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Publication numberUS3638988 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 1, 1972
Filing dateOct 27, 1969
Priority dateOct 27, 1969
Publication numberUS 3638988 A, US 3638988A, US-A-3638988, US3638988 A, US3638988A
InventorsBrown Cicero C
Original AssigneeBrown Oil Tools, Brown Cicero C
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Latch assembly for well tools
US 3638988 A
Abstract
A latch assembly which is designed to be inserted into the bore of a well tool having a preexisting landing shoulder and a latching groove spaced below the shoulder for engagement by cooperating seating and gripping elements of a collet member which is slidably supported on a mandrel. The mandrel carries a split latch ring for engagement with the collet member in response to relative movement of the mandrel in order to effect release of the latch assembly from the well tool when desired.
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United States Patent Brown Feb. 1, 1972 [54] LATCH ASSEMBLY FOR WELL TOOLS 2,953,406 9/1960 Young ..294/86.l7 2,980,464 4/196] Poteet.... ..294/86.l7 [721 O 3,108,637 l0/l963 Lee et al. ..294/86.25

lnc., PO. Box 19236, Houston, Tex. 77024 Primary Examiner-Evon C. Blunk 22 Filed; ()CL 27 19 9 Assistant Examiner-Johnny D. Cherry Attorney-R. Werlin [21] Appl. No.: 869,563

[57] ABSTRACT [52] US. Cl ..294/86.18, 294/8625 A latch assembly which is designed to be inserted into the bore [51] lnt.Cl ..E2lb 31/02 of a well tool having a preexisting landing shoulder and a 58 Field of Search ..294/86.l2, 86.17, 86.l8, 86.2, latching groove spa d below the shoulder for engagement by 294/86.2l 86.25, 86.27, 86.31, 94; l66/l 38, 140, cooperating seating and gripping elements of a collet member 206, 209 which is slidably supported on a mandrel. The mandrel carries a split latch ring for engagement with the collet member in [56] References Cited response to relative movement of the mandrel in order to ef- UNITED STATES PATENTS Williams ..294/86.21

fect release of the latch assembly from the well tool when desired.

5 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures PATENTED FEB I ISYZ sum 1 UF 3 a/efmc. a/eow/v LATCH'ASSEMBLYFOR WELL TOOLS In the operation of oil and gas wells it is usually necessary to equip the wells with various types of tools used in completion,

treating and producing operations. Certain of the tools may be intended for temporary use and then retrieved, and others are designed to be. left for long periods of time butto be removable when required in the course of operation of the well. Such tools include various types of packers, anchors, testing tools, and others well known in the oiland gas industry. Sometimes two or more different tools may be run together and set or operated sequentially or one tool may be run following another already in place in the well and secured thereto. Frequently it is desired that the several tools may be separatelyretrievable. Heretofore such-operations have involved the use of running and retrieving tools which are relatively complicated in structure, difficult to operate, and subject to breakage and other undesirable properties.

The present invention is directed to an improved form of latch assembly which overcomes the disadvantages of prior art tools, and which is adapted to be used for releasably securing one tool to another, for retrieving tools in place in a well,.and for use in conducting-other tool-running and retrieving opera- .tions-in a well. I Thejtool in accordance with this invention is designed for use with'othe'r tools which are initially equipped with a tubular support structure, which can function as alanding nippleand which isprovided with an internal landing shoulder and an annular-latch recess spaced below the landing shoulder. Such shoulder and recess may beprovided in a landing nipple or subforming a part ofa well=tool or may be provided in the bore wall of thecentral body or mandrel of a packer, well anchoror 7 any other -well tool which is supported on'a tubular=body.

.The latch assembly in accordance with this invention includes a central :supportmemberormandrel which has a'pair of ,longitudinally spaced external enlargements providing shouldersor abutments spaced apart by approximately the same spacing as :exists between the landing shoulder and l'atc'hing recess of the tool to be connected to the latch assembly. :A collet memberisslidably mounted on the mandrel ;and-inludes-a carrier ring which isadapted 'to seat on the landingshoulder. Depending from the :ring is a plurality of resilientlatchfingers the free ends of which. are-formed topro- *vide enlarged tips which will bedisposed in registration with the "latch recess in the receiving tool body when the carrier :ringis seated on'the landing shoulder. The-tips are disposed-to be urged into-and released from latching engagement with'the recess respectively in response to relative upward and downward movement ofthe mandrel.

Means are also provided onthe latch assembly tohold the collet member in released position when it is desired -.to

'withdraw theassembly without removingrtheutool to whichit is attached. This meansincludes a 'split latch ring mounted on the mandrel-above the carrier ring on a supporting shoulder and carrying-external ratchet .teeth-engageable with complimentary ratchet teeth-provided in=the bore of :the collet carrier ring whe'n the mandrel is moved downwardly relative to the become more readily apparent from the following detailed description when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawing which illustratesauseful embodiment'in accordance with this invention.

