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Publication numberUS3636969 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 25, 1972
Filing dateFeb 17, 1970
Priority dateFeb 17, 1970
Also published asCA935352A, CA935352A1, DE2107587A1
Publication numberUS 3636969 A, US 3636969A, US-A-3636969, US3636969 A, US3636969A
InventorsAlphonse A Jacobellis
Original AssigneeGreer Hydraulics Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Relief and unloading valve
US 3636969 A
Abstract
This invention relates to the art of relief and unloading valves which are connected to a hydraulic circuit to relieve excess pressure and more particularly a valve which has a deformable bladder which is precharged with gas under pressure to a value such as to retain a valve member in closed position until the fluid pressure in the circuit exceeds a predetermined amount, overcoming the force exerted by the charged bladder, at which time the valve member will open to relieve the fluid pressure.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

0 1 1 1 1 1 Unite States atent 1151 3,3@,%@ .law is 14 1 Jan. 25, W7

[54] RELIEF AND UNLOADHNG VALVE 1,754,641 4/1930 Mobley ..137/528 x D 2,556,867 6/l95l Carlisle ..l37/529 X [72] lnventor Alphonse A. Jacobellis, Los Angeles, Callf. LCM-L897 H1962 Segue"0t u I 37/529 [73] Assignee: Greer Hydraulics, Hm Los A l C lif 3,055,388 9/1962 Tebb et al 1 37/469 [22] Filed: 1970 Primary Examiner-Robert G. Nilson 2 App] 12 037 AttorneyArthur B. Colvin [57] ABSTRACT [52] U.S.Cl ..137/115, l37/469, l37/528,

92/92 This mvent1on relates to the art of rehef and unloadmg valves 51] 1111. c1 ..1F161115/02 which are w'memd a hydraulic relieve excess 53 Field f Search I37 I5, 4 9 514, 5145 528 pressure and more particularly a valve which has a deformable 137/529, 92/9 v 92 bladder which is precharged with gas under pressure to a value such as to retain a valve member in closed position until the 5 References Cited fluid pressure in the circuit exceeds a predetermined amount. overcoming the force exerted by the charged bladder, at UNITED STATES PATENTS which time the valve member will open to relieve the fluid 2,411.574 11/1946 Hunt ..137 115 x pressure 2,855,95l 10/1958 Orth ..92/92 X 1 Cl i ,6 Drawing Figures PATENIED mzsmz 3,636869 SHEET 2 BF 3 MPH-cuss 19-- 41-55855.

RELIEF AND UNLOADING VALVE As conducive to an understanding of the invention, it is to be noted that where a relief or unloader valve is provided which utilizes a bellows to provide a preload on a valve member controlling relief of fluid pressure in the system, since the bellows is normally limited to a very low internal pressure, it cannot alone provide sufficient reaction against the valve member to be useful in a relatively high pressure system. Where springs are associated with the bellows to render the latter useful in relatively high pressure systems, the units are relatively complicated and fairly difficult to adjust. Further more, where springs are employed which tend to fatigue after repeated use, the accuracy ofthe valve is impaired.

It is accordingly among the objects of the invention to provide a bladder-operated relief and unloading valve which has relatively few parts and may readily be fabricated at relatively low cost and which permits the relief pressure settings to readily be changed to any desired value by merely changing into precharge pressure in the bladder.

According to the invention, these objects are accomplished by the arrangement and combination of elements hereinafter described and more particularly recited in the claims.

In the accompanying drawings in which are shown one or more of various possible embodiments of the several features of the invention:

FIG. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of one embodiment of the invention incorporated in a reliefvalve;

FIG. 1a is a diagrammatic view of a system incorporating the relief valve of FIG. 1;

FIG. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of another embodiment of the invention incorporated in an unloading valve;

FIG. 2a is a diagrammatic view of a system incorporating the unloading valve of FIG. 2;

FIG. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view of another embodiment ofa relief valve according to the invention, and

FIG. 3a is a diagrammatic view of a system incorporating the relief valve of FIG. 3.

