|Publication number||US3648940 A|
|Publication date||Mar 14, 1972|
|Filing date||Feb 4, 1970|
|Priority date||Feb 4, 1970|
|Publication number||US 3648940 A, US 3648940A, US-A-3648940, US3648940 A, US3648940A|
|Original Assignee||Meredith Diven|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (5), Classifications (17)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Meredith 1 Mar. 14,1972
 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FILAMENT WINDING Diven Meredith, 87-135 Avenue 56, Thermal, Calif. 92274 22 Fi1ed:' Feb. 4, 1970 211 Appl No.: 8,488
 US. Cl. ..242/54 R, 242/35.5 R, 242/47,
242/1298, 242/1561, 242/170  Int. Cl. ..B65h 75/00, 1365b 49/04  Field of Search ..B65h/59/04; 242/355, 54, 47,
2,761,632 9/1956 Clarkson 3,159,902 12/1964 Mertens FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 977,062 11/1950 France ..242/130 1,227,197 2/1960 France ..242/147 Primary Examiner-Stanley N. Gilreath Attorney-Lyon and Lyon  ABSTRACT This invention concerns a method and apparatus for simultaneously winding a plurality of filaments to fonn a mass transfer unit' A series of filaments axially spaced along a central core member are wound upon it as it is turned about a longitudinal axis to initially secure the spaced filaments thereto. Separator blocks are then placed in position one at a time while turning the core member to clamp the filaments between the separator blocks and the core member. The core member and separator blocks continue turning while additional separator blocks are added one at a time to form a plurality of radial stacks of separator blocks so that the filaments are clamped between adjacent separator blocks in each stack. Simultaneously the filaments are fed axially so that they are wound helically on the separator blocks. One aspect of the method is to insure proper action in withdrawing each filament from its supply coil without backlash or tangling; each coil is secured in a generally upright stationary position within a container, which is then filled with discrete rounded particles to a depth to surround and submerge the supply coil, and the filament is then pulled upward off the upper end of the supply coil. Apparatus particularly adapted for carrying out this method includes a pair of axially spaced supports mounted to turn on a common axis with radial guide channels on each support for receiving and supporting one end of each of the separator blocks to form plurality of radial stacks.
5 Claims, 6 Drawing Figures METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FILAMENT WINDING This invention relates to a method and apparatus for simultaneously winding a plurality of filaments to form a mass transfer unit such as shown in my prior US. Pat. No. 3,463,463, granted Aug. 26, l969, entitled Mass Transfer Device for Contacting a Liquid with a Gas. Such a unit may be described as comprising a series of substantially horizontal tensioned filaments disposed in spaced relation so that liquid may drip downward from one filament to the next. Mass transfer units of this type have met with considerable commercial success in pressure cooling installations for fruits, vegetables, etc. The mechanical construction of such a mass transfer unit may comprise a central core with several, typically four, stacks of separator blocks radiating from the central core, with the filaments clamped between adjacent separator blocks and extending free and unsupported between the stacks.
In accordance with this invention, the method of making such a mass transfer device comprises simultaneously winding a plurality of filaments. The filaments are axially spaced along one side of an axially extending core member and the core member is turned about its longitudinal axis to wind the filaments around the core member. Separator blocks are then added one at a time to clamp the filaments between the separator blocks and a side of the core member. The core member and separator blocks continue turning while intermittently adding additional separator blocks one at a time to form a plurality of radial stacks of separator blocks, so that the filaments are clamped between adjacent separator blocks in each stack. At the same time, the filaments are fed axially during the turning movement in order that the filaments may take a helical path.
Apparatus particularly adapted for carrying out this method includes a pair of axially spaced supports power driven to turn about a common axis. The supports have radial guide channels, for example four, for receiving and supporting one end of each of a plurality of separator blocks which are added during the winding operation to form a plurality of radial stacks. A group of axially spaced filament guide pulleys are disposed parallel to the axis and are caused to move axially back and forth as the winding operation progresses.
Because of the variable and uneven rate of unwinding the filament strands from their individual supply coils, backlash and tangling may be encountered with conventional coil unwinding apparatus. In order to overcome this difficulty, each filament supply coil is secured in a generally upright stationary position within a container, the container filled with discrete rounded particles to a depth to completely submerge the supply coil, and the filament strand is pulled upward off the upper end of the supply coil.
Other objects and advantages will appear hereinafter.
IN THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a front elevation of a preferred embodiment of an apparatus for simultaneously winding a plurality of filaments to form the mass transfer unit described above.
FIG. 2 is a side elevation taken substantially on the lines 2- 2 as shown on FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is an end elevation of a mass transfer unit of the type produced by the method and apparatus of this invention.
FIG. 4 is a side elevation of the device shown in FIG. 3.
FIG. 5 is an end view partly broken away, in diagrammatic form, showing details of the device shown in FIG. 3.
FIG. 6 is a diagrammatic perspective view showing how the filaments are simultaneously wrapped around the core member and separator blocks.
