US 36418 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
iwisnne AND Twmme.' |115;
Maximes, orI NsH-UA, HAIitSHfRE tioef the same', reference being' had to-'the aceoinpanyingdrawi ugs, makinga v-part of this specification. v .Y
y Figure 1 represents-a roving tlier with agear or cog,` wheel. Fig. 2 represents a small ilier. withv grooved pulley orl whirl. Fig. 3
'shows' the cog gca'rfwhe'el detached from tlie' roving-flier and the form of'the .intelo ck` ing tenen. Figui is atop? view' ot' the' hase or pedestal'parti-of. the roving-flier'. andsee#V tions or'p'ortious ot'- the arms attached-thereto". f Fig. 5 isa vertical view ofthe cog-gearing and' tube, detached. .FigL-G is a top view of the cog-gearing and the4 pedestal part of the rovingdlier combined or united 'by the interlocking-tenen. Fig. 7. is a similar viciv 'without the arms of the flier or'pedest-al. Fig. S represents af top view el' the. groored pulley or whirlinterleeliedwvith the base of the flier.
llly'improvements relate nire particularly to the manner or mede el' attaching-,fthe flier to the whirl .orang-#earring and to enable others to he skilled in tleeeustruetion and operation thereof the 'following is' :i descripteur of the' same. i Iii Figs. 1 and 2, a a a, I l, I; I. indicate the vertical arms and the elbowsl ot' u. spi nning nud roving flier attached t0 thedrivinggear and the whirl c c c? ciformed with an interlocking male tenomdd. This interlockingdevice is formed by turning' a trite circulartenon on the end of the Wh then at'equal intermisarouud the' circun'iter- `en ee of ysaid tenen,- ttli .ng down saideircuxnference about one-sixteenth' of an inch in a similar marmer to the th'rming ot' a ratchet-tooth,
whereby two equidistantsmall shoulders, e e,
are produce, and making, ,xnoreovexg something oi' :i seincircular wedge or a double-key- 'ing dovetail,`as shown more clearly iu Fifi'. 3. The collar or pedestal partj'f of the ilier heing formed with the required circular opening,
said opening is shaped Vin a similar manner, forming a female lnterleckingweclge, as indicated at l g,Fig. 4'.' The ratchet tornmtions .Siieeliegttionihriiii'ng hart of Letters."Patentol'hStLll8,datedSe teilibei 0 ..11
or shouldersee 'glg'a d .their tapering keying lsemiei'rcles hfh, 1.igs: 'i and f4," must he" ,mede v perfectly true, so as to lit one within thqother 'neatly with respect tio their vertical suljtaees; but the diameter from-'outside to outside ofthe edge of shoulders ee'iuu'st-he slightly less the diameter from g the .thi rty-"secondv part Otan inch.
- It is maintained thatthls inode of interlock*- 'ingt-he whirl-aud flier together possesses' one for more advantages that 'are' not lpossessed by .'thesqnaretenon'connection nor 1J4 'the' rigidly- In `the' use of fliers with the -squu-e-iitting 'the cord passi'ngaround the whirl is -generally* inanoppesitedireetionyfrom thedraft ot't-he e 'yarn or'rovinfr; and-'no matter vho'w snug] y and ..25 true Athe' eollaror' tube i ifmay'it onto the vertically-arranged spindle, or the nosejj oli'the ;Z
able ,torsion or twistingout of p'crpcndicularI cause an undue' and irrcglif., y. larvihratory motion ot the iler, (1i-,asisteellxl,v -nich'ally termed, ay `sl1al;ing, which sllalccsfjA andeonsequ'ently doWn'the-yarn greatly; and thereby producing -ixnperfectrroying 'and "yarn or yinequality Aof texture, and s'o great is the wear .of the arms .and .the'wi-'ndi'ug ortwistingthereof; from their v required; perpendicularty 4that great trouble .andiinconvenience to the operator ensues, to-
gether with' the renderinguseless ilrafshort `Atime ot' numbers of'iers.- j ,A Owing to this undue strain of thewhirl-cord and the' yarn theI ang-'guiar corners of the f square-formed tenons 6i.' tliers become '-'in due course el' a veryfshorttime worn oil", more or ess,.`)and therelerethe tenen and socket. of the sainedo not lit. snugly, but become. 'loose and admitot lateral vibre-tion inspi'nuinfn Again,
in the employinentot a rigid serewfsocketcoir lateral deiiection of .the flier no adjustahiii'tyfi' 4the screw irryposi-v,
-nectiou inthe tu'fistingr or' l to 'y ot' tlm-interior :forumtion'of the pedestal :or collarI in Fig. 4', so as'j' to admit of 1 the wedging 'or keying up ot'the tenen ad e e, Figsr 1, s, 5, o, s.' 'rnefdiner-,- A e'n'ce in said diameters should not he more thun j 2. l nagels" tion is admitted of, soas to. compensate for or spective, while in Figs..6 and 8 atop view ,isA exhibited of thel said connection, and a thick'v `radnelly-diminishing circular black line indicating the keying or Wedging space e g e g.
In Fig. 4-the base ofthe shoulders gg comz n'ience's from the greater diameter of .the semicircular curve of the -female socket k, said shoulder extending inwardly, while in Fig. 7 the base .of the shoulders e e commences inwardly from the lesser-diameter of the semicircular curve ef the male tenon cll,said shoulf ders' c e terminating outwardly toward the greater diameter of the tenon; or, in other words, the interlocking curves ofthe female socket commence at the base of the vshoulders g g, while the interlocking or keying curves of the male'tenon, Fig.' 7, commence at'the apex or edge of thel shoulderse e, depressing .in-
. wardly toward the base of the shoulder,l thus forming a tenen, which keys up tight by being turned from left to right, and a socket which keys'or tightens up by being turned from right to left. Thus it will-be perceived that no4 matterhow much. the friction and consequent wearing away of the circular Surfacesf ,the tenen and socket oi' the ili'er may be the draft of the cord aroundthe whirl clz c'z or the lateral pressurel oithe driving-gear c c, which is in an opposite direction to the draft of the yarn,-
will always press the interloekingtenon and socket together and cause the position ofthe iiierato b evertical andt'rue, a-,ndihus most `r eiectually'prevent.any v ihratorg'l notion or twisting th'ereoand-wh'ereby the "shaking down7 f the yarn on the bohhin is as'renl' trely prevented, as the tension of theyarn i: spinning will beregular, thus producing z texture-ofi-greatequality and uniformity o twist, none of'which important results are at tainable-when the smooth', true, and uniforn revolution of iiie'rs Vis the'least deranged b5 undue wear and such other causes as vibratior and irregular deflection ot' the flier. I nl the enio'loym'ent of ,myl interlocking flier it can bmost readily attached ,to anc detached freni -.the ,whirlp thusl rendering it very convenient in use and application.
Having described the nature,-construction,
and adaptation of my improvements and set forth the material advantages thereof over all other fliers, what I claim as new, and desire to have secured by. Letters 'Patent ot the y,
United States, is as follows, viz:
The constrctionof a roving or spinning` iier formed with an-interlocking base vor pedv estal-collar, ff g g, and provided with a key ingor interlocking tenen, d c d c, and whirl cvc, or ka gear-connection, c c, substantially :n herein described, and as'fnll y exhibited in thr accompanying Figs. l, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, I,
1 Witnesses:` v i Bienal. Eni-mspx, VM. P. Anno'rr.