Referring now to the drawings, as shown in FIG. 1, the relief valve It) comprises a block or housing 11, having a cylindrical bore 12. The bore 12 has a large-diameter portion 13 at its outer end defining a chamber 14 in which a movable partition preferably in the form of a bladder 15 is positioned. The bladder l which may be of natural or synthetic rubber, has a large-diameter mouth with a thickened rim 17 which is molded integrally withthe inner edge 18 of an annular supporting member 19. The supporting member 119 has an outwardly extending rim 21 which is seated in an annular recess 22 in the outer end of chamber 14.

The annular retaining member 19 is securely retained in position and the mouth of the bladder sealed from the exterior by means of a closure plate 23, which is retained against the end 24 of the housing 11 by screws 25. The plate preferably has an annular groove 26 in its undersurface in which an O- ring 27 is positioned to form a seal.

The plate 23 has a threaded opening 28 to receive a gas valve 29 by means of which the bladder may be charged with gas under pressure.

The bore 12 has a reduced diameter portion 31 and a further reduced diameter portion 32, both extending axially thereof, the latter leading into a transverse bore 33 extending partially through the housing 11. A further reduced diameter bore 34 axially aligned with the bore 12 extends from transverse 33 into a second transverse bore 35 extending completely through the housing 11. The outer end of bore 33 defines the relief port 36 of the valve. One end 37 of bore 35 defines the pressure inlet port to which a source of fluid under pressure such as a pump P, is connected and the other end 38 of bore 35 defines the pressure outlet port which is connected to a reservoir R for example.

The closed end 41 of the bladder has molded integrally therewith a valve head 42 which preferably is formed in tegrally with a stem 43, the latter having a close sliding fit in the reduced bore portion 31. The stem has an annular groove 44 in which an O-ring 45 is positioned to define a seal. The

stem 43 has a reduced diameter axial portion 46 which extends transversely through bore 33, the end 47 of said reduced diameter portion defining a valve adapted to be retained against the periphery of the opening 43 in bore 33 defined by the end of bore 34 exposed in transverse bore 33.

In operation of the relief valve shown in FIG. 1, the port 37 is connected to the source of fluid under pressure P and the port 38 is connected to the hydraulic system S to be actuated. The port 36 is connected to reservoir R.

The bladder 15 is charged with gas under pressure through the valve 29. As a result, the bladder will expand moving the free end 47 of the stem 43 against the periphery of opening 48 which forms a valve seat. As a result, no fluid can flow from the bore 35 into the relief bore 33.

Due to the fact that the valve head 42 will move against the periphery 50 of reduced bore portion 31, which defines a valve seat, extrusion of the closed end of the bladder is precluded, the rounded periphery 51 of the floor of chamber 114 preventing a sharp fold forming in the bladder when it seats there against thereby preventing cutting and possible rupture of the bladder.

The force resulting from the gas precharge in the bladder 15 which causes the valve stem 43 to move: to the left, referring to FIG. 1, so that the end 47 thereof will be retained in sealing position against seat 43 is opposed by the force exerted by the fluid pressure in bore 35 reacting against such end 47.

Thus, it is a relatively simple matter to set the gas precharge to an amount such that the end 47 of stem 43 will remain seated until the pressure in the system exceeds a predetermined amount at which time such pressure in bore 35 reacting against end 47 of stem 43 will provide a force sufficient to overcome the force created by the precharge in bladder 15. This will cause the end 47 to move off its seat 48 for relief of fluid under pressure from bore 35 into relief bore 33 and then to the reservoir R.

The embodiment shown in FIG. 2 is similar in many respects to the embodiment shown in FIG. 1 and corresponding parts have the same reference numerals primed.

