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Publication numberUS3644986 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 29, 1972
Filing dateNov 26, 1969
Priority dateNov 26, 1969
Publication numberUS 3644986 A, US 3644986A, US-A-3644986, US3644986 A, US3644986A
InventorsVerma Jugal K
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of tuning high-voltage transformer for television receiver
US 3644986 A
Abstract
A method of tuning a high-voltage transformer for television receivers and the like wherein the primary and high-voltage windings are wound around and axially spaced from one another in a plurality of axially spaced circumferential slots provided on the exterior of hollow, electrically insulative coil form means, the interior of which surrounds a portion of the transformer core means. The axial spacing of the primary and high-voltage windings that is provided by the unique construction of the novel slotted coil form means permits the coefficient of coupling between the primary and high-voltage windings novel to be made both ideal and constant. This, in turn, allows tuning of the transformer in accordance with the novel method of the present invention which represents considerable simplification over the complex method previously required to tune the prior art, layer-wound transformers.
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United StatesPatent Verma Feb. 29, 1972 [54] METHOD OF TUNING HIGH-VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER FOR TELEVISION RECEIVER [72] Inventor: Jugal K. Verma, Portsmouth, Va.

[73] Assignee: General Electric Company [22] Filed: Nov. 26, 1969 [21] Appl.No.: 880,221

[52] US. Cl ..29/593, 323/61 [51] Int. Cl. ..G0lr ,G05f [58] Field of Search ..29/593; 323/60, 61', 336/198,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,727,932 9/1929 Medved ..336/231 X 3,013,231 12/1961 Meadows et a1. ..29/593 UX 3,241,051 3/1966 Suhrmann ..323/6l 3,278,877 10/1966 Kameya et a1. 336/198 X 3,447,068 5/1969 Hart ..323/60 880,838 3/1908 Thordarson... ...336/23l X 1,062,046 5/1913 Smith ..336/231 X Guillemant ..336/208 X Heller et a1. ..336/ 198 X [57] ABSTRACT A method of tuning a high-voltage transformer for television receivers and the like wherein the primary and high-voltage windings are wound around and axially spaced from one another in a plurality of axially spaced circumferential slots provided on the exterior of hollow, electrically insulative coil form means, the interior of which surrounds a portion of the transfonner core means. The axial spacing of the primary and high-voltage windings that is provided by the unique construction of the novel slotted coil form means permits the coefficient of coupling between the primary and high-voltage windings novel to be made both ideal and constant. This, in turn, allows tuning of the transformer in accordance with the novel method of the present invention which represents considerable simplification over the complex method previously required to tune the prior art, layer-wound transformers.

6 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures Patented Feb. 29, 1972 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 A R mm a NE .N w m K 4 .n N AA 6%5 U H I Y m B B J u x A a 3 N G I {in F KS Um.

Patented Feb. 29 I972 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 F'IGA 9 5 e 5 3/ 3 R 5 E (4 W PW 5 Em msw R W 0 T.\/- RECEIVE HORlZONAL SWEE P DRJVE MEANS INVENTOR. J'UGAL K. VERMA ms ATTORNEY METHOD OF TUNING HIGH-VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER FOR TELEVISION RECEIVER CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION The instant application describes a novel method of tuning a transformer generally similar in construction to the novel transformer described in detail in'copending, commonly assigned US. application Serial No. 870,039, now US. Pat. No. 3,573,694, filed by Eugene K. Von Fange et al. on Oct. 28, 1969 for Improved High Voltage Transformer For Television Receivers.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to high-frequency pulse transformers and, more particularly, to a novel method of tuning an improved transformer of the aforedescribed type which can be used as a high-voltage transformer for television receivers and the like. Heretofore, layer-wound transformers have been employed in this service. US. Pat. Nos. 2,500,766 and 2,612,545 describe typical versions of such conventional layer-wound transformers. With these prior art transformers, the tapes and insulating sheets that have been used between the layers of wire forming the coils, and the overlapping of the coil layers over one another, have retarded the transfer of heat away from the coil to the surrounding atmosphere. Furthermore, it has been difficult to obtain consistency in operating characteristics with these conventional layer-wound transformers and their production has required a slow and tedious manufacturing process, as well as a complex tuning operation.

