US 365061 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1. L. FRIEDMAN.
EAR AND NECK PROTECTOR. N0. 365,061. Patented June 21,1887.
N: PETERS. Pnm-um nmr. Wnhington. o. c
(No Model.) 2 Sheets--Sheet 2.
EAR AND NECK PROTECTOR. No. 365,061. Patented June 21,1887.
N runs. Phato'uthogrzphor. Washington, n a
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
LOUIS FRIEDMAN, OF NE\V YORK, N. Y.
EAR AND NECK PROTECTOR.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 365,061, dated June 21, 1887.
Application filed April I, 1887. Serial No. 233,334.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, LOUIS FRIEDMAN, a subject of the Czar of Russia, and a resident of New York city, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Far and Neck Protectors, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in protectors to protect the neck, ears, and checks from the cold; and the objects of my improvements are, first, to provide a protector so constructed that it can be adjusted to a part of the head without interfering with the hat of the wearer; second, to provide an inexpensive protcctor so constructed that it can be placed quickly on a part of the head of the wearer and taken off quickly and easily put into the pocket. I attain these objects by the lHCCl1- anism illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure l is a view showing the protector in position on the head, the dotted lines B show ing the position of the internal spring of the protector. Fig. 2 is a sectional view drawn through the protector of Fig. 1 at line w m. Fig. 3 is a view of the internal spring of the protector, the dotted lines showing about the position of the parts F and G of the spring when the protector is rolled up to put into the pocket. Fig. 4c shows the protector rolled up with the flap around it. Fig. 5 is a detailed View of the hinge joining the parts F and G of the spring to part E of the spring. Figs. (3 and 7 are detail parts of binge before being turned over.
Similar letters refer to si milar parts throughout the several views.
The cloth or seal-skin or other material A is stitched on top of the cloth or other material O, so that we have a protector with a space inside for the internal spring B. I first stitch A and 0 together at u and t. Then I run the spring in between A and C from below to its place at 2. Then I stitch A and O together at w and These stitches of course run the whole length of the protector, so that I have an outside and inside piece with an internal spring, thus forming the body of my protector. The inside piece, 0, is simply used so that the spring does not press directly against the head.
This inside piece, 0, is thus in direct contact with the head and acts as a cushion. It can of'coursc be dispensed with, if desired, the spring being attached directly to the material A; but most people would prefer this inside protecting-piece.
D is the flap, which is to be placed under the chin to keep that warm, if desired. The flap is stitched on one side to the bottom of the protector, and when closed is run under the chin and buttoned at the button a of the protector. This flap need not be used unless it is desired; but whenused it can, in connection with the button a, be employed to hold the protector shuttighter when the protector is rolled up to put into the pocket, (see Fig. 4,) as will be more fully explained hereinafter.
The spring 13 is divided into three parts-- part E, which in use is against the back of the head or neck; part F, which is on one side of the head, and part G, which is on the other side. The stops f and 5 keep the respective springs F and G from passing outwardly from the are of the whole spring B, and keep the parts F and G pressed close to the face, preventing the cold air from getting under the protector in front, and as parts F and G are also springs th emselvcs, they, together with the stops, press the protector against the cheeks and keep the muff in position.
The parts F and G are hinged on the part E of the spring, so that they can move inward when rolling up the protector. I prefer to make these hinges as follows: I cut the hole I) in the end of part E. (See Fig. 7.) I then turn the end inward onto itself to the dotted linep on Fig. 7, and then, by the rivet d, (see Fig. 5,) run through the two holes 7: and c, and also through the stop f. I hold the stop f and the turnedover end in position, and I also leave the O-shaped opening 0 thereby. .(See Fig. 5.) I then cut slits out of the end of part F, and cut that end about in the shape of Fig. 6, the slits being cut off either side at h h. This makes the part F narrower at h 76. I take this end and turn it inward onto itself to the dotted line it on Fig. 6, and then by means of a rivet, i, (see Fig. 5,) I keep the end of F doubled over in this way. In about the same manner, as at c, I leave an O-shaped opening of F, so that between the doubled-over end when the IIEiII'OWLlOUblGd-OVGI part h it enters the doubled-over hole I) there are two corresponding O-shaped openings, 6, and'I run through both of them the pivot j, thus forming a hinge, as shown in Fig. 5. The other hinge, on which G moves at the other end of E, is formed in the same manner.
The dotted lines on Fig. 8 show about the relative positions of parts F and G of the spring when the protector is rolled up, as in Fig. 4. Fig. 4 also shows part of the lower end of the protector (see dotted lines, Fig. 4) drawn a slight way around and under the protector by the tension of the flap D, which is buttoned onto button a, (see Fig. 4,) the flap D being a sort of narrower extension of the part so turned a slight way around and under the protector. The flap D has a button-hole, 8.
EDWARD J. DALTON, ABIE JAoonsoN.