Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3645333 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 29, 1972
Filing dateSep 23, 1970
Priority dateSep 23, 1970
Publication numberUS 3645333 A, US 3645333A, US-A-3645333, US3645333 A, US3645333A
InventorsMaess Herbert W
Original AssigneeMaess Herbert W
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pitless well adapters
US 3645333 A
Abstract
A well casing has a boxlike adapter extension projecting laterally therefrom and there is a tubular nipple extending through an upright wall of the box above the bottom thereof, the nipple carrying an enlarged stainless steel bearing face within the wall of the adapter box which bearing face is provided with integral guideways at opposite sides thereof for receiving a wedge block projecting from a bronze T-fitting, said T-fitting and wedge block having a lateral passageway registrable with the opening of the nipple. The guideways are open at the bottom to allow the lower edge of the wedge block to project a short distance therethrough so that the ends of said lower edge contact the arcuate bottom wall of the adapter box when the wedge block is in operative position with respect to the nipple. Thus the load is carried by the bottom wall of the adapter box rather than by the guideway of the nipple. The nipple and guideway are of stainless steel to prevent electrolytic action and the wedge and guideways provide for a fast sealing engagement at the end of the insertion.
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Maass 1 Feb. 29, 1972 [54] PITLESS WELL ADAPTERS Herbert W. Maass, 10940 W. Congress St., Milwaukee, Wis. 53225 221 Filed: Sept. 23, 1970 1211 Appl.N0.: 74,663

[72] Inventor:

2,946,385 7/1960 Dicken ":166/85 Primary Examiner.lames A. Leppink Attorney-Morse & Morsell [57] ABSTRACT A well casing has a boxlike adapter extension projecting laterally therefrom and'there is a tubular nipple extending through an upright wall of the box above the bottom thereof, the nipple carrying an enlarged stainless steel bearing face within the wall of the adapter box which bearing face is provided with integral guideways at opposite sides thereof for receiving a wedge block projecting from a bronze T-fitting, said T-fitting and wedge block having a lateral passageway registrable with the opening of the nipple. The guideways are open at the bottom to allow the lower edge of the wedge block to project a short distance therethrough so that the ends of said lower edge contact the arcuate bottom wall of the adapter box when the wedge block is in operative position with respect to the nipple. Thus the load is carried by the bottom wall of the adapter box rather than by the guideway of the nipple. The nipple and guideway are of stainless steel to prevent electrolytic action and the wedge and guideways provide for a fast sealing engagement at the end of the insenion.

10 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures PAIENTEUFB29 I972 SHEET 1 OF 2 INVENTOR HERBERT w. MAASS ATTORNEYS PATENTED FEB 2 9 I972 SHEET 2 BF 2 lllllln if M a/ I i 0 z 2 1 6 i a a m i w M E INVENTOR HERBERT W. MAASS ATTORNEYS PITLESS WELL ADAPTERS The present invention relates to well systems of the pitless variety, and relates to means for making a connection between the flow pipe and the casing and the laterally extending service pipe leading therefrom.

2. Description of the Prior Art In my former patent No. 3,467,181, dated Sept. 16, 1969, a separate stainless steel bushing must be employed to prevent electrolytic action between the stationary bearing face and the bronze wedge block, the guideways for the wedge block being formed by ribs which are welded to the sides of the adapter box so that the entire load of the flow pipe and submersible pump is carried by these ribs, which ribs must be made strong and must be carefully welded to the sides of the box. In Haydin U.S. Pat. No. 2,960,166 a similar construction is illustrated but here also the load is taken by the flanges 29 which form the guideways for the wedge block, and these must likewise be made strong and the welding to the sidewalls must be carefully performed. It is less expensive from a manufacturing standpoint to be able to fonn the guideways separately from the adapter housing, but a problem arises with such a construction because it must be able to support the weight of the flow pipe as well as the weight of the submersible pump, which may total two tons.

