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Publication numberUS3651736 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 28, 1972
Filing dateJun 11, 1969
Priority dateJun 11, 1969
Also published asCA924142A, CA924142A1, DE2029410A1
Publication numberUS 3651736 A, US 3651736A, US-A-3651736, US3651736 A, US3651736A
InventorsAdair Michael H, Ingram Gordon B, Reeves Rosser S
Original AssigneeIngram Gordon B, Adair Michael H, Reeves Rosser S, Tiderock Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bolt handle and pistol grip magazine for an automatic firearm
US 3651736 A
Abstract
An automatic firearm comprises a frame, a receiver mounted on the frame, a barrel mounted on the receiver, a bolt disposed in the receiver and telescopically movable relative to the breech end of the barrel against the action of a recoil spring, the bolt being controlled by a sear which is movable in response to movement of the weapon trigger. A trigger guard is mounted on the frame and disposed in enveloping relationship to the trigger and arranged with one end protruding inwardly of the frame and adjacent the breech end of the barrel so as to aid in guiding rounds of ammunition into the breech end of the barrel. A bolt handle is movably mounted on the bolt and arranged to extend through a longitudinal slot formed in the receiver. The bolt handle is constructed so as to form a locking relationship with enlarged ends of the longitudinal slot when moved relative to the bolt and a sight passage is formed in the outwardly protruding portion of the bolt handle which allows sighting therethrough in line with the front and rear sights when the bolt handle is in an unlocked condition but precluding sighting when the bolt handle is in locked position.
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limited States Patent lngram [151 3,651,736 51 Mar. 28, 11972 [73] Assignees: Michael H. Adair; lRosser S. Reeves, III, c/o Tiderock Corporation, New York, N.Y. attorneysin-fact [22] Filed: Junell, 1969 [21] Appl.No.: 832,083

[72] Inventor:

[52] 11.8. C1. ..89/l32, 42/16, 89/1 K,

V ,7 a "89/195 [51] Int. Cl ..F41d 11/02 [58] Field otSearch ..42/7, 16.3, 72;89/27.3, 136, 89/132, 180,194,195, 197

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 710,660 10/1902 Bennett et a1. ..42/16.3 UX 786,099 3/1905 Clement ..89/l95 X 1,502,676 7/1924 Kewish ....42/l6.3 UX 1,869,911 8/1932 Reising..... ....42/l6.3 UX 2,297,693 l0/1942 Dicke ..89/l80 2,424,194 7/1947 Sampson et al. ..42/72 3,039,366 6/1962 lmthurn et al. ..42/7 X Dieckmann ..89/ l 95 Miller et al ..89/l85 X Primary Examiner-Benjamin A. Borchelt Assistant Examiner-Stephen C. Bentley Attorney-Nolte & Nolte 5 7] ABSTRACT spring, the bolt being controlled by a sear which is movable in H 7 response to movement of the weapon trigger. A trigger guard is mounted on the frame and disposed in enveloping relationship to the trigger and arranged with one end protruding inwardly of the frame and adjacent the breech end of the barrel so as to aid in guiding rounds of ammunition into the breech end of the barrel. A bolt handle is movably mounted on the bolt and arranged to extend through a longitudinal slot formed in the receiver. The bolt handle is constructed so as to form a locking relationship with enlarged ends of the longitudinal slot when moved relative to the bolt and a sight passage is formed in the outwardly protruding portion of the bolt handle which allows sighting therethrough in line with the front and rear sights when the bolt handle is in an unlocked condition but precluding sighting when the bolt handle is in locked position.

7 Claims, 13 Drawing Figures PATENTEHMAR 2 8 I972 SHEET 1 UF 3 INVENTOR GRDQN ENGAM ATTORNEY Pmmgnmzs 1972 3,651,736

SHEET 2 UF 3 ATTORNEY BOLT HANDLE AND PISTOL GRIP MAGAZINE FOR AN AUTOMATIC FIREARM Automatic weapons of the submachine gun type are sometimes referred to as machine pistols and such weapons must be light in weight and efficient in operation.

