US 3653116 A
An apparatus is provided for fabricating centrifugal fan housings. The apparatus described includes novel means for supporting pressure rolls engageable with opposite sides of a housing side plate, and novel means for supporting and guiding the components of the housing during its formation.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Unite States Patent Lov et al.
 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FORMING CENTRIFUGAL FAN HOUSINGS  inventors: William L. Lov, McHenry; Ned Blood,
Hoffman Estates, both of ill.
 Assignee: ILG Industries Inc., Chicago, Ill.
 Filed: Sept. 25, 1970  Appl. No.: 75,494
 US. Cl. ..29/243.52, 29/156.8 CF, 1 13/22  lnt.Cl. ..BZlk 21/00, B21d51/16, 823p 19/04  Field of Search .,29/243.5, 243.52, 156.8 CF;
 References Cited UNlTED STATES PATENTS 523,687 7/1894 Scherer ..29/243.52
1451 Apr. 4, 1972 558,735 4/1896 Luckett ..29/2435 693,800 2/1902 Larkin ..1 13/22 3,083,752 4/1963 Kennedy.. .....29/243.5 3,354,535 11/1967 Winnai..... 29/24352 x 3,372,456 3/1968 Harper ..29/2435 x 3,528,167 9/1970 Lipp ..29/2435 x FOREIGN PATENTS OR APPLICATIONS 264,372 1/1950 Switzerland .29/156.8 CF
Primary Examiner-Wayne A Morse. Jr. Attorney-Anderson, Luedeka, Fitch. Even 11nd Tnbin [5 7] ABSTRACT An apparatus is provided for fabricating centrifugal fan housings. The apparatus described includes novel means for supporting pressure rolls engageable with opposite sides of a housing side plate, and novel means for supporting and guiding the components of the housing during its formation.
8 Claims, 11 Drawing Figures PATENTEDAPR 4 I972 3, 653,1 l6
SHEET 1 OF 4 FIG] FIGZ \NVE'NTOZS Mum/v A [01 N50 54000 %wlqz%w@ ATTYS.
METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FORMING CENTRIFUGAL FAN HOUSINGS The present invention relates to a method of and an apparatus for fabricating centrifugal fan housings.
A commonly used form of centrifugal fan housing includes a pair of parallel side walls or plates having curved peripheral edges joined by a scroll or inner wall. Such housings may be formed by welding the outer peripheral edges of each of the housing side plates to the scroll, but such a method of fabrication is relatively expensive because of the labor involved. It has been found that the joinder of the side walls and scroll can be accomplished in a relatively fast, efiicient and low cost manner, and without sacrifice in rigidity and durability, by providing a channel defining a groove along each of the longitudinal side edges of a band to be formed into the scroll, placing the edges of the side walls into the grooves, and then clinching the walls of the channel to the peripheral edges of the side walls. Methods and apparatus for performing this operation have been devised and used.
The principal object of the present invention, therefore, is to provide an improved method and apparatus for performing this clinching operation in a more expeditious and efficient manner.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a view of a flat band which is to be formed into a curved housing wall or scroll;
FIG. 2 is a diagrammatic view illustrating the formation of grooves along edges of the band of FIG. 1;
FIGS. 3, 4 and 5 are diagrammatic illustrations of steps employed in the preferred method of fabricating the centrifugal fan housing;
FIG. 5A is an enlarged fragmentary view illustrating a modification of the housing construction illustrated in FIG. 5;
FIG. 6 is a side elevational view of an apparatus for carrying out the preferred method of fabricating a centrifugal fan housmg;
FIG. 6A is an enlarged, fragmentary cross-sectional view taken substantially along the line 6A6A of FIG. 6;
FIG. 7 is a plan view of the apparatus of FIG. 6;
FIG. 8 is an enlarged fragmentary plan view of a portion of the apparatus shown in FIG. 6; and
FIG. 9 is an enlarged fragmentary end view looking in the direction of the arrows 9-9 of FIG. 6.
A centrifugal fan housing 11 of the type formed in accordance with the present invention is shown in FIG. 5 and includes a pair of parallel side plates 13 joined along their peripheral edges to a curved scroll 15. Each side plate in the embodiment shown includes a circular inlet opening 17 and a curved edge 19 (FIG. 1) which constitutes a portion of an archimedian spiral. Each side plate also includes a flat shoulder 21 which projects outwardly from the point of origin 23 of the curved edge 19, and a flat edge 25 which extends from the outer end of the shoulder 21 to an extension 27 of the curved edge 19, which extension is parallel to the shoulder 21.