The Dickens U.S. Pat. No. 2,946,385 discloses a guideway which is integral with a nipple, but this element had to be made extra strong and is provided with a bottom ledge in order to support the necessary weight.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The improved adapter provides a guideway which is so supported and positioned in an adapter housing that portions of the lower edge of the wedge block abut the bottom of the adapter box when the parts are in assembled relationship so that the load is borne by the bottom of the adapter box rather than by the guideway flanges.

A further object of the invention is to provide a construction as above described in which there is an integral service pipe nipple and bearing face with the latter forming the wedge block guideway whereby the necessity of providing a separate stainless steel bushing to prevent electrolytic action or rust is eliminated.

A further object of the invention is to provide a wedge block construction for use in pitless well adapters which permits the guideways to be of relatively lightweight stampings, and wherein the arrangement is such that the wedge block is supported on the bottom of the adapter box to relieve the guideways of any direction and strain of a type which might result in breaking of the seal between the wedge block and its mating face.

A further object of the invention is to provide an improved pitless well adapter in which the wedge block has an O-ring adapted to seal against the stationary face, the construction being so worked out as to minimize friction on the O-ring during insertion and removal of the wedge block, while still providing means for bringing the O-ring in fast and tight at the end of the insertion.

A further object of the invention is to provide a pitless well adapter of the type described which is simple in construction, inexpensive to manufacture, easy to install and manipulate when the well is being serviced, which meets all sanitary and code requirements, and which is otherwise well adapted for the purposes described.

With the above and other objects in view, the invention consists of the improved pitless well adapter, and all of its parts and combinations, as set forth in the claims, and all equivalents thereof.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the accompanying drawings, wherein the same reference characters designate the same or similar parts in all of the views:

FIG. 1 is a vertical sectional view through a well casing and adapter box showing the T-fitting in operative position, parts being broken away and shown in section;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view showing the wedge block about to be inserted in the guideway;

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary view, partially in vertical section looking at the inside of the box and showing the support for the lower comers of the wedge block;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary side elevational view of a modification showing a wedge block about to be inserted in a guideway, part of the adapter box being shown in cross section;

FIG. 5 is a view taken on the line 4-4 of FIG. 3;

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary side elevational view of a wedge block about to be inserted in a guideway, illustrating another modification;

FIG. 7 is a view taken approximately on the line 6-6 of FIG. 5; and

FIG. 8 is a view similar to FIG. 1 showing still another modification.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now more particularly to the drawing, first to FIGS. 1 and 2, the well casing 8 has an opening 9 in a sidewall. A steel adapter box 10 of generally rectangular form has a slightly inclined upper wall 11, a slightly inclined lower wall 12 which is transversely curved as shown in FIG. 3, and sidewalls 13. The end and sidewalls of the box 10 are positioned within the margin of the opening 9, and the box is welded in position as at 14 in the manner more fully described in my prior U.S. Pat. No. 3,467,181. The box 10 is positioned below the frost level and has a nipple or service pipe opening 15. A stainless steel nipple 16, for communication with a service pipe, has its inner end welded to the margin of an opening 17 in a stainless steel bearing face 18 to provide in effect an integral nipple and bearing face construction which is preferably formed of a 304 stainless steel to afford maximum resistance to electrolytic action, rust and corrosion. The bearing face 18 has bent side flanges 19 which in turn have front flanges 20 bent inwardly therefrom toward one another. The front flanges 20 have upwardly projecting, forwardly curved, guiding extensions 21. The construction is such as to provide downwardly tapering guideways at opposite sides of the bearing face 18, which guideways are open at the bottom.

The nipple and guideway element of FIG. 2 is installed in the manner shown in FIG. 1 with the nipple projecting through the hole 15 of the adapter box and welded in position as at 22. When in position, the lower edge 23 of the bearing face is slightly above the bottom of the adapter box 10 but the lower ends 24 of the guideway flanges are spaced above the bottom of the adapter box as shown in FIG. 1.