Referring to the drawings, the stationary frame generally designated 10 includes a pair of upright posts 11 and 12 connected at their upper end by a horizontal header 13. A first rotary stub shaft 14 is mounted in a bearing assembly 15 fixed on the post 11, and a second rotary stub shaft 16 is mounted on a bearing assembly 17 carried on the post 12. The stub shafts 14 and 16 are in axial alignment. Means are provided for rotating the stub shafts in unison and, as shown in the drawings, this means includes a variable speed electric motor 18 mounted on the frame 10 and connected to drive the shafts l9 and 20 through a reduction gear assembly 21. Stub shaft 14 is driven through a chain and sprocket connection 22 from shaft 19, and similarly stub shaft 16 is driven through a chain and sprocket connection 23 from shaft 20.
A sleeve member 25 is slidably keyed to stub shaft 14, and a shifter collar 26 mounted to rotate on the sleeve 25 is connected through a bellcrank assembly 27 for operation by a double acting power cylinder assembly 28. This assembly 28 is pivotally mounted at 29 on the post 11 and acts to shift the sleeve 25 axially on the stub shaft 14.
A large circular flange 31 is fixed to the sleeve 25 and is thus supported on the stub shaft 14. A similar large circular flange 32 is fixed on and is carried by the stub shaft 16. The flange 32 is provided on its inner surface with four radially extending guide channels 33, each supported on a large number of transfer spring fingers 34 (see FIG. 2). The guide channels 33 are equally spaced about the large flange 32. Similarly, the large flange 32 is provided with four radiating equally spaced guide channels 35 mounted on spring fingers 36. Each guide channel 35 is in direct confronting parallel relation with one of the guide channels 33, so that separator blocks 37 may be manually installed in parallel guide channels, during the winding operation described below. Four stiffener bars 40 are mounted on the outside faces of each of the large diameter flanges 31 and 32 and serve to maintain radial alignment of the flanges.
A series of filament guide pulleys 42, one for each filament strand a, b, c, d, etc., are fixed in axially spaced position on a pulley shaft 43. This shaft is carried on self-aligning bearings 44 and 45 suspended on parallel straps 46 connected by pivots 47 to the header 13. The pulley shaft 43 is parallel to the rotary axis of the stub shafts 14 and 16 and are caused to move axially back and forth by means of the rotary cam 49 and follower roller 50. The spring 51 holds the follower roller 50 in engagement with the surface of the cam 49. The cam 49 is fixed on shaft 53 mounted in bearing assembly 54 on post 12 and is driven by chain and sprocket connections 55 and 56 from the stub shaft 16. Accordingly, rotation of the flanges 31 and 32 is accompanied by back and forth movement of the pulley shaft 43 and filament guide pulleys 42. Two of the pulleys 42a and 42b are spaced wider apart than the others to provide a blank space not wrapped by filaments, for the purpose of installing a dowel rod, as described below.
In operation, a central core member 60 is positioned centrally between the flanges 31 and 32. This core member 60 may comprise a wood post square in cross section. It is installed in axially extending central position by retracting the flange 31 by means of the power cylinder assembly 28 and bellcrank 27. The flange 31 is then returned to its operating position and the core member 60 is clamped endwise between the flanges. Each of the guide channels 33 and 35 radiate from one of the flat faces of the core member 60. The individual filaments a, b, c, d, etc., are preferably formed of polypropylene and are crimped in a zigzag fashion. This crimping produces offset prominences which contribute to an overall elastic effect to overcome any sag characteristics which might be encountered with straight noncrimped filaments. The filaments which pass over the guide pulleys 42 are manually drawn downward into the level of the core members 60, or below. The filaments are attached to the core member by any convenient means; for example, they may be drawn together in a bundle and tacked loosely to the core member 60 by tying a knot. The core member 60 is then rotated by turning of the flanges 31 and 32 in unison. This is accomplished by manually operating one of the buttons on the control panel 61 to cause the electric motor 18 to drive the stub shafts 14 and 16 in unison. A few revolutions of the core member 60 cause the filaments to spread out in spaced relationship on the core member, in accordance with the spacing of the filament guide pulleys 42 on the pulley shaft 43. At this point, the individual filaments a, b, c, d, etc., are in the position shown in FIG. 1 of the drawings.
While the central core member 60 is turning in the direction of the arrow 62, one of the separator blocks 37 is placed in the guide channels 33 and 35 which are nearest the front of the machine, and the separator block 37 is moved toward the rotary axis until separator block contacts the core member 60, clamping the filaments between the separator block and the core member 60. This operation of inserting the separator block occurs while the guide channels 33 and 35 are moving toward vertical position. This operation may be performed by automatic feed equipment, not shown, or manually by the operator. As the separator block 37 turns with the core member 60, the separator block 37 is contacted by each of the filaments a, b, c, d, etc., and is thus held in position against the core member 60. It is prevented from dropping downward by gravity along the guide channels 33 and 35 as it moves under the central core member 60 as the rotation continues. Each time a pair of guide channels 33 and 35 approach vertical position above the core member 60, the operator manually inserts another separator block 37, and the filaments wrap around it and hold it against movement radially outward. The diagram of FIG. 6 shows the position of the core member 60 after the first two separator blocks 37 have been installed.