OF THE INVENTION To overcome the aforenoted shortcomings of these conventional layer-wound transformers, an improved transformer has been developed and is described in detail in the aforenoted copending, commonly assigned application. Basically, this improved transformer performs the same operation as the conventional layer-wound transformer which it replaces, differing mostly therefrom in that it employs novel slotted coil form means around which the transformer coils are wound. The novel coil form means comprise hollow, electrically insulative means, the interior of which surrounds a portion of the transformer core means and the exterior of which is provided with a plurality of axially spaced circumferential slots. The primary and high-voltage windings are wound around and axially spaced from one another in the slots that are provided on the exterior of the-novel coil form means. AS set forth in the aforenoted, commonly assigned application, this novel slotwound transformer presents improvements over the conventional layer-wound transformer, which it replaces, in relation to such factors as more efficient transfer of heat away from the coil windings to the surrounding atmosphere, greater ease and lower costs of manufacture and increased reproducibility and reliability.

Furthermore, the axial spacing of the primary and high-voltage windings that is provided by the unique construction of the novel coil form means also permits the coefficient of coupling between the primary and high-voltage windings to be made ideal and constant. The present invention provides a novel method of tuning such as improved slot-wound transformer which represents a considerable simplification over the complex method which has previously been required to tune the layer-wound transformers which have heretofore been employed in this type of service.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The present invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of an assembled transformer which can be tuned in accordance with the method of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a right end elevational perspective view of the transformer illustrated in FIG. 1;

trated in FIG. 4; and

FIG. 6 illustrates a typical shape of the primary winding wave pulse of the transformer of FIGS. 1-5, which can be evaluated with means such as an oscilloscope and adjusted in accordance with the method of the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED METHOD .Referring now to the drawings and particularly to FIG. 1 thereof there is shown a presently preferred form of a transformer 10 which can be tuned in accordance with the presently preferred method of the present invention. The transformer 10 is mounted on a portion of shielding wall or other suitable support 11 that is provided within the housing of a television receiver or similar device (not shown). A pair of U-shaped sections 12 and 13, which may be molded of a ferrite or other suitable magnetic material, are assembled such that the legs of the U-shaped sections 12 and I3 confront each other. When so assembled, these magnetic sections form generally rectangular core means 14 for the transformer 10 and define a core window 15 at the center of the rectangle.

In order to hold the transformer 10 in its assembled position, a U-bolt 16 is provided. The U-bolt 16 has a pair of legs 17, which are threaded at their distal ends and extend through matching grooves 18 provided in legs of the core members 12 and 13. The legs of U-bolt 16 may be passed through apertures provided in the support plate 11 and the entire transformer I0 retained in its assembled position by means of a pair of nuts 19.

As illustrated in FIGS. 1-3, the transformer 10 is provided I with novel slotted coil form means 20 around which the transformer coils are wound.

Heretofore, the windings for such a transformer have been concentrically wound in layers, one layer directly over another, around an electrically insulative hollow cylindrical coil form that surrounded a portion of the core 'means. The windings have been concentrically arranged on the prior art cylindrical coil forms with the higher voltage windings located radially farthest from the core and thus having the greatest insulative gap between them and the core in order to inhibit electric arcing between the coil and the core. While such prior art concentric layer-wound construction has served to inhibit electric arcing between the coil and the core, the tapes and insulating sheets which have been used between the layers of wire forming the coils and the overlapping of the coil layers one over another have retarded the transfer of heat away from the coil to the surrounding atmosphere. Furthermore, it has been difficult to obtain consistency in operating characteristics with these conventional layer-wound transformers, and their production has required a slow and tedious manufacturing process, as well as a complex tuning operation.

As described in detail in the aforenoted co pending, commonly assigned application, it has been found that novel slotted coil-form means, such as the coil-form means 20 shown in FIGS. 1-3, provide a solution to the prior art problem of retarded heat transfer from the transformer coils to the surrounding atmosphere while avoiding any new problem with electric arcing between the coil high-voltage windings and the core means 14. In the form illustrated in the drawings, the novel coil form means 20 is formed of an electrically insulative material. While various electrically insulative materials may be utilized to produce the coil form means 20, good results have been obtained with flame-retardant polypropylene material, such as Escon I or Avisun 2356. And, although it might also be made of a plurality of parts, the novel coil form means illustrated in FIGS. l-3 comprises a lone hollow member, the interior of which surrounds a portion of core means 14 and the exterior is provided with a plurality of axially spaced circumferential slots 29-39 in which the coil windings are wound.

As illustrated in FIGS. l-3, the interior of the coil form means 20 comprises a hollow tubular portion 21 that is adapted to be slipped over and to surround the portion of the core means 14 that is defined by the legs of the core members 12 and 13 which comprise the upper wall of the core window 15. The exterior of the coil form means 20 comprises a generally frustoconical portion 22 having its convergent end joined to one end of the tubular interior portion 21 of the coilform means 20 and its divergent end being spaced apart from the tubular interior portion 21 by a gap 23 containing air or some other gaseous material. A plurality of axially spaced, circumferential, coil-receiving slots 29-39 are provided in the generally frustoconical exterior portion 22 of the coil-form means 20 and are separated from one another by partition members or ribs 40-49.

