Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3650452 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 21, 1972
Filing dateSep 30, 1970
Priority dateSep 30, 1970
Also published asCA964509A1
Publication numberUS 3650452 A, US 3650452A, US-A-3650452, US3650452 A, US3650452A
InventorsFinke Eugene W
Original AssigneeMonarch Marking Systems Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tag attacher
US 3650452 A
Abstract
There is disclosed apparatus for attaching tags to a variety of articles by means of fasteners. A typical fastener useable in connection with the apparatus has a bar section at one end, a head or button section at the other end, and these sections are joined by a filament section. The fasteners can be interconnected to provide a unitary fastener assembly. The tag attaching apparatus is illustrated as including a body in which a tubular member such as a needle is mounted. The needle has an elongated bore, a side opening or slot communicating with the bore, a sharp piercing end at one end, a cutting edge at its other end and another slot through which a bar section can enter the bore. The needle has a rack which meshes with a segment of a pinion by which the needle can be driven into or out of the body. The body mounts operating and drive levers, and a one-piece ratchet wheel and feed wheel. A push rod in alignment with the bore is guided for reciprocatable movement in the body and is connected to the drive lever by a pin-and-slot connection. A pawl cooperates with the ratchet wheel and a slide interconnects the pawl with the drive lever. There is a pin-and-slot connection between the drive lever and the slide and there is a pin-and-slot, lost-motion, connection between the slide and the pawl. The slide and the pawl are guided for reciprocatable movement relative to each other and relative to the feed wheel. A spring is used to return the push rod and the levers to their initial positions and to cause the ratchet wheel to be driven to advance the fasteners when the operating handle is released.
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent Finke [4 1 Mar. 21, 1972 I541 TAG ATTACHER [5 1. ansraser ,2 .2 [72] Inventor: Eugene W. Finke, Miamisbur Ohio There is disclosed apparatus for attachin tags to a variet of g l b f f A l f bl artic es y means 0 asteners. typzica astener usea e in [73] Asslgnee The Marking system Company connection with the apparatus has a bar section at one end, a Dayton Ohm head or button section at the other end, and these sections are 22 i Sept 30, 970 joined by a filament section. The fasteners can be interconnected to provide a unitary fastener assembly. The tag at- PP 76,842 taching apparatus is illustrated as including a body in which a tubular member such as a needle is mounted. The needle has 52 US. Cl ..227/67, 227/76, 227/95 ebngated a sifjeopening f" i [51] ML CL." "B65c 5/06 the bore, a sharp piercing end at one end, a cutting edge at its 58 Field of Search ..227/67, 68, 93, 95, 96; end and thmugh which a bar 1 12/104 enter the bore. The needle has a rack which meshes with a segment of a pinion by which the needle can be driven into or out of the body. The body mounts operating and drive levers, and ['56] References cued a one-piece ratchet wheel and feed wheel. A push rod in align- UNITED STATES PATENTS ment with the bore is guided for reciprocatable movement in the body and 18 connected to the drive lever by a pm-and-slot 3,103,666 9/1963 Bone ..227/67 connection. A pawl cooperates with the ratchet wheel and a 2,729,177 l/l956 Flood ...1 12/104 slide interconnects the awl with the drive lever. There is a P 2,952,851 9/1960 Epstein ..227/68 pin-and-slot connection between the drive lever and the slide 3,185,367 5/1965 Rie er et al.. .....227/95 and there is a in-and-slot, lost-motion, connection between g P 3,470,834 10/1969 Bone ..227/67 X the slide and the pawl. The slide and the pawl are guided for Primary Examiner-Granville Y. Custer, Jr. Attorney-Joseph J. Grass reciprocatable movement relative to each other and relative to the feed wheel. A spring isused to return the push rod and the levers to their initial positions and to cause the ratchet wheel to be driven to advance the fasteners when the operating handle is released.

16 Claims, 17 Drawing Figures PAT-ENTEUHARZI 1972 v 3,650,452 I sum 1 m2 MENTOR EUGENE w. FINKE ATTORNEY PATENTEDMARZ] I972 sum 2 OF 2 FIG'II FIG-l2 2; 2,

1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to the art of applying fasteners, and specifically to apparatus for attaching tags to articles by means of fasteners.