According to this invention weight of the weapon is kept to a minimum by constructing certain elements so that they perform two or more functions. For example, the trigger guard of this invention is arranged in such manner as to afford protection for the outwardly protruding trigger and also so as to function as guide means whereby rounds of ammunition are directed into the breech end of the gun barrel. According to another feature of the invention, the bolt handle is arranged so as to provide manual means for operating the bolt from its closed to its open position and vice versa and in addition the bolt handle is movably mounted on the bolt so as to form a locking relationship with an enlarged end of the slot formed in tion, the bolt handle is provided with a sight path which accommodates the passage of liquid in alignment with the front and rear sights when the bolt is unlocked but which precludes sighting when the bolt is locked. In this manner a visual indication of the locked and unlocked condition of the bolt is affordled.

For a better understanding of the invention reference may be had to the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in which FIG. 1 is a side view of a sub-machine gun constructed according to the invention;

FIG. 2 is a top view of the gun shown in FIG. 1;

FIGS. 2A and 2B are views taken along the line designated 2-2 in FIG. 2 and which respectively depict the bolt handle in locked and unlocked condition;

FIG. 3 is a side view partially sectioned and similar to FIG. 1;

FIGS. 3A and 3B are views taken along the line designated 3-3 in FIG. 3 and depict respectively the bolt handle in locked and unlocked positions;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged side view partially in section and which shows the bolt in its extreme open position ready for the initiation of a firing operation by the trigger;

FIG. 5 is a view similar to FIG. 4 but showing the bolt in an intermediate position;

FIG. 6 is a view similar to FIGS. 4 and 5 but showing the bolt in its closed firing position;

FIGS. 7 and 8 are enlarged views partially in section of the mechanism which depict the extractor and the ejector at the beginning of an ejecting operation and at the completion thereof respectively and in which FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along the line 9--3 in FIG. 1.

In the drawings the numeral 1 designates the frame structure of the weapon to the bottom portion of which a magazine housing designated by the numeral 2 is affixed. A hand gripping portion 3 forms a part of magazine housing 2 and the numeral 4 designates a conventional removable magazine structure.

The trigger is of conventional construction and is designated by the numeral 5. Trigger 5 is pivotally mounted on pin 6 secured to frame I in a manner well known in the art. The numeral 7 generally designates a trigger guard which is affixed at one end to the frame 1 as by welding designated by the numeral 8. Trigger guard 7 is provided at the other end with an inwardly extending portion 9 which serves not only as a portion of the trigger guard but which also serves as guide means whereby rounds of ammunition from the magazine 43 are directed into the breech end of the barrel. The numeral 10 designates an intermediate portion of the trigger guard "i which protrudes outwardly and functions in the conventional manner as a guard for trigger 5.

In order to facilitate secure holding of the gun by the user, a strap 111 is mounted on bracket 12 to the frame of the weapon.

The barrel of the weapon is fixedly mounted to the frame and is designated by the numeral 13. Barrel 13 is arranged to the receiver and in which the bolt handle is slidable. In addiextend inwardly into the receiver 14. As is apparent from FIG. 9 the receiver 14 is supported at 14:: and at Mb by lateral portions of the trigger guard 7.

Front sight 15 is affixed in conventional manner to the forward end of receiver 14 and rear sight 16 is affixed by pins 17 and 18 to the frame 1.

A retractable stock 19 is mounted on a pair of rods 20 which are slidable into and out of the frame structure I.

Bolt 21 is slidably mounted within receiver 14 and is provided with a cavity at its lower right hand portion as viewed in FIG. 3 which is reciprocal relative to the breech portion 22 of barrel 13. Bolt 21 is biased toward the right as viewed in FIG. 3 by recoil spring 23 which is disposed about rod 26. Rod 24 is affixed at its left hand end as viewed in FIG. 3 to the frame structure 1 and is received within a passage formed in bolt 21 so that the rod 23 is slidably related to bolt 21.

For the purpose of manually operating bolt 21 from its open to its closed position and vice versa, a manually operable handle 25 is provided in accordance with one feature of this invention. Handle 25 is rotatable about its vertical axis and is held in a particular position by means of locking pin 26 which is biased toward the left by a spring 27 and which seats within recesses formed on the sides of handle 25 such as are indicated by the numerals 28 and 29. It will be understood that recesses such as 28 and 29 are disposed about the periphery of handle 25 and preferably are four in number. Handle 25 extends through slot 30 formed in the upper portion of receiver 14. Slot 30 is constructed with enlarged end portions 31 and 32.