A flow pipe-supporting fitting in the form of a unitary combination T-coupling and wedge block 25 has an upper socket portion 26 to which the lower end of the drop pipe 27 is threadedly connected, and has a lower socket portion 28 to which the upper end of the flow pipe 29 is threadedly connected, the lower end of the flow pipe extending down into the well and customarily supporting a submersible pump. The unitary casting 25 is formed of bronze. It has an outlet conduit 30 in a lateral extension 31. The outer end of the extension is in the form of a wedge block 32 having a straight flat outer face for coaction with the bearing face 18 of the nipple. The outer face of the wedge block has a circular groove 33 within which an O-ring 34 of rubberlike material is seated to project a short distance beyond the face of the wedge block.

The inner face of the wedge block is inclined as shown in FIG. 1, and there are edge grooves 35 which coact with the guiding flanges 20, there being shoulders 36 which ride against the inner edges of the flanges 20. The lower corners of the wedge block are preferably obliquely ground for easy entrance, the arrangement being such that when the wedge block is inserted in the guideways as shown in FIG. 2, it will first rest against the extensions 21 of the flanges and, as the wedge block is lowered, it will be gradually guided nearer the bearing face 18, the tapers maintaining the sealing ring out of rubbing engagement with the bearing face until the wedge block is just about in engagement when it will be brought in fast so that the O-ring 34 will make a tight seal against the bearing face as shown in FIG. 1. The relative position of the parts is such that when the O-ring is in tight sealing condition, with the fitting in operative registration with the service pipe opening, the wedge block is supported on the bottom wall 12 of the adapter box 10, as indicated at S in FIGS. 1 and 3. Thus the load of the piping, together with the submersible pump carried thereby, which may exert a two-ton force in a downward direction, will be borne by the bottom 12 of the adapter housing 10. This makes it possible to provide a guideway of FIG. 2 which is integral with the nipple and which has integral flanges 19 and 20, which would normally be too light to withstand the downward force without becoming distorted and breaking the O-ring seal. With the present construction the guiding element only has to withstand the water pump pressure, which is a maximum of I50 pounds.

Due to the fact that the bottom wall 12 of the adapter box 10 is transversely arcuate, the engagement between the lower edge of the wedge block 32 and the bottom 12 is only at the comers as at S in FIG. 3. Thus support is furnished by the bottom 12 of the box with only minimum contact between the bronze wedge block and the nonstainless steel wall 12, so that any electrolytic action or corrosion which results from th contact at S is too small to be of consequence.

FIGS. 4 and 5 illustrate a modification in which all of the parts which correspond to parts of FIG. 1 are designated by the same numerals preceded by the digit 1. The principle difference in this form of the invention is that the guideways 132 are straight and of uniform width throughout the major portion of their length. At the bottom, however, the flanges 120 are bent toward the bearing face 118 as shown at 120'. In addition, the sides of the wedge block are straight and of uniform thickness throughout the major portion of their length as at 150. The upper ends of said portions are of increased thickness as at 151, and there is an intervening inclined shoulder 152. Near the lower ends the thickness 150 is gradually reduced as at 153 to merge with lower end portions 154 of substantially reduced thickness. As a result of this construction, when the wedge block is inserted in the guideway, it will be initially guided by the upwardly projecting extensions 121 of the flanges 120, and the sealing ring will be kept out of contact with the bearing face until the shouldered portions 151 ride down the curved extensions 121, this resulting in bringing the O-ring in fast at the end of the insertion, there also being coaction between the angle portions 153 of the wedge block and the angle portions 120' of the guideway flanges 120. The relative position of the parts is such, just as in the form of the invention of FIG. 1, that the comers of the lowers edge of the wedge block are supported on bottom wall 112 of the adapter box 110, there being enough give in the O- ring to allow the wedge to hit the bottom of the box 110. In this form of the invention, as in the form of FIG. 1, the nipple 116, with its integral bearing face 118 and flanges 119 and 120, is formed of stainless steel, and the wedge block 150 is a part of a unitary T-coupling and wedge block element just as the element 25 of FIG. 1 which is formed of bronze.