The turning motion of the flanges 31 and 32 and of the central core member 60 and separator blocks 37 continues, with the operator manually adding four separator blocks 37, one at a time, for each revolution of the flanges. Four stacks 63 of separator blocks 37 are thus built up radially from the central core member 60 along the guide channels 33 and 35. The filaments are clamped between adjacent separator blocks 37 and extend free and unsupported between the radiating stacks 63. During the rotary motion of the flanges, the pulley shaft 43 is caused to reciprocate axially by the rotary cam 49 and follower 50, and the extent of lateral movement is slightly less than the axial spacing of the guide pulleys 42 on the pulley shaft 43. The rotary cam 49 turns at a slower rate than the stub shafts l4 and 16, so that a number of revolutions of the flanges are required before the pulley shaft 43 has moved forward and back through its complete cycle of motion.
When the mass transfer packing unit (as shown in FIG. 3) has been built up to the desired size, in accordance with the above-described method, the rotation is stopped and the operator uses a jig, not shown, to drill four radial holes through the center of each stack 63 of wooden separator blocks 37. The holes are drilled deep enough to enter the central core member 60. A dowel pin 65 is then installed in each of the holes to prevent any lateral shifting of the separator blocks 37. End caps 66 are then installed and secured at the outer end of each of the stacks 63, and the filament strands are cut, to complete the assembly. The assembly may then be withdrawn from the machine by operating the power cylinder assembly 28 to cause the bellcrank 27 to retract the flange 31.
Although four stacks 63 of separator blocks have been shown and described in connection with the process and apparatus, it will be understood that a greater or lesser number ofstacks may be used.
Since the required feed rate of filament strands varies widely during uniform rotation of the device being constructed, considerable difficulty may be encountered in preventing backlash and tangling of the filaments as they are being withdrawn from their respective helically wound supply coils. It has been found that this objectionable backlash and tangling may be entirely eliminated by placing each supply coil 70 in an upright position within the container 71, and fixing the lower end 72 of the supply coil so that it remains upright within the container and does not turn. The container is then filled to a level to surround and submerge the entire supply coil 70 with discrete solid rounded particles 73. For crimped polypropylene filaments of approximately 0.010 inch nominal per cross section, it has been found that the rounded kernels of the comlike agricultural product maize, often used as cattle feed, operate satisfactoril The "hydraulic" head of the kernels provide an mwardirected force preventing looseness and backlash of the filament as it is being withdrawn from the supply coil. Lightweight ballbearings would work equally well. Polished rice grains have been found unsatisfactory because they are oblong rather than rounded and tend to pack together. Sand grains are too angular and also pack together to give unsatisfactory results. The depth of the discrete solid rounded particles, as well as the density thereof, controls the degree of tension required in the filament to cause unwrapping movement from the supply coil.
Each of the containers 71 is provided with a removable cover 74 having a central aperture 75 directly above the centerline of the supply coil 70 and through which the filament from the coil passes. The filament tension is maintained at the desired level and objectionable backlash and tangling are eliminated, even though the rate of feed of filaments from the supply coil is irregular. 7
Having fully described my invention it is to be understood that I am not to be limited to the details herein set forth but that my invention is of the full scope of the appended claims.
1. The method of withdrawing a filament from a helically wound supply coil comprising: mounting the supply coil in a generally upright position below the level of a blanket of discrete smooth rounded particles surrounding the supply coil, to produce inward forces on the coil throughout its length preventing looseness of the coiled filament, and pulling the filament off one end of the supply coil.
2. The method set forth in claim 1 in which the particles comprise a natural agricultural seed product.
3. The method set forth in claim 1 in which the particles comprise milo maize.
4. The method of withdrawing a filament from a helically wound supply coil comprising: mounting the supply coil in a generally upright stationary position within a container, filling the container with discrete smooth rounded particles to a depth to completely surround the supply coil, to produce inward forces on the coil throughout its length preventing looseness of the coiled filament, and pulling the filament upward off the upper end of the supply coil.
5. The method of withdrawing a filament from a helically wound supply coil comprising: mounting the supply coil in a stationary position below the level of a blanket of discrete smooth rounded particles surrounding and submerging the supply coil, to produce inward forces on the coil throughout its length preventing looseness of the filament on the coil and pulling the filament through the blanket off one end of the supply coil.
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|US2253238 *||Jan 19, 1938||Aug 19, 1941||American Enka Corp||Apparatus for winding strandular material|
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|U.S. Classification||242/422.5, 242/129.8, 242/170, 242/156.1, 242/470, 242/593|
|International Classification||B65H49/02, B65H49/00, B21C47/20, B21C47/00, B65H81/00|
|Cooperative Classification||B21C47/20, B65H49/02, B65H81/00|
|European Classification||B65H81/00, B65H49/02, B21C47/20|