2. Description of the Prior Art The U.S. Pat. to C. A. Flood, No. 2,069,878, is typical of patents showing a tag attaching apparatus wherein a tag is applied to an article by means of a fastener having a bar and a string. A hollow needle with a longitudinal slot is used, but only one fastener and tag at a time can be loaded and applied. The U.S. Pat. to M. Epstein, No. 2,952,851 discloses the loading of a multiplicity of fasteners into the tag attaching apparatus so that a multiplicity of tags can be applied without reloading the apparatus. A spring-urged slide is used to advance the fasteners. In U.S. Fat. to A. R. Bone, No. 3,103,666, plastic fasteners interconnected to provide a unitary fastener assembly, and a tag attaching apparatus are disclosed. A feed or gear wheel is used to advance the fasteners instead of a spring-urged slide and a pivotally mounted knife is operable in sequence to sever the fasteners from the remainder of the fastener assembly. In addition to operating the knife, a handle operates the pushing or driving rod and the gear wheel. In U.S. Pat. to A. R. Bone, No. 3,470,834, the needle has a cutting edge to sever the fasteners from the remainder of the fastener assembly. French Patent No. 668,545 patented July 15, 1929 discloses an apparatus for attaching tags which uses a fastener assembly, a gear or feed wheel for advancing the fastener assembly, a pawl for advancing the fasteners one at a time, and a plunger or punch operable to sever a fastener from the remainder of the assembly and to apply the fastener, and operating and drive levers for operating the plunger and the pawl. The U.S. Pat. to Flood, No. 2,729,177, applies tags to articles by means of fasteners and string. The U.S. Fat. to Rieger et al. No. 3,185,367 discloses tag attaching apparatus by which a plurality of fasteners can be loaded and successively applied. The bar section which forms part of each fastener has a pointed end. The apparatus includes indexing wheels, a knife wheel, and a push or drive rod operated by means of a knob.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The apparatus of the invention has relatively few parts and is economical to manufacture. The apparatus includes a body of utilized construction having one body section with a side wall and an end wall and another body section connected to the one body section at the end wall and at points spaced apart from the end wall. A tubular guide member, specifically a needle, is mounted in the body. The guide member has an elongated opening in its side communicating with a bore that extends lengthwise of the member. The guide member has another opening in its side through which a portion of a bar section of a fastener can enter the bore. A multiplicity of fasteners joined together by connectors are received in a guideway. The guideway is disposed relative to the cutting edge so that the fasteners are guided one at a time into position next adjacent the cutting edge. When a push rod is operated the cutting edge severs the bar section of the fastener from its associated connector and pushes the bar section through the bore while the filament section of the fastener extends through the elongated slot. The fasteners are advanced by a feed wheel which is illustrated as being driven by a pawl and a slide. The pawl and slide are mounted for reciprocatable movement relative to each other and relative to the feed wheel. The slide and the pawl are connected by a lost-motion, pin-and-slot, connection. A manually engageable lever drives a drive lever having a pair of elongated slots. The end of the push rod is received in one of the slots in the drive lever to provide a pin-and-slot connection, and a pin of the slide is received in the other slot in the drive lever to provide another pin-and-slot connection. A tension spring connected to one of the levers and the body urges the levers and the push rod to their initial positions. The ratchet wheel and feed wheel are molded integrally with each other, and the body is constructed of two molded plastic body sections. The operating and drive levers are of one-piece molded plastic construction. A unitary spring device has one spring finger that serves as a detent and another spring finger that maintains the pawl in engagement with the ratchet wheel.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a tag attached to a garment by a fastener;

FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of a tag attaching apparatus according to the invention;

FIG. 3 is a side elevational view of a portion of the tag attaching apparatus, with one body section removed for clarity;

FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken along line 4-4 of FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary top plan view showing the manner in which a fastener assembly is guided through a guide slot in the body of the tag attaching apparatus.