As is apparent from FIGS. 2A, 2B, 3A and 3B, the part of handle 25 which is slidable within slot 30 is formed with a major axis and a minor axis so that when the major axis is disposed in perpendicular relationship to slot 30 and with the handle 25 disposed within the enlarged portion 31 or 32 of slot 30, the bolt 21 is locked in position. Of course the bolt is locked in its closed position when handle 25 is locked within the enlarged portion 32 of slot 30. On the other hand, when the handle 25 is disposed in its locked position in enlarged portion 31 of slot 30, the bolt is locked in its open position. With the bolt handle rotated to the unlocked position as shown in FIGS. 2B and 3B, the bolt 21 is freely slidable from left to right and vice versa.

Bolt handle 25 is provided with a sight passage 33 which allows sighting along the front and rear sights 15 and 16 when the bolt handle 25 is disposed in an unlocked position.

On the other hand, when the bolt handle is arranged in locked position, the sight passage in handle 25 is disposed in transverse relationship to the line of sight defined by from sight 15 and rear sight 16 thereby affording a ready visual indication of the locked condition of the bolt.

For the purpose of securing the removable magazine 4 in position within magazine housing 2, a rotatable latch 34 is pivotally mounted on pin 35 within the hand grip portion 3 of magazine housing 2. Furthermore latch 34 is biased in a clockwise direction toward latching position by a compression spring 36 to cause the latching surface 37 of latch 34 to ride underneath the latching surface 38 formed in magazine 4. Thus as shown in FIG. 3, the magazine 4 is held in its service position.

In order to remove magazine 4, manual pressure is applied to projecting portion 39 of latch 34 to cause the latch to rotate in a counterclockwise direction about pin 35. This action releases latching surface 37 from latching surface 33 and allows the magazine 4 to be removed downwardly in conven' tional fashion.

For the purpose of biasing ammunition rounds upwardly in a conventional manner, a spring 40 is provided which is of the compressional type and which functions in known manner as is obvious from FIG. 3.

For controlling the operation of bolt 21 by means of trigger 5, a scar 41 is provided with a latching surface 42 which engages the lower right hand comer 43 of bolt 21 to hold the bolt in its extreme left hand position. Sear 41 is pivotally mounted on pin 44 supported 'on frame ll. Sear 41 is biased in a clockwise direction about pin 44 by means of compression spring 45. A pin as is mounted on sear 41 and affords a surface for engagement by trigger 5. Thus in order to fire the weapon and with the parts disposed in the positions depicted in FIG. 4, it is simply necessary manually to rotate trigger in a clockwise direction about its pin 6. This action causes the trigger 5 to rotate sear 41 in a counterclockwise direction about pin 444 due to the engagement of trigger 5 with pin 46. Rotation of sear 41 causes its latching surface 42 to disengage the lower right hand latching surface 43 of bolt 21. When the bolt is thus released, recoil spring 23 drives the bolt 21 toward the right causing the round of ammunition designated Rl to slide upwardly and toward the right along guide portion 9 of trigger guard 7 as shown for example in F IG. 5. With round Rll seated within the breech portion 22 of barrel l3, firing pin 47 engages the cap portion of round Ril and fires the round. The projectile P11 proceeds outwardly toward the right in conventional fashion. .The pressure developed urges the cartridge case (I'll toward the left which action drives the bolt Zll toward the left against the action of recoil spring 23. Of course the weapon continues to fire automatically in known manner as long as trigger 5 is depressed.

Cartridge case such as Cl is extracted from the breech 22 of barrel 13 by an extractor designated for example in FIG. 7 by the numeral 48. As the cartridge case such as Cl moves toward the left in unison with the bolt 21, ejector pin 39 strikes the cartridge case C1 and drives the case downwardly and outwardly through the ejector opening 5t) formed in frame ll. This action is depicted in FIG. 8. Of course the ejector pin 49 is disposed within a passageway 51 formed in bolt 21 so that there is a slidable relationship between the bolt 21 and ejector pin 49 which pin is fixed in position relative to frame ll. The extreme right hand end 52 of ejector pin 49 simply engages the lower side portion of cartridge case C11 and forces the case to swing out of contact with the jaws of the extractor db.

