|Publication number||US3639201 A|
|Publication date||Feb 1, 1972|
|Filing date||Nov 27, 1968|
|Priority date||Nov 27, 1968|
|Publication number||US 3639201 A, US 3639201A, US-A-3639201, US3639201 A, US3639201A|
|Inventors||Humphries Darral V|
|Original Assignee||Bethlehem Steel Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (8), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Humphries  SEAL FOR MULTIWIRE STRAND  Inventor: Darral V. Humphries, Allentown, Pa.
 Assignee: Bethlehem Steel Corporation  Filed: Nov. 27, 1968  Appl. No.: 779,536
52 u.s.c1 ..l6l/l43, 52/309, 156/48, 174/23 R 51 Int. Cl. ..H02g 15/00  Field of Search 161/143, 144, 175, I76; 57/149; 156/48; 174/23, 23.1
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS l,904,887 4/1933 Shee ..l56/48 x 2,391,055 l2/l945 Komives et al ..l74/23.l X
2,436,984 3/1948 Wilson ..lS6/48X 3,340,112 9/1967 Davisetal. ..lS6/48X Primary Examiner-Robert F. Burnett Assistant Examiner-Raymond O. Linker, Jr. Attorney-Joseph J. OKeefe  ABSTRACT A short length of a multiwire strand is surrounded with a mold to provide an annular space about said length. Said space is filled with a thermosetting plastic sealant and pressure is applied to force said sealant into and along the interstices of said strand. During said application of pressure, the strand is circumferentially heated at the ends of said mold to provide a radial temperature gradient across said ends. Pressure is applied to said sealant until the ends of the seal are substantially convex.
1 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures PATENIEB FB 1 197? INVENTOR DARRAL V. HUMPHRIES SEAL FOR MULTIWIRE STRAND CROSS-REFERENCES TO RELATED APPLICATIONS The subject invention may be used to prevent or decrease corrosion in the multiwire strands and anchorage pipes disclosed in copending application Ser. No. 614,651 to Durkee et al., filedFeb. 8, 1967, now U.S. Pat. No. 3,548,432.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to aseal in a multiwire strand, and more particularly to a water deflector seal in a multiwire bridge strand.
Multiwire strands exposed to the weather are subject to corrosion. While it is relatively easy to inspect the exterior of a strand for corrosion, no simple method of inspecting the interior of a strand, or the strand anchorage, e.g., the anchorage pipes disclosedin the above-referred-to Durkee et al. application, is known. It is therefore desirable to prevent the ingress of water into the interstices of a strand, particularlyat the lowest point thereof, which is the pointwhere water will accumulate due to gravitational forces.
In the past, attempts have been made to provide multiwire strands with waterproof seals. Such seals have been formed, for example, by placing a mold around a length of strand and injecting a sealant .into the interior of the strand by applying pressure to said sealant. However, by reason of the decrease in pressure from the outside to the center of the strand, the ends of the resultant seal have been concave. A seal with concave ends tends to entrap, rather than deflect, moisture, and probably accelerates corrosion of the strand.
It is an object of this invention to provide a method of sealing a multiwire strand whereby the ends of the seal so formed are substantially convex.
It is a further object to provide such a method which is relatively simple and inexpensive.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION 1 have discoveredthat the foregoing objects can be attained by a method comprising the following five steps: (I) A length of multiwire strand is surrounded with a mold to provide an annular space about said length. (2) Said space is filled'with a liquid sealant settable at ambient temperatures and capable of accelerated setting at temperatures different from said ambient temperatures. (3) Pressure is applied to saidsealant within said mold to force said'sealant into and along the interstices of said strand. (4) During said application of.pressure, a radial temperature gradient is applied across said strand at the ends of said mold whereby across said ends the wires of said strand are at temperatures at which said accelerated settingtakes place, said temperatures being such that the rate of setting progressively decreases as the distance from the center ofv the strand decreases. (5) Pressure upon said sealant is continued until the ends of said seal are substantially convex.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is an isometric view of a strand providedwith apparatus for forming the seal of the invention.