FIG. 6 is a side elevational view showing a fragmentary portion of one of the body sections;

FIG. 7 is a sectional view taken along line 7-7 of FIG. 3;

FIG. 8 is a sectional view taken along line 8-8 of FIG. 7, showing the needle in its normal locked position in the body;

FIG. 9 is a fragmentary view similar to FIG. 8, but showing the needle being removed from the body;

FIG. 10 is a side elevational view showing a fragmentary part of the tag attaching apparatus similar to FIG. 3 but showing the needle as having been pushed through the tag and the garment and the push rod as having pushed the bar section of the fastener through the needle;

FIG. 11 is a side elevational view similar to FIG. 10 but showing the feed wheel, the ratchet wheel, and the pawl completing the advance of the fastener assembly;

FIG. 12 is a sectional view taken generally along line 12 12 of FIG. 10;

FIG. 13 is a sectional view taken generally along line 13- 13 of FIG. 1 1;

FIG. 14 is a view similar to FIG. 13 but showing the bar section of the fastener being pushed out of the needle by the push rod;

FIG. 15 is a fragmentary sectional view showing the manner in which the pinion is mounted on and secured to its respective shaft;

FIG. 16 is a sectional view along lines 16-16 of FIG. 15; and

FIG. 17 is a sectional view showing the manner in which one end of the push rod is guided for recipr ocatable movement.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to the drawings, there is shown an apparatus 20 for attaching tags. The apparatus 20 uses fasteners generally indicated at 21 which are interconnected to provide a fastener assembly 22. A typical use of a fastener 21 is illustrated in FIG. 1, wherein a tag 23 is shown attached to a garment 24. Each fastener 21 of the assembly 22 includes a bar section 25 and a button or head section 26 joined by a filament or string section 27.

The fastener assembly 22 is preferably constructed of a plastic material such as nylon or the like and can be molded into a unitary construction such that each of the fasteners 21 is integrally connected to a rod or holder 22 by a connector 28 (FIGS. 2, 11 and 12).

With particular reference to FIGS. 2, 3 and 4 the tag attaching apparatus 20 is shown to include a body constructed of body sections or side plates 29 and 30. The body section 29 has posts or pivots 31, 32 and 33 molded integrally therewith. The body section 29 has a handle portion 34 which is adapted to fit against the palm of the users hand. An operating member or lever 35 pivotally mounted by the pivot 31 is engageable by the users fingers. When squeezed, the lever 35 is pivoted counterclockwise (FIG. 3) and an associated drive lever 36 is also pivoted counterclockwise. The lever is of one-piece molded construction having a pair of spaced apart wall portions 37 and 38 joined by a transverse or end portion 39. A transverse web 40 which interconnects the wall portions 37 and 38 is shown to be in engagement with the lever 36. A tension spring 41 connected at one end to a post 29 molded integrally with the body section and at its other end through a hole 42 in the lever 36. The tension spring 41 urges the lever 36 clockwise (FIG. 3) to its home or initial position and because of its engagement with the web 40 of the lever 35 urges the lever 35 clockwise to its home or initial position. Projections 43 of the wall portions 37 and 38 engage the body section 29 at a stop face 44 to limit the clockwise movements of the levers 35 and 36, thereby defining their home or initial positions.

The body section 29 includes a side wall 45 and an end wall 46. Formed integrally with the side wall 45 are a pair of parallel spaced apart stepped guides 47 and 48. In addition to performing a guiding function the guides 47 and 48 because of their flangelike construction serve to strengthen the body section 29. A slide or guided member 49 is shown to be confined for movement in either of two directions in the guide 47. Stepped portions 50 and 51 engage corresponding stepped portions of the guide 47. The slide 49 also includes a reduced diameter portion 52. The portions 50, 51 and 52 are coaxial and a central bore 53 extends through the sections 50, 51 and 52 of the slide 49. The portion 52 is received in an elongated slot 54 at end of the lever 36. A push or drive rod 55 is constructed of rigid material such as steel and has a bent portion or pin 56 which extends into the bore 53 as best shown in FIG. 17. The drive rod 55 is guided in part by a groove 57in a guide 58 formed integrally with the wall 45 and is guided in remainder in a groove 59 in a guide 60 formed integrally with the side plate 30. In addition to performing the guiding function, the bar-shaped guide 60 serves to strengthen the side plate 30. A cutout in the guide provides a land 61 which abuts the end of the guide 58. Accordingly, the drive rod 55 is confined for reciprocating movement in the grooves 57 and 59 in the respective guides 58 and 60.

