US 3641312 A
An arrangement for supporting open coil heater elements including a baseplate and a pair of spaced arms projecting from the plate. Each arm is rigidly affixed to the baseplate at one of its ends. A plurality of spaced cross supports are attached to the arms. The cross supports comprise plates having apertures therein to receive insulators through which the heater elements pass. The ends of the heater elements are appropriately connected to circuit terminals mounted to the baseplate.
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent Ammerman et al.
[ Feb. 8, 1972  OPEN COIL HEATING ELEMENT ASSEMBLY  Inventors: George Edward Ammerman; William Mc- Farlane, both of Murfreesboro, Tenn.
 US. CL ..219/532, 219/536, 219/546, 338/299, 338/317  Int. Cl. ..H05b 3/06  Field ofSearch... ..2l9/532,536-537, 219/539, 550, 546; 338/299, 317-321; 174/1 1,813,767 7/1931 Reichart ..219/536 1,911,383 5/1933 Noble ..219/532 2,130,600 11/1939 Mills ..219/532 3,213,401 10/1965 Owen ..219/539 X FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 506,072 9/ 1930 Germany ..219/532 Primary Examiner-Volodymyr Y. Mayewsky AttorneyCushman, Darby & Cushman 57 ABSTRACT An arrangement for supporting open coil heater elements including a baseplate and a pair of spaced arms projecting from the plate. Each arm is rigidly affixed to the baseplate at one of its ends. A plurality of spaced cross supports are attached to  References Cited the arms. The cross supports comprise plates having apertures UNITED STATES PATENTS therein to receive insulators through which the heater elements pass, The ends of the heater elements are appropriately 1 RlCe connected to circuit teminals mounted to the basep|ate 1,597,304 8/1926 Warner et al. ..2l9/532 X 3,016,441 l/1962 l-lackman et a1 ..2l9/532 2 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures I l J PAIENTEDFEB 8 I972 3.641.312
INVENTORS F7 5 420262- Jim 4,817 QMMIIPAIfl/V ATTORNEYS OPEN COIL HEATING ELEMENT ASSEMBLY This invention generally relates to an improved construction for supporting a plurality of conventional open coil heating elements and, more particularly, to structure wherein the heating elements are stacked in spaced parallel planes. Such arrangement of heating elements finds application in the heating and air-conditioning field. For example the invention is useful as a heater within ductwork, in combined heating and cooling air conditioners, in association with fan coil units, in heat pumps, etc.
In the past heating elements in plural planes have been supported by separate frames or single ones having such complexity as to make them quite expensive. The present support arrangement incorporates a reduced number of components which produces economical advantages for the assembly, and which causes only low impedance to airflow past the heating elements. The assembly further provides a baffling capability to improve the operating characteristics of temperature sensors which are utilized in conjunction with the heating elements.
Briefly, the invention comprises a baseplate and a pair of spaced arms projecting from the plate. Each arm is attached at one of its ends to the baseplate. A plurality of spaced cross supports extend between the arms and are rigidly affixed thereto. The cross supports comprise plates having apertures therein arranged with their centers aligned in spaced parallel planes. The apertures receive insulators through which heating elements pass. By the arrangement just described, a plurality of open coil heating elements are supported in parallel planes by a single frame. The cross support plates can be attached to the arms at different angles to thereby deflect air flowing past the heaters causing a baffling effect.
The invention will be described in further detail by reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:
FIG. 1 is an illustration of an open coil heating element assembly in a typical operative position with respect to an air duct and blower arrangement;
FIG. 2 is an elevational view of an open coil heating element assembly made in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 3 is an elevational view of the assembly taken at 90 to that view shown in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged detail view of the mounting arrangement for an insulator through which a heating element passes; and
FIG. 5 is a view in section taken along line 5-5 of FIG. 4.
Referring now to the drawings, a preferred embodiment of the invention will be described in detail. The description will be of an open coil heating element assembly used to warm air passing through a duct. However, it will be understood, as hereinbefore stated, that the heating element assembly may be employed in a number of other environments. In FIG. 1, the duct is indicated by the numeral 10, and a conventional blower 12 is employed to force air through the duct. The open coil heating element assembly 14 is arranged to project into the air flow path such that the major plane of each open coil is substantially normal to the air flow. The heater coils are connected to an external voltage source (not shown) for energizing the coil.
The details of the heating element assembly can be appreciated by reference to FIGS. 2 and 3. More particularly, the assembly comprises a base member comprising plate 16 from which a pair of spaced arms 18 and 20 project normally to the plane of the baseplate. Arms 18 and 20 are rigidly fastened to the plate 16, typically by welding a foot 22 at the end of each arm to the baseplate.