As best shown in FIG. 3, the slots 29-39 in the exterior of the coil form means 20 may be considered as being divided into two groups, Groups I and II. Group I includes two narrow slots 29 and 30 and one wide slot 31. The two narrow slots 29 and 30 receive the transformer auxiliary windings 50 for such auxiliary functions as boost voltage, AFC pulse, AGC keyer pulse, etc. The wide slot 31 receives the transformer primary windings 51. Group II includes the remaining slots 32-39 which receive the transformer high-voltage windings 52. The sizes of the slots 29-39 are of course determined by the size of the wire to be used and the number of turns required.

As illustrated in FIG. 3, the first three slots 29-31 adjacent the convergent end of the novel coil-form means 20 receive the auxiliary windings 50 and the primary windings 51 for the transformer 10. These three slots 29-31 and at least one slot for the high-voltage windings 52 (the slot 32 nearest the primary winding slot 31 as shown in the drawings) are spaced at substantially the same radial distance R, from the portion of the core means 14 which the coil-form means 20 surrounds, while the remaining high-voltage winding slots 33-39 are located at progressively increasing radial distances R,, R;,,- R, from that portion of the core means 14 such that a sufficiently great insulative barrier is provided between the transformer coil high-voltage windings 52 and the core means 14 to prevent electric arcing therebetween.

As further shown in FIG. 1, each of the partitions or ribs 4-49 on the exterior 22 of the coil-form means 20 is provided with a narrow slit 40s-49s to permit continuous winding of the coil-forming wires from slot to slot.

From the foregoing, it can be seen that, in accordance with the teachings of the aforenoted, copending, commonly assigned application, it is now possible to construct a suitable, in fact an improved, high-voltage transformer, such as the transformer 10, for television receivers and the like wherein the primary windings 51 and high-voltage windings 52 can be wound around and axially spaced apart from one another in a plurality of axially spaced circumferential slots 31-39 provided on the exterior 22 of hollow, electrically insulative coilform means 20, the interior of which 21 surrounds a portion of the transformer core means 14.

The present invention is particularly concerned with providing a novel method of tuning a slot-wound transformer which is generally similar in construction to the novel transformer illustrated in FIGS. 1-3.

FIG. 4 schematically illustrates a circuit diagram wherein a novel slot-wound transformer, generally similar in construction to the transformer 10, has been adapted for use as a horizontal sweep and high-voltage output transformer for a television receiver, and can be tuned by the novel method developed in accordance with the present invention.

As shown in FIG. 4, the primary winding 51 of the transformer 10 is adapted to be electrically connected by electrical conductors 53 and 54 across an electric power source, such as the horizontal sweep circuit drive means for a television receiver and the like (not shown in detail). A tuning capacitor 55 and a primary load 56 (shown in block), such 51, the deflection yoke for a television receiver and the like, are each electrically connected in parallel with the primary winding 51 across the conductors 53 and 54. And, the high-voltage winding 52 of the transformer 10 is electrically connected by another electric conductor 57 to a secondary load 58 (shown in block), such as the high-voltage rectifier and the anode of a television receiver picture tube and the like. As shown in shadow in FIG. 4, the circuit also has stray capacitance C from the high-voltage winding 52 to the primary winding 51, primary winding leakage capacitance C and high-voltage leakage capacitance to ground C For simplicity in understanding, the circuit can be reduced to the equivalent circuit shown in FIG. 5, wherein the tuning capacitor 55 is redesignated as equivalent primary winding capacitance C the stray and leakage capacitances C C C can be lumped together and redesignated as equivalent high-voltage winding capacitance C and the inductances of the primary winding 51 high-voltage winding 52 and primary load are respectively designated as L,, L,., L,,.

While several factors are involved in tuning a high-voltage transformer, the coefficient of coupling k is one of the most important. This coefficient of coupling k is dependent upon the physical placement of the transformer primary winding with respect to the transformer high-voltage winding. It has been known heretofore that the best or ideal value of the coefficient of coupling k for such transformers could only be obtained if the primary and high-voltage windings could be axially spaced apart from one another. However, prior to the invention described in the aforenoted copending, commonly assigned application it was thought that such axial spacing of the primary and high-voltage windings was impossible because of mechanical and electrical difficulties. Now, as shown in FIGS. l-3, it has been found possible to construct a high-voltage transformer, such as the slot-wound transformer 10, wherein the primary 51 and high-voltage 52 windings can be axially spaced apart from one another. Furthermore, this novel slotwound transformer construction permits the coefficient of coupling k to be made both ideal and also constant, since its value can be determined and fixed by the shape of the novel slotted coil-form means, such as the coil-form means 20 shown in FIGS. l-3.