The guide 48 is shown to receive an elongated slide 62 having a wide portion 63 and a narrow portion 64. The slide 62 has an integrally formed pin or projection 65 received in an elongated slot 66 in the lever 36. The post 32 and the elongated slots 54 and 66 are shown to be in alignment with each other.

The slide 62 is shown to have an elongated slot 67 which extends throughout a substantial portion of its length and in a direction parallel to the direction of the guide 48. A pawl 68 has a tooth 69 shown to be in engagement with a ratchet wheel 70. A portion of the pawl 68 is shown to be disposed in a portion of the guide 48 between the slide 62 and the side wall 45. The pawl 68 is urged against one side of the guide 48 and against the ratchet wheel 70 by a spring finger 71. The pawl 68 is fitted in the guide 48 with clearance so that the pawl 68 and the ratchet wheel 70 can cooperate when the pawl 68 is reciprocated relative to the ratchet wheel 70. The pawl 68 has an elongated pin or boss 72 which is received in the elongated slot 67.

The ratchet wheel 70, a fastener feed wheel 73 and an interconnecting hub or spacer 74 are molded to provide a onepiece unitary construction. Accordingly, there is no relative movement between the ratchet wheel 70 and the feed wheel 73. The ratchet wheel 70 and feed wheel 73 are coaxial, there being a central hole 75 which rotatably receives the pivot 33.

As shown in FIGS. 3, 8, 13 and 14, for example, a tubular member, specifically a needle, generally indicated at 76 is mounted at the front end of the body section 29. The needle 76 terminates at a pointed piercing end 77 and has a through bore 78. The needle 76 has a marginal portion 79 with a relatively small outside diameter and an integral hub or enlarged portion 80. The bore 78 terminates at one end in the region of the piercing end 77 and at its other end at a sharp cutting edge 81. The inside diameter of the bore 78 is large enough to pass the bar portion 25 of the fastener 21 through it. An elongated slot 82 in the side of the needle 76, which communicates with the bore 78 as best shown in FIG. 7 is wide enough to allow the string section 27 adjacent the bar section 25 to pass along the slot 82 while the bar section 25 is passing through the bore 78. The enlarged portion 80 has a land 83 which extends in a plane generally parallel to the plane through the slot 82. A slot 84 in the enlarged portion 80 communicates with the bore 78. The slot 84 is as wide as the diameter of the bore 78. The slot 84 is open at its one end adjacent the cutting edge 81 and is closed at its other end 85. The land 83 adjacent the slot 84 is slightly radiused as indicated at 86 to allow easy entry of the bar portion 25 through the slot 84 into the bore 78.

As shown in FIGS. 2 and 5 the body section 29 is provided with a generally cross-shaped slot 87 in which the fastener assembly is received. The slot can be considered to comprise adjoining zones which accommodate the assembly 22, namely, the zone 88 receives the rod 22' and the connectors 28, a zone 90 receives about one half of each of the bar sections 25, a zone 91 receives the remaining halves of the bar sections 25, and the string or filament sections 27 extend through and beyond a zone 92.

Each time the manually engageable lever 35 is fully squeezed and released, the feed wheel 73, which meshes with the connectors 28 as best shown in FIGS. 13 and 14, feeds the fastener assembly 22 a linear distance equal to the distance between the center line of one bar section 25 to the center line of the next adjacent bar section 25.

As the cutting edge 81 of the needle 76 is disposed at the end of the bore 78 at the end of enlarged portion 80 the particular bar section 25 which is in alignment with the bore 78 is severed and the connector 28 remains attached to the rod 22 as illustrated in FIGS. 2, 10, l 1 and 12.

The pitch of the teeth on the feed wheel is equal to the pitch of the connectors 28 so that there is smooth meshing engagement to assure that the feed wheel 73 will advance the assembly 22 through the linear distance mentioned above. A spring finger 93 (FIG. 3, shown broken away in FIGS. 10 and 11 for clarity) engages the teeth of the feed wheel 73 to provide a detent or anti-back up device for this purpose. The spring fingers 71 and 93 are formed integrally with a mounting portion 94, the ends of which are held in place by undercuts 95 and 96, the mounting portion 94 and the spring fingers 71 and 93 are stamped out of one piece of flexible resilient material.

