|Publication number||US3638650 A|
|Publication date||Feb 1, 1972|
|Filing date||Apr 29, 1970|
|Priority date||Apr 29, 1970|
|Publication number||US 3638650 A, US 3638650A, US-A-3638650, US3638650 A, US3638650A|
|Inventors||George K Burke, Kenneth Raines|
|Original Assignee||Burron Medical Prod Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (21), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Burke et a].
 SYRINGE AND NEEDLE ADAPTER ASSEMBLY AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME  Inventors: George K. Burke; Kenneth Raines, both of Bethlehem, Pa.
 Assignee: Burron Medical Products, Inc.,
 Filed: Apr. 29, 1970 ] Appl. No.: 32,789
 US. Cl ..l28/22l  Int. Cl. ....A6lm 5/00  Field ofSearch ..l28/22l,2l8 N, 220,215;
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,402,714 9/1968 Higgins et a]. 1 28/221 Primary Examiner-Louis G. Mancene Assistant Examiner.l. Q. Lever Attorney-Shoemaker & Mattare  ABSTRACT A needle adapter is supported in surrounding relationship to the boss on a syringe and has attaching portions to mount a hypodermic needle having attaching flanges on the hub thereof. The needle adapter includes a plurality of tapered spaced portions which are ultrasonically fused to spaced portions of the annular shoulder on the barrel of the syringe surrounding a boss extending therefrom.
7 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures PATENTED FEB 1 1972' 333E650 INVENTORS GEORGE K.BURKE8 I KENNETH RAINES ATTORNEE SYRINGE AND NEEDLE ADAPTER ASSEMBLY AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a syringe as used in the medical field and wherein the syringe is to be connected with a hypodermic needle having conventional attaching flanges thereon.
Syringes are generally provided with a boss extending from the end thereof having a Luer taper on the outer surface thereof for receiving the hub portion of a hypodermic needle having a cooperating taper formed therein. It is additionally desirable to provide threaded adapter means cooperating with the attaching flanges on the hypodermic needle for holding the hypodermic needle in place on the boss of the syringe.
On relatively large syringes, the threaded adapter means canbe molded on the syringe itself. It is not, however, feasible to mold such threaded adapter means on smaller syringes of reduced diameter.
The present invention is particularly directed to a syringe andadapter assembly wherein both the syringe and adapter are formed of plastic and comprise a throwaway item which is manufactured in an economical manner so as to reduce the cost to aminimum. It is, accordingly, a particular objective of the present invention to provide a syringe and needle adapter assembly as well as a method of making same wherein the assembly can be manufactured at a minimum cost. The completed product provides an assembly wherein the needle adapter is positively held in operative position in use and cannot work loose with respect to the associated syringe.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The needle adapter of the present invention is of tubular construction and is disposed in surrounding relationship to a boss extending longitudinally of the syringe barrel. This adapter includes attaching portions therein which cooperate with the flanges on an associated hypodermic needle to hold the needle in place.
The needle adapter includes a plurality of spaced tapered portions extending therefrom which are connected to spaced portions of an annular shoulder formed on the syringe in sur- BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. I is an elevation, partly broken away, of a syringe and needle adapter assembly according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a sectional view on an enlarged scale taken substantially along line 2-2 of FIG. I, looking in the direction of the arrows;
FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken substantially along line 3-3 of FIG. 2, looking in the direction of the arrows;
FIG. 4 is a top perspective view of the needle adapter according to the present invention; and
FIG. 5 schematically illustrates the manner in which the needle adapter is connected to the syringe according to the method of the present invention.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now to the drawings wherein like reference characters designate corresponding parts throughout the several views, a syringe includes a main body portion or barrel of substantially cylindrical hollow construction. This barrel is formed of polypropylene or similar material which may be transparent and provided with indicia thereon in the usual manner. A radially extending flange I2 is provided circumferentially about the open end of the barrel. A plunger 14 of substantially cylindrical hollow construction is slidably disposed within the barrel and has an enlarged end portion 16 .adapted to be manually engaged by the thumb for operating face 26 having a conventional Luer taper. A bore 28 extends longitudinally through the boss. The end of the barrel defines an annular shoulder 30 extending around boss 22.
The needle adapter of the present invention is indicated by reference numeral 40 and may be formed of a material similar to the syringe, such as polypropylene and the like. The needle adapter includes a generally cylindrical body portion 42 having an open end 44 and is provided with a pair of attaching portions 46 defining a double thread within the bore of the needle adapter. Each of attaching portions 46 extends through an arc of approximately and is sloped so as to define a substantially helical configuration. These attaching portions cooperate with the attaching flanges on the hub of a hypodermic needle so as to draw the hub of a needle into operative position when the needle is rotated with respect to the needle adapter.