Because the aforenoted unique structure of the slotted coilform means, such as the slotted coil-form means 20, permits the coefficient of coupling k to be made both ideal and constant, and since the primary load 56 is also usually fixed in value, tuning of a slot-wound transformer, such as the transformer 10, can be achieved by adjusting one or more of the only three variables which remain. As shown in FIG. 5, these three remaining variables are: C which can be varied by changing the value of the tuning capacitor 55; C which can be varied by changing the number of turns of the high-voltage windings 52; and L,,, which can be varied by changing the number of turns in the primary winding 51. The transformer is a random-wound type. Therefore, changing the number of turns in the primary 51 and high-voltage 52 windings is very simple, while the capacitor 55 may be made of a variable type for ease of adjustment.

In accordance with the present invention, it has been found that the transformer 10 can be tuned by a method comprising the following steps:

a. First, constructing a preliminary transformer having the general configuration of the transformer 10 shown in FIGS. l-3 of the drawing, omitting the illustrated auxiliary windings 50, and providing the approximate required number of turns for the primary 51 and high-voltage 52 windings wound around and axially spaced apart from one another on the novel slotted coil-form means 20;

b. Next, electrically connecting the primary winding 51 of the preliminary transformer to a primary load 56, such as the deflection yoke of a television receiver picture tube and the like;

c. Then, electrically connecting a tuning capacitor 55 in parallel with the primary winding 51;

d. Next, electrically connecting the high-voltage winding 52 of the preliminary transformer to a secondary load 58, such as the high-voltage rectifier and the anode of a television receiver picture tube;

e. Electrically connecting means, such as an oscilloscope 59 as schematically shown in FIG. 4, across the primary winding 51 of the preliminary transformer and energizing and evaluating the preliminary transformer in terms of the shape of the primary winding voltage pulse p with regards to its amplitude a, width w and harmonic relationship m. (FIG. 6 illustrates a typical desired pulse shape as seen on the oscilloscope 59); and

f. Now, assuming that the observed shape of the pulse p across the primary winding 51 is as desired except for the harmonic tuning relationship m, correcting this exception by adjusting the value of the tuning capacitor 55 (FIG. 4) to thus modify C and, hence CJC, (FIG. 5) and thereby obtain the desired harmonic tuning relationship m of the primary winding voltage pulse p (FIG. 6).

Hopefully, the foregoing steps will be sufficient to produce the desired tuning of an improved transformer, such as the transformer 10.

If, however, following completion of all the aforedescribed steps aexceptions still exist between the observed shape of the primary voltage wave pulse p and the desired shape thereof, certain additional steps can be performed in accordance with the method of the present invention to achieve the desired tuning of an improved transformer, such as the transformer 10. For example, if, upon evaluation of the shape of the primary voltage wave pulse p after completion of all of the aforedescribed steps a-f, both the amplitude a and the harmonic relationship m are as desired but the retrace time or pulse width w is not as desired, this latter deficiency may then be corrected in accordance with the method of the present invention by performing an additional step g of adjusting the number of turns in the high-voltage winding 52 (FIG. 4) to achieve the desired width or retrace time w of the pulse p. An increase of turns in the high-voltage winding 52 will increase the pulse width w, and vice versa. Repetition of the aforenoted step f may also be required after completion of this additional step 3 since a change in the number of turns in the high-voltage winding 52 will also cause a change in the equivalent highvoltage winding capacitance C (FIG. 5) and, hence, a change in the ratio of C IC Or, if, after completion of all of the aforedescribed steps a-f, it is impossible to obtain the desired harmonic relationship m of the pulse p through adjustment of the tuning capacitor 55 alone, this deficiency may then be corrected in accordance with the method of the present invention by performing an additional step h of adjusting the number of turns in the primary winding 51. And, repetition of steps f and 3 may also be required after completion of this additional step h.

Or, if, after completion of the aforedescribed steps a-f and/or step 3 and/or step h, the observed amplitude a of the voltage pulse p is not as desired, it may be corrected to the desired level, in accordance with the method of the present invention, by performing yet another additional step i of adjusting the number of turns in the high-voltage winding 52. And, repetition of one or all of the aforedescribed steps f, and/or 3, and/or h may also be required after completion of this additional step 1'.