With particular reference to FIGS. 7, 8 and 9, the enlarged portion 80 is shown to be provided with a stop face 97 which is adapted to abut a shoulder 98 formed in the hole 99 in which the hub portion 80 is received. This limits the distance which the needle 76 can be inserted into the hole 99. A toothed rack 100 is formed at the enlarged portion 80 opposite the land 83. In FIG. 8 the enlarged portion 80 is shown to be fully inserted into the hole 99 and the teeth of a segment of a gear or pinion 101 are shown to be in meshing engagement with the teeth of the rack 100. The pinion 101 has a hex-shaped center hole which is received by a hex-shaped portion 102 of a shaft generally indicated at 103. Circular portions 104 and 105 of the shaft 103 are shown to be rotatably received respectively in the body sections 29 and 30. An annular groove 106 is formed in the circular portion 105 immediately adjacent the pinion 101 as best shown in FIG. 15. The end of the pinion 101 is provided with three equally spaced apart projections 107 which resiliently snap into the groove 106 thereby locking the pinion 101 against axial movement relative to the shaft 103, and the pinion 101 is prevented from rotating relative to the shaft 103 by the hex-shaped portion 102 which is received in the hex-shaped hole in the pinion 101. A compression spring 106' received about the circular section 104, bears against the body section 29 and the pinion 101, thereby urging a locking projection 107' of a knob 108 into a recess 109 in the body section 29. In order to remove the needle 76, the user pushes on the shaft section 105, thereby compressing the spring 106' until the locking projection 107' is out of the recess 109; in this position, the knob or handle 108 can be rotated counterclockwise from the position shown in FIG. 8, thereby driving the needle 76 out of the hole 99. In this manner, the needle 76 can be readily replaced. While the knob 108 is in the position shown in FIG. 9 the locking projection 107' bears against the outside of the body section 29. When a new needle with a sharp piercing end 77 and a sharp cutting edge is ready to be inserted into the hole 99 it is inserted into the hole 99 until its rack 100 meshes with the pinion 101; thereupon by rotating the knob 108 from the position shown in FIG. 9 to the position shown in FIG. 8, the new needle 76 is driven into the hole 99 to the position shown in FIG. 8. The pinion 101 is shown to have five teeth distributed over substantially less than 360. In the position shown in FIG. 8 one endmost tooth 101 engages one side of an abutment 110 and in the position shown in FIG. 9 the other endmost tooth 101" engages the other side of the abutment 110, thereby limiting the rotational movement of the pinion 101.

The side plate 30 has a retainer 111 formed integrally therewith. The retainer 111 terminates at a pair of spaced apart lands 112. When the side panel 30 is assembled onto the body section 29 the lands 112 engage the slide 62 on each side of the slot 67. The space between the lands 112 provides clearance for the elongated pin 72.

lntegrally formed with the side plate 30 are pins 113 snugly and matingly received in respective recesses 113', 31 and 32. The pins 113 cooperate with the posts 29, 31 and 32' to provide strong, rigid mounting means for the spring 41, the lever 35 and the lever 36, respectively. The plastic material of which the side plate 30 is constructed enables its projections 114 to provide a snap fit connection with matching projections 115 formed integrally with the body section 29.

Except for the springs 41 and 106', the piece which includes spring fingers or leaves 71 and 93, the needle 76 and the drive rod 55, the apparatus is constructed entirely of moldable plastic material. Moreover, the apparatus 20 is constructed using a minimum of parts and accordingly can be manufactured on a quantity basis at reasonable cost.