FIG. 2 is a sectional side elevation view of a sealed bridge strand in a pipe anchorage.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT phosphoric acid, zinc tetroxychromate, and polyvinyl butyal.
Said primer may be applied with a brush, and dries in about 5 minutesxThe purpose of the primer is to improve the adhesion between the seal and the zinc coating on the strand, and is desirable in cases where there are shearing forces applied to the seal, e. g., in the application which will be described in connection with FIG. '2. If there are no shearing forces applied to the seal, this step may be omitted.
After the wash primer has dried, a short length 18 of strand contiguous to each end of the length 16 is wrapped with silicone rubber tape. The purpose of the tape is to prevent the heating elements, subsequently to be wrapped about the strand, from contacting the sealant, as such contact may damage the heating elements,
Caulking tape 19 is next applied to the strand at points overlapping the junction of the wash primer and the silicone rubber tape, and a mold 20 is then pressed into place about the strand. The mold 20 comprises two fiberglass half shells 22 and '24 which are clamped together by hose clamps 26. The upper half .shell 24 is provided with openings 28and 30 into which are inserted a cartridge 32 and a vent nipple .34, respectively, the vent nipple 34 being disposed at substantially the uppermost point of the mold Prior to inserting the cartridge 32 into the mold 20, heating elements 36, which may comprise silicone rubber tape containing electrical resistance elements, are clamped about the strand at each end of the mold 20. Said heating elements 36 are adapted to heat the outennost interstices of the strand to a modate flexing and dimensional changes over a temperature range of 40 to +l20 F.; (c) a maximum viscosity of 3,000 ccntipoise, at ambient temperatures, so that the interstices of the strand can be impregnated at pressures of 15 p.s.i. or less; (d) curability at ambient temperatures without loss of volatiles; and (e) ease of applicability, nontoxicity and low cost.
When the liquid sealant begins to emerge from the vent nipple 34, the vent is closed with a cap 38 and a caulking gun is connected to the cartridge 32. The'heating elements 36 are then energized and those sections of the strand beneath said elements are heated for several minutes until the temperature of the outermost interstices is about 260 F. A pressure of about 7 p.s.i. is then applied to the caulking gun, forcing the sealant into and along the interstices of the strand. The pressure is removed after the sealant appears at the outer edge of the heating elements, thehe'ating .elements 36 are removed, and the sealant is allowed to cure at ambient temperatures for l6 to 24 hours. It has been found that when the sealant appears at said outer edge, the sealant has penetrated the interstices in such a manner that the ends of the resultant seal are substantially convex. These results have been obtained on multiwire strand'cornprising both parallel and helical wires.
FIG. 2 discloses a typical application of the above-described seal, vizas a water deflector in a bridge strand in a pipe anchorage. The anchorage comprises an anchorage block 40 which is cast about a pipe 42. The strand 44 passes through the pipe 42 and is suitably anchored. The strand 44 is provided with a zinc fair-lead 46 and the forward section of the anchorage block 40 is provided with a spacing plate 48.
A water-deflecting seal 50, prepared in the same manner as the seal shown in FIG. I, is disposed in the strand 44 immediately above the spacing plate 48. In this case, the mold 52 is not removed from the strand, and a neoprene boot 54, in the shape of a conical frustum, is sealed to the mold 52 and to a portion of the pipe 42 extending beyond the spacing plate 48.
down the spacing plate 48. As a result, the probability of corrosion within the strand and the anchorage pipe is substantially reduced.
l. A multiwire strand having a seal therein, said seal comprising a thermosetting plastic surrounding said strand and filling the interstices thereof along a length of said strand, the
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|U.S. Classification||428/379, 156/48, 174/23.00R, 52/309.3|
|International Classification||H02G3/22, H01B13/22|
|Cooperative Classification||H01B13/221, H02G3/22|
|European Classification||H02G3/22, H01B13/22B|