The scroll is initially a flat rectangular band 29. It is formed, however, in accordance with the present method and apparatus, to include a channel 31 along each of its longitudinal side edges. Each channel 31 has a pair of side walls 33 and 35 and defines a longitudinally extending groove 37 which receives the curved edge 19 and the extension 27 thereof of a side plate 13.
Briefly, in the preferred method of fabricating the housing 11, a channel 31 defining a groove 37 is first provided adjacent each longitudinally extending side edge of the band 29 which ultimately becomes the scroll 15 (FIG. 1). An edge 19 of a side plate 13 is then inserted into each of the respective grooves 37 and positioned in proper attitude with the locating plates, with one end edge of the band abutting the shoulder 21 of each end plate at point 23. The band is secured to the end plates at approximately that point by welding or other suitable means hereinafter disclosed. The band 29 is then advanced. As the band moves forward, the side plates 15 are rotated to progressively place the edges 19 of the side plates into the respective grooves 37 (FIG. 4), while urging the side plates into the grooves and while clinching the walls 33 and 35 of each channel 31 of each grove 37 tightly against the edges of the side plates.
A preferred apparatus 39 for fabricating the housing 11 in accordance with the preferred method is shown in FIGS. 6-9. It includes a pair of formers 41 which form the channels 31 and grooves 37 along the opposing side edges of the band 29. In addition, it includes for each channel and, consequently, for each end plate to be secured therein, a pair of clinching rolls 43 which close the channel walls 33 and 35 onto the edge of the side plate, and a pair of pressure rolls 45 which are disposed at an inclination to the plane defined by the axes of the clinch rolls and which apply a downward component of force to the side plate 13, thereby urging its edge into the groove 37.
Referring now to FIGS. 6-9, the apparatus 39 includes a frame 47 which is stationary and which supports the various operating components hereinafter described. Since the apparatus forms a pair of channels 31 in the band 29, and since a pair of side plates 15 are clinched within grooves 37 simultaneously, the apparatus is provided with two very similar operating mechanisms 49 spaced horizontally from each other, with each including a groove former 41, a set of clinch rolls 43, and a set of pressure rolls 45. Since the mechanisms are similar, portions of the following description which refer to one apply to both and each will not necessarily be described separately.
In order to render the apparatus 39 capable of accommodating and fabricating fan housings of different widths, one of the operating mechanisms 49a, the lower one as the apparatus is shown in plan in FIG. 7, is fixed to the frame 47 and, as a whole, is stationary relative thereto. The remaining operating mechanism 49b, however, is mounted on a carriage 51 which includes an upright standard 53 adjacent the front of the frame (the right end as viewed in FIG. 6) and a beam 55 which extends rearwardly from the upper end of the standard.
The standard 53 is supported on a ball bushing 57 which, in turn, is carried by a transverse rail 59 located adjacent the lower portion of the frame. The rearward end of the beam 55 is suspended from a similar ball bushing 61 carried by a second transverse rail 63 located adjacent the upper portion of the frame. A screw shaft 65 passes through each of the ball bushings 57 and 61 and the two shafts are effective, when rotated simultaneously, to cause movement of the ball bushings and, hence, the carriage, along the rails 59 and 63. Each screw shaft carries a sprocket 67 which connects it by means of a chain 69 to a shaft 71 provided with a handle 73 by means of which its rotation may be manually effected to cause transverse movement of the carriage.
Motive power for each of the operating mechanisms 49, both the stationary mechanism and that which is mounted on the carriage 51, is supplied by a motor 75 which is connected by belts 77 to a main drive shaft 79. The shaft 79 is provided with a pair of longitudinally extending, diametrically opposed keyways 80. A sprocket 81 is fixed to the shaft 79 and provides the takeofi for the stationary, operating mechanism 490. A second sprocket 83 is carried by a bearing 85 so as to be slideable along the shaft as the carriage is moved along the rails 59 and 63, and is also keyed to the shaft so as to rotate therewith. Thus, the sprocket 83 delivers power to the mechanism 49b from the main drive shaft 79 regardless of the position of the carriage 51 on the transverse rails 59 and 63.