Once the desired tuning of the preliminary transformer has been obtained in accordance with the aforedescribed method of the present invention, the preliminary transformer is then deenergized and the auxiliary winding 50 is then added and construction of the transformer 10 is completed.

Thus, it should be apparent from the foregoing description that the present invention provides a novel method for tuning a novel slot-wound transformer, such as the transformer 10, which can be accomplished by adjusting only three variables, the tuning capacitor 55, the number of turns in the primary winding 51 and the number of turns in the high-voltage winding 52 and, hence, is greatly simplified over the complex methods that have previously been required to tune the conventional layer-wound transformers which have heretofore been employed.

It should be apparent that while there has been described what, at present, is considered to be the preferred embodiment of this invention in accordance with the Patent Statutes, changes may be made in the disclosed method without actually departing from the true spirit and scope of this invention.

I claim:

1. A method of tuning a high-voltage transformer for television receivers and the like wherein the primary and high-voltage windings are wound around and axially spaced from one another in a plurality of axially spaced circumferential slots provided on the exterior of hollow, electrically insulative coilform means, the interior of which surrounds a portion of the transformer core means, said method comprising the steps of:

a. constructing a preliminary transformer with approximately the required number of turns of primary and high-voltage windings wound around and axially spaced apart from one another on the slotted coil-form means;

b. electrically connecting the primary winding to a primary load, such as the deflection yoke for a television receiver picture tube and the like;

c. electrically connecting a tuning capacitor in parallel with the primary winding;

d. electrically connecting the high-voltage winding to a secondary load, such as the high-voltage rectifier and the anode of a television receiver picture tube or the like;

e. electrically energizing and evaluating the preliminary transformer in terms of the shape of the primary winding voltage pulse;

f. adjusting the value of the tuning capacitor to thereby obtain as closely as possible the desired harmonic tuning of the primary winding voltage pulse; and adjusting the inductive value of the primary or the highvoltage windings by adding or removing turns thereof from ones of said axially spaced circumferential slots of said coil form means to thereby obtain the desired harmonic tuning of the primary winding voltage pulse.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the number of turns in the high-voltage winding is varied to thereby obtain the desired width of the primary winding voltage pulse.

3. The method of claim 1, wherein the number of turns in the primary winding is varied to thereby obtain the desired harmonic tuning of the primary winding voltage pulse.

4. The method of claim 1, wherein the number of turns in the high voltage winding is varied to thereby obtain the desired amplitude of the primary winding voltage pulse.

5. A method of tuning a high-voltage transformer for television receivers and the like wherein the primary and high-voltage windings are wound around and axially spaced from one another in a plurality of axially spaced circumferential slots provided on the exterior of hollow, electrically insulative coilform means, the interior of which surrounds a portion of the transformer core means, said method comprising the steps of:

a. constructing a preliminary transformer with approximately the required number of turns of primary and high-voltage windings wound around and axially spaced apart from one another on a slotted coil-form means;

b. electrically connecting the primary winding to a primary load, such as the deflection yoke for a television receiver picture tube and the like;

c. electrically connecting a tuning capacitor in parallel with the primary winding;

(1. electrically connecting the high-voltage winding to a secondary load, such as the high-voltage rectifier and the anode of a television receiver picture tube and the like;

e. electrically energizing and evaluating the preliminary transformer in terms of the shape of the primary winding voltage pulse;

f. adjusting the value of the tuning capacitor to thereby obtain the desired harmonic tuning of the primary winding voltage pulse;

g. adjusting the number of turns in the high-voltage winding to thereby obtain the desired width of the primary winding voltage pulse; and

h. adjusting the number of turns in the primary winding to

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4039924 *Dec 29, 1975Aug 2, 1977General Electric CompanyHigh voltage winding assembly with improved regulation
DE3733458A1 *Sep 30, 1987Apr 13, 1989Electronic Werke DeutschlandLine transformer for a television receiver (television set)
EP0710964A2 *Sep 15, 1995May 8, 1996VOGT electronic AGTransformer for generating two high tensions showing great potential difference
Classifications
U.S. Classification29/593
International ClassificationH01F38/42, H01F27/32
Cooperative ClassificationH01F2005/022, H01F38/42, H01F27/325, H01F2005/006
European ClassificationH01F38/42, H01F27/32D1
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jan 27, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: RCA LICENSING CORPORATION, TWO INDEPENDECE WAY, PR
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY, A NY CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004854/0730
Effective date: 19880126
Owner name: RCA LICENSING CORPORATION, A DE CORP.,NEW JERSEY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY, A NY CORP.;REEL/FRAME:4854/730
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY, A NY CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004854/0730