A plurality of spaced cross support elements 24 extend between arms 18 and 20. As can be seen in FIG. 3, elements 24 are positioned on opposite sides of The arms 18 and 20. The elements 24 are plates having foot portions 25 which are secured to the arms 18 and 20 by a suitable means such as by spot welding or riveting. Accordingly, the baseplate l6, arms 18 and 20, and cross support elements 24 are rigidly joined together.
Each of the cross support elements 24 is provided with a plurality of spaced apertures 26 (FIGS. 4 and 5). The apertures are arranged with their centers aligned in spaced parallel planes (FIG. 3). Within a single plane the apertures of adjacent elements 24 are aligned in a manner to receive a single open coil heating element as will now be described.
The walls of each aperture 26 are pierced radially as at 28 (FIG. 4) to form tongues 30. Adjacent tongues 30 are inclined outwardly in opposite directions from the plane of the plate 24. By such an arrangement, these tongues serve to support cylindrical ceramic heating coil insulators 32 each having a projecting rib 34 about its periphery. The insulator construction and the manner by which it is held within an aperture 26 can be appreciated by reference to FIG. 5. Heating coils 36 project through the insulators in aligned apertures in a serpentine manner as is well known in the art. Such an arrangement is shown in FIG. 2. The ends of each coil are connected to a power source (not shown). Typically, one end 38 of the coil passes through an insulator 40 attached to baseplate l6 and is provided with a terminal 42 on the opposite side of the baseplate from the coil (FIG. 2). The other end of the coil is joined to a screw-type terminal 44 joined to an insulator 32 within an aperture 26 in a cross support plate 24 adjacent the baseplate. A fuse 46 is positioned between terminal 44 and an external terminal 48 supported by a further insulator 50 projecting through the baseplate 16. When power is applied at terminals 42 and 48, the respective open coil heating element is energized so as to warm air passing normal to the plane of the coil.
In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, a single open coil heating element is associated with one set of cross supports 24, and a pair of open coil heafing elements is illustrated as being supported by the second set of cross supports 24. However, by enlarging the plates comprising cross supports 24 and by providing suitable rows of apertures 26 therein, further open coil heating elements can be stacked in parallel-spaced relationship with the coils shown without the requirement of additional frame members. Thus, it can be appreciated that in accordance with the present invention a number of parallelspaced circuits may be supported by each cross support 24. This construction permits substantial economy in construction.
When assembly 14 is in its operative position within a duct, it is desirable that the side of the frame opposite that attached to the baseplate 16 be secured to the opposite side of the duct. This can be accomplished by one of the arms 18 being made longer than the other so as to project through an aperture in the wall of the duct to thereby support the end of the heating element assembly remote from baseplate 16.
When installed within a duct, the heating element assembly is inserted through an aperture in the wall of the duct and the baseplate 16 is secured to the wall adjacent this opening. The end of the assembly remote from plate 16 is secured to the opposite duct wall as has just been described. By connecting the plurality of open coil heaters to respective power sources, the heaters are energized.
Typically, an aperture is provided in the baseplate 16 to permit sensors to project into the area of each of the open coil heaters. These sensors (not shown) operate to control the application of power to the respective heater. Ideally, the sensors are responsive to the temperature of the air passing through the duct, but in practice, they also respond to radiant heat 1 generated by the heaters. It has also been found that there is a tendency for air along the walls of the duct to stagnate, and this also introduces problems of controlling the operation of the sensors to achieve the desired air temperature within the duct. The present structure assists in reducing the problems of sensor control. More particularly, the cross support elements 24 may be varied so that the feet 25 meet the main plate portions of the respective elements 24 at angles other than When this is the case, the plate portions of the support elements serve as a bafi'le to divert the air flow from its normal path past the heater coils. By proper selection of the angle between feet 25 and the main plate portions of support eleits ends to said base member and projecting normally ments 24, air may be directed to downstream sensors so as to therefrom; cool them to reduce the radiant heat effect and also to assist a plurality of spaced cross support elements, said cross supin maintaining the flow of air at the walls of the duct commenport elements comprising flat, oneplane plates extending surate with the main air flow. This permits the sensors to more 5 t n a d arm a d rigidly j ined th ret and araccurately monitor the true air temperature within the duct. r ng in pl nes substantially parallel to the plane of said The structure disclosed her in i an example f an arrangebase member, each plate having at least two rows of a plument in which the inventive features of this disclosure may be of apertures therein, the 0f the p r e utilized, and it will become apparent to one skilled in the art beilfg aligned l spaced P P and each aperture that certain modifications may be made within the spirit of the "}"8 a P of tongues radially arranged about its invention as defined by the appended claims. P p y and w is claimedis; insulators supported by said tongues within said apertures,
said heating elements passing through said insulators. 2. An assembly as set forth in claim 1 wherein the planes of said cross support element plates are variable.
1. An assembly for supporting a plurality of open coil heating elements in spaced parallel relationship, including:
a base member;
a pair of spaced parallel arms each rigidly attached at one of