In the embodiment shown in FIG. 2, which is an unloader valve, the reduced portion 46' of the stem 43' extends transversely through the relief bore 33, the outer end 36' of which defines a relief port, connected to the reservoir R. Stem 43 has a further reduced portion 52 defining two opposed identical reaction shoulders 53, 54. An additional reduced stem portion 55 extending axially beyond the shoulder portion 54, is slidably mounted in a reduced diameter end portion 56 of bore portion 34 which leads into a transverse pilot pressure bore 57, the end 60 of stem portion 55 being exposed in bore 57. The outer end of said pilot pressure bore 57 defines a pilot port 61 which is connected to the hydraulic system S.

The reduced stern portion 52 extends through a transverse pressure bore 58, the outer end of which defines a pressure port 37 which is connected to the source of fluid under pressure P.

As diagrammatically shown in FIGS. 2a, a one-way check valve 62 is connected between the hydraulic system S to be actuated and the outlet of the pressure source or pump P as well as to the port 37'. The pilot port 61 is connected directly to the hydraulic system S and to a pressure accumulator 63 of conventional type.

As a result, fluid under pressure from the pump P will flow through the one-way valve 62 into the system S for normal utilization. The fluid under pressure from the pump P will also be applied to port 37' and flow through bore 53 to react against identical reaction shoulders 53, 54. Since the force exerted against shoulders 53, 54 will be identical and opposed it will have no effect. Thus, it will only be the force exerted by the precharge in bladder 15 which will retain the reduced portion 46 of stem 43' extending completely through transverse bore 33' to cut off communication between inlet port 37' and relief port 36.

It is to be noted that the fluid under pressure in pilot bore 57 connected to the hydraulic system S, will react against the end 60 of stem 43 opposing the force created by the precharge pressure in the bladder When the system pressure exceeds a predetermined amount, determined by the precharge pressure in bladder 15, it will cause the valve stem 43' to move to the right sufficiently so that the reduced diameterportion 52 of stem 43 will move into alignment with the relief bore 33 providing communication directly from the pump P to the reservoir R. As a result, the pump P will unload into the reservoir rather than increasing the pressure in the system, the one-way valve 62 preventing unloading of the fluid under pressure in the system.

In the embodiment shown in FIG. 3 which relates to a relief valve, the valve comprises a block or housing 71 having a central bore 72 of reduced diameter at its lower end defining a discharge or relief bore 73, the upper end 74 of said bore 73 defining a valve seat. The mouth of said central bore 72 is also of reduced diameter as at 70.

Positioned in the central bore 72 is a cylindrical perforated sleeve 75, the lower end of which is seated in an annular groove 76 in the floor of housing 71. Positioned in the perforated sleeve 75 is a deformable bladder 77, the closed end 79 of which mounts a valve head 81 designed to rest on the seat 74.

The open mouth of the bladder 77 has a inwardly extending annular rim 82 which is retained in a corresponding annular groove 83 in an end plug 84. The diameter of the end plug 84 is such that when it is forced into the upper end 85 of perforated sleeve 75, the mouth of the bladder will be forced against the inner surface of the sleeve 75 to form a seal, the reduced bore portion 70 having an annular groove 86 in which an O-ring 87 is positioned to formed a seal.

The end plug 84 has an annular flange 88 adapted to eat against the upper end of the perforated sleeve 75 to retain the latter in position. The plug 84 is securely yet releasably locked in the housing 71 by means of an annular locking member 89 which is screwed into a correspondingly threaded recess 91 in the upper end 92 of the housing, the inner periphery of the locking member 89 reacting against an annular shoulder 93 formed in the plug.