As previously mentioned, the band 29 which is ultimately formed into the scroll 15 is initially in the form of a flat rectangular sheet. It is fed into the formers 41 past side edge guides 87, the feeding being accomplished manually at first but, after the formers have gripped the band, by the action of the formers themselves. Each of the formers includes a housing 89 which contains a horizontally extending row of flanged rolls 91 which cooperate with a horizontally extending row of grooved rolls 93 located beneath the row of flanged rolls 91. A
single flanged roll 91 and a single grooved roll 93 are shown in FIG. 6A. The flanged rolls 91 and the grooved rolls 93 are mounted on horizontal shafts, each of which carries a spur gear (not shown). The spur gears of all of the shafts intermesh to form a gear train (not shown) so that the shafts thus rotate in unison. One of the roll shafts projects outwardly from the former housing and carries a sprocket 95 which is connected by means of a chain 97 to one of the sprockets 81 or 83 carried by the main drive shaft 79 and transmits the rotary motion thus received to the remaining roller shafts. In a previous construction, one of the sprockets 95 was located between the mechanisms 49a and 49b and placed a limitation on how close the mechanisms could be moved together. In the illustrated embodiment, both of these sprockets are located on the outer sides of the mechanisms 49, thus eliminating this limitation.
While the formers 41 are shown as part of the whole apparatus 39, it is, of course, within the purview of the present invention that the bands 29 be pre-formed with the grooves 37 therein at a remote location and merely fed into the present apparatus for the clinching operation.
After formation of the grooves 37 in the leading end of the band 29, and while the grooves are still being formed in the trailing portion of the band, the leading end reaches the nip of the two sets of clinch rolls 43, these sets being disposed in horizontally spaced relation to receive the two previously formed channels 31 of the band. The movement of the band is then halted and the respective side plates 13 are positioned by an operator, substantially as shown in FIG. 3, with the shoulder 21 of the side plates abutting the leading end of the band 29 and with the initial portion of the curved edge 19 extending from the point of origin 23 disposed in the groove 37. The leading end of the band 29 is then secured to each of the housing side plates to prevent slippage therebetween during the clinching operation. This may be accomplished by means of a spot weld, or may be accomplished by inserting the leading edges of the channels 31 into notches which extend inwardly from the point 23 of each of the side plates 13 in a line continuing the curve 19 of the side plate.
With the side plates 13 thus attached to the band 29, the clinching operation can begin. In the illustrated embodiment of the invention, each set of clinch rolls 43 includes a driven roll mounted for rotation about a stationary vertical axis and an idler roll which is also mounted for rotation about a vertical axis but which is movable toward and away from the driven roll.
More particularly, the driven clinch roll 43a of each set is mounted adjacent the upper end of a vertically disposed shaft 103 carried in a housing 105 mounted on the frame 47 for the stationary operating mechanism 49a and on the carriage 51 for the movable operating mechanism 49b. The clinch rolls for the latter mechanism are shown in FIG. 9 wherein it will be seen that the shaft 103 is supported by upper and lower bearings 107 and 109 and carries a bevel gear 111. The bevel gear 1 11 meshes with a bevel gear 1 13 mounted on a shaft 115 connected through universal joints 116 to the output shaft (not shown) of a gear box (not shown) which receives its power from the main drive shaft 79.
The idler clinch roll 43b is supported adjacent the upper end of a vertically disposed shaft 117 carried by upper and lower bearings 119 and 121 mounted within a movable housing 123, which itself is mounted for pivotal movement about a vertically extending hinge pin 125, as best seen in FIG. 8. The hinge pin 125 is supported adjacent one end by an elongated bracket 127, the opposite end of which is fastened to the stationary housing 105 of the driven clinch roll 43a.
Each idler clinch roll is movable between a clinching position, in which the idler roll 43b is closely adjacent the driven roll 430 (FIG. 9), and a spaced release position, in which the two rolls are separated to a sufficient extent to permit insertion of an unclinched channel 31, by means of eccentric carn actuator 129 driven by a pneumatic cylinder 131. The eccentric cam actuator 129 (FIGS. 7, 8 and 9) comprises a vertically disposed cam shaft 133 which includes upper and lower cylindrical portions 135 and 137, respectively, the longitudinal axes of which are ofiset relative to each other. The lower portion 137 of the cam shaft 133 is journaled in a pair of vertically spaced bearings 139 supported in a cam shaft housing 141 suitably fastened to a wall of the movable housing 123 of the idler clinch roll 43b.
