|Publication number||US3644874 A|
|Publication date||Feb 22, 1972|
|Filing date||Oct 7, 1970|
|Priority date||Oct 7, 1970|
|Also published as||CA941480A, CA941480A1, DE2149237A1|
|Publication number||US 3644874 A, US 3644874A, US-A-3644874, US3644874 A, US3644874A|
|Inventors||Hutter Harold G|
|Original Assignee||Bunker Ramo|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (38), Classifications (10), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
mite Sttes Patent utter 1 Feb. 22, 1972  CONNECTOR ELEMENT AND METHOD FOR ELEMENT ASSEMBLY  Appl. No.: 78,718
FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 1,177,220 1/1970 Great Britain ..339/l77 R Primary Examiner-Marvin A. Champion Assistant Examiner-Lawrence J. Staab Attorney-Frederick M. Arbuckle  ABSTRACT A connector element and method for its assembly. A ferrule body having an enlarged forward section, a center section of reduced diameter having a circumferential groove formed in it, and an elongated rear section has a coupling nut mounted for rotation on it. The nut has an opening formed in its rear of diameter greater than that of the center section but less than that of the forward section in which the center section of the body is partially positioned. The coupling nut also has a circumferential ridge extending from the opening to the rear of the nut, which ridge is bent over by a suitable tool into the groove to lock the body and nut against lateral movement.
8 Claims, 2 Drawing Figures PATENTEBFEB22 me INVENTOR.
' HAROLD G. HUTT ER CONNECTOR ELEMENT AND METHOD FOR ELEMENT ASSEMBLY This invention relates to a connector element having a ferrule body with a coupling nut mounted for rotation on the body and more particularly to a simple and inexpensive method and apparatus for captivating the nut on the body.
The elements of many electrical connectors, such as for example those utilized for connecting coaxial cables, have a body ferrule with a coupling nut mounted for rotation thereon. Additional contact and insulating elements may be fitted within the body and nut. Schemes utilized in the past for captivating the coupling nut on the body while permitting relative rotation between the elements have generally involved the use of a retaining ring or of some other additional elements and have thus been relatively complicated and expensive both in terms of material and assembly labor. Where plating is required, the extra parts also increase the cost of this operation. These connectors have also been relatively large and bulky and thus not ideally suited for miniature and subminiature applications, and the extra elements have increased the weight of the connector thus increasing shipping and other costs.
It is therefore a primary object of this invention to provide an improved scheme for captivating a coupling nut on the ferrule body ofa connector element.
A more specific object of this invention is to provide a scheme of the type indicated above which results in a connector element which is easier to fabricate and less expensive both in terms of material and labor.
Another object of this invention is to provide a connector element of the type indicated above which is smaller, lighter, and less bulky than existing elements.
A still more specific object of this invention is to provide a scheme for reducing the number of components required to captivate a coupling nut on the body of a connector element.
In accordance with these objects this invention provides a connector element which includes a ferrule body and a coupling nut. The ferrule body has an enlarged forward section, a center section of reduced diameter having a circumferential groove formed therein, and an elongated rear section of further reduced diameter. The coupling nut has an opening at its rear of diameter greater than that of the center section but less than that of the body is partially positioned. The coupling nut also has a circumferential ridge extending from the opening to the rear of the nut which ridge is bent over by a suitable tool into the groove to lock the body and nut against latteral movement while permitting relative rotation between them.
The foregoing and other objects, features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following more particular description of preferred embodiments of the invention as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
In the drawings:
FIG. I is a partially cutaway view of a connector in accordance with the teachings of this invention showing the elements in an unassembled condition.
FIG. 2 is a partially cutaway side view of the connector show in FIG. 1 in an assembled condition.
Referring now to the figures, it is seen that the connector of a preferred embodiment of the invention consists of two major elements, a ferrule body 10 and a coupling unit 12. The ferrule body consists of an enlarged forward section 14 a center section 16 having a circumferential groove 18 formed in it and an elongated rear section 20 offurther reduced diameter. Section 20 is tapered at its end and has grooves formed around it for reasons which will be described shortly. Coupling nut 12 has an opening 22 formed in its rear wall which opening is slightly greater in diameter than center section 16 of the ferrule body, but less in diameter than forward section 14. The inner walls of coupling nut 12 are screw threaded at 24 for engagement with an externally threaded mating member. A ridge 26 extends from the rear of the coupling nut. The inner diameter of the ridge is the same as that of opening 22 and its outer diameter is roughly 0.03 inches greater. The thickness of this ridge will involve a trade-off between the strength of joint which is required and the thickness of ridge which can be tolerated before cracking occurs on the bending-over operation. The length of ridge 26 is roughly equal to the depth of groove 18, the length of the ridge being slightly greater than the depth of the groove to permit for rollover in the preferred embodiment of the invention shown in the drawings. While the depth of penetration of ridge 26 into groove 18 is not critical, the deeper the penetration the stronger the joint. However, if the ridge is so longias to bear against the base of groove 18, then relative rotatiori of the elements may be inhibited.