In the drawing: 7

FIG. 1.is a-longitudinal quarter sectional view of the latch assembly inprocessof being-inserted into the support body of -a well tool to which it is to be attached;

$1 FIG. 2 is a-viewsimilar toFlG. fl showing the latchassembly secured in placein the well tool;

' on lines 6-6 and 7-7 of FIG. 4; and

FIG. 3 is a view similar to the preceding views showing the latch assembly in process of being removed from the well tool;

FIG.E4 is a quarter sectional view showing the latch assembly connecting one well tool to another in place in a well;

FIG'..5 is a view similar to FIG. 4 showing the latch assembly in process of being released from the lower tool to permit withdrawal of the latch assembly with the upper tool;

FIGS. 6 and 7 are cross-sectional views taken respectively FIGS. 8 and 9 are cross-sectional views taken respectively on lines 8-8 and 9-9 of FIG. 5.

Referring first to FIGS. 1 to 3, there is shown a portion of a tubular body B which may be the supporting body or mandrel of a well packer, an anchor, a landing nipple, or any other conventional well tool. Body B is provided with a central bore 10 constructed and arranged for use with the latch assembly of this invention by being provided internally with an annular landing shoulder 11 spaced above an annular latch recess 14 defined by bevelled upper and lower end walls 15 and 16, respectively.

The .latch assembly, designated generally by the letter L is dimensioned to be insertable in bore 10 and comprises an elongate mandrel 18, the lower end of which is enlargedin two steps to define an upper bevelled shoulder 20 and a lower bevelled shoulder 22 terminating in a cylindrical enlargement 24 dimensioned to be freely slidable in bore 10. Enlargement 24 may-carry a flexible seal member or packer 26 when it is desired that the tool should also function to seal ofi the space between enlargement 24 and the-wall of bore 10.

At a point above shoulder 20 mandrel 18 is enlarged to a diameter corresponding to that of shoulder 20 and this enlargement 27 defines an upwardly facing annular shoulder 28 about the mandrel. The linear spacing between shoulders 22 and 28 is made approximately the same as that between shoulder 11 and recess 14. Slidably disposed about mandrel 18 is a-collet member, designated generally by the letter C, which includes a carrier ring,30 the bore of which is provided with-buttress or ratchet teeth 32, the lowermost one of which forms an abutment engageable with'upper shoulder 28 to limit relative downward movement of collet member C on mandrel 1'8. Depending from carrier ring 30 is a plurality of closely spaced flexible fingers 34, the lower endsof which terminate in radially enlarged tips 36 havingupper and lower'bevelled end surfaces 37 and 38, respectively. Carrier ring 30 has a greater thickness than fingers 34 to provide an external downwardly facing annular shoulder 40 at the juncture of fingets 34 with the carrier ring. Shoulder 40 is adapted to seat on shoulder .11 and when so seated to position collet tips 38 in registration' with recess 14 (FIG. 2).

A portion 42 of mandrel 18 above shoulder 28 is reducedin diameterto define the upwardlyfacing bevelled shoulder 44. A split clutch ring 46 (see FIGS. 6 and 8) is slidably disposed about portion '42 and initially rests on shoulder 44. Clutch ring 46 'is. provided'with external buttress or ratch teeth 48 adapted to engage teeth 32 in the carrier ring of the collet member when clutch ring 46 is forced downwardly into the bore of carrier ring 30, as will be described hereinafter.

A keeper collar '50 surrounds clutch ring 46 to hold the latter in place on shoulder 44 and collar 50 is releasably securedto mandrel 18 at a point above portion 42 by means of a shear pin 52 which is adapted to be broken when desired by jarring blows on mandrel 18 applied in the conventional manner through a running string. The uppermost end of mandrell8 is provided with a fishing head 54 for connection to a conventional overshot or similar tool 0 forming a part of a conventional running string by which the tool may be run or retrieved as desired.

As illustrated in FIGS. 1 to 3, mandrel 18 is shown as having an axialbore 19 which is closed off at its upper end by fishing head 54. However, depending upon the'particular service to be performed by the tool, ports (not shown) may be provided in the upper end of the mandrel to permit flow of fluids to-seal off between mandrel l8 and the wall of bore '10.