The lower portion 137 of the cam shaft 133 is keyed to one end of a throw lever 143; the opposite end of the throw lever is connected to a pin 145 and clevis 147. The clevis 147 is threaded to the outer free end of a piston rod 149 (FIG. 7) of the pneumatic cylinder 131.
The upper portion 135 of the cam shaft 133 is joumaled within an opening provided in one end of an arm 150 which is fixed relative to the stationary housing 105. Thus, when the piston rod 149 is extended or retracted to displace the throw lever 143, the lower portion 137 of the cam shaft 133 orbits about the longitudinal axis of the upper portion 135 by virtue of its eccentric relation thereto, causing shifting movement of the cam shaft housing 141 and the housing 123 of the idler clinch roll shaft to which it is secured.
The spacing between the clinch rolls 43a and 43b at the release position is preferably adjustable and, in the illustrated embodiment, the extent of pivotal movement of the housing 123 relative to the stationary housing 105 is controlled by displacing the axis of rotation of the cam shaft 133. More specifically, the arm 149 is provided with a fork 151 at its outer end and within the fork is carried an eccentric sleeve 153 which has an eccentric bore 155 therein to receive in telescoping relationship the upper end 135 of the cam shaft 133. A screw 157 extends across the ends of the fork and when tightened, clamps the fork 151 to hold the eccentric sleeve 153 against turning as the upper end 135 of the cam shaft rotates in the bore 155.
As best seen in FIG. 9, flats 159 are disposed on the upper sides of the eccentric sleeve 153 to be engaged by a wrench for turning the eccentric sleeve within the bore 155 in the fork 151 to change the position of the bore relative to the arm 150 and the housing 105 to which the arm is attached. Displacement of the bore 155 also displaces the upper portion 135 of the cam shaft 133 relative to the arm 150 and the fixed housing 105. The eccentric sleeve 153 may be rotated to provide a fine adjustment of the amount of throw of the movable housing 123.
The amount of pressure exerted by the clinch rolls 43 to close the channel walls 33 and 35 is determined by the fluid pressure within the respective pneumatic cylinders 131, which pressure is controlled by suitable pressure valves (not shown). A gauge block 161 fastened to the fixed housing 105 acts as a stop to fix the minimum spacing between the rolls if the housing 123 is pivoted so as to move the roll 43b in the direction of the roll 43a without the band 29 or the side plates 13 present. That is, before the clinch rolls 43 engage each other, a vertical side of the gauge block 161 abuts a surface of the movable housing 123 to limit its movement.
The two gauge blocks 161, one for each set of clinch rolls, are fastened to the fixed housings 105 at positions which limit downward insertion of the channels 31 of the band 29 as a result of the downward forces being applied to the side plates 13 by the drive rolls 45, hereinafter described. The gauge blocks 161 also help to support the weight of the side walls 13 and limit the size of the seams formed by clinching the channels 31. Finally, the gauge blocks serve to properly position the leading edge of the scroll band 29 and the point 23 of the side plates 13 with respect to each other.
The pressure rolls 45 are mounted for rotation about parallel axes which are inclined to the vertical to exert a downward component of force on the respective side plates 13. These rolls are formed of metal and, in an earlier construction, were knurled. However, it has been found that a more uniform path of contact is provided when the rolls are not knurled and, in a preferred embodiment, they are not.
More specifically, each of the pressure rolls of each of two sets is mounted on the lower free end of an inclined yoke arm 163 (FIGS. 6 and 7). Two yoke arms are provided for each operating mechanism 49, and each is provided with a longitudinally extending slot 165 adjacent its lower end, as best seen in FIG. 9, to receive a pressure roll. The upper ends of the inclined yoke arms are mounted on a stand 167 (FIG. 6) which includes a downwardly extending mounting plate 169 which is fastened at its lower end to either the frame 47 or the carriage 51, depending upon which operating mechanism it forms a part of.
In order to make it possible to shift the plane defined by the axes of rotation of the pressure rolls 45 toward or away from the clinch rolls 43 with changes in size of the side plates 13 being used, the yoke arms 163 of each operating mechanism are extensibly and retractably mounted on the stands 167. More specifically, the yoke arms are fastened adjacent Their upper ends to a slide plate assembly 171 (FIG. 6) which is slideable along a fixed bracket 173 fastened by bolts 175 to the plate 169 along an inclined path parallel to the direction in which the arms 163 extend.