The plug 84 has an axial bore 95 in which a conventional gas valve 96 is positioned to permit charging of the bladder 77. Extending transversely into the central bore 72 are two passageways 97, 98 each having an associated port 99 and 101, the port 99 defining the pressure inlet port connected to the source of fluid under pressure P, and the port 101 defining the pressure outlet port connected to the hydraulic system S" The outer end of bore 73 defines a relief port 102 which is connected to the reservoir R The operation of the relief valve shown in FIG. 3 is similar to the operation of the valve shown in FIG. 1. Thus, the bladder 77 is charged with gas under pressure through valve 96. As a result, the bladder will expand in sleeve 75 retaining the valve head 81 against its seat 74. The perforations in the sleeve 75 are of size such as not to permit extrusion of the bladder 77, yet to permit flow of fluid under pressure therethrough. The fluid from the pressure source P" will flow through port 99 into the annular chamber C defined between the wall of bore 72 and the sleeve 75 and thence out of port 101 into the hydraulic system S". The fluid under pressure will also react against the bladder 77 positioned in the sleeve, but so long as the force exerted by the precharged bladder is greater than the force exerted by the fluid under pressure, the bladder will not be collapsed and hence the valve 81 will remain on its seat 74 preventing relief of fluid under pressure in the reservoir.

If the fluid pressure should increase beyond a predetermined amount depending upon the precharge pressure in bladder 77, the bladder would collapse causing the valve 81 to be moved off its seat for relief of the pressure in the system.

Although in the preferred embodiment of the invention herein shown and described a bladder is used as the movable partition, it is within the scope of the invention to utilize a movable iston as the control member.

With t e relief and unloader valves above descrlbed, it IS a relatively simple matter to set the precharge pressure in the bladder to a desired amount to effect the proper control of the fluid in the system.