FIGS. 1 and 2 illustrate stages in operation of the tool as a latch for grasping a tool in place in a well to serve as a means by which the tool may be removed from the well. As shown, the latch, suspended from overshot O is inserted into bore 10. As the mandrel enters the latter enlargement 36 will engage the upper end of body B temporarily stopping collet member C and allowing mandrel 18 to move downwardly relative to the collet member by a distance sufficient to move shoulders 20 and 22 below tips 36 which will then be free to swing inwardly toward the reduced diameter portion of mandrel 18 between shoulders 20 and 28 so as to be able to enter bore 10. Downward movement of the collet member may now continue until shoulder 40 on carrier ring 30 engages landing shoulder 11, at which point tips 36 will be disposed opposite recess 14 (FIG. 2). Slight upward pull on the running string will act through engagement of shoulder 22 with end surfaces 38 of tips 36 to force the latter tightly into recess 14. Thereupon, upward pull applied to mandrel 18 will be transmitted to body B to remove the latter from the well.

If for any reason the tool-comprising body B cannot be pulled, and it becomes necessary to retrieve the latch tool, clutch ring 46 provides a safety device for this purpose. Retrieval of the latch tool may be accomplished by jarring down on the upper end of mandrel 18 with force sufficient to break shear pin 52. Thereupon, as seen in FIG. 3, mandrel 18 may be lowered relative to the collet member until enlargement 24 moves below tips 36, whereupon the tips are free to swing out of recess 14. The relative downward movement of the mandrel will carry clutch ring 46 down into the bore of carrier ring 30 and force engagement of ratchet teeth 48 with ratchet teeth 32, thereby locking enlargement 24 in its lowered position relative to tips 36. Thereupon upward pull applied to mandrel 18 will be effective to pull the latch assembly out of body B.

FIGS. 4 and illustrate an application of the latch assembly to serve as a connector between a tool, such as a conventional well packer P already in place in a well casing W and a second well tool T of any design which it is desired to position above the packer and which may be retrieved, if desired, without disturbing the packer.

In this application, tool T is run on the upper end of mandrel l8 and a fishing head 54 secured to the upper end of tool T. In this case, it may be assumed that it is desired to permit fluid flow between the portions of the well above and below the packer and mandrel 18 will be provided with appropriate circulation ports indicated in broken lines at 55. In the event fluid flow is desired through tool T, it will be understood that suitable ports or passages (not shown) will be provided in mandrel l8 and tool T.

Body B of the packer will have been provided with landing shoulder 11 and recess 14. Tool T secured to the upper end of mandrel 18 will be run into the well and the latch tool inserted in the bore of the packer body and latched therein as previously described. FIG. 4 shows the tools in place.

FIG. 5 corresponds to FIG. 3 illustrating the positions of the parts when effecting retrieval of tool T and the latch assembly from their connection with packer P. The operation will be as described previously in connection with FIG. 3.

It will be understood also, that the latch assembly, as previously described, may be employed to withdraw both tool T and packer P ifdesired.

From the foregoing it will be evident that the latch assembly herein described comprises a comparatively simple, easily operated assemblage which is capable of multiple uses in connection with the equipping and operation of wells.

It will be understood that various alterations and modifications of the illustrative embodiments may be made within the 4 spirit of this invention.

What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. For use in combination with a well tool having an airial bore, the wall of said bore having an internal landing shoulder and an annular latch recess spaced below said landing shoulder, a latch and retrieving assembly comprising:

a. a mandrel insertable in said bore; b. upper and lower abutments on the mandrel spaced to substantially match the spacing between said landing shoulder and said recess;

c. a collet member slidably mounted about said mandrel,

said collet member including:

i. a carrier ring disposed above said upper abutment and seatable on said landing shoulder;

ii. a plurality of elongate resilient fingers depending from said carrier ring and terminating in radially enlarged tips disposed in registration with said recess when said carrier ring is seated on said landing shoulder, said tips cooperating with said lower abutment to latch into and to be released from said recess respectively in response to relative upward and downward movement of said mandrel;

d. clutch means releasably secured to said mandrel above said collet member and releasable in response to relative downward jarring of the mandrel to engage said collet member whereby to effect release of said fingers from said recess; and

e. means carried by said mandrel for connection to a running tool string.

2. The assembly of claim 1 including an annular resilient seal element mounted about said mandrel below said lower abutment for slidable sealing engagement with the wall of said bore.