The opposite end of the needle adapter is provided with an annular radially inwardly extending flange 48 having a central hole 49 formed therethrough which receives the boss on the syringe. A plurality of spaced portions 50 extend from flange 48,these portions 50 being shown as three in number. It should be understood that the number of projecting portions can be increased, although it is considered preferable to have only three or four such projections so as to minimize the amount of area on the syringe to which the needle adapter is connected. Projections 50 are of tapered configuration terminating in an outer relatively sharp edge for a purpose hereinafter described.
Referring now to FIG. 5, the manner in which the needle adapter is connected to the syringe is illustrated. An ultrasonic heating means is indicated schematically by reference character 60, and members 62 are adapted to engage the inner face of fiange 48 of the needle adapter for applying pressure thereto.
When it is desired to connect the needle adapter to the syringe, the needle adapter is first disposed in the position shown in FIG. 5 in surrounding relationship to the boss formed on the syringe. The ultrasonic heating means is then disposed so as to ultrasonically heat the assembly while simultaneously applying pressure to the left as seen in FIG. 5 so as to urge the needle adapter into contact with the syringe.
The tapered projecting portions 50 formed on the needle adapter will serve as energy directors so as to concentrate the ultrasonic energy and the heat produced at the outer edges of these projections, thereby causing the projections to be fused to the adjacent portions of the annular shoulder formed on the barrel of the syringe. As the projecting portions are fused to the shoulder of the syringe, pressure is applied to the needle adapter causing the projecting portions to be somewhat flattened at the outer tapered edges thereof, thereby reducing the longitudinal dimension of these projecting portions substantially in half in the completed assembly as seen, for example, in FIGS. I and 2.
The needle adapter is, accordingly, ultrasonically heated and fused only to spaced portions of the annular shoulder on the barrel in the final configuration of the assembly. It is desirable to provide areas of connection between the needle adapter and the syringe of relatively small dimensions so that such areas comprise a minor portion of the area of the annular shoulder. This insures that the annular shoulder on the syringe and the adjacent frangible portion 24 are not deformed during the method of making the assembly and, furthermore, by providing only spaced areas of interconnection between the syringe and the needle adapter, the frangible portion is not reinforced to any substantial degree so that this frangible portion can still be readily broken after the assembly has been used.
While the needle adapter has been disclosed as being heat fused to the syringe, it should be understood that the needle adapter could also be connected at spaced portions thereof to the syringe by an adhesive substance or the like.
The adapter can, of course, be color coded by molding the adapter of different colored plastic, the color used corresponding to a particular size needle attached to the syringe.
A hypodermic needle includes a cannula 60 interconnected with a hub portion 62 having an internal bore complementary to the outer surface of boss 28 on the syringe. The hub portion includes a pair of radially outwardly diametrically oppositely disposed attaching flanges 64 which cooperate with the attaching portions of the needle adapter to draw the hypodermic needle into operative position and hold the needle on the boss of the syringe.
A conventional needle guard 70 fits snugly about the hub portion of the needle so as to protect the outer sharpened end portion of the cannula until the syringe is to be used.
As this invention may be embodied in several forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof, the present embodiment is therefore illustrative and not restrictive.
What is claimed is:
I. An organic plastic syringe and needle adapter assembly comprising a plastic syringe having an elongated hollow barrel, a boss extending longitudinally of said barrel and connected therewith, said boss having a longitudinally extending bore formed therethrough, a plastic needle adapter of tubular construction disposed in surrounding relationship to said boss and spaced therefrom and having attaching portions to receive and engage attaching flanges on an associated needle hub, bonding means carried by said adapter, said needle adapter being bonded to said barrel by said means.
2. An assembly as defined in claim 1, wherein said barrel includes an annular shoulder thereon disposed around said boss, said needle adapter being bonded only to spaced portions of said annular shoulder.
3. An assembly as defined in claim 2, wherein said needle adapter is bonded to said annular shoulder at at least three substantially equally spaced portions.
4. An assembly as defined in claim 2, wherein the bonding areas between said needle adapter and said shoulder are relatively small and comprise only a minor portion of the area of said shoulder.
5. An assembly as defined in claim 2, wherein said needle adapter is provided with a plurality of tapered spaced portions thereon and extending therefrom, said tapered spaced portions being bonded to said shoulder.
6. An assembly as defined in claim 5, wherein said needle adapter includes an annular radially inwardly extending flange at one end thereof, said tapered portions extending from said flange, said flange having a central hole formed therethrough receiving the boss on said barrel.
7. An assembly as defined in claim 2, wherein said spaced portions of the needle adapter are ultrasonically fused to the barrel.
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|International Classification||A61M5/32, A61M5/34, B29C65/06|
|Cooperative Classification||B29C65/0672, A61M5/347, A61M5/3202, A61M5/344, B29C66/534|
|European Classification||B29C66/534, B29C65/06B, A61M5/34C, A61M5/32B|