In assembling the connector, the ferrule body, starting with rear section 20, is passed through the inside of coupling nut 12 and through opening 22. When the ferrule body has been passed through hole 22 to a position with enlarged section 14 of the body butting against the rear wall of nut 12 and the forward portion of center section 16, the portion of the center section ahead of groove 18, positioned in opening 22, (the position shown in FIG. 2) a tool may be applied to bend ridge 26 over into groove 18 to complete the coupling operation. The tool utilized would preferably be a rotating wheel 28 which is slowly pressed against ridge 26 to bend it over into the groove. A suitable mechanism is also provided for rotating the connector elements relative to the wheel to permit the ridge to be bent around its entire periphery. This would generally be accomplished by mounting the connector elements in a rotating chuck.
FIG. 2 shows by way of illustration, a coaxial cable 30 having an inner conductor 32, and insulator 34, and outer conductive braid 36, and a protective cover 38 positioned on ferrule body 10. The rear section 20 of the ferrule body passes between the insulator and the conductive braid and is secured to the cable by a standard crimp ferrule 40. The grooves on section 20 assist in gripping the cable. A standard insulating block, and inner and outer contact members (not shown) may be positioned in coupling nut 12 to complete the connector assembly.
A connector assembly has thus been provided in which no additional parts are required in order to secure the ferrule body and coupling nut together. The assembly operation, as described, is thus relatively simple and inexpensive and, due to the lack of extra parts, the resulting connector is smaller. lighter, less bulk and less expensive than existing connectors. Further, by controlling the thickness of ridge 26, the connection between the major elements of the connector may, with certain limitations, be made as strong as desired.
While the invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to a preferred embodiment thereof. it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
What is claimed is:
l. A connector element comprising:
a ferrule body having an enlarged forward section, a center section of reduced diameter, said center section having a circumferential groove formed in it, and an elongated rear section of further reduced diameter; and
a coupling nut having an opening at its rear of diameter greater than said center section but less than said forward section in which opening said center section is partially positioned, and a circumferential ridge extending from said opening to the rear of said nut and bent over into said groove to lock said body and nut against latteral movement while permitting relative rotation between them.
2. A connector of the type described in claim 1 wherein the inner diameter of said ridge is the same as the diameter of said openings.
3. A connector of the type described in claim 1 wherein the thickness of said ridge is in the order of several hundredths of an inch.
4. A connector of the type described in claim 1 wherein the length of said ridge is substantially equal to the depth of said groove.
5. A connector of the type described in claim 1 wherein the portion of said center section positioned in said opening is the portion of said section ahead ofsaid groove.
6. A connector of the type described in claim 1 wherein said rear section is adapted to be fitted between the insulator and the outer conductor of a coaxial cable;
and including a crimp ferrule positioned over said rear section and adapted to secure said cable to said body.
7. A method of assembling a connector element having a ferrule body and a coupling nut, the body having an enlarged forward section, a center section of reduced diameter having a circumferential groove formed in it, and an elongated rear section of further reduced diameter, and said coupling nut having an opening in its rear of diameter slightly greater than said center section but less than said forward section with a circumferential ridge extending from said opening to the rear of said nut, comprising the steps of:
passing the rear and center sections of said body through said opening and ridge until the enlarged forward section of said body butts against the rear of said nut; and applying a suitable tool to said ridge to bend it over into said groove to lock said body and nut against latteral movement while permitting relative rotation between them. 8. A method of the type described in claim 7 wherein said tool is a rotating wheel adapted to slowly bear against said ridge to bend it into said groove.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3781762 *||Jun 26, 1972||Dec 25, 1973||Tidal Sales Corp||Connector assembly|
|US4135288 *||Aug 23, 1976||Jan 23, 1979||Spinner Gmbh||Method of securing HF-coaxial connector with a coupling ring|
|US4456323 *||Nov 9, 1981||Jun 26, 1984||Automatic Connector, Inc.||Connector for coaxial cables|
|US4475339 *||Jan 14, 1983||Oct 9, 1984||Jidosha Kiki Co., Ltd.||Apparatus for controlling braking liquid pressure|
|US4588245 *||Aug 23, 1984||May 13, 1986||Flight Connector Corporation||Self-locking coupling nut|
