun 14, 2000||Sasib (UK) Ltd.||Moulding roller|
|U.S. Classification||425/373, 198/463.4, 425/385|
|International Classification||A21C11/08, A21C11/00|