In operation, let it be assumed that a tag 23 is to be applied to some pierceable material 24 such as fabric or the like. The needle is passed through the tag 23 at the desired location and thereupon the needle is pushed through the fabric 24. Squeezing the lever 35 will cause the lever 36 which it operates to be pivoted counterclockwise (FIG. 3) against the force of the tension spring 41. As the lever 36 pivots counterclockwise the push rod 55 is driven to the left as shown in FIG. 3. When the push rod 55 pushes on the end of the bar section of the fastener 21, the cutting edge 81 of the needle 76 severs the bar section 25 from the associated connector 28. Upon continued pivoting of the lever 36 counterclockwise (FIG. 3), the drive rod 55 will push the bar section 25 through the needle bore 78 and out of the enlarged opening near the end ofthe bore 78 as shown in FIGS. 10 and 14. While the bar section 25 was being moved through the bore 78, its filament section 27 adjacent the bar section 25 passed along the slot 82 until the fastener 21 assumed the position shown in FIG. 10. In this position the lever 36 has moved the slide 62 to a position in which elongated pin 72 has engaged the end of the slot 67 (FIG. 10) thereby driving the pawl 68 to the left over the next adjacent tooth of the ratchet wheel 70. When the user releases the lever 35 the spring 41 returns the levers 36 and 35 to their initial positions (FIG. 3) and causing the drive rod 55 to be returned to its initial position. Just before the lever 36 returns to the position shown in FIG. 3, the elongated pin 72 will engage the other end of the elongated slot 67 as shown in FIG. 11, thereby causing the ratchet wheel 70 and its associated feed wheel 73 to be rotated counterclockwise, thereby advancing the fastener assembly 22 a distance equal to the pitch of the teeth on the feed wheel which is equal to the distance between the center line of one bar section 25 and the center line of the next adjacent bar section 25. As the fastener assembly 22 is being advanced, the part of the next successive bar section 25 in the zone passes through the slot 84 in the needle 76 to a position within the bore 78.

Other embodiments and modifications of this invention will suggest themselves to those skilled in the art, and all such of these as come within the spirit of this invention are included within its scope as best defined by the appended claims.

I claim:

1. Apparatus for attaching tags; using fasteners, each fastener including a bar section and a button section joined by a filament section, with a connector joined to each bar section, and means interconnecting said connectors to provide a unitary fastener assembly; said apparatus comprising a body, a needle having a piercing end extending outwardly of said body and having an enlarged portion, a bore extending lengthwise of said needle, an elongated first slot in the side of said needle communicating with said bore, said needle having a cutting edge at the end of its enlarged portion, a second slot in the side of the enlargedipoi'tion of said needle communicating with said bore, means forremovably mounting said enlarged portion of said needle in said body so that a worn needle can be replaced with a new needle having a sharp piercing end and a sharp cutting edge, means for advancing the fastener assembly, a guideway in said body for said fastener assembly and disposed so that when said advancing means is operated a bar section of a fastener is brought to a position within said bore through saidsecond slot and its associated connector is ad vanced to a position next adjacent said cutting edge, and a push rod engageable with said bar section to effect severing of the bar section from its respective connector by said cutting edge and for thereafter driving the bar section through said bore while the filament section of the fastener extends through said first slot. I

2. Apparatus for attaching tags using fasteners, each fastener indicating a bar section and a button section joined by a filament section, said apparatus com rising a body, a tubular guide member extending outwardly of said body, a bore extending lengthwise of said guide member and an elongated slot in said guide member communicating with said bore, means for advancing one fastener at a time into alignment with said bore, a push rod engageable with the bar section of the fastener through the bore while its filament section extends through said slot, means guiding said push rod for reciprocatable movement including a guide track, a pivotally mounted drive lever having an elongated slot, and a guided member mounted for guided movement by said guide track and having a pin received in said elongated slot, said push rod being connected to said pin.

3. Apparatus for attaching tags as defined in claim 2, wherein said push rod has a bent portion received by said pin.

4. Apparatus for attaching tags as defined in claim 2, said body including a pair of body sections, said guiding means further including grooves formed in both of said body sections for guidingly receiving said push rod.