|US4684201 *||Jun 28, 1985||Aug 4, 1987||Allied Corporation||One-piece crimp-type connector and method for terminating a coaxial cable|
|US4836637 *||Jan 11, 1988||Jun 6, 1989||Poorman Thomas J||Expanded-beam fiber-optic connector|
|US4932114 *||Jul 14, 1988||Jun 12, 1990||North American Instrument Corp.||Method of making a rotating adapter for catheters|
|US5078433 *||Apr 12, 1990||Jan 7, 1992||North American Instrument Corp.||Rotating adapter for catheters and the like|
|US5269701 *||Oct 28, 1992||Dec 14, 1993||The Whitaker Corporation||Method for applying a retention sleeve to a coaxial cable connector|
|US5295866 *||Jan 13, 1992||Mar 22, 1994||Kroger Roy E||Insert retention gas tight seal for electrical connector and method of making same|
|US5429529 *||Mar 8, 1994||Jul 4, 1995||Yazaki Corporation||Structure for connecting shielded-cable end|
|US5586910 *||Aug 11, 1995||Dec 24, 1996||Amphenol Corporation||Clamp nut retaining feature|
|US5806175 *||Dec 20, 1996||Sep 15, 1998||Siecor Corporation||Crimp assembly for connecting an optical fiber ribbon cord to a connector|
|US6173097||Jul 1, 1998||Jan 9, 2001||Siecor Operations, Llc||Field installable multifiber connector|
|US6780052||Dec 4, 2002||Aug 24, 2004||John Mezzalingua Associates, Inc.||Compression connector for coaxial cable and method of installation|
|US6887103||Jul 15, 2004||May 3, 2005||John Mezzalingua Associates, Inc.||Compression connector for coaxial cable and method of installation|
|US6994588||Jul 15, 2004||Feb 7, 2006||John Mezzalingua Associates, Inc.||Compression connector for coaxial cable and method of installation|
|US7785017||Nov 7, 2007||Aug 31, 2010||Corning Cable Systems Llc||Strain-relief assemblies and methods for a field-installable fiber optic connector|
|US7942587||Aug 5, 2010||May 17, 2011||Corning Cable Systems Llc||Strain-relief assemblies and methods for a field-installable fiber optic connector|
|US7972175||Nov 25, 2009||Jul 5, 2011||John Mezzalingua Associates, Inc.||Coaxial cable connector with threaded post|
|US8047727||May 12, 2011||Nov 1, 2011||Corning Cable Systems Llc||Strain-relief assemblies and methods for a field-installable fiber optic connector|
|US8062063||Sep 28, 2009||Nov 22, 2011||Belden Inc.||Cable connector having a biasing element|
|US8075337||Sep 28, 2009||Dec 13, 2011||Belden Inc.||Cable connector|
|US8113875||Sep 28, 2009||Feb 14, 2012||Belden Inc.||Cable connector|
|US8307544||Oct 15, 2010||Nov 13, 2012||John Mezzalingua Associates, Inc.||Coaxial cable connector tool|
|US8469739||Mar 12, 2012||Jun 25, 2013||Belden Inc.||Cable connector with biasing element|
|US8506325||Nov 7, 2011||Aug 13, 2013||Belden Inc.||Cable connector having a biasing element|
|US9293868 *||Jan 24, 2014||Mar 22, 2016||Tyco Electronics Corporation||Attachment ring for attaching a shield of a cable to a shell|
|US20050003706 *||Jul 15, 2004||Jan 6, 2005||John Mezzalingua Associates, Inc.||Compression connector for coaxial cable and method of installation|
|US20060264099 *||Apr 20, 2006||Nov 23, 2006||Yazaki Corporation||Coaxial cable, coaxial cable end-processing structure and coaxial cable shielding terminal|
|US20080081512 *||Oct 3, 2006||Apr 3, 2008||Shawn Chawgo||Coaxial Cable Connector With Threaded Post|
|US20090087147 *||Nov 7, 2007||Apr 2, 2009||Barnes Ray S||Strain-relief assemblies and methods for a field-installable fiber optic connector|
|US20100136827 *||Nov 25, 2009||Jun 3, 2010||Shawn Chawgo||Coaxial Cable Connector With Threaded Post|
|US20110052123 *||Aug 5, 2010||Mar 3, 2011||Barnes Ray S||Strain-relief assemblies and methods for a field-installable fiber optic connector|
|US20110117774 *||Sep 28, 2009||May 19, 2011||Thomas & Betts International, Inc.||Cable Connector|
|US20150214671 *||Jan 24, 2014||Jul 30, 2015||Tyco Electronics Corporation||Attachment Ring for Attaching a Shield of a Cable to a Shell|
|EP3113300A1 *||Jun 30, 2016||Jan 4, 2017||Souriau||Connector comprising a crimped locking ring and method for crimping such a locking ring|
|U.S. Classification||439/322, 29/511, 29/443, 29/874, 439/585, 285/382, 439/99|
|Jun 12, 1992||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: AMPHENOL CORPORATION A CORP. OF DELAWARE
Free format text: RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:CANADIAN IMPERIAL BANK OF COMMERCE;REEL/FRAME:006147/0887
Effective date: 19911114
|Oct 1, 1987||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: AMPHENOL CORPORATION, LISLE, ILLINOIS A CORP. OF D
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:ALLIED CORPORATION, A CORP. OF NY;REEL/FRAME:004844/0850
Effective date: 19870602
Owner name: AMPHENOL CORPORATION, A CORP. OF DE, ILLINOIS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ALLIED CORPORATION, A CORP. OF NY;REEL/FRAME:004844/0850
|Jul 2, 1987||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CANADIAN IMPERIAL BANK OF COMMERCE, NEW YORK AGENC
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:AMPHENOL CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004879/0030
Effective date: 19870515
|Jun 15, 1983||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ALLIED CORPORATION COLUMBIA ROAD AND PARK AVENUE,
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:BUNKER RAMO CORPORATION A CORP. OF DE;REEL/FRAME:004149/0365
Effective date: 19820922