The stock 19 as explained above is retractably mounted on the frame 1 by virtue of the slidable relationship of rods with the frame ll. Rods 20 are provided with a pair of notches which cooperate with manually controlled transversely disposed locking rods. For example, outwardly protruding manually engageable pin 53 is engageable with transversely disposed locking rods 54 and 55 which cooperate with a transverse notch formed in rods 20. Rods 5d and 55 together with the manually operable element 53 are biased downwardly by compression spring 56 which is mounted within manually operable element 53. Spring 56 at its upper end is seated against plate 57 secured at its forward and rear portions to transversely disposed rods 58 and 59 which are mounted at their ends in fixed relationship on frame structure ll. Thus with the stock 19 disposed in its retracted position as shown in HG. 3, upward pressure on manually operable release element 53 elevates the transversely disposed locking rods 54 and 55 and causes those rods to disengage the notches formed in rods 24) and allows the rods 20 to be withdrawn toward the left. When the right hand notch of rods 2% (not shown) engages the downwardly biased locking rods 54 and 55, the stock 119 is locked in its outwardly extended position. in this position the weapon may be fired by resting the stock 19 against the shoulder, hip, chest or the like of the user. in order to retract the stock 19, the element 53 is pushed upwardly and the stock pushed inwardly into the locking position shown in FIG. 3.

Safety element 60 is movable by pin 6H manually in a transverse direction about pin 62 as a center so as to engage the sear 4311 at the rear thereof thereby to prevent bolt releasing movement of the sear.

The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:

i claim:

ll. A firearm comprising a frame, a receiver mounted on said frame, a barrel mounted on said receiver, a bolt mounted in said receiver and telescopically movable relative to the breech end of said barrel, a firing pin fixedly positioned on a portion of the bolt so located relative to the breech end of the barrel as to come into contact with the free end of a cartridge of a round of ammunition in the breech end of the barrel upon release of the bolt from its open position, recoil spring means arranged to bias said bolt toward firing position, means including a trigger and sear movably mounted on said frame and operable to release said bolt from its open position to initiate a firing operation, a magazine mounted on said frame with its discharge portion adjacent the breech end of said barrel, a trigger guard fixedly mounted on said frame and having an intermediate portion extending from said frame outwardly and in enveloping relation to said trigger, said trigger guard being arranged with one end thereof disposed adjacent the discharge portion of said magazine and extending toward the breech end of said barrel for guiding rounds of ammunition into the breech end of said barrel prior to firing, and a bolt handle movably mounted on said bolt and protruding outwardly through a longitudinal slot formed in said receiver, said slot and said bolt handle being configured so as to prevent movement of said bolt relative to said receiver for one position of said bolt handle relative to said bolt and so as to accommodate movement of said bolt relative to said receiver for another position of said bolt handle relative to said bolt.

2. A firearm comprising a frame, a receiver mounted on said frame, a barrel mounted on said receiver, a bolt mounted in said receiver and telescopically movable relative to the breech end of said barrel, recoil spring means arranged to bias said bolt toward firing position, means including a trigger and sear movably mounted on said frame and operable to release said bolt from its open position to initiate a firing operation, a magazine mounted on said frame with its discharge portion adjacent the breech end of said barrel, and a trigger guard fixedly mounted on said frame and having an intermediate portion extending from said frame outwardly and in enveloping relation to said trigger, said trigger guard being arranged with one end thereof extending inwardly into the interior portion of said frame through an opening formed therein and disposed somewhat to the rear of the breech end of said barrel and said one end of said trigger guard being configured to define an upwardly inclined path for guiding rounds of ammunition into the breech end of said barrel prior to firing.

3. A firearm according to claim 2 wherein the other end of said trigger guard is fixedly mounted on said frame immediately forward of said trigger.