Having thus described my invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. A valve for controlling relief of fluid under pressure in a hydraulic system, said valve comprising a casing having a bore therein defining a chamber, said chamber having a deformable bladder positioned therein, means to charge said bladder with gas under pressure, said casing bore having a reduced diameter portion extending axially from the inner end of said chamber and defining an opening in the inner end of said chamber the periphery of said opening defining a valve seat, a valve member secured to said bladder and movable against said seat, said casing having a first transverse relief bore intersecting said reduced diameter bore portion, the outer end of said relief bore defining a pressure relief port, said casing also having a second transverse bore, the ends of which define a pressure outlet port and a pressure inlet port respectively, said reduced diameter bore portion extending axially between said transverse bores to provide communication therebetween and having a portion exposed in said first transverse bore and defining an additional valve seat, a stem operatively connected at one end to said bladder and extending axially from said first valve member through the reduced diameter portion of said casing bore, the free end of said stem defining an additional valve member normally retained on said additional valve seat when said bladder is expanded to cut off communication between said second transverse bore and said first transverse bore, said additional valve member being subjected to the pressure in said second transverse bore, whereby when the pressure in the hydraulic system connected to said second transverse bore exceeds a predetermined amount said additional valve member will be moved off its seat to provide communication between said pressure port and said relief port.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1754641 *Jun 21, 1926Apr 15, 1930Henry G MobleyPressure-relief apparatus
US2411574 *Mar 6, 1944Nov 26, 1946Chandler Evans CorpPump control with line loss compensation
US2556867 *Mar 29, 1946Jun 12, 1951Carlisle Willis CalvertFlow valve
US2855951 *Jun 11, 1954Oct 14, 1958Orth William HRegulating valve
US3017897 *Aug 28, 1957Jan 23, 1962Sertec Soc D Etudes Et De RechValve means for controlling the pressure of a fluid system
US3055388 *May 20, 1959Sep 25, 1962Mastabar Mining Equip Co LtdLiquid pressure control valves
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3714952 *Mar 24, 1971Feb 6, 1973Foxboro CoPressure relief valve
US3839945 *Jul 9, 1973Oct 8, 1974Greer Hydraulics IncRotary actuator
US3871457 *Mar 4, 1974Mar 18, 1975Factory Mutual Res CorpFluid control device and a fire protection system incorporating said device
US3986564 *Mar 3, 1975Oct 19, 1976Bender Emil AWell rig
US4125126 *Mar 28, 1977Nov 14, 1978Davis Jr Roy FPressure and vacuum relief valve
US4266467 *Oct 16, 1978May 12, 1981Carl Schenck AgDifferential pressure limiting valve
US4273151 *Oct 4, 1979Jun 16, 1981The Perlick Company, Inc.In-line relief valve
US4412555 *May 28, 1982Nov 1, 1983Societe Anonyme Dite: Alsthom-AtlantiqueOver pressure release valve for a hydraulic installation
US4453892 *Jul 6, 1981Jun 12, 1984Trw Inc.Submergible pump installations
US4456025 *Dec 28, 1981Jun 26, 1984Childs Willard DRegulator for high volume air flow control
US4949938 *May 1, 1989Aug 21, 1990Ekman K RConnection arrangement
US5730182 *Aug 3, 1995Mar 24, 1998Komatsu Ltd.Pressure compensation valve
US6035889 *Nov 21, 1997Mar 14, 2000Raytheon CompanyLow cost absolute pressure controller for plenum pressure regulation
US6681794 *May 15, 2001Jan 27, 2004Hitachi Construction Machinery Co., Ltd.Unloading valve
US6945272Jun 6, 2003Sep 20, 2005Battelle Energy Alliance, LlcPassively actuated valve
US6986326Mar 17, 2005Jan 17, 2006Euro-Pro Operating, LlcAdditional security for a steam boiler
US6991000 *May 20, 2003Jan 31, 2006Nordson CorporationManifold having integrated pressure relief valve
US20040231732 *May 20, 2003Nov 25, 2004Nordson CorporationManifold having integrated pressure relief valve
US20040244841 *Jun 6, 2003Dec 9, 2004Modro S. MichaelPassively actuated valve
WO1999034157A2 *Nov 19, 1998Jul 8, 1999Raytheon CompanyLow cost absolute pressure controller for plenum pressure regulation
WO1999034157A3 *Nov 19, 1998Sep 23, 1999Raytheon CoLow cost absolute pressure controller for plenum pressure regulation
Classifications
U.S. Classification137/115.26, 137/906, 137/528, 137/469, 92/92
International ClassificationF16K17/04
Cooperative ClassificationF16K17/0446, Y10S137/906
European ClassificationF16K17/04H
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jan 11, 1989ASAssignment
Owner name: S-P MANUFACTURING CORPORATION, THE, A CORP. OF OHI
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:FIGGIE INTERNATIONAL INC.;REEL/FRAME:005017/0972
Effective date: 19890106
Jan 11, 1989AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: FIGGIE INTERNATIONAL INC.
Effective date: 19890106
Owner name: S-P MANUFACTURING CORPORATION, THE, 30201 AURORA R
Jan 21, 1988AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: FIGGIE INTERNATIONAL INC., 1000 VIRGINIA CENTER PA
Effective date: 19871218
Owner name: VSI CORPORATION
Jan 21, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: FIGGIE INTERNATIONAL INC., 1000 VIRGINIA CENTER PA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:VSI CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004822/0665
Effective date: 19871218
Owner name: FIGGIE INTERNATIONAL INC., A CORP. OF DE,VIRGINIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:VSI CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004822/0665
Jun 29, 1982ASAssignment
Owner name: VSI CORPORATION
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:GREER HYDRAULICS, INCORPORATED;REEL/FRAME:004013/0645
Effective date: 19820204
Jun 29, 1982AS03Merger
Owner name: GREER HYDRAULICS, INCORPORATED
Owner name: VSI CORPORATION
Effective date: 19820204
Jun 24, 1982ASAssignment
Owner name: GREE HYDRAULICS OF CALIFORNIA, INC., A CORP. OF CA
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:GREER HYDRAULICS, INCORPORATED, GREER HYDRAULICS OF CALIFORNIA, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004014/0964
Effective date: 19811218