The form of the invention shown in FIGS. 6 and 7 is similar to the form of the invention of FIG. 4 and is used in the same way. Here all of the corresponding elements are designated by the same reference numerals used in FIG. 1 but preceded by the digit 2. In this fomi of the invention all of the parts operate similarly to those previously described in connection with FIGS. 4 and 5. However, at the bottom of the guideways, in addition to having the flanges 220' tapered for the same purpose heretofore described in connection with the flange of FIG. 4, the side flanges 219 have their lower ends obliquely tapered as at 219'. This aids in centering the wedge block and in forming a tight seal at the end of the insertion.

In the form of the invention of FIG. 8 all of the corresponding parts are identified by the same numerals as used in FIG. 1 preceded by the digit -3". Here the nipple 316 is separate and there is a separate stainless steel bushing 360 which carries the stainless steel bearing face 318. In this form of the invention the bearing face does not provide the guideways. Instead, guideway forming members 320 are welded to the sides 313 of the adapter box 310. These guideways are separated the same as in FIG. 3 and provide an outwardly curved, upwardly projecting extension 321, and inwardly angled lower end portions 320. This construction differs from the arrangement of my prior US. Pat. No. 3,467,l 81 in that the guideways 321 which are welded to the sides of the box 310 can be made lighter weight because the relationship of parts is such that the lower comers of the wedge block 332 are supported as at S on the bottom wall of the casing. Thus the flange 320 does not have to stand the load.

It is to be understood that I do not desire to be limited to the exact details of construction shown and described, for obvious modifications will occur to a person skilled in the art.

What I claim is:

1. In a pitless well adapter having a box with a back and a bottom wall, and having a service pipe opening in said back, a bearing surface supported in said box and having an opening in registration with the service pipe opening in said back, a flow-pipe-supporting fitting having a laterally projecting wedge block with a bearing surface, said fitting having a liquid opening through said wedge block which is complementary to the service pipe opening of the box, guideway means in said box positioned to slideably receive said wedge block and to guide it to and from a position in which its opening is in registration with said service pipe opening, the improvement comprising having the lower end of said guideway means sufficiently open that the lower edge of the wedge block projects a short distance therethrough into contact with the bottom wall of said box, whereby the latter may support the load on the fitting, the parts being so positioned relative to one another and relative to the bottom of the box that there is supporting engagement between the wedge block and the bottom of the box at the same time that the fitting is in operative registration with the service pipe opening, the bottom of the box being laterally curved so that only the lower edge corners of the wedge block are in supporting engagement with said bottom wall.

2. In a pitless well adapter having a box with a back and a bottom wall, and having a service pipe opening in said back, a bearing surface supported in said box and having an opening in registration with the service pipe opening in said back, a flow-pipe-supporting fitting having a laterally projecting wedge block with a bearing surface, said fitting having a liquid opening through said wedge block which is complementary to the service pipe opening of the box, guideway means in said box positioned to slideably receive said wedge block and to guide it to and from a position in which its opening is in registration with said service pipe opening, the improvement comprising having the lower end of said guideway means sufficiently open that the lower edge of the wedge block projects a short distance therethrough into contact with the bottom wall of said box, whereby the latter may support the load on the fitting, the parts being so positioned relative to one another and relative to the bottom of the box that there is supporting engagement between the wedge block and the bottom of the box at the same time that the fitting is in operative registration with the service pipe opening, the bearing surface which is supported in the box being a stainless steel stamping having side flanges bent to provide the guideway for the wedge block.

3. In a pitless well adapter having a box with a back and a bottom wall, and having a service pipe opening in said back, a bearing surface supported in said box and having an opening in registration with the service pipe opening in said back, a flow-pipetsupporting fitting having a laterally projecting wedge block with a bearing surface, said fitting having a liquid opening through said wedge block which is complementary to the service pipe opening of the box, guideway means in said box positioned to slideably receive said wedge block and to guide it to and from a position in which its opening is in registration with said service pipe opening, the improvement comprising having the lower end of said guideway means sufficiently open that the lower edge of the wedge block projects a short distance therethrough into contact with the bottom wall of said box, whereby the latter may support the load on the fitting, the parts being so positioned relative to one another and relative to the bottom of the box that there is supporting engagement between the wedge block and the bottom of the box at the same time that the fitting is in operative registration with the service pipe opening, the guideway means including oppositely disposed, upright elements spaced inwardly from the bearing surface which is supported in the box, and having upwardly projecting, inwardly curved extensions, the wedge block having side portions fitting between said guideway elements and the last-mentioned bearing surface, and said upwardly projecting extensions of the guideway elements being adapted to coact with the wedge block during insertion to facilitate insertion movement.