The position of the slide plate assembly 171 is controlled by a lock screw 177 (FIG. 6) which is threaded through a slot 179 in the upstanding plate 169 into the slide plate assembly. Tightening of the head of the lock screw 177 against the plate 169 locks the slide plate assembly 171 in its adjusted position thereon. When the lock screw 177 is loosened, the slide plate assembly may be shifted along the stationary bracket 173 with the shank of the lock screw 177 remaining in the slot 179; and, at the adjusted position, the lock screw 177 is tightened to secure the slide plate assembly 171 in the desired position.
Like the clinch rolls 43 of each set, the pressure rolls 45 are movable between an operative side plate-engaging position and an open, release position for facilitating insertion or removal of a side plate 13 therebetween. In a previous construction, the yoke arms of each pair were pivotally interconnected for a scissorlike action which moved the pressure rolls toward and away from each other. This arrangement was not completely satisfactory since the rollers did not necessarily contact the side plates in the same plane consistently. Accordingly, in the illustrated embodiment, only one of the yoke arms 163 (the outer arm of each operating mechanism) is pivotally mounted intermediate its ends on an upstanding pivot pin 181 (FIGv 7) fixed to the slide plate assembly 171, the other arm being stationary relative to the fixed clinch roll. To swing the yoke arm of each operating mechanism, there is provided a pneumatic cylinder 183 for pivoting a throw lever 185 to operate a linkage 187 to pivot the movable yoke arm 163 about the pivot pin 181. More specifically, the pneumatic cylinder 183 of each operating mechanism 49 is supported and pivotally mounted at one end by a pivot pin 191 mounted in a horizontally extending bracket 189, which is fastened to the slide plate assembly 171. An extensible and retractable piston rod 193 extends from the opposite end of the pneumatic cylinder 183 and is connected by a pin 195 to one end of the throw lever 185. The opposite end of the throw lever 185 is pivoted on a pin 197 which is upstanding from the fixed yoke arm 163. Thus, an extension or retraction of the piston rod 193 swings the lever 175 about the pivot pin 197.
The linkage 187, operable by the throw lever 185, includes a connecting link 199 which is pinned at one end to the throw lever 185 and at its opposite end to the end of each ofa pair of toggle links 201 and 203. The toggle link 201 is pivoted at its opposite end by a pivot pin 205 mounted on the fixed yoke arm 163 to swing about an axis through the pin 205 in response to fore or aft movement of the connecting link 199. The toggle link 185 is fastened at a pin 207 to one end of the outer movable yoke arm 163 to swing the rearward end thereof about the axis through the pivot pin 181.
To shift the movable pressure roll 45 to a position in which both rolls are in engagement with the side plates 13, the pneumatic cylinder 183 is operated to extend the piston rod 193 and shift the throw lever 185, thereby shifting the connecting link 199 rearward and swinging the links 201 and 203 from a pronounced angular relationship to almost an aligned relan'onship with one another. On the other hand, a retraction of the piston rod 193 pivots the throw lever and moves the connecting link 199 forward causing the angular relationship between the links 201 and 203 to become more pronounced, which causes the pivot pin 205 on the movable yoke arm to swing towards the fixed yoke arm while the other and opposite lower end of the movable yoke arm pivots outwardly from the lower end of the fixed yoke arm to space the pressure rolls 45. The pneumatic cylinders 183 are provided with suitable flexible lines and are operated by suitable controls (not shown) to swing the movable pressure roll between the clamping position and the release position.
In the operation of the apparatus and performance of the preferred method of the invention, the scroll band 29 is fed into the formers 41 which provide the channels 31 defining the grooves 37. The band is fed forwardly until it reaches a position adjacent the clinch rolls 43. At this time, the clinch rolls are in their retracted positions to facilitate passage of the channels between the rolls. The respective side plates 13 are then positioned above the band with the shoulder 21 of the side plates abutting the leading end of the band and with the peripheral edge 19 of the side walls inserted into the grooves 37. The leading end of the band 29 is then attached to the side plates 13 by welding or by inserting the leading edge of the band into suitable notches, as previously mentioned.