3. The assembly of claim 1 wherein said mandrel has an axial bore extending therethrough.

4. The assembly of claim 1 wherein said last mentioned means comprises an enlarged fishing head.

5. For use with a well tool having an axial bore, the wall of said bore having an internal landing shoulder and an annular latch recess spaced below said landing shoulder, a latch and retrieving assembly comprising:

a. a mandrel insertable in said bore;

b. upper and lower abutments on the mandrel spaced to substantially match the spacing between said landing shoulder and said recess;

c. a collet member slidably mounted about said mandrel,

said collet member including:

i. a carrier ring disposed above said upper abutment and seatable on said landing shoulder;

ii. a plurality of elongate resilient fingers depending from said carrier ring and terminating in radially enlarged tips disposed in registration with said recess when said carrier ring is seated on said landing shoulder, said tips cooperating with said lower abutment to latch into and to be released from said recess respectively in response to relative upward and downward movement of said mandrel;

iii. ratchet teeth in the bore of said carrier ring;

(I. a split clutch ring slidably disposed about said mandrel above said carrier ring, said clutch ring having external ratchet teeth engageable with those in said carrier ring when said mandrel is moved downwardly to the position releasing said tips from said recess;

. releasable means initially securing said clutch ring at a point spaced from said carrier ring; and f. means carried by said mandrel for connection to a running tool string.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2263910 *Jul 11, 1938Nov 25, 1941Axelson Mfg CoStanding valve puller
US2953406 *Nov 24, 1958Sep 20, 1960A D TimmonsCasing spear
US2980464 *Mar 3, 1960Apr 18, 1961Poteet Dallas AFishing tool
US3108637 *Jan 2, 1959Oct 29, 1963Bowen Itco IncPacker retrieving tool
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3741601 *Aug 27, 1971Jun 26, 1973Teledyne IncLatch for gas lift valve or the like
US3874447 *Mar 29, 1974Apr 1, 1975Mcgowen Jr Harold ECollet latch for releasably locking a flow control device in the pocket of a well mandrel
US3874448 *Mar 29, 1974Apr 1, 1975Mcgowen Executrix Wanda ElizabLatch for releasably locking a flow control device in the pocket of a well mandrel
US4051899 *Oct 5, 1976Oct 4, 1977Otis Engineering CorporationReset and pulling tool for manipulating well safety valve
US4093294 *Jun 4, 1975Jun 6, 1978Taylor William TReleasable wireline spear
US4132147 *Aug 29, 1977Jan 2, 1979Sps Technologies, Inc.Store retention and release mechanism
US4359960 *Jan 21, 1981Nov 23, 1982Vickers LimitedMarine tether anchoring device
US4722390 *Dec 18, 1986Feb 2, 1988Hughes Tool CompanyAdjustable collet
US4726421 *Mar 17, 1987Feb 23, 1988Ava International CorporationLatching devices
US4747997 *Mar 30, 1987May 31, 1988Westinghouse Electric Corp.Nuclear fuel rod loader for pulling fuel rods into a fuel assembly skeleton
US4793411 *Jun 29, 1988Dec 27, 1988Halliburton CompanyRetrievable gravel packer and retrieving tool
US4919881 *Jul 5, 1988Apr 24, 1990Westinghouse Electric Corp.Reactor internals through-hole grapple
US5085479 *Jul 5, 1989Feb 4, 1992Taylor William TVertically manipulated ratchet fishing tool
US5224547 *Apr 30, 1991Jul 6, 1993Halliburton CompanyRetrieving tool for downhole packers utilizing non-rotational workstrings
US5310001 *Feb 4, 1993May 10, 1994Halliburton CompanyMethod of retrieving a downhole tool utilizing non-rotational workstrings
US5361844 *Jun 15, 1993Nov 8, 1994Gotco International, Inc.Well fishing grapple assembly and method abstract
US7575061Jul 18, 2006Aug 18, 2009Tesco CorporationWireline entry sub and method of using
US20070056722 *Jul 18, 2006Mar 15, 2007Tesco CorporationWireline entry sub
USRE32274 *Nov 28, 1984Nov 4, 1986Vickers Public Limited CompanyMarine tether anchoring device
USRE32384 *Nov 20, 1984Mar 31, 1987Vickers Public Limited CompanyMarine tether anchoring device
EP0185466A1 *Nov 18, 1985Jun 25, 1986Smith International, Inc.Packer mill
EP0213798A2 *Aug 6, 1986Mar 11, 1987Tri-State Oil Tool (UK), a division of Baker Hughes LimitedPacker retrieval assembly
EP0213798A3 *Aug 6, 1986Jan 11, 1989Tri-State Oil Tool (Uk) LimitedPacker retrieval assembly
WO2007009248A1 *Jul 18, 2006Jan 25, 2007Tesco CorporationWireline entry sub
Classifications
U.S. Classification294/86.18, 294/86.25
International ClassificationE21B31/20, E21B23/00, E21B23/02, E21B31/00
Cooperative ClassificationE21B23/02, E21B31/20
European ClassificationE21B23/02, E21B31/20
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Apr 5, 1982ASAssignment
Owner name: HUGHES TOOL COMPANY A CORP. OF DE
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:BROWN OIL TOOLS, INC. A TX CORP.;REEL/FRAME:003967/0348
Effective date: 19811214