5. Apparatus for attaching tags using fasteners, each fastener including a bar section and a button section joined by a filament section, said apparatus comprising a body, a manually engageable operating lever pivotally mounted by said body, a drive lever driven directly by said operating lever, a tubular guide member extending outwardly of said bodyfa bore extending lengthwise of said guide member and an elongated slot in the side of said guide member communicating with said bore, a push rod connected to and driven by said drive lever for pushing a bar section of the fastener through said bore while its filament section extends through said slot, means for advancing one fastener at a time until its bar section is in alignment with said bore, said fastener advancing means having a one-piece feed wheel and ratchet wheel, a pawl cooperable with said ratchet wheel, and a member connecting said drive lever directly to said pawl and providing a lost-motion connection between said drive lever and said pawl, and a spring for returning said operating lever, said drive lever and said push rod to their initial positions and for causing said ratchet wheel, said pawl and said connecting member to advance said fasteners by means of said feed wheel.

6. Apparatus as defined in claim 5, including a pin-and-slot connection between said drive lever and said connecting member.

7. Apparatus as defined in claim including a pin-and-slot connection between said connecting member and said pawl.

8. Apparatus as defined in claim 5 including a pin-and-slot connection between said drive lever and said push rod.

9. Apparatus for attaching tags using fasteners, each fastener including a bar section and a button section joined by a filament section, said apparatus comprising a body, a tubular guide member mounted by said body, a bore extending lengthwise of said guide member and an elongated slot in the side of said guide member communicating .with said bore, means for advancing one fastener at a time into alignment with said bore including a toothed member, a pawl cooperable with said toothed member, a slide, guide means mounting said pawl and said slide for reciprocatable movement relative to each other and relative to said toothed member, and a pinand-slot connection between said slide and said pawl; a pivotally mounted drive lever, a pin-and-slot drive connection between said drive lever and said slide, a rigid push rod engageable with the bar section of the fastener for driving the bar section through the bore while its filament section extends through the slot, means guiding said push rod for reciprocatable movement, and means for drivingly connecting said drive lever and said push rod.

10. Apparatus for attaching tags as defined in claim 9, wherein said means for drivingly connecting said drive lever and said push rod includes a pin-and-slot connection.

11. Apparatus for attaching tags using fasteners, each fastener including a bar section and a button section joined by a filament section, said apparatus comprising a body, a tubular guide member extending outwardly of said body, a bore extending lengthwise of said tubular member and an elongated slot in the side of said tubular member communicating with said bore, a push rod engageable with the bar section of the fastener for driving the bar section through the bore while its filament section extends through the slot; means for advancing one fastener at a time until its bar section is in alignment with said bore including a toothed member a pawl cooperable with said toothed member, a slide, and means mounting said pawl and said slide for reciprocal movement relative to each other and to said toothed member, one of said pawl and said slide having an elongated slot and the other having a pin engaged in said slot; and means for driving said push rod and said slide, said pin and said slot being dimensioned so that when said driving means moves in one direction said pin engages one end of said slot to move said pawl over a tooth of said toothed member and said push rod pushes the bar section through the bore and so that when said driving means moves in the opposite direction said pin engages the other end of said slot to cause said pawl to drive the toothed member by engagement with said tooth and said push rod is retracted.

12. Apparatus as defined in claim 11 wherein said fastener advancing means includes a one-piece toothed ratchet wheel and feed wheel, and a one-piece spring device for cooperating with both of said pawl and one of said wheels.

13. Apparatus for attaching tags as defined in claim 2, wherein the body comprises body sections, at least one of said body sections comprising a side wall and an integral end wall, means for interconnecting said end wall and the other body section, and means spaced apart from said end wall and interconnecting said side wall with said other body section, thereby providing a rigid unitized construction.

14. Apparatus for attaching tags as defined in claim 2, wherein the body comprises body sections, and means formed partly by one body section and partly by the other body section providing a snap fit connection therebetween.

15. Apparatus for attaching tags as defined in claim 2, said body comprising body sections, said body sections being constructed of molded plastic material, and a mounting post for the drive lever interconnecting said body sections, said post being formed in part by means formed integrally with one body section and in part by mating means formed integrally with the other bod section.