4. In a pitless well adapter having a box with a back and a bottom wall, and having a service pipe opening in said back, a bearing surface supported in said box and having an opening in registration with the service pipe opening in said back, a flow-pipe-supporting fitting having a laterally projecting wedge block with a bearing surface, said fitting having a liquid opening through said wedge block which is complementary to the service pipe opening of the box, guideway means in said box positioned to slideably receive said wedge block and to guide it to and from a position in which its opening is in registration with said service pipe opening, the improvement comprising having the lower end of said guideway means sufficiently open that the lower edge of the wedge block projects a short distance therethrough into contact with the bottom wall of said box, whereby the latter may support the load on the fitting, the parts being so positioned relative to one another and relative to the bottom of the box that there is supporting engagement between the wedge block and the bottom of the box at the same time that the fitting is in operative registration with the service pipe opening, the guideway means including oppositely disposed, upright elements spaced inwardly from the bearing surface which is supported in the box, said elements having lower ends which are curved inwardly toward the back wall of the box, the wedge block having lower side portions shaped to coact with said lower and curved portions to accelerate movement of the wedge block toward sealing engagement at the end of insertion.

5. A pitless well adapter as claimed in claim 3 in which the upright guideway elements have lower ends which are curved inwardly toward the back wall of the box, the wedge block having lower side portions shaped to coact with said lower end curved portions to accelerate movement of the wedge block toward sealing engagement at the end of insertion.

6. A pitless well adapter as claimed in claim 3 in which the side portions of the wedge block have opposite edge grooves receiving said guiding elements.

7. A pitless well adapter as claimed in claim 3 in which the opposite portions of the wedge block which slideably fit within the guideway elements have upper end portions of increased thickness to coact with said guideway elements in producing a fast engagement at the end of the insertion stroke.

8. A pitless well adapter as claimed in claim 7 in which said upper portions of increased thickness are connected by angular shoulders with the portions therebelow.

of the uiding elements.

l0. pitless well adapter as claimed in claim 2 in which the fitting and wedge block are formed of bronze.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2946385 *Sep 5, 1956Jul 26, 1960Dicken Robert WWell system
US2960166 *Apr 3, 1957Nov 15, 1960ReuterWell pump adapter
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3782462 *Apr 28, 1972Jan 1, 1974Martinson Mfg Co IncPitless well adaptor
US3851898 *Dec 13, 1973Dec 3, 1974Elepon Kogyo KkPipe connecting device for submersible pump
US4886426 *May 9, 1989Dec 12, 1989Surinak John JSubmergible pump connecting ejector adapter and guide rail assembly
US5746273 *May 9, 1996May 5, 1998Surinak; John J.Pitless well adapter
US6237685 *Oct 29, 1998May 29, 2001John J. SurinakBolt-on well adapter
US7488007 *May 18, 2006Feb 10, 2009Weber Walter LSlip fit quick disconnect pipe coupler
US8079620 *Dec 19, 2008Dec 20, 2011Weber Walter LSlip fit quick disconnect pipe coupler
US20060279079 *May 18, 2006Dec 14, 2006Weber Walter LSlip fit quick disconnect pipe coupler
US20090308865 *Dec 17, 2009Kautex Textron Gmbh & Co. KgFuel container and method for maintenance of a fuel container
WO2004067864A1 *Jan 26, 2004Aug 12, 2004Intermediker Kft.Rapid coupling
Classifications
U.S. Classification166/85.2, 166/88.4
International ClassificationE21B33/00
Cooperative ClassificationE21B33/00
European ClassificationE21B33/00