4. A firearm comprising a frame, a receiver mounted on said frame, a barrel mounted on said receiver, a bolt mounted in said receiver and telescopically movable relative to the breech end of said barrel, recoil spring means arranged to bias said bolt toward firing position, means including a trigger and sear movably mounted on said frame and operable to release said bolt from its open position to initiate a firing operation, a magazine mounted on said frame with its discharge portion adjacent the breech end of said barrel, and a trigger guard fix edly mounted on said frame and having an intermediate portion extending from said frame outwardly and in enveloping relation to said trigger, said trigger guard being arranged with one end thereof disposed adjacent the discharge portion of said magazine and extending toward the breech end of said barrel for guiding rounds of ammunition into the breech end of said barrel prior to firing and said one end of said trigger guard being provided with lateral portions for engaging lower parts of said receiver and for affording support therefor.

5. A firearm comprising a frame, a receiver mounted on said frame, a barrel mounted on said receiver, a bolt mounted in said receiver and telescopically movable relative to the breech end of said barrel, recoil spring means arranged to bias said bolt toward firing position, a bolt handle movably mounted on said bolt and protruding outwardly through a longitudinal slot formed in said receiver, said slot and said bolt handle being configured so as to prevent movement of said bolt relative to said receiver for one position of said bolt handle relative to said bolt and so as to accommodate movement of said bolt 6 relative to said receiver for another position of said bolt han- 6. A firearm according to claim 5, further comprising at dle relative to said bolt, and a sight passage being formed in least one sight aligned with the bolt handle. said bolt handle and arranged to accommodate sighting when A firearm according to claim further comprising from said bolt handle is disposed in unlocked condition but not and rear sights aligned withthe bolt handlewhen said bolt handle is in a bolt locking position. 5

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4066000 *Apr 25, 1974Jan 3, 1978Brunswick CorporationMachine gun
US4327626 *Aug 28, 1980May 4, 1982Mcqueen Sidney JSubmachine gun having a pistol grip 360 degrees rotative about the barrel
US4463654 *Apr 29, 1982Aug 7, 1984Armament Research Corporation Of AmericaConversion kit for assault rifle and converted rifle of compact configuration
US4522105 *Jun 6, 1983Jun 11, 1985Sw Daniel, Inc.Firing mechanism for semiautomatic firearms
US4569270 *Oct 27, 1982Feb 11, 1986Jali TimariAutomatic hand firearm
US4823671 *Nov 20, 1987Apr 25, 1989Frank BurytaDevice for manually recoiling slide action pistols
US4827652 *Oct 2, 1987May 9, 1989Martin Ernest J TCocking-bar, target-framing and range-finding, carrying, hanging and standing device
US5214233 *Jul 24, 1990May 25, 1993Heckler & Koch GmbhCocking and loading device for self-loading small firearms
US5896850 *Jun 27, 1997Apr 27, 1999Sullivan, Jr.; Dennis G.Paintball gun with sight rail cover
US6269728 *Feb 17, 1998Aug 7, 2001Dynamit Nobel Gmbh Explosivstoff Und SystemtechnikInductive ignition system, in particular for infantry weapons
US8056460 *Jul 14, 2010Nov 15, 2011Herring Geoffrey ABolt carrier for gas-operated firearms
US8061072 *Mar 16, 2009Nov 22, 2011Crose Dinora MRetractable stock firearm system
US8745909 *Nov 4, 2013Jun 10, 2014Primary WeaponsFirearm action assembly
US20110030260 *Jul 14, 2010Feb 10, 2011Herring Geoffrey ABolt carrier for gas-operated firearms
US20120180647 *Jul 19, 2012Dublin Ethan ACharging mechanism for gas powered firearms
Classifications
U.S. Classification89/132, 89/196, 89/1.4, 42/16, 89/199, 42/72, 42/73, 42/75.3, 89/195, 42/111
International ClassificationF41A3/54, F41A9/41, F41A3/72, F41A9/00, F41G1/00, F41A19/00, F41A19/11, F41A15/00, F41A3/00, F41A15/12
Cooperative ClassificationF41G1/00, F41A15/12, F41A3/54, F41A9/41, F41A3/72, F41A19/11
European ClassificationF41A3/54, F41A9/41, F41A3/72, F41G1/00, F41A19/11, F41A15/12