16. Apparatus or attaching tags as defined in claim 9, wherein the body comprises a pair of body sections, and a post formed integrally with the one body section for pivotally mounting the drive lever, and a pin formed integrally with the other body section and snugly received by said post.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2729177 *Jan 14, 1953Jan 3, 1956Dennison Mfg CoTag attaching device
US2952851 *Jun 3, 1959Sep 20, 1960Melvin EpsteinSelf-loading fastener means
US3103666 *Dec 28, 1961Sep 17, 1963Dennison Mfg CoTag attaching apparatus
US3185367 *Jan 30, 1963May 25, 1965Monarch Marking Systems IncFastener gun
US3470834 *Mar 8, 1968Oct 7, 1969Dennison Mfg CoFastener attaching device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3759435 *Aug 5, 1971Sep 18, 1973Dennison Mfg CoApparatus for dispensing fasteners
US3797722 *Jul 28, 1972Mar 19, 1974Dennison Mfg CoApparatus for dispensing fasteners
US3893612 *Jun 21, 1973Jul 8, 1975Dennison Mfg CoFastener attaching device
US3895753 *Jul 26, 1973Jul 22, 1975Dennison Mfg CoFastener attachment system needle constructions
US3901428 *May 8, 1974Aug 26, 1975Monarch Marking Systems IncTag attacher
US3971498 *Apr 24, 1975Jul 27, 1976Monarch Marking Systems, Inc.Tag attaching apparatus
US3973710 *Jun 17, 1975Aug 10, 1976Monarch Marking Systems, Inc.Tag attacher
US4049178 *May 12, 1976Sep 20, 1977Monarch Marking Systems, Inc.Tag attacher
US4187589 *Feb 27, 1978Feb 12, 1980Jobe William T IiSlotting fastener driving device
US4417682 *Oct 21, 1981Nov 29, 1983Japan Bano'k Co., Ltd.Tag attaching machine
US4487354 *Oct 30, 1981Dec 11, 1984Toska Co., Ltd.Tag attaching device
US4502622 *Dec 7, 1982Mar 5, 1985Lee Duck HLever means in a tag attaching apparatus
US4536933 *Jan 17, 1984Aug 27, 1985Japan Bano'k Co., Ltd.Device for connecting ends of filamentary fastener
US4554711 *Sep 25, 1984Nov 26, 1985Monarch Marking Systems, Inc.Fastener assembly and mold for making same
US4664306 *Apr 22, 1986May 12, 1987Kwik Ticket, Inc.Tag attacher
US5205458 *Mar 27, 1992Apr 27, 1993Steven KunreutherButton attacher with variable needle spacing
US6488691May 3, 2000Dec 3, 2002Brendan J. CarrollLaparascopic incision closure device
US6739491 *Apr 19, 2002May 25, 2004Kabushiki-Kaisya ToskaLock member attachment device
US7331497 *Nov 27, 2002Feb 19, 2008Avery Dennison CorporationTool for dispensing plastic fasteners
US7380694 *Nov 10, 2005Jun 3, 2008Kotec's Co., Ltd.Attachment to be used for an apparatus for attaching a tag-attaching pin
US7424770Apr 10, 2003Sep 16, 2008Ian LyonAttachment comprising a flexible cord
US7472813Oct 9, 2007Jan 6, 2009Avery Dennison CorporationTool for dispensing plastic fasteners
US7849589 *Jan 14, 2008Dec 14, 2010Ben Hughes Communication Products CompanyMulti-cable connector assembly tool
US8387849Apr 9, 2009Mar 5, 2013Ryan K. BuesselerFastener deployment system and method
US8636188Feb 28, 2013Jan 28, 2014Ryan K. BuesselerFastener deployment system
USRE29310 *Mar 18, 1976Jul 19, 1977Dennison Manufacturing CompanyApparatus for dispensing fasteners
USRE29819 *Jul 22, 1977Oct 31, 1978Dennison Manufacturing CompanyFastener attachment system needle constructions
USRE34858 *Mar 28, 1994Feb 14, 1995Kunreuther; Steven J.Button attacher with variable needle spacing
DE2429604A1 *Jun 20, 1974Jan 16, 1975Dennison Mfg CoAnbringungsvorrichtung fuer befestigungselemente
WO2009126298A1 *Apr 9, 2009Oct 15, 2009Regents Of The University Of MinnesotaFastener deployment system and method
Classifications
U.S. Classification227/67, 227/95, 227/76
International ClassificationB65C7/00, A01K11/00
Cooperative ClassificationB65C7/005, A01K11/002
European ClassificationA01K11/00A1, B65C7/00C2