With the band 37 attached to the side plates 13, the pneumatic cylinders 183 for the outer yoke arms are operated to swing the outer pressure rolls 45 against the outer sides of the side plates 13 to grip the side plates between the pressure rolls. By operation of another suitable control, the pneumatic cylinders 131 for the outer clinch rolls 43 are actuated to cause their piston rods to extend and operate the throw levers 143 to rotate the cam shafts 133 which cause the clinch rolls 43b to engage and close the channel side walls 33 and 35 on the peripheral edges 19 of the side plates. The clinching progresses in a continuous manner with rotation of the side plates 13, as seen in FIGS. 3 and 4, until the ends of the edges 19 are aligned with the trailing end of the scroll band 29, which is now formed into a curved scroll housing wall 15. The controls may then be operated to release the pressure rolls and clinch rolls to permit removal of the housing from the apparatus,
From the foregoing, it will be seen that there is provided an apparatus and method by which clinches seams are formed between the side plates 13 and the band 29. With this method and apparatus, it is possible to handle various sizes of fan housings and to interconnect the curved outer housing wall with the side walls in a simple, fast and economical manner.
Various features of the invention are set forth in the following claims.
What is claimed is:
1. In an apparatus for fabricating a centrifugal fan housing from a pair of side plates and an elongated band having walls defining two longitudinally extending grooves, one adjacent each of two opposite side edges thereof, each of said two grooves being adapted to receive a portion of the periphery of one of said side plates, which apparatus includes a frame, a separate means for each of said side plates mounted on said frame for clinching the groove-defining walls of said band to the periphery of a side plate while urging the side plate into the groove, said separate means each including a pair of clinch rolls adapted to engage the groove-defining walls along one edge of said band and to clinch said walls to the peripheral portion of a side plate located in the groove while feeding the band in a predetermined direction, one of said clinch rolls being stationary in that it is mounted for rotation about a fixed axis and the other of said clinch rolls being mounted for rotation about an axis parallel to the axis of rotation of said one roll but being movable toward and away from said one roll, means for moving said movable clinch roll in the direction of said stationary clinch roll to effect pressure engagement between said clinch rolls and the groove-defining walls of said band and for moving said movable clinch roll away from said stationary clinch roll to provide sufficient space therebetween to facilitate insertion between said clinch rolls of a groovedefining portion of the band, means coupled to one or the other of said clinch rolls to effect driving rotation thereof, a pair of pressure rolls mounted adjacent said clinch rolls adapted to receive therebetween and to contact opposite surfaces of a housing side wall disposed in the groove of the portion of the band being clinched by said clinch rolls and for exerting forces on said side wall to urge the peripheral edges thereof into said groove and to guide said side plate for turning movement as the band is progressively crimped to the side plate, said pressure rolls being mounted for rotation about parallel axes lying in a plane transverse to the plane defined by the axes of said clinch rolls, the improvement which comprises 1 A. means mounting that pressure roll which is in closest proximity to said stationary clinch roll in a stationary manner also for rotation about an axis which is fixed during the use of said apparatus,
B. means mounting the other of said pressure rolls so as to render it movable toward and away from said stationary pressure roll,
C. and means for moving said movable pressure roll in the direction of said stationary pressure roll to a position wherein said pressure rolls are in pressure engagement with opposite surfaces of said side plate and for moving said movable pressure roll away from said stationary pressure roll to a position in which there is sufficient space between said pressure rolls to permit unobstructed insertion of a side plate between said rolls.
2. An apparatus in accordance with claim 1, wherein said movable pressure roll is carried for rotation adjacent one end of a pivotally mounted arm, and wherein means are provided to pivot said arm.
3. An apparatus in accordance with claim 1, wherein each of said pressure rolls is carried on means shiftably mounted on said frame so as to permit the operating position of said pressure rolls to be shifted relative to the operating position of said clinch rolls.
4. An apparatus in accordance with claim 3, wherein each of said pressure rolls is carried adjacent one end of an arm, and wherein said arms are shiftably mounted on said frame.
5. An apparatus in accordance with claim 1, wherein smooth outer surfaces are provided on said pressure rolls for engagement with said side plates.
6. An apparatus in accordance with claim 1, wherein means are provided for mounting the set of clinch rolls and pressure rolls for one of said side plates for movement toward and away from the set of clinch rolls and pressure rolls for the other of said side plates.
7. An apparatus in accordance with claim 1, wherein a gauge block is disposed adjacent each set of clinch rolls adapted to be engaged by a portion of said hand during the clinching operation to limit the extent of movement of said band into the space between said clinch rolls and to locate the leading edge of the band relative to the side plates.
8. An apparatus in accordance with claim 7, wherein said gauge block is positioned beneath the